CELT document E703001-012

Reasons for capitulation at Limerick, 1691

John Wauchope

Edited by John T. Gilbert


Reasons for capitulation at Limerick, 1691


Letter from major-general Wauchope to George Clarke, secretary-at- war.

Sir, —My lord Lucan told me you were desirous to have the reasons for our capitulation, which I send you here enclosed.

I could be glad to serve you in a greater matter, for that I am with all sincerity imaginable, sir, your most humble servant, —Jo: Wauchope. —Limerick, 18th October, 1691. —Endorsed: Received at Kilkenny, 22nd October, 1691.

2. The reasons the French general gave major-general Wauchope and Sarsfield lord Lucan for the capitulation:

Mr. Clifford having suffered the enemy to make a bridge upon the river Shannon see [A Jacobite Narrative] p. 171, gave them thereby an entry into the county of Clare, which was almost the only place we had to subsist the horse and dragoons, the want of forage in the town having hindered us to bring in the horse and dragoons into the town; and the enemy having on the second of October passed to the county of Clare with the greatest part of their troops, the ruin of them was inevitable, as well by the great number of the enemy that would have fought them, as by the want of provisions, so as the horse and dragoons must capitulate or disperse.


The question men made was, whether France could send horse and dragoons enough to make us keep the country that is so ruined, and desolate that half the flesh necessary for the support of the garrison of Limerick, that is nothing but the ruins of a town, could not be drawn from the country.

We should want bread on the fifteenth of October, and we expected none from any part of the country, and we had no news that the convoy from France was parted from Brest; and if it were come to the mouth of the river of Limerick we could not hope to be able to make use of the bread before the last of the month of October, even if the French fleet had burnt the English fleet then in the river, and passed all the batteries the enemies might make of both sides of the river.

All these reasons maturely examined made us desire general Ginkel to let us retire into France with such of the troops as had a mind to go, being assured of the greatest number of them; having no troops to establish the king but by going into France, there to make the war, being not able to make it here. And if we had stayed to the last day of our food we could not obtain any capitulation, and the enemy might thereby have our troops; whereas now, by passing them into France, we may be in a condition not only to oppose the Common enemy, but also to make a descent into England or Scotland, if it pleased God to give the French fleet such a victory over the enemy's fleet as it had last campaign.

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Title (uniform): Reasons for capitulation at Limerick, 1691

Author: John Wauchope

Editor: John T. Gilbert

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Electronic edition compiled by: Beatrix Färber and Janet Crawford

Edition statement

2. Second draft.

Extent: 1065 words

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Publisher: CELT: Corpus of Electronic Texts: a project of the History Department, University College Cork

Address: College Road, Cork, Ireland — http://www.ucc.ie/celt

Date: 2005

Date: 2010

Distributor: CELT online at University College, Cork, Ireland.

CELT document ID: E703001-012

Availability: Available with prior consent of the CELT programme for purposes of academic research and teaching only.

Source description

Manuscript source

  • British Library, Egerton 2618, ff. 170

    Date: 1971


The edition used in the digital edition

‘Reasons for capitulation at Limerick’ (1971). In: A Jacobite narrative of the war in Ireland‍. Ed. by John T. Gilbert. (First published 1892). Shannon: Shannon University Press, pp. 310–311.

You can add this reference to your bibliographic database by copying or downloading the following:

  editor 	 = {John T. Gilbert},
  title 	 = {Reasons for capitulation at Limerick},
  booktitle 	 = {A Jacobite narrative of the war in Ireland},
  address 	 = {Shannon},
  publisher 	 = {Shannon University Press},
  date 	 = {1971},
  note 	 = {(First published 1892)},
  pages 	 = {310–311}


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Profile description

Creation: by Patrick Sarsfield, earl of Lucan

Date: 1691

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  • The text is in English. (en)

Keywords: political; prose; 17c; Jacobite War

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(Most recent first)

  1. 2019-06-05: Changes made to div0 type. (ed. Beatrix Färber)
  2. 2010-05-03: Conversion script run, personal names encoding improved; header updated; new wordcount made; file parsed; new SGML and HTML versions created. (ed. Beatrix Färber)
  3. 2008-09-24: Keywords added; file validated. (ed. Beatrix Färber)
  4. 2008-07-20: Value of div0 "type" attribute modified, changes to file structure made; 'langUsage' revised. (ed. Beatrix Färber)
  5. 2005-08-25: Normalised language codes and edited langUsage for XML conversion (ed. Julianne Nyhan)
  6. 2005-08-04T14:21:35+0100: Converted to XML (conversion Peter Flynn)
  7. 2005-07-18: Header created, file parsed, HTML file created. (ed. Beatrix Färber)
  8. 2005-07-18: File proofed (2), more content markup applied. (ed. Beatrix Färber)
  9. 2005-05: First proofing of the text; structural and some content markup applied. (ed. Janet Crawford, Co. Tipperary)
  10. 2005-05: Text scanned in. (text capture Benjamin Hazard)

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