CELT document E900018

Republican Army Orders, 1921

Irish Republican Army


Irish Republican Army General Headquarters Dublin 22nd June, 1921

General Orders


Brigade Commandants are authorised to answer reprisals against property on the part of the Enemy in the following way: (Where a Division has been formed Brigade Commandants will require to receive formal delegation of authority from their Divisional Commandants.)

On every occasion on which the Enemy destroys house property, or house contents, whether alleging military necessity or not, the following counter-reprisals may be taken:

  1. A. A similar number of houses belonging to the most active enemies of Ireland may be destroyed in the Battalion area in which the original destruction takes place.
  2. B. An equal number of houses belonging to the most active enemies of Ireland, may, in addition, be destroyed at that point in the Brigade area concerned which may be considered as the centre most strongly occupied by such enemies.
  3. C. The case should be reported to G.H.Q. with a covering statement of what has been done; and with a view to possible further action.
  4. D. Where the Enemy persists in taking counter-reprisals, they may be answered in the same way; stopping only when the district concerned has been entirely cleared of active enemies of Ireland.

Formal notice shall be served on any person whose house is so destroyed, stating clearly that it is a reprisal because of similar destruction carried out by their military forces; and specifying the particular property for whose destruction it is a reprisal.

In any particular case, or in any particular district in which, in addition to such reprisals, it would seem desirable that:

  1. (a) The members of any particular family concerned should be ordered out of the country; or
  2. (b) have their lands confiscated;
a special report should be submitted.


For the purposes of such reprisals no persons shall be regarded as enemies of Ireland, whether they may be described locally as Unionist, Orangemen, etc., unless they are actively anti-Irish in their actions.

No house shall be selected for destruction or destroyed without the personal approval and permission of the Brigade Commandant.

By Order

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Title statement

Title (uniform): Republican Army Orders, 1921

Author: Irish Republican Army

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Electronic edition compiled by: Audrey Murphy and Donnchadh Ó Corráin

Funded by: University College, Cork and Professor Marianne McDonald via the CELT Project

Edition statement

2. Second draft.

Extent: 909 words

Publication statement

Publisher: CELT: Corpus of Electronic Texts: a project of University College Cork

Address: College Road, Cork, Ireland—http://www.ucc.ie/celt

Date: 2005

Date: 2008

Distributor: CELT online at University College, Cork, Ireland.

CELT document ID: E900018

Availability: Available with prior consent of the CELT programme for purposes of academic research and teaching only.

Source description

Macardle, Dorothy (1937). ‘Republican Army Orders, 1921’. In: The Irish Republic: a documented chronicle of the Anglo-Irish conflict and the partitioning of Ireland, with a detailed account of the period 1916–1923‍. Ed. by Dorothy Macardle. London: Victor Gollancz Ltd, pp. 935–936.

You can add this reference to your bibliographic database by copying or downloading the following:

  editor 	 = {Dorothy Macardle},
  title 	 = {Republican Army Orders, 1921},
  author 	 = {Dorothy Macardle},
  booktitle 	 = {The Irish Republic: a documented chronicle of the Anglo-Irish conflict and the partitioning of Ireland, with a detailed account of the period 1916–1923},
  publisher 	 = {Victor Gollancz Ltd},
  address 	 = {London},
  date 	 = {1937},
  pages 	 = {935–936}


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Project description: CELT: Corpus of Electronic Texts

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Profile description

Creation: Irish Republican Army.

Date: 1921-06-22

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  • The whole text is in English. (en)

Keywords: political; prose; 20c; Irish Republican Army

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(Most recent first)

  1. 2011-01-24: Conversion script run, new wordcount made. (ed. Beatrix Färber)
  2. 2008-07-19: Value of div0 "type" attribute modified, minor modifications made to header; keywords added. (ed. Beatrix Färber)
  3. 2005-08-25: Normalised language codes and edited langUsage for XML conversion (ed. Julianne Nyhan)
  4. 2005-08-04T14:42:15+0100: Converted to XML (ed. Peter Flynn)
  5. 2005-02-13: Header updated, file reparsed; HTML file created. (ed. Beatrix Färber)
  6. 1997-02-26: HTML file generated using Omnimark. (ed. Peter Flynn)
  7. 1997-02-26: File parsed using SGMLS. (ed. Mavis Cournane)
  8. 1996-11-18: Header constructed, structural mark-up added, checked and verified. (ed. Donnchadh Ó Corráin)
  9. 1996: Text proofed. (ed. Audrey Murphy)
  10. 1996: Text captured by scanning. (data capture Audrey Murphy)

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