CELT document L100012

Annales Breves Hiberniae


In the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, the darkest period of Irish society, there were amongst the ecclesiastics of Leighlin some men of inquiring minds and of literary habits. Nicholas Magwyr, bishop from 1490 to 1512, was educated in the University of Oxford, and we are told that, “"when Prebendary of Ullard, he preached and delivered great learninge with no lesse reverence, being in favor with the king and nobilitie of Leinster, who, together with the Deane and Chapter, elected him Bishop of Leighlin.” 1

When advanced to that see he was commended for his hospitality; and the number of cows which he grazed without loss upon the woods and mountains of Knockbrannen 2, Cumnabally, Aghcarew, Ballycarew, and Moilglas, gave proof to his contemporaries how much he was beloved in those districts. This bishop had begun many learned works, but could not finish any, “saveinge one Cronicle summariely by him collected, and it is found in the handes of many in written hand laten.”


The Life of this learned and popular prelate was written by his chaplain, Thomas Brown, and 'his Cronicle' preserved in the Yellow Book of Leighlin, together with further collections made by Thomas Waterfeld, Archdeacon of Leighlin, seems to have formed the groundwork of the Irish collections subsequently made by Thady Dowling3, Treasurer and Chancellor of that diocese.

That the following pages contain those collections in the state in which they were left by Dowling it would be rash to affirm. In such collections every transcriber thinks himself justified in adding new matter, and in omitting what he esteems the mistaken entries of the original compiler. In successive transcripts marginal observations are apt to steal into the text, and from the way in which Dowling is hereafter mentioned it would seem that he is rather the chief authority than the sole compiler of these Annals. We must, however, observe, that in the manuscript they are ascribed to Dowling, and that we have found no quotation attributed to Dowling by Hanmer or Ussher, which is not to be found in these pages.

It is evident that the compiler of these Annals had access to no contemptible library of printed books. Giraldus Cambrensis, Powell's Caradoc of Llancarvan, and probably that learned Welshman's other works on British History, Lanquet's Chronicle, continued by Bishop Cooper, Sir J. Eliot, Stowe, and Holinshed, form a library, for which many a modern clerical student of Irish history would envy Queen Elizabeth's Chancellor of Leighlin. Yet in Dowling's days the old cathedral town of St. Lazerian, looking from its sheltered glen and bright stream, across the rich plain of the Barrow, to the blue and undulating outline of Mount Leinster, beautiful as it ever must have been to the eye of the painter, was a place ill-fitted for quiet study p.iii and learned research. The neighbouring monastery of the Carmelites at the bridge had been converted into a royal garrison, and the goodly Barrow, as it flowed under its walls, reflected, not cowls and friars' frocks, but matchlocks and iron skull-caps.

In this transmuted monastery, in the beginning of the reign of Edward VI., Sir Edward Bellingham, Lord Deputy, kept a stall of twenty or thirty horse; and it was from this house that he rode into Munster, to the house of the Earl of Desmond, when, being unlooked for and unthought of, he found the Earl sitting at his Christmas fire, and took him, and carried him away with him to Dublin. Some years later, and in the time of Dowling, Leighlin was the residence of one of these bold and accomplished soldiers, at once worldly and romantic, who gave strength and glory to the throne of Queen Elizabeth. Here came Sir Peter Carew, who having been in his youth, as recorded by his faithful steward, at Constantinople in the Turk's court, at Vienna in the Emperor's palace, at Venice, and in the French king's court, and in the houses of most of all Christian princes, in every of which places he left some token of his value, settled down at Leighlin in his ripe manhood, determined to preserve by policy and the strong hand the great Irish inheritance which he claimed by descent, and had obtained by law. Here he kept continually, and here, as we shall find, he needed to keep, in his own private family, 100 persons, and had always in readiness 100 horsemen, well appointed, besides footmen, and 100 kerns; here his cellar door was never shut, and his buttery always open to all comers of any credit. Those days, however, of military strength and of proud hospitality, worthy of Branksome Hall, soon passed away; and when that worthy knight, old Sir Peter, died at Ross, his cousin and heir p.iv young Sir Peter, was unable to defend his inheritance. In 1580, as we learn from Dowling, there was a great slaughter committed by the Ketings at Leighlin, and at Glynmalowra, in the county of Wicklow, by the Byrnes, where young Sir Peter, Baron of Odrone, and Francis Cosby, Esq., captain of the loyal kerns of Leix, and Master Moore, and Bernard Fitzwilliam, captains, were killed, with many other gentlemen of estimation, by Fiagh Mac Hugh O'Byrne, and other rebels, who afterwards, at the instigation of young Maurice Cavanagh of Garrowchill, burned ten townlands in Idrone, and carried off as prisoners Master Wood, who was probably one of the Chapter, and Roger Hooker, Dean of Leighlin.

The Chancellor relates the captivity of the Dean of Leighlin with great composure, indicating, perhaps, that Thady Dowling, with his two Irish names, had no great sympathy with this English-born Roger Hooker. Yet, if Roger Hooker, as seems likely, was the brother of the writer, John Hooker, alias Vowell, and promoted by the interest of the bookish Carew, he was probably no unworthy head of the Chapter of Leighlin, and no unfit associate in Dowling's historical inquiries. If the Dean had his brother's learning it is to be hoped that he did not make as vain a display of it as was made by that worthy English gentleman, who, when member for Athenry, in Connaught, in a speech reported by himself, assured the Irish House of Commons that the Lord Deputy, Sir Henry Sidney, was treated by them as ungratefully as Moses had been treated, and Camillus, and Scipio, as Socrates, Themistocles, Miltiades, and others, and proved the same by various histories. Such learning we can well spare, but it is to be lamented that the Dean has not left any record of his captivity. It would be interesting to read how the English Protestant churchman, the friend of the Carews and the brother of their law-agent, was treated, in the fastnesses of Glenmalure, by this Fiagh Mac Hugh, in his house of Balinecorr, who, from being a base varlet, p.v dared, in Spenser's time, “"to front princes, and to make tearms with great potentates.”

The successor of scholars, such as were the scholars of the time, and, as we suppose, the companion of scholars, Dowling spent a long life in the discharge of his ecclesiastical functions, and in the study of the literature and history of his country. There is something pleasing in the picture of such a life in such times, and we like to think of the old man, in the midst of an unquiet generation, as a relaxation from grave and important duties, now examining the new and costly volumes in the library of the learned English knight, and now poring over the manuscript records of his cathedral, or striving to find some traces of romantic history in the names of the neighbouring townlands, or searching for tombstones in the choir, and calling upon the clerk and the carpenter to bear witness that they had seen with their eyes the tomb which he had sought for. And, if the good Chancellor mistook the import of the epitaph which he read in simple verse, and, as has been suggested, confounded Burchard with Borard, and the Norwegian pirate with the Norman knight, — and, be it remembered, the mistake may not be on the part of Dowling, but on that of his would-be corrector, — still graver mistakes have been made by more learned men, who have not, like honest Dowling, preserved the document by which the truth could be ascertained.

As the O'Dowlings were one of the six septs of Leix, it is probable that our Chancellor was of Irish blood; the Statute against the promotion of Irish churchmen remaining, like many better Statutes, a dead letter on the Rolls of Parliament. We know from Ware that he was an Irish scholar, and the compiler of an Irish grammar; and in these p.vi brief Annals he does not omit to mention that the art of printing and of founding the letters and characters of the Irish language was introduced into Dublin, in the year 1571, by John Kearna, Treasurer of St. Patrick's, and Nicholas Walsh, Bishop of Ossory. That an Irishman by birth and by blood should understand Irish in the sixteenth century provokes no observation; as in the beginning of that century the Irish language was generally understood among the Anglo-Irish nobles and churchmen.

In the catalogue of the Earl of Kildare's library, taken in 1518, there are nearly as many books in Irish as in English; and in 1541 the Irish lords of English blood, Barry, Roch, Fitzmaurice, and Birmingham, seem to have understood Irish alone; at least Sentleger 4 writes to Henry VIII. that Sir Thomas Cusake's “right solemn proposition in giving such laud and praise to His Majesty, as justly and most worthily His Majesty had merited, as well for the extirpation of the usurped power of the Bishop of Rome out of this realm, as also for his innumerable benefits showed to his realms and subjects, was briefly and prudently declared in the Irish tongue to the said lords by the mouth of the Earl of Ormonde, greatly to their contentation.”

The policy of the English government, the great influx of English settlers in the seventeenth century, and the irresistible flow of circumstances, have made us an English-speaking population; but at no time, from the days of Dowling to the present days, have there been wanting, wise and kind-hearted men, who, however they may have rejoiced that the English language, rich with the richest trophies of genius and of thought, was their's by inheritance, were anxious, not to supplant English or to extend the use of Irish, but to perpetuate the knowledge of the older and the more venerable language, and to procure, p.vii through its use, a readier access to the Irish heart and understanding.

It must be confessed, however, that in the following pages we derive but little profit from Dowling's Irish scholarship. It is true that he makes mention of the Hibernie Scriptores of the Life of St. Patrick, and of the Hibernie Antiquarii, as well as of the Historici Hibernie, but he cites no Irish manuscript or Irish author by name; and his ancient Irish history is made up of the traditions common to Giraldus Cambrensis, to Fordun, and the Four Masters, and left unsifted by them all, mingled with extracts from Saxo Grammaticus, and from Powell's edition of Caradoc of Llancarvan. Yet, notwithstanding this absence of Irish historical authority from Dowling's collections, historical compilations appear to have been at all times amongst the favourite productions of Irish literature. In the catalogue of the Earl of Kildare's Irish Library before referred to, which is given in the note 5, there occur names of works evidently historical; and the Four Masters, who, although later compilers, were living in Dowling's old age, made use of nine sets of Irish chronicles, of which six were not completed before the commencement of the sixteenth century.

The publication of that great compilation of Irish annals in O'Donovan's splendid edition, rendered doubly valuable as it has been by his topographical notes, has made us indifferent to Dowling's neglect of Irish authorities, and has given to the student of Irish history p.viii ready access to all the knowledge which can be expected from such compilations. However honestly drawn up, whether made by the Chancellor of Leighlin or by the Friars of Donegal, such compilations in no wise supersede the necessity of consulting the original authorities. They must always bear marks of the character and circumstances, not only of the author but also of the compiler, and it is possible that the unconscious substitution of one word for another supposed to be equivalent to it, may have destroyed the only clue left by the original writer for unravelling the system, political, legal, or ecclesiastical, of his times.

Nor have combinations of chronicles, however accurately and fully expressed, the interest which belongs to the work of one mind. It would be vain to expect in any collection of monkish chronicles the philosophy which could fuse and mould their discordant materials into one consistent whole; their very copiousness becomes a cause of obscurity, as the attention is worn out by the profusion of small events, apparently springing from no motive, and certainly leading to no result. As a national history such collections of annals must be confused and disheartening, but as materials for local history they are invaluable; and if ever freely and boldly used for that purpose, they will be found to suggest many thoughts relative to the social condition of the country; and being thus resolved into their original elements, — for it was as local histories that their chief materials were originally composed, — they will cluster in form and clearness round various points of great interest. Such is the meagreness of our historical records that it is only by the judicious use of these still and formal compilations, and of the wild legends of Irish hagiology, that we call hope to gain any knowledge of the form and pressure of the ante-Norman period of Irish history, to arrange it into its several eras, to ascertain the habits and manners of those who lived in them, and to comprehend their motives, their objects, and their characters, p.ix and thus to form some vague notion how their past has influenced our present.

The troubles occasioned by the O'Mores in Leix, and by the Cavanaghs in Carlow and Wexford, form the staple of Dowling's peculiar contributions to Irish history. These troubles, as we learn from the following pages, like almost all other Irish troubles, did not spring originally from political causes, but were directly connected with quarrels about the possession of land.

The Norman conquest of England, which preceded the conquest of Ireland by little more than a hundred years, had effected as great a revolution in landed property in England, as was designed in Ireland; but the Saxon occupier soon learned to submit to his Norman landlord: the rights of property, however acquired, in England were universally assented to, and order and security arose from invasion and spoliation, It was not so in Ireland. Some of the causes of this great difference it is not difficult to discover. In England the grantees of the Crown — however enormous were some of the Conqueror's grants — formed a numerous and powerful body of feudal lords, all equally interested in the common title of all to their several estates. The presence of the central government, always interested in the maintenance of order, tended at once to repress the provoking insolence and tyranny of the landlord, and the insubordination of the peasant; and where order was observed, and property secure, the industry of the tenant and the tradesman, before they were hardened into a middle class, repellent alike of lord and of peasant, penetrated the lower poor with feelings of hope and of attachment to the existing state of society.

In Ireland, on the contrary, the grantees of the Crown were comparatively few; from the first the head lords of lands were scattered at wide intervals through the country. In the course of one or two generations several of their great inheritances descended upon English p.x nobles resident in England, and leaving their Irish estates to the care of Irish undertakers, who seized the first opportunity from agents to become proprietors. The power of the Deputy was unable to repress the outrages of the landlord or the discontent of the tenant; and where all things were in confusion there could be no accumulations of thrift or industry to give hope to peaceful ambition, and to make the poor man friendly to the authority of the law.

To all these causes of the security of the Norman possessors of Saxon estates, and of the constant resistance with which the grandsons of these Normans and their descendants were harassed when they relied upon royal charters for the grant of Irish lands, must be added, above all, the different systems of landed tenure which had previously existed in both countries.

Whatever may have been the privileges of the Saxon churl, the occupier of land, he was still a tenant, holding, on certain conditions, under an hereditary, an official, or an elective superior, and liable, on the failure of such conditions, to forfeit possession. To the immediate cultivator of the soil the distinction of Bocland and Folcland must have been indifferent. Whatever theory may be devised to account for the origin of rent in countries otherwise circumstanced, and whatever may have been the system of landed property originally prevalent amongst the Teutonic nations, it is plain that in Saxon Britain, a conquered country, in which the natives were not extirpated, there must have been a gradual progress with the increase of civilization from the absolute slavery of the indigenous race, from their being hewers of wood and drawers of water, through serfdom and villeinage, to the commutation of arbitrary into fixed services, ultimately resulting in the payment of rent either in money or in kind. And this change must have brought about the abolition of national distinctions between the native thrall, now raised to the rank of a farmer, and the family of the smaller Saxon proprietor, p.xi who gained their livelihood by the profitable occupation of land.

Whether at the time of the Norman conquest this last result had, or had not, been universally arrived at in England in all cases, it is plain that by the substitution of a Norman lord for a Saxon thane, the status of the Saxon occupier was not essentially changed; the conditions of his tenure may have become more burdensome, but he still remained a tenant as he was before; and however strong may have been his Saxon indignation at the Norman superiority, there was little in it to affect his personal interest, or materially to deteriorate his actual condition.

In the greater part of Ireland, on the contrary, although the Saxon or Danish 6 system seems to have been introduced into Fingal and into other parts of the east coast, previous to the time of Strongbow, there were neither landlords nor tenants. Every seignory or chiefry, with the portion of land that passed with it, went without partition to the tanist, who always came in by election, or the strong hand, and not by descent; but by the law of gavelkind7 all the inferior tenancies were partible, not, as in Kent, only amongst the first heirs male of the last possessor, but at the will of the head of the sept, amongst all the males of the sept, whether legitimate or illegitimate.

Such was the Irish custom of gavelkind, as explained by the sagacious and inquiring Sir John Davies; and although in the third year of James I. it was declared and resolved by all the Judges that this custom was void in law, not only for the inconvenience and this unreasonableness of it, but because it was a mere personal custom, and could not alter the descent of inheritance; yet so deeply rooted in Irish prejudices was the love of common holdings, with minute and changeable p.xii subdivisions, that they survived to perplex Sir Henry Piers in Westmeath in 1697, and Lord George Hill in Donegal in 1846. Perplexing, however, as it may have been to landlords, barbarous as it was in the eyes of English lawyers, and however opposed to the general improvement of the country, this Irish custom of gavelkind not only opened to every man a possibility of becoming tanist, or heir apparent, at the death of the chief, but it had also the far wider-spreading effect of giving to every man a positive interest in the preservation of the family estate, and, when that estate was lost, of exciting every man to exert himself for its recovery.

Nor was it clear to the Irish understanding that the lands of the sept could ever legally be lost. By Irish law every occupier was but an occupier for life, and could alienate or forfeit only his own life-interest. As in the somewhat analogous case of the Kentish gavelkind, the father's felony could not forfeit the son's right to the lands: in the old adage, though the father might be hanged 'on the bough', the son had still a right to return 'to the plough'.

With such strong and generally diffused motives for striving to recover the landed property of the several septs, it is not surprising that the Irish should have availed themselves of the diminution of the small number of the original grantees, by absenteeism, by foreign wars, and by the wars of the Roses, to re-enter upon lands which had been wrested from their own sept, or from some other sept which had  p.xiii not courage or opportunity to resume their rights. And as such attempts were contrary to English law, and inconsistent with English authority, the claims of private property excited public disturbance, and what might have been a lawsuit became a rebellion.

In the division made at Woodstock, by Henry III., of the great seignory of Leinster, between the five sisters of the five childless Earls Marshal, the country of Leix, with its chief castle of Dunamase, was assigned to the third sister, Eva, wife of De Braosa, Lord of Brecknock; and her daughter, Matilda, brought the manor to her husband, Roger Mortimer. The territory of Leix, previous to the English conquest, had been the patrimony of the O'Mores; and after the Scottish invasion, when the power of the English was everywhere shaken, the absentee Mortimer 8 esteemed it a good device for the management of his lands to employ the services of one of that supplanted sept, and “thought him not dishonoured by the service.” It was a common, but a perilous expedient, and the temptation proved too strong for the fidelity of Lysaght O'More. Towards the end of the reign of Edward II., and probably at the time when Mortimer was proclaimed a traitor by his injured sovereign, the hour came for gratifying his inherent desire of independence, perhaps his rankling longings for revenge. In one night Lysaght O'More burned ten English castles, and destroyed Dunamase, the head of Mortimer's barony; and on that night, to use the words of Clyn, from a serf he become a lord, from a subject a prince: “De servo dominus, de subjecto princeps effectus.”

After the death of Lysaght, who was murdered, when drunk, by his servant, the manor of Dunamase was recovered from the O'Mores, and in the reign of Edward III., during the forfeiture of the Mortimers, was in the hands of Sir John Wellesley; but although some p.xiv of the O'Mores were forced to acknowledge that they held their lands in Leix, which then formed part of the county of Kildare, from Mortimer, as of his manor of Dunamase, yet the greater part of the De Braos portion of Strongbow's palatinate was lost to the Mortimers. Nor was Leix the only territory in Leinster, the inheritance of Eva Mac Morogh, of which the princely Mortimers were deprived by native claimants. Through the De Burghs and the Earls of Gloster they had hereditary claims to the territory of Ossory, and when the youthful Earl of March, grandson of Lionel, Duke of Clarence, and presumptive heir of the crown of England, was appointed Lord Lieutenant by his friend and cousin, Richard II., the viceregal sword added but little to his dignity in Ireland, where he was by descent Earl of Ulster, Lord of Meath, of Connaught, of Leix, and of Ossory, claiming in all these vast franchises the authority of a Lord Palatine, absorbing the royal revenues, and exercising royal power. But all these titles, and all this power, hereditary and deputed, were vain when employed to recover estates once fallen into the hands of Irishmen. In his attempt to rescue lands belonging to his mother, which his father had been obliged to reconquer, the 'courteous' Earl of March was resisted by O'Nowlan, O'Byrne, Mac David More Mac Morogh, Mortagh Mac Laghlin, and others; a battle was fought at Calleston, now Kellistown, in O'Nowlan's country, where Raymond le Gros had a castle in the time of Henry II.; the Earl was slain, and his mother, as we learn from Dowling, gave two chalices, one to Myshall and one to Garrowcheill, to ransom his body, which was sent to England, and interred with his forefathers in the Abbey of Wigmore.

In this obscure skirmish, fought in a place whose name has hitherto been mistaken and its site unknown, were involved the p.xv destinies of the British empire; for it was to revenge the death of his cousin and presumptive heir that King Richard came a second time into Ireland, and so left the field open to Bolingbroke, to whose towering ambition the superior claims of Mortimer's orphan children offered only a feeble obstacle; and hence the disputed succession, the thinning of the old nobles of England, the rise of the landed gentry, and all the thousand ever-spreading consequences of the wars of York and Lancaster.

Nor were the long and dangerous insurrections of the MacMoroghs and the Cavanaghs less directly connected with disputes about land, than those of the O'Nowlans and O'Mores. Connected with King Dermod, if not descended from him, and consequently allied in blood to all the noble posterity of Strongbow and the Countess Eva, and possessing the distinguished privilege of being one of the quinque sanguinum, the Mac Moroghs seem from the first to have held undisturbed possession of the hill country on the borders of Carlow and Wexford. As the power of the English settlers decreased, the native sept gradually spread over the low lands, and acquired extensive possessions in both those counties. In 1327, ten years after Bruce's invasion, at an assembly of the Irish at Leinster, the power of the sept, and certain traditional recollections, secured Donald Mac Murgh's election to the title of King of Leinster, as Pembridge says somewhat scornfully: “Hibernici de Lagenia collegerunt se simul, et fecerunt quemdam Regem, videlicet Donaldum filium Arte Mac Murgh.” 9

The vain boasts of the new king that he would plant his standard within two miles of Dublin, and then, after the fashion of the old Irish kings, go through all Ireland, were dissipated: he was taken prisoner by Sir Henry Traharne, and confined in the castle of Dublin, until, at the end of three years, he made his escape, with the help p.xvi of a rope, bought for him by Adam Nangle, for which, and perhaps with which, Adam Nangle was hanged.

Notwithstanding, Donald Mac Murgh's misfortunes, the captainship of the sept, with the title of king, long continued in this family.

In King Richard's 10 first expedition, on the 16th day of February, 1395, Arte Mac Morogh, who was called king, “although he had small territories anywhere,” came riding on a black horse to the field of Baligory, near Carlow, and having heard the King's letters read, and explained in English, by John Molton, clerk, of the diocese of Lincoln, and read in Irish by Friar Edmund Vale, Master of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem in Ireland, with Gerald O'Bryn, Donald O'Nolan, Loy Oge, and Shane Mac Mauriceboy of Slewmergy, and Murogh O'Connohur of Offaly, all captains of their respective septs, Arte Mac Morogh, having taken off his girdle, sword, and cap, joining together the palms of his hands, and holding them upright within the hands of the Earl of Nottingham, who had then a special commission from the King, did homage and swore allegiance, and bound himself, on the restitution of his wife's barony of the Norragh, and on the annual payment of eighty marks as wages, to enter into the King's service, and to surrender all his lands in Leinster, for which he was to receive compensation by the grant of such lands as he might conquer elsewhere from the enemies of his lord the King.

By this promised removal from Leinster of Mac Morogh and the other Irish captains, the English of Leinster would have been relieved from troublesome neighbours; but the native grasp of hereditary lands is not easily relaxed; and although they now bent before the royal power of England, the Leinster septs were rather disposed to intrude upon the old settled possessions of the English than to relinquish the lands of their ancestors. It was at that very time that the Cavanaghs p.xvii were supplanting the Carews in Idrone. The barony of the Norragh, the estate of his wife, the heiress of the Calfes or De Veels, gave Mac Morogh a footing in Kildare; its non-restitution afforded him grounds for the continuance of hostilities, and “he solemnly assured his wife,” wrote the Irish Council in 1399, “that he will never be at peace until he has restitution of her lands.”

Scarcely then were the two hampers, filled with Irish surrenders and indentures, delivered to the Court of Exchequer in England by the Bishop of Salisbury, before disturbances again broke out; and although the Norragh 11 was restored to his wife, and the eighty marks annually paid to MacMorogh and to many successive Mac Moroghs, yet the lands of the sept in Leinster were never relinquished, nor was the title of King of Leinster given up for many generations. Even as late as 1522 we have in these Annals the death of Gerald Kevanagh Mac Murchad, “qui se fecit vocari Regem Lagenie et Ducem Laginensium;” and this titular king was buried with the king's lieges at Leighlin.

But although, like the other sixty chief captains 12 calling themselves kings, or kings' peers or princes, or dukes, or archdukes, living only by the sword, and making war and peace for themselves, the Mac Moroghs exercised imperial jurisdiction within their narrow boundaries, these Annals show the insecurity of their power and the troubles of their lives. While, however, the captains, by whatever title they were called, were occasionally defeated and compelled to submit, or were imprisoned in Dublin or in London, or were hanged, the main body of the sept continued to occupy their hereditary and acquired lands, acknowledging no lord but their own elected captain, and no law but that pronounced by their Brehons on the hill side.


The power of the government of Henry VIII., and the activity of Sentleger, brought about a change. The words of the intelligent Lord Deputy, in announcing his success to the king, are worthy of notice, as they show that the points now insisted on had not escaped his observation:

“Perceiving that thos sectes of people called the Cavenaghes, as Mac Morogh, and other hys complicis, wer not, as then, in pece with Your Magestie, nor yet, at that tyme, had any pledges for securite of the same, yt was thought good by me, and other of the Counsell, to make a journay apon them, whiche we dyd the Monday next after myne arryvall. And contynueing teen daies in their countrey, burnyng and destroying the same, the said Mac Morogh, with the moste parte of his nation and sect, cam and submytted theymself to Your Heighnes obedience, clerely renunsing the name of Mac Morogh, and never more, after that day, to elect, nor choise emonge them none to bere the same name, ne yet to be their governor, but only Your Magestie, and suche as ye shall appoynte to the same; and have promysed to take their landes of Your Magestie, to holde the same by knight service, and not only to serve you from hensforthe truly according to ther dueties, but also to persecute all other of their nation that will disobey the same. And athoughe the nature of the Irishemen be very fikill and inconstant, yet it is thought here, by Your Magesties Counsell, that thes men whiche thus liberally have submytted, renunsing the same name, whiche they wolde never do bifor this tyme, will contynue in their sayde goode purpose, seeing we handled theyme after their saide submission very gentilly, not taking from theym any parte of their landes nor goodes, but only of suche as wolde not condescende to the same reasonable submission; whiche parte so taken we agayne gave on of theymselves, which we sawe moost conformable to the saide honest submission, savely to kepe to Your Magesties use, alleging that yt was neyther their landes nor goodes, that p.xix your Majesty so moche estemed, as their due obedience to the same, which at lengthe they shuld well perceyve shulde redounde moste to their owne profyte.” 13

The increasing tranquillity of the country, and the reviving strength of the English Government in the subsequent reigns, involved the Cavanaghs in new troubles. Where the English government was acknowledged there the English laws were to be exercised, and the legal rights of English subjects were to be maintained. When, therefore, Sir Peter Carew14 of the county of Devon, knight, “bethought himselfe” upon such lands as his ancestors formerly had in Ireland, he laid claim, among other possessions, to the barony of Idrone, from which, after the death of Sir Leonard Carew in 1369, his ancestor, Sir Thomas, as he alleged, had been driven by M'Murchad, and which was then, and had been for 200 years, in the hands of the Cavanaghs. The legal evidence of Sir Peter's right both to the lordship of Maston, in Meath, and to this barony of Idrone, was sufficient to satisfy Weston, then Lord Chancellor, and he entered into possession. In the strange medley of Dowling's words, he made “the Cavenages compound with him for Odrone, the which he quietly enjoyed, savinge that Maurice Oge Kavenagh of Garrowcheill per fas et nephas tenuit suas terras, vulgariter vocatas fyv mart landes absque titulo vel interesse.”

Even the temporary quietness of Carew's possession may well be doubted. He had come from England to awaken obsolete claims, by a precedent capable of wide application, and shaking the titles to their lands of all those now loyal Irish captains, who, as tenants, managers, or enemies, had re-entered on the territories granted by the parchment charters of King Henry II. or King John, but which had been re-occupied by the Irish in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. p.xx Such claims, however valid according to the principles of English law, naturally provoked resistance, even when supported by Sir Peter's 100 kerns, and by his wise and statesmanlike conduct; and in 1569, the year after he had received what Dowling calls quiet possession, the Leinstermen broke out in all sorts of enormities, and men talked of Peter Carew's wars, and the Cavanaghs, in Dowling's expressive language, which it is needless to translate, were “Diaboli contra Petrum Carew.”

Such was the origin, and such was the nature, of the wars which disturbed the neighbourhood of Leighlin in the days of Chancellor Dowling. As some compensation for these troubles, it is to be supposed that he enjoyed the luxury of consulting, in Sir Peter Carew's library, the books of modern date to which he often refers. He does not, however, appear to have derived any advantage from the collection of Anglo-Irish documents, once in the possession of Sir George Carew, which now enriches the library at Lambeth.

To some documents, which have since been lost, Dowling had ready access. He mentions the Registry, the Records, and the Yellow Book of Leighlin, all of which have disappeared; and we cannot but lament that of these diocesan and capitular muniments he did not make freer use. It is chiefly, if not solely, from incidental notices in such records that we can gain clear notions of the ancient state of agriculture, of the modes of subsistence, and of the mutual relation of landlord, farmer, and labourer, upon which the happiness and the character of a nation so much more depend than upon legislative enactments or political events. The invaluable series of Church records, printed by the Bannatyne Club, has cleared up many doubtful points of great interest relative to the social condition of Scotland; and the internal state of the Anglo-Saxon people cannot be fully understood without consulting the volumes of Mr. Kemble's Codex Diplomaticus.


Of the transactions which took place in the time of Dowling in the counties contiguous to Carlow we might expect to find fuller details in the following than in any other pages; yet even in these Dowling has commonly been anticipated by the publication of Hooker, his more copious contemporary. Of the massacre of Mullaghmast, which is omitted by Hooker, Dowling gives the following account:

“1577. Moris Mac Lasy Mac Conyll O'More, Lord of Merggi as he asserted, and successor of the Baron of Omergi, with forty of his followers, after his confederation with Rory O'More, and after a certain promise of protection, was slain at Mullaghmastyn, in the county of Kildare, the place appointed for it, by Master Cosby and Robert Harpoole, having been summoned there treacherously, under pretence of performing service. Harpoole excused it that Morris had geven villanous wordes to the breach of his protection.”

Such is Dowling's account of this event, the only recorded fulfilment of the blind prophecies 15 current in Queen Mary's days, that there should be a bloody field fought at Mullaghmast, between the Irish and the English inhabitants of Ireland. “And so bloody, forsooth, shall it be,” says Stanyhurst, “that a mill in a vale hard by it shall run four and twenty hours with the stream of blood that shall pour down from the hill.”

The value, however, of these Annals does not arise so much from any new facts contained in them, as from their showing the difficulty experienced by an inquisitive and not unlearned man, at the close of the sixteenth century, in his endeavours to gain some knowledge of the history of his country. Well might Hooker16 complain that the Irish public records were slenderly and disorderly kept, and that private historical collections remained in odd and obscure places. p.xxii The more fully the student of Irish antiquities is acquainted with the earlier collections, manuscript and printed, so much the deeper will be his gratitude for the benefits conferred on him by the sagacity and industry of Sir James Ware, and by the stupendous learning and sun-bright truthfulness of Archbishop Ussher.

The following pages possess some interest, from the indications of the personal feelings of the compiler on religious and political events. Dowling, it must be recollected, was an Irish Protestant churchman, holding ecclesiastical preferment in the reigns of Elizabeth and James I.; yet there is little in his Annals to indicate that he felt any interest in the religious excitement of his times. When, at 1420, he tells how James Earl of Ormonde, in his attack on the Irish enemy, made the clergy of every district, twice every week, in solemn procession, pray for his good success, he adds: “Would that the clergy of this time would so devoutly call upon God in prayer that the soldiers should believe that victory was from God.” Of Bishop Magwir and Bishop Deoran, ante-Reformation bishops, he speaks with great respect; and Travers, the first bishop of Leighlin nominated by royal authority subsequent to the Reformation, he calls “cruel, covetous, vexing his clergy.” It is, indeed, to be feared that in the times immediately preceding, as in the times immediately following the Reformation, when as yet religious and political feelings did not run in the same channels, there was not much earnest religion in this country. The barbarous murder of Bishop Deoran, by his Archdeacon Maurice Cavanagh, gives an evil distinction to the diocese of Leighlin, and tends, at least with regard to that district, to confirm the lamentable description of all orders in the Irish Church, as given in the State of Ireland in 1515.


With regard to his political sentiments, it is plain from the tenor of all his observations that Thady Dowling was zealously, and — if he was the author of the peevish wish, “I would the rest of the rebels had been so bestowed” — somewhat intemperately loyal to the English Government. In the dissensions which harassed the country there was nothing to attract to the side of revolt thoughtful and cultivated men, even when, like the Chancellor of Leighlin, they were of Irish descent. In the centuries of resistance to English law and English government, from the days of Edward Bruce to the days of Roger Moore, notwithstanding the bold pretensions of Hugh O'Neill, there never appeared amongst the opposers of the Government any system or combination which could awake the thought of national independence. Of all such disturbances the objects were local and personal, and violence and lawlessness were the means used to effect them. Evil as was the conduct of the English party (and, however it may be palliated and accounted for, no one will now justify it), their side was the side of order, and of social and mental progress. It is doubtful that a single town can be named which existed in any merely Irish country, inland or on the coast, independent of English authority and of English municipal regulations. The overthrow of the English Government, at any period from the fourteenth to the seventeenth centuries, would have brought about total anarchy, and would have quenched the faint and flickering light of civilization.


It is only necessary in conclusion to say, that the text of the Annals has been taken from a transcript on paper made for Archbishop Ussher, now preserved in the Library of Trinity College, Dublin, Class E. Tab. 3. No. 20.

The original brass matrix of the Chapter Seal of Leighlin is preserved in the Museum of the Royal Irish Academy; from it the following wood-cut has been engraved, and is added here as a suitable illustration of this work. It is probably a seal of the fifteenth century.

Thaddeus Dowling

Edited by Richard Butler

Index to each annal

annal 1: Bartholenus, aliter Bast…

annal 389: A.D. 389.Patricius secun…

annal 590: A.D. 590.Gurmundus princ…

annal 542: Anno circa 542.Arthurus,…

annal 592: A.M. 4553. A.D. 592.Plur…

annal 830: A.M. 4791. A.D. 830.Turg…

annal 861: A.M. 4822. A.D. 861.Ablo…

annal 948: A.D. 948.Abbatia beate M…

annal 950: A.D. 950.Dani venerunt i…

annal 924: A.D. 924.Hawlassus Hiber…

annal 952: A.D. 952.Congellach Hibe…

annal 1012: A.D. 1012.Bernardus vulg…

annal 1041: A.D. 1041.Conan, filius …

annal 1050: A.D. 1050.Conan filius J…

annal 1054: A.D. 1054.Hibernici tran…

annal 1066: Circa A.D. 1066.Dani, No…

annal 1071: A.D. 1071.Amylavus Sutar…

annal 1074: A.D. 1074.Patricius, Dub…

annal 1077: A. D. 1077.Frotho, alite…

annal 1105: A.D. 1105.Hugleto Hibern…

annal 1120: A.D. 1120.Murchardus ser…

annal 1137: A. D. 1137.Tres soles ap…

annal 1142: A. D. 1142.Kadwalader ap…

annal 1147: A. D. 1147.Cogganus eccl…

annal 1155: 1155.Terdielach rex Cona…

annal 1171: A. D. 1171.Civitas Dubli…

annal 1172: 1172.Clerus apud Armach …

annal 1173: 1173.Cleri Hibernie cong…

annal 1227: 1227.Civilis guerra et c…

annal 1233: 1233.Gualterus Lacy domi…

annal 1234: 1234.Richardus Mariscall…

annal 1242: 1242.Gilbertus Mariscall…

annal 1243: 1243 aliter 1253.Hugo La…

annal 1245: 1245.Walterus Mariscallu…

annal 1252: 1252.Henricus 3. concess…

annal 1253: 1253.Johannes Geffrey mi…

annal 1257: 1257.Mauritius filius Ga…

annal 1246: 1246. ?Galfridus de Sanc…

annal 1258: 1258.Stephanus de longe …

annal 1261: 1261.Willelmus Den justi…

annal 1262: 1262.Rogerus, episcopus …

annal 1264: 1264.Mauritius fitz Gera…

annal 1268: 1268.Conchur O Brien fui…

annal 1269: 1269.Terremotus in Hiber…

annal 1270: 1270.Hugo, fratrum minor…

annal 1271: 1271.Richardus Verdon et…

annal 1272: 1272.Edwardus 1.Dominus …

annal 1276: 1276.Magna strages homin…

annal 1277: 1277.O Bryen Roo regulus…

annal 1278: 1278.MacDermot de Moylar…

annal 1281: 1281.Adam Cusak junior i…

annal 1282: 1282.Morthaghus (Murtagh…

annal 1283: 1283.Galfridus Leothegar…

annal 1285: 1285.Johannes Stamford c…

annal 1286: 1286.Geraldus fitz Moric…

annal 1290: 1290.O Mulseaghlen rex M…

annal 1292: 1292.Willelmus Veschi ju…

annal 1294: 1294.Richardus Burgh com…

annal 1295: 1295.Willmus Dongsells, …

annal 1299: 1299.Johannes Wogan mile…

annal 1301: 1301.Lagenienses inferio…

annal 1303: 1303.Comes Ultonie cum R…

annal 1304: 1304.Civitas Dublin casu…

annal 1305: 1305.Richardus Fleeringi…

annal 1306: 1306.O Breyen rex Tuamen…

annal 1307: 1307.Morchodus Ballach p…

annal 1308: 1308.Edwardus 2. cepit r…

annal 1309: 1309.Dominus Roger Morti…

annal 1310: 1310.Parlamentum apud Ki…

annal 1311: 1311.Parlamentum apud Ki…

annal 1312: 1312.Dominus Edmundus de…

annal 1314: 1314.Hospitalierii milit…

annal 1315: 1315 vel 1316.Johannes f…

annal 1316: 1316.Edmundus Butler jus…

annal 1317: 1317.Rogerus Mortymer do…

annal 1318: 1318.Roger Mortimer just…

annal 1319: 1319.Pons de Kilcullen e…

annal 1320: 1320.Academia Dublin cum…

annal 1322: 1322.Dominus Johannes Da…

annal 1326: 1326.Edwardus 2. obiit 2…

annal 1327: 1327.Rogerus Owtlaw prio…

annal 1329: 1329.Johannes Bremyngham…

annal 1330: 1330.Cives burgenses Wex…

annal 1331: 1331.Castra de Fernes et…

annal 1332: 1332.Edwardus 3. in bell…

annal 1333: 1333.Johannes Darcy Hibe…

annal 1334: 1334.Milerus episcopus L…

annal 1336: 1336.Cynnus et Oldratus …

annal 1337: 1337.Johannes Charleton …

annal 1339: 1339.Edw. 3. made clayme…

annal 1340: 1340.Edwardus 3. ad sini…

annal 1348: 1348.Mortalitas magna et…

annal 1350: 1350.Kymbrichus (ut puto…

annal 1355: 1355.Mauritius fitz Gera…

annal 1357: 1357.Rex Anglie plures h…

annal 1361: 1361.Leonellus filius Ed…

annal 1366: 1366.Thomas Carrew alias…

annal 1369: 1369.Anno Edw. 3. 44. Pa…

annal 1370: 1370.Pestilentia magna i…

annal 1372: 1372.Patritius Freigney …

annal 1373: 1373.Johannes Hussey bar…

annal 1376: 1376.Edwardus 3. obiit. …

annal 1381: 1381.Edmundus Mortimer c…

annal 1383: 1383.Philippus de Courtn…

annal 1385: 1385.Ricardus Vere marqu…

annal 1390: 1390.Robertus Wadby (Wee…

annal 1394: 1394.Richardus 2. pro mo…

annal 1397: 1397.Rogerus Mortimer mi…

annal 1398: 1398.Richardus 2. rex vi…

annal 1401: 1401.Johannes Drack maio…

annal 1403: 1403.Jacobus le Butler c…

annal 1404: 1404.Charta libertatis H…

annal 1405: 1405.Jacobus Buteler com…

annal 1407: 1407.Jacobus Butler fili…

annal 1408: 1408.Stephanus Scrope fu…

annal 1409: 1409.Civitas Dublin rece…

annal 1410: 1410.Comunitas Anglie pe…

annal 1412: 1412.Henricus 4. obiit. …

annal 1413: 1413.Johannes Stanley mi…

annal 1414: 1414.Dominus Johannes Ta…

annal 1415: 1415.Patritius Borrett e…

annal 1416: 1416.Stephanus Fleming a…

annal 1418: 1418.Consilium regale ap…

annal 1419: 1419.4 Idus Maii. Donatu…

annal 1420: 1420.Jacobus le Butler c…

annal 1421: 1421.Henricus 5. obiit. …

annal 1433: 1433 vide 1419.Thomas cl…

annal 1438: 1438.Thomas Crawley arch…

annal 1439: 1439.Richardus Talbot ar…

annal 1445: 1445.Henricus 6. rex Ang…

annal 1448: 1448.Duces Eboren: et La…

annal 1449: 1449.Dux Eboracensis ven…

annal 1458: 1458.Mac Geoghagan crema…

annal 1459: 1459.Dux Eboracensis com…

annal 1462: 1462.Thomas fitz John de…

annal 1464: 1464.Paulus 2. papa crea…

annal 1469: 1469 1487.Lambertus nomi…

annal 1470: 1470.Rowlandus Eustace d…

annal 1471: 1471.Thomas fitz Morice …

annal 1473: 1473.David episcopus Oss…

annal 1475: 1475.Edward 4. navigavit…

annal 1476: 1476.Donaldus Fuscus Kav…

annal 1483: 1483.Edward 4. obiit, re…

annal 1485: 1485.Henricus comes Rich…

annal 1494: 1494.Edwardus Poynyngis …

annal 1495: 1495.Maxima perturbatio …

annal 1496: 1496.Thomas comes Surrey…

annal 1497: 1497.Katerina filia Ferd…

annal 1500: 1500.Margareta filia Hen…

annal 1501: 1501.Henricus filius Hen…

annal 1503: 1503.Elizabeth regina ob…

annal 1504: 1504.Bellum de Knocktoa …

annal 1506: 1506.Maria filia regis H…

annal 1508: 1508.Henricus 8. anno et…

annal 1509: 1509.Geraldus comes Kild…

annal 1510: 1510.Walterus archiepisc…

annal 1512: 1512.Maurus Nemorosus (M…

annal 1514: 1514.Insurrectio magna i…

annal 1515: 1515.Maria regina de Suf…

annal 1517: 1517.Magnum gelu in Hibe…

annal 1519: 1519.Thomas Howard comes…

annal 1522: 1522.Geraldus Kevanagh M…

annal 1523: 1523.Thomas fitz Water a…

annal 1524: 1524.Geraldus comes Kild…

annal 1525: 1525.Robertus Talbot de …

annal 1526: 1526.Carolus Cavenagh fi…

annal 1528: 1528.O Neil Ultoniorum c…

annal 1529: 1529.Petrus Butler comes…

annal 1530: 1530.Hibernici ferociter…

annal 1532: 1532.Parlamentum coram G…

annal 1534: 1534.Thomas fitz Gerald …

annal 1535: 1535.Nicolaus Moscraw et…

annal 1536: 1536.Religiosae domus et…

annal 1539: 1539.O Neil rebellavit e…

annal 1541: 1541.Keadan alias Keadag…

annal 1542: 1542.O Neil, O Donel, Ma…

annal 1543: 1543.Willmus Brereton mi…

annal 1544: 1544.Hibernici ad numeru…

annal 1545: 1545.Cahir Cavenagh Mc A…

annal 1546: 1546.Jacobus Butler come…

annal 1547: 1547.Henricus 8. moritur…

annal 1550: 1550.Johannes Bale episc…

annal 1553: 1553.Edwardus 6. obiit, …

annal 1554: 1554.Philippus princeps …

annal 1555: 1555.Hugo Curren archiep…

annal 1557: 1557.Congal Oge rex Laci…

annal 1558: 1558.Johannes Othownery …

annal 1560: 1560.Thomas comes Ormoni…

annal 1566: 1566.Edwardus Randolf ar…

annal 1567: 1567.Shane O Neil secund…

annal 1568: 1568.Whereas before ment…

annal 1569: 1569.Lagenienses omnibus…

annal 1570: 1570.Adam Loftus archiep…

annal 1571: 1571.Magna clades in Con…

annal 1572: 1572.Willmus fitz Willia…

annal 1575: 1575.Rebellio Ketingensi…

annal 1576: 1576.Walter Devrox comes…

annal 1577: 1577.Rory (Oge O Moor) O…

annal 1578: 1578.Henricus Sidney dep…

annal 1579: 1579.Jacobus fitz Moris …

annal 1580: 1580.Arthurus Gray de Wi…

annal 1582: 1582.Johannes O Desmond …

annal 1583: 1583.Geraldus fitz James…

annal 1588: 1588.Anglicani undertake…

annal 1589: 1589.Richardus Meredith …

annal 1591: 1591.Arthur Achnan Kaven…

annal 1592: 1592.Thomas comes Ormond…

annal 1594: 1594.Willelmus Russell m…

annal 1598: 1598.Adam Loftus et Robe…

annal 1599: 1599.Robertus Essex come…

annal 1600: 1600.Carolus Mountjoy de…


Thadei Dowling Cancellarii Leighlen Annales Hiberniae

    Bartholenus, aliter Bastolenus, Nini consanguineus ex successione Nemrodi in familia Japheti nepotis, venit in Hiberniam cum sua complici et cum suis tribus filiis, qui vocabantur Languinus, Salamius, et Ruthurgus, viri activi et bellatores, eradicabant silvas et inhabitabant eandem insulam pro majori parte; et ex hoc isti vocavere certa eminentia loca secundum eorum nomina, ut Langrini strangius, mons Salanga, modo collis Sancti Dominici, sed ab Eliota dicitur our ladies hill, et per hos eorumque posteros regebatur insula per 30 annos.

    In consortio ejusdem Bartholeni venerunt plures gigantes ex stirpe Cham, viribus admirabiles sed stolidi.

    Bergon, filius Neptuni, acquisivit Hiberniam et insulam Orkney.

    Ruanus gigas in illa peste in quadam spelunca se abscondit, vixit (ut aiunt) usque in adventum Sancti Patricii per spacium 2400 annorum, et omnia illi retulit, et ab eo baptizatus; hoc tempus longius est bis quam aetas Mathusalem, sed nihil impossibile Deo.

    Genandus, Rutheranus et Salvius, Greci, 5. filii Dale ex progenie Nemrodi, audientes civilem dissentionem facile eos destruxerunt, et regionem in 5. partes p.2 diviserunt, et in cantredas seu baronias et cetera. Postea avaritia regnandi inter se pro principatu contenderunt, et fit Salanus monarcha per 30 annos, et sepelitur in monte in Midia.

    Quidam scribunt quod hoc tempore alii Schithiani de Nemrodi heredibus venerunt, et fecerunt Claym ad Hiberniam jure hereditario, fuit magna guerra, sed non obtinuerunt.

    A.M. 3576, et ante Christum 387. Brennus, frater Belini, filius Muluntii, de Brytannia venit in Hiberniam, et sic Gurgodwyntius Belini predicti {} sed nullam acquirere potuerunt possessioni quietem, pluries repellebantur. Brennus hic fuit coheres Anglie anno ut supra, et Gurguntius iste erat rex Anglie anno mundi 3588. Lanquetus dicit quod iste locavit Hiberniam Hispano Heremono et suis filiis, sed cronica Scotorum dicit hoc fuisse ante tempus Gurguntii.

    Gathelus, filius cujusdam nobilis in Gretia, nomine Nielani, in exilio a patria (for robberies) cum suis adherentibus, in bello strenuus et eloquens, nobiliter serviens contra Aethiopianos, sub conductu Mosis generalis exercitus, duxit in uxorem filiam Pharaonis, et cetera. Ornavit linguam Hibernicam, dicit Thaddeus, et cetera.

    Hiber, filius Jubal, gubernavit Hispaniam, et Hermon de progenie Gatheli (ut quidam putant), venerunt cum filiis, filiabus, uxoribus in Hiberniam de licentia Gurguntii regis et cetera, qui jurati de homagio et fidelitate obtinuerunt, et cetera.

    A.M. 3270. Brechus, aliter Simon Brechus, filius Humeci, filii Hiberi, venit in Hiberniam, primus rex apud eos coronatus, regnavit super Scotos (aliter Scythas) Hibernie. Anno mundi 3270, post diluvium 1616, ab urbe condita 55, post introitum Bruti 870, et ante Christum 697, hic Simon attulit cathedram suam regalem de lapide marmoreo in Hiberniam, quem lapidem Fergutius auferebat in Scotiam Minorem et ibidem reliquit, qui Fergutius fuit submersus in Ultonia, loco ab ejus nomine hodie nuncupato Carrekfergus. Haec fuerunt tempore Helie prophete.

    Muridi Ultonie regis filii intraverunt Scotiam Minorem, et ibi hinc inde remanserunt, quasdam tenentes possessiones, quas eorum posteri tenuerunt vivente Geraldo Cambrensi, anno domini 1200.


    Hibernici quidam fuerunt instructi in fide et baptizati per Jacobum Apostolum, immediate post Christi resurrectionem.

    Scotici scriptores asserunt quandam mulierem christianam de Pictis in conductu regine Hibernie remanentem primo eos instruxisse in fide.

  1. A.D. 389.

  2. Patricius secundum Hibernie scriptores filius Calphurni diaconi, et filiae presbyteri, natus inter Scotiam et Angliam in villa nomine Kyburne, cujus matris nomen erat Conches, (Concha) germana Sancti Martini, Turonensis episcopi in Gallia. Iste Patritius etatis xvi, scholaris et cetera, per piratas Hibernie captus et in Hiberniam ductus, porcorum custos fuit sub Hibernico, nomine Mc Bway, sex annis, quo tempore linguam Hibernicam satis addiscebat, et postea ultra mare transfretavit, et cum Germano Augarensi episcopo sacram paginam per 40 annos addiscebat.

    A Celestino papa cum literis comendatitiis venit Hiberniam, tempore Laigerii, filii Nielani magni, monarche totius Hibernie, predicavit, baptizavit et cetera.

    Primo de Ultonia petiit Conatiam ad Dovaldum, Conatie dominum, qui ab illo baptizatus cum suis; qui misit illum ad Loganum regem Lagenie, quem baptizavit, et misit in Momoniam ad comitem Dareys qui ut ceteri et cetera. Postremo xvi. calend: Aprilis anno domini 496 obiit et sepelitur in Duno.

  3. Eodem tempore floruerunt Brigida virgo et Sanctus Columba, quorum in eodem tumulo inventa sunt corpora statim post Anglorum conquestum.

    Haec Cambrensis, et Johanes Coursey, miles, comes et conquestor Ultonie testatur se vidisse precipua Hibernie Jocalia. 'Tres sunt in Dunno et cetera'.

  4. Norwegiani, homines bellicosi, audaces, robusti et avidi, ad acquirendum aliorum regnorum conquestum multum dediti, postquam insulas de Orkney et Ilees acquisiverunt, viagium huc in Hiberniam fecerunt, tempore Laigerii monarche Hibernie et tempore Sancti Patricii, et ab illo tempore usque ad conquestum Turgesii Norwegii regnaverunt 33 reges in Hibernia, vide infra in Turgesio.

  1. A.D. 590.

  2. Gurmundus principalis eorundem Norwegianorum archipirata (sic etiam Caradocus) Affricanus natione, de Norwegianis acquisivit Hiberniam pro parte, et se regem Hibernie nominandum; edificavit Gormagston, et constituit filium suum et heredem, nomine Burchardum, aliter Burchardum p.4 Gurmondi, ducem Lagenie, cujus successor communiter vocabatur ab Hibernicis Gormagheyn, dux montis Onergi, sed ut alii volunt, ducem Lagenie et baronem le Margee. Hic Gurmundus fuit qui de Norwegianis primo invasit Hiberniam, et viam primo aperuit hominibus sue patrie in Hibernico Mari; et ulterius, D. Powell et Lanquet et Gualter Oxonie et Caradocus habent in cronicis, quod iste Gurmundus in anno 590 existens archipirata, Norwegiorum capitaneus, rex esset Hibernie, et post conquestum Hibernie accersitus per Saxones contra Carecticum Britannorum regem, vicit (potius fugavit) Carecticum in bello, et prosequebatur Britannos ultra rivos de Severne et Dee.

  3. Et dedit Lloegriam Saxonibus et ibidem edificavit Gurmondcestriam, et postea, secundum historiam Hibernie, transfretavit in Galliam ad conquerendum et cetera, ubi moriebatur, sed Hibernici antiquarii negant eum fuisse monarcham Hibernie, quia non subjugavit preter Lageniam et Midiam quod pro conquestu non reputarunt.

  4. Burchardus Gurmundi, qui vulgariter nominatur O Gormagheyn, dux (ut asseritur) Lagenie, edificasse dicitur Gurmundi grangiam, et palatium suum in Monte Margeo cum aliis memorabilibus pro se et suis, et fundasse matricem seu prioratum veteris Leighlen, sed potius eam dotavit tempore sancti Eubani Lenie patroni; sed quidam nomine Lazerianus, episcopus et confessor, pro fundatione et erectione ecclesie cathedralis ibidem anno domini 651 fuit procurator. Vide record Leiglen. In eadem ecclesia fertur ille dux esse sepultus ex parte boreali in muro summo chori juxta stallum thesaurarii ecclesie sub lapide marmoreo habens ipsius ducis nomen desuper. Wittnesses lyvinge 1589 Karolus Rowac alias Makeyigan clerk, Donagh Mc Gilpatrik, and Gilleranoy carpenters saw the tumbe with their eyes, and Thady Dowling cancellar: ecclesie found his epitaph in simple verse as followeth:

    1. Hic jacet humatus dux fundator Leniae, id est Leghleniae.
      En Gormondi Burchardus vir gratus ecclesie.
    Extant etiam adhuc alia testimonia circa hanc villam; scilicet nomina quorundam locorum ut Gormondus Grove et Gormondes Foord et cetera.

  1. Anno circa 542.

  2. Arthurus, filius Uter Pendragon, subdidit sibi Scotiam, Hiberniam, Daciam, Norwegiam, Islandiam, Gutlandiam, Insulas Orchadum et Galliam, vicit Lucium generall of the Romaine army. Sic Thaddeus.

  1. A.M. 4553. A.D. 592.

  2. Plures Britones fugam receperunt in Hiberniam ad evitandam tyrannidem Ethelfredi et sociorum Saxonum.

  1. A.M. 4791. A.D. 830.

  2. Turgesius Norwegianus cepit acquirere Hiberniam per generalem conquestum, vicit Edlongdingum regem, monarcham Hibernie, obtinuit totam terram et regnavit ut rex xxx annos. Sed quidam tradunt ipsum fuisse locum tenentem Norwegianorum; et tandem superbia elatus filiam unicam Medensis regis, nomine O Melaghlen, struprare (others say marie) volens, petiit ab O Melaghlen ut sibi traderet ejus filiam. Rex respondebat quod illud non convenebat, sed tortuoso vultu aspiciens et cetera. Si opporteat, inquit, mittam eam cum aliis pulchrioribus puellis ad certum diem secrete, quod bene placuit Turgesio, et assignavit locum et diem. Pater misit eam cum xvi. pulchris juvenibus, quorum quilibet habuit longum cultrum sub muliebri veste, et venientes in cenaculum ubi ille Turgesius cum lasciviosis suis complicibus erat, et ubi interfecerunt eum cum suis, et recesserunt ad exercitum regis Midensis, qui prope in abscondito juvenum expectabat adventum, et tunc cepit conquestus Hibernicorum.

  1. A.M. 4822. A.D. 861.

  2. Abloickus Hibernie rex cum suo conductu applicuit in insulam de Mona, aliter Man, et cremando villam de Holyhead spoliavit comitatum de Llynn.Powell p. 62 (61) et obiit — Powell pag. 15.

  1. A.D. 948.

  2. Abbatia beate Marie juxta Dublin erecta per Danos. — Cambrensis.

  1. A.D. 950.

  2. Dani venerunt iterum in Hiberniam et interfecerunt in bello Cormachum, Hibernie monarcham et episcopum (id est primatem) totius Hibernie, ac filium Cukemani, hominem pium et religiosum, et Kirvaltum filium Murigani Lagenie regis.17

  1. A.D. 924.

  2. Hawlassus Hibernie monarcha interfectus per Adelstanum ...... apud Bremestbury cum rege Scotie et 5. regibus Danorum. 18

  1. A.D. 952.

  2. Congellach Hibernie rex interfectus. 19

  3. Rodericus filius Edwalli Voel rex Britannie interfectus fuit in Britannia per Hibernicos qui spoliaverunt comitatum de Aberfraw. ibid.

  4. Hibernia destructa per vermes ignotos, duos habentes dentes. 20

  1. A.D. 1012.

  2. Bernardus vulgariter Brian Bowrow Hibernie monarcha ac filius ejus Murchardus McBrian et alii ejus reguli circa haec tempora in bello Clantarf juxta Dublin pugnaverunt viriliter contra Sutrarcum, aliter Sutrik, filium Abloicci regis Dublin, et Moylmordha regem Lagenie; qui Sutrick conduxit multos milites advenas et piratas pro stipendio, in quo bello ceciderunt Bernardus ille monarcha cum suo filio Mauro, et aliis quampluribus de familia et exercitu suo, et ex altera parte Moylmordha Lagenie rex et Roderikus magnus piratarum advenarum capitaneus cum innumerabilibus aliis. 21

  1. A.D. 1041.

  2. Conan, filius Jago, rex Northwallie, fugit in Hiberniam, et cum Alfredo Dublinii rege reintravit Northwalliam, et secum attulerunt Griffith regem Northwallie captivum, et reverterunt in Hiberniam non absque detrimento hominum et navium. 22

  1. A.D. 1050.

  2. Conan filius Jago navigando iterum in Walliam amisit quamplures tam per mare submersos quam in terra interfectos, et Herald venit cum eo in Hiberniam fugiendo quia adulterium cum regina Anglie comisit.

  1. A.D. 1054.

  2. Hibernici transfretaverunt ad Griffith regem in Walliam cum xviii. navibus; Algerus Leafrici fuit eorum capitaneus.

  1. Circa A.D. 1066.

  2. Dani, Norwegii, Normanni, et Sueviani, nomine communiter Ostomanni, e regione de Scandinavia fluxerunt in Franciam, Angliam, Hiberniam et Scotiam Minorem.

  1. A.D. 1071.

  2. Amylavus Sutaricus, ad petitionem regis Lagenie procuravit Broydericum gigantem, archipiratam et capitaneum advenarum, filium domini regis Danorum de Denmark in Hiberniam, qui Broydericus et sui interfecerunt Brian Borowe, supremum Hibernie monarcham, in bello de Clantarf juxta Dublin, cum suo herede Morgho Mc Brian et suo exercitu, pluresque regni nobiles, qui sepeliuntur ante crucem de Kylmaynam circa Annum Domini 1077, ut quidam historici Hibernie scribunt; a quorum opinione D. Powell differt in supputatione annorum, nec mirum cum Powell Hibernicas fyguras quibus utitur facile cognoscere non valuit, scribunt enim ho {} 1564.

  1. A.D. 1074.

  2. Patricius, Dublin episcopus, fuit in ecclesia Sancti Pauli London per Lanfrancum Cantuariensem archiepiscopum consecratus, super comendacione Teudionati, Hibernie monarche, Goderiique regis Lagenie, p.7 ad electionem cleri et populi episcopatus Dublin; hic erat eorum mos creandi episcopos, quia nondum Armachanus nec alii Hibernie archiepiscopi sua receperunt pallia, ut quidam antiquarii scribunt et affirmant, quod monarcha Hibernie propter dominium regale, titulumque honorum coronae et alia regis privilegia, habuit negativam vocem in nominatione episcoporum totius regni.

  1. A. D. 1077.

  2. Frotho, aliter Frotheus, rex Danorum 3. post acquisitionem Britannie venit in Hiberniam et interfecit O Carvell, capitaneum Hibernicorum bellantium, et recepit fratrem capitanei hujusmodi in suam protectionem; et circa hoc tempus Hibernici bellaverunt ex parte Grifitz filii Conan apud montes Carmoon in Wallia contra Trahaern ap Caradoc, ubi victoriam obtinuerunt famosam.

  1. A.D. 1105.

  2. Hugleto Hibernie monarcha (regnante Stracathero gigante) a Frotho 4. Danorum rege, in comitiva Herconis Segathii capitanei exercitus Danorum, venit in Hiberniam, quem quidem Herco Segathus Hibernicus dire vulneravit in capite, sed gigas hic Stracatherus talis stature, et animositatis ut obtineret victoriam, et Dani crediderunt illum invincibilem, quidam Hibernici vocarunt illum Fin Mc Coyl, sed brevi post fuit interfectus.

  3. Circa hoc tempus Cowkaggrig de Omoardha principalis de Clanmelaghlen in Basca, fundavit et dedicavit monasterium de Lege Dei in Lease Carraghain in Lagenia.

  4. Reygnyrus filius Sydwardi, 2. ejusdem nominis, Danorum rex venit in Hiberniam et interfecit in bello Melbrichum, regem Hibernie, et Dublinia devicta in eadem remansit per 12 menses.

  5. Regnante Willelmo Rufo conquestoris filio in Anglia, exercitus Hibernicorum cum Riseo, aliter Rees, filio Theodori Britanni, devicit regem Wallie Blethyn Convyn in bello de Llecryd in Wallia AD 1087.

  6. Owinus, filius Cadogan ap Blethyn, Northwallensis fugit hic in Hiberniam, eo quod interfecit Willelmum de Braubant episcopum, propter quod rex Anglie expulit patrem ejus Cadogan, et totam ejus hereditatem in Cambria dedit Gilberto Strangbow, comiti Strugulensi, qui comes edificavit castrum de Kylgaran juxta Powis.

  7. Grifitz filius Risei, educatus in Hibernia ab infantia, incepit vexare dominium Gilberti Strangbow, et in adjutorium sibi assumpsit plures Hibernicos.

  1. A.D. 1120.

  2. Murchardus serenissimus Lagenie in Hibernia princeps, fidus amicis, terribilis inimicis, alienis liberalis, a subditis propter ejus benemeritam pietatem et justiciam pre caeteris amandus, obiit, (quem cives Dublin in domo consilii occiderunt et fecerunt cum cane sepeliri ut infra) et apud Fernes sepelitur. He was not so much beloved, but his sonne Dermot McMorogh (for his cruelty and adulterie committed with the wif of Morice alias Murdhich king of Midia) was hated, as shall appeare in the history followinge.

  3. Walterus fitz Richard fit primus comes Penbrochie Anno 31. Henrici 1. et edificavit abbatiam de Tyntern in Wallia, cui successit Gilbertus Richardus et cetera. Anno Stephani 14.

  1. A. D. 1137.

  2. Tres soles apparuerunt coloris rubei, unde magne guerre et effusio sanguinis per totam Angliam, Walliam, et Hiberniam.

  3. Eodem anno, mense Junio, duo dracones videbantur circa littus maris in australi parte Wallie invicem prosequentes effectus, sequebatur, nam Richardus Marshall de Hibernia, et Llewelyn princeps Wallie, insurrexerunt, et igne et gladio totam patriam usque ad Salisburiam, et sequebatur fames. Rex Henricus 3. pacem cum eis fecit.

  4. A. D. 1137. Griffith ab Conan, princeps Northwallie, natus in Hibernia ex muliere Hibernica, filia regis Eblane, aliter Dublin, duxit secum ex Hibernia lyras, tympanas, cruttas, cytharas, cytharizantes.

  1. A. D. 1142.

  2. Kadwalader ap Griffith ap Conan fugam recepit in Hiberniam, et conduxit pro stipendio 2000 marcarum filium O Carvelli, nomine Cherulsum capitaneum super 1000 hominibus ad bellum aptis, una cum spoliis et predis suis, et applicuerunt apud Carnarvon in Wallia, ipse cum suis adversariis de treuga concludens dedit Hibernicis nomine stipendii 200 animalia, preter spolia quaedam, sed quia (ad pacem confirmandam) haec spolia restituere recusarunt, Kadwalader Hibernicos spoliis et omnibus aliis spoliavit, et pro majore parte eos interfecit persequens eos usque ad naves.

  1. A. D. 1147.

  2. Cogganus ecclesie de Killuskin aliter Killeshin in Margge Lagenie patronus floruit hisce diebus, et ut Nicholaus Magwyre testatur, scripsit gesta Malachie Armachani et Bernardi Clarevallensis.

  1. 1155.

  2. Terdielach rex Conatie in Hibernia obiit. AD 1156

  3. Roderik Conchurk, rex Conatie, factus est Hibernie monarcha a vindicando p.9 injuriam Moricii alias Murdhicii regis Midie, sibi illatam per Dermitium Mc Murchardi, Lagenie regem, qui Moricio in remotis agente rapuit illius uxorem. Roderik avidus regnandi (postquam proprium fratrem occidisset) petiit Lageniam, expulit Dermitium, totam ejus regalitatem in Lagenia sibi assumpsit, fit monarcha; penitentia ductus pro nece fratris dicitur erexisse campanilia, alii dicunt quod hoc fecit in signum victorie.

  4. Laurentius O Toole, abbas sancti Kevini, consecratur archiepiscopus Dublin a Gelatio Armachano, obiit 1180.

  5. Henricus 2. conduxit magnam classem ex Hibernia versus Britones.— 23

  6. Henrici 2. tempore Robertus fitz Stephans cum 30 militibus, 60 armigeris, et 300 sagittariis cum Mauritio fitz Gerald applicuerunt apud Bagganbun in comitatu Weixford. AD 1169

    1. At the creek of Bagganbun
      Ireland is lost and wonne.
    (Lost by the Irish and wonne by the Welsh).

  7. Robertus et Mauritius fuere germani ex una matre, Vesta filia Risei, avia Risei ap Griffin principis Wallie.

  8. Mauritius de Prindergast nobilis cum decem militibus et 100 sagittariis ex portu Milford in duabus navibus applicuit 2 die Maii.

  9. Dermitius de horum adventu intelligens misit spurium suum filium Donvald cum 500 Hibernicis ad Robertum fitz Stephan et complices ut venirent Weixfordiam; villa per tres dies insultante, Alphonsus episcopus ibi residens villanos persuadebat se suo regi reddere. Dermitius dedit Roberto fitz Stephans Weixford cum suis pertinenciis, et Harveio de Monte Marisco 2 cantredas inter Weixford et Waterford juxta littus maris jacentes in perpetuum.

  10. Britones habentes 3000 homines ad bellum, primo Donwaldum principem superioris Ossorie vicerunt, et certos dominos illius loci, et Dermitio tradiderunt 300 capita occisorum. Ubi Robertus Barry et Milerus multum commendebantur.

  11. Roderik Conchur, monarcha (ut superius) cum aliis regulis quamplurimis insurrexit, et obtulit pacem sub hiis conditionibus quod Dermot Mc Morogho rex Lagenie de fidelitate jurans monarche, haberet et reciperet omnia jura et dominia regalia in Lagenia, quae Roderik confiscabat super fuga et demeritis ejus. secundo quod idem Dermot spurium filium suum Conthurum Roderico vadiaret pro pace tenenda, cui Rodericus promisit filiam suam in maritago dare, si haec fideliter p.10 observentur. tertio quod Dermitius restitutus dimitteret Walenses ex tota Hibernia sine spe redeundi.

  12. Rex de Ardglas fundavit abbatiam de Mellefont, que antiquior reperitur aedificata in Hibernia, preter monasterium beate Marie juxta Dublin quae incepta fuit per Danos 948, ut supra.

  13. Richardus Strangbo, obtenta licentia a domino rege, premisit Reymundum de la Grosse cum 10 militibus et 70 sagittariis, qui applicuit apud Dunevols circa 4 milia a Waterfordia.

  14. Richardus Strangbow cum 200 militibus ex Milfordia applicuit apud Waterfordiam vigilia Bartholomaei et crastino, scilicet die Martis, insultarunt parietes civitatis, a quo bis repulsi, tandem fregerunt parietem sub domo quadam desuper edificata, et inde obtinuerunt sanguineam victoriam. Deinde Dermot Laginensis rex et Robertus fitz Stephan accesserunt ad Waterfordiam et nupsit Evam filiam eidem comiti Strangbo, cum reversione in successione regni sui post ejus mortem. Iste Strangbo dicitur fuisse constabularius Anglie et vicedominus Normannie, sed tandem propter ejus prodigalitatem impignoravit dominium suum pro majori parte, et in manus regis confiscabatur, adeo quod placuit ei fortunam sequi. Powell dicit quod iste comes venit in Hiberniam sine licentia regis, ideo terra et dominium suum confiscabantur, et quod petiit restitutionem possessionum suarum aut licentiam conquerendi in ultra-marinis partibus, sed post conquestum Lagenie oportebat eum dare domino regi, Dublin, Weixford, et Waterford.

  1. A. D. 1171.

  2. Civitas Dublin fuit capta per Strangbo, et Dermitius rex ejusdem cives crudeliter punivit; eo quod patrem suum eorum ad tunc regem, in domo consilii existentem homicidio interfecerunt, et cum cane sepeliri fecerunt.

  3. Eodem anno, Midia et confines spoliantur per Dermitium igne et gladio, et Roderik monarcha decapitari fecit Conthurum filium regis Lagenie, quia pater ejus noluit expellere incursionem Britonum.

  1. 1172.

  2. Clerus apud Armach congregati concludunt conquestum Hibernie non posse refrenari, et cetera.

  3. Dublin assalted by Hastulph qui olim presidebat eidem civitati, et nunc venit cum Norwegianis sub conductu Johannis Heywod, quos Miles Coggan expulsit. Heywood interfectus et Hastulphus captus et decapidatus.

  4.  p.11
  5. Secundo. Laurentius archiepiscopus Dublin, persuasit Rodericum monarcham et Godthredum regem de Man, cum Hibernicis et insularibus ad obsidendam civitatem Dublin. Donaldus filius Dermitii nuper regis Lagenie, venit ex Kynsely, ac O Breyn, nec non dominus de superiore Ossoria, obsiderunt castrum de Carrig Carughornan juxta Weixfordiam, ubi Robertus fitz Stephan was betraied, et cetera. Sed Cogan et Dublinenses confundebant Rodericum, et venientes per passum de Polmonte confundebant O Brien et Ossorienses.

  6. Tertio. Oraricus rex Midie, vocatus monoculus, venit ad Dublinium cum magna hominum armatura et obsidens convincebatur per Cogan.

  7. Henricus 2. applicuit apud Waterfordiam cum 500 militibus preter equos et sagittarios, anno etatis sue 41. regni 18. et comisit Robertum fitz Stephan Rightgenald turri, quia absque licentia sua talem conquestum adtemtavit, sed postea cum eo misericorditer dispensavit.

  8. Reges Southwest Hibernie venerunt ad Henricum 2, scilicet Dermitius rex Cork, Donvaldus rex Lymricii in Cashell, et Donvaldus ac O Melaghlyn ex parte boreali, venerunt ad rivulum de Sure, et submittendo se juraverunt et exhibuerunt vadimonia de pace domini regis tenenda.

  9. Apud Dublin venerunt Machelanus O Phelan, O Mac Chalewy, O Tuelihelly, Gile Mc Holmoc, O Cathdhessy, O Carvell de Uriell, et Orwairk de Midia. Sed Roderik rex Conatie obviavit Hugone de Lacy et Willelmo fitz Adelm ambasiatoribus domini regis apud rivulum de Shynien in confine Midie, et fecit homagium et promisit tributum et sic obtinuit pacem domini regis.

  1. 1173.

  2. Cleri Hibernie congregati in Cashell autoritate pape Adriani et Alexandri ad instantiam Henrici 2. tunc in Hibernia existentis pro reformatione ecclesie et cetera. Ubi Lismorensis episcopus legatus, Donatus Cashellensis, Laurentius Dublin et Catholicus Tuanensis.

  3. In primis, quod inhabitantes non contraherent aliquod incestuosum matrimonium cum suis consanguineis contra canonum sanctiones.

  4. Secundo. Quod eorum infantes catechizentur per parochianos in porta ecclesie ante baptismum in fonte.

  5. Tertio. Quod omnes, qui se pro christianis gerunt, solvant integras decimas bladorum, catallorum, et aliorum crescentium absque deductione expensorum, et diminutione.

  6. Quarto. Quod territorium ecclesie et omnes mansiones sint libere et immunes ab omni seculari exactione et impositione, et in specie, quod nec reges nec comites p.12 neque alii domini Hibernie, aut eorum filii, aut familia, vel caputanei, vel alii aliqui temporal{} petant, aut presumant aliquo modo exigere violenter ab hinc aliqua esculenta aut poculenta, aut pernoctare infra terram ecclesie, nec habeant nec petant fore illam dietam, quam in temporibus retroactis, quarterie annuatim exigere solebant ab ecclesiasticis personis.

  7. Quinto. Quod homines ecclesiastici per compositionem redemptionis seu recompensationis homicidii per consanguineos comissi, non cogantur aliquid solvere, nisi probentur accessorii in crimine.

  8. Sexto. Quod testamentum condens faciat testamentum fieri et legi coram personis fide idoneis, et bona sua debitis servorum stipendii solutis dividantur inter uxores, liberos, et executores ad usum funeralium, seu ut defunctus in vite tempore aliter ordinavit, et si non habeant liberos dividantur bona inter defunctum et uxorem. Sed si habeant liberos, uxore decessa, tunc dividantur inter se et liberos equaliter.

  9. Septo. Quod funeralia defunctorum devote et solempniter teneantur et exequantur, et omnes vicini, sive fuerint inimici sive non, habeant tempore funeralium atque exequiarum liberum accessum et recessum.

  10. Octo. Quod ecclesia Hibernie sit in uniformitate cum ecclesia Anglicana secundum usum, morem, ritum et ceremoniam ecclesie Salisburiensis.

  11. Abusus ecclesie Hibernie sub sigillo legati fuere propositi, et confirmati per communem Synodi consensum, et postea per Gelatum alias Gelasium Armachanum primatem in Dublin, qui ratione sue debilitatis et senectutis ad Cashell venire non poterat, ita consumptus erat senio quod lacte unius vacce albe utebatur tantum, et anno sequenti obiit.

  12. Maelgunus, germanus regis Northwallie, fugit a domino fratre suo in Hiberniam, sed revertendo in Walliam ex Hibernia capiebatur a David ap Owen principem predictum ubi plures Hibernici conciderunt.

  13. Ororicus, rex Midiensis, interficiebatur per Hugonem Lacy, quia ille proposuit interficere eum de Lacy secum in preliando.

  14. Lymric iterum capta per Redmundum de la Grace die Martis, cujus pretextu rex Conatie et Donaldus rex Thomonie renovarunt homagium.

  15. Richardus Strangbo, comes Penbrochie, dominus de Chepsto et Ogney in Anglia, comes Strangulensis, atque in Hibernia comes Marchiarum, primus p.13 Anglus qui primo invasit Hiberniam, obiit circa Kalendas Junii, et sepelitur in ecclesia Trinitatis Dublin coram imagine crucis, relinquens unicam filiam, nomine Isabellam, quae remansit sub custodia domini regis Anglie 14. annis.

  16. Hoc anno Geraldus Cambrensis cum fratre suo Philippo Barry venit in Hiberniam ad taxandum supervidendum seu describendum terram Hibernie, qui collegit descriptionem totius terre Hibernie ad petitionem Roberti fitz Stephani avunculi sui.

  17. Eodem anno castrum Fernes fuit edificatum per filios Mauricii fitz Gerald.

  18. Johannes Courcey, factus comes Ultonie, obtinuit victoriam quinque bellis versus Ultonienses, antequam fecit quietum conquestum, scilicet bis in Down, semel afferendo praedam, semel in Uriel, et postremo juxta fontem de Iveary.

  19. Vivianus cardinalis tituli Sancti Stephani in monte Celio sede Apostolice legatus, ab Alexandro papa missus, venit in Hiberniam ad significandum titulum et interresse domini regis Anglie ad insulam Hibernie, super reservatione denarii Petri, et insuper ad denunciandum excommunicatos et maledictos omnes, qui resisterent aut negarent dare cibarium seu victum militibus ac familiis domini regis pro rationabili pretio.

  20. Milo Coggan et Richardus, alias Radulfus, filius Stephani ejus gener interfecti fuerunt inter Waterfordiam et Lismore per proditorem nomine Machthyri, qui duxit eos ad convivium.

  21. Ecclesia cathedralis Sancti Patricii Dublin fundebatur per Johannem Comen archiepiscopum, dedit eidem obventiones et convertebat eam a parochiali in Cathedralem, et postea controversia oriebatur inter ecclesiam Trinitatis et eam, sed Trinitas obtinuit preferentiam.

  22. Abbatia de Jeripont in comitatu Kilkennie fundatur per Donatum O Donachow.

  23. Meiller mutavit Kildariam pro Lacia, nunc vocata Queenes Countie, ut Omoordha vi et gladio subjugaret, quos Harvey in aliquam non potuit adducere conformitatem pacis, eo quod ille Meiller erat vir bellicosus et sanguineus.

  24. Johannes Lacy, constabularius de Cestria, et Richardus de Peach missi sunt gubernatores in Hiberniam, edificarunt castrum in Frontera id est in Forhirtha Ynowland, Trysteldermot, et Tawlaught et sic deinde reverterunt in Angliam.

  25.  p.14
  26. Circa haec tempora Mauritius fitz Gerald, justiciarius Hibernie, edificavit castrum de Sliggagh in Conatia, vivente Phelino O Conchur rege ibidem.

  1. 1227.

  2. Civilis guerra et comotio inter Hugonem Lacy et Willelmum Mariscall, adeo ut Midia devastabatur. Galfridus Trewell episcopus Ossoriensis.

  1. 1233.

  2. Gualterus Lacy dominus Midie obiit, habens ij. filias heredes scilicet Margaretam uxorem domini Thome Verdon, et Matildam uxorem Galfridi Genevile.

  1. 1234.

  2. Richardus Mariscall comes Penbrochie et dominus de Ossoria in Hibernia, dire vulneratus juxta Kildar in bello de le greath heath et obiit 4.º Aprilis, sepelitur apud Kilkenniam, et secundum alios captivus fuit apud Lacy. Powell dicit hoc fuisse anno 1231, proditione familie sue, pag. 291.

  1. 1242.

  2. Gilbertus Mariscallus, 3. filius Willelmi senioris, comes Penbrochie factus, intravit suam Hibernicam hereditatem.

  3. Mauritius fitz Gerald de Tyrconell et seisatus in tota provincia dedit dimidiam Cormaco McDermot McRory.

  4. Hugo Mapilton episcopus Ossoriensis primus fundator ecclesie Sancti Kenitii Kilkenie claruit et obiit, ut alii dicunt 1243, alii 1256.

  1. 1243 aliter 1253.

  2. Hugo Lacy comes Ultonie obiit et sepelitur in monasterio fratrum minorum Carregfergi, relinquens unam filiam heredem, quam Walterus de Burgo desponsavit et sic factus comes Ultonie.

  1. 1245.

  2. Walterus Mariscallus, 4. filius Willelmi senioris, comes Penbrochie obiit apud castrum Godrici juxta Monmoth, cui successit 5. filius Ancelmus, sed quia ordine juris omisso absque licentia domini regis hereditatem intravit, uxor sive relicta ejus portione uxorali gaudere non potuit. Marescallis omissis, 5 fratres absque heredibus decesserunt, et hereditas eorum fuit impartita inter 5. filias Mariscalli, videbis in brevi collectione seu summa per Nicolaum episcopum Leighlin extracta, quam causa brevitatis hic omitto et scribam in foliis inter alias et cetera.

  1. 1252.

  2. Henricus 3. concessit suo seniori filio Edwardo Gasconie principi Hiberniam et comitatum Cestrie.

  1. 1253.

  2. Johannes Geffrey miles justiciarius Hibernie, forsitan eo anno obiit.

  1. 1257.

  2. Mauritius filius Galfridi de Geraldinis qui primus fundavit monasterium fratrum minorum de Yoghell alias vocatur Mauritius fitz Gerald.

  1. 1246. ?

  2. Galfridus de Sancto Leothegario episcopus Ossoriensis famosus obiit.

  3. 1246 vel 1257. Aelianus de la Zouch justiciarius Hibernie.

  4.  p.15
  5. Vide antea. Mauritius fitz Gerald et Phelinus O Conchur postquam venerunt ex Wallia pugnaverunt ex parte Cormaci McDermot McRory contra O Donull Hibernicum inimicum, qui subditos domini regis in Ultonia crudeliter vexavit post obitum Lacy nuper comitis ibidem.

  1. 1258.

  2. Stephanus de longe Espee justicarius Hibernie. Anno 42 Henrici 3. interfecit O Nel cum 352 ejus familiaribus in vico de Down.

  1. 1261.

  2. Willelmus Den justiciarius Hibernie obiit, et Johannes fitz Thome de Geraldinis (Desmond) cum filio ejus interfectus, qui fuit fundator monasterii de Trayly.

  1. 1262.

  2. Rogerus, episcopus Ossoriensis. Thomas, episcopus Leighlenensis.

  1. 1264.

  2. Mauritius fitz Gerald et Mauritius fitz Maurice (filius ejus) manuceperunt Richardum de Capella justiciarium et Theobaldum Butler et Milonem Coggan apud Tristledermot et inde Hibernia plena erat civili guerra et comotionibus inter Geraldinos et Walterum Burk comitem Ultonie, ceterosque Burkes.

  1. 1268.

  2. Conchur O Brien fuit interfectus per Dermitium McMynard.

  3. Mauritius fitz Gerald comes Desmondie submersus inter Walliam et Waterfordiam.

  1. 1269.

  2. Terremotus in Hibernia.

  3. Castrum de Roscoman fundatum et pene edificatum.

  1. 1270.

  2. Hugo, fratrum minorum, episcopus Ossoriensis, dedit fontem Sancti Kenitii monasterio ibidem.

  1. 1271.

  2. Richardus Verdon et Johannes Verdon interempti et castrum Sligo fundatum.

  3. Pestilentia et fames in tota Hibernia, et Fulco archiepiscopus Dublin obiit.

  4. Bonifacius papa petiit decimam omnium spiritualium promotionum in Hibernia pro tribus annis in subsidium ad guerrandum contra regem Aragon.

  5. Henricus 3. obiit.

  1. 1272.

  2. Edwardus 1.

  3. Dominus Walterus de Genevile revertens a terra Sancta factus justiciarius Hibernie.

  4. Waterfordia fuit cremata in magna parte.

  5. Ricardus de Burgo comes Ultonie et Eustacius le Poer miles invaserunt Scotiam.

  6. Waltergus alias Gwalterus episcopus Leighlen.

  1. 1276.

  2. Magna strages hominum in Glyn-burrie et Rathpipherd; et Hanloynes persequebantur O Neill in bello, et castrum de Roscoman captum est per Hibernicos iterum.

  1. 1277.

  2. O Bryen Roo regulus Tholeremundi interfectus per Thomam de Clare, et idem Thomas cum suis fuerunt inclusi per Hibernicos in Slowbanny.

  3. Edwardus 1., statutum de terris in mortuam manum alias mortmayne (anno 9.o Henrici 3. conditum) renovavit, quod fuit confirmatum anno 23 Henrici 8. et cetera, multa dabantur ecclesiis.

  1. 1278.

  2. MacDermot de Moylargo interfecit Cothgurum O Conchur regem Conatie, et Johannes de Derlington fuit archiepiscopus Dublin, secundum Raphuell.

  1. 1281.

  2. Adam Cusak junior interfecit Willelmum Barret et plures Hibernicos in Conatia.

  3. Fulburnus frater, episcopus Waterfordie, factus est justiciarius Hibernie.

  1. 1282.

  2. Morthaghus (Murtagh) et Arthurus Mc Murchardi interfecti in Athlone per Pynquietum.

  1. 1283.

  2. Galfridus Leothegarius episcopus Ossoriensis secundus fundator ecclesie Sancti Kenitii Kylkennie, et primus fundator collegii de le comuni aula in Kilkennia, qui etiam dedit cameram suam cum manso eidem aulae comuni.

  3. Waterfordia et Dublin casualiter per igne combust: et plures Anglicani interfecti fuerunt in Ophaley, ubi dominus Theobaldus Butler perdidit equos et familiam.

  1. 1285.

  2. Johannes Stamford consecratur archiepiscopus Dublin.

  3. Dominus Theobaldus Butler obiit in Arcloo.

  1. 1286.

  2. Geraldus fitz Morice captus per Hibernicos in Ophaly, strages magna in Rathod (Ratoth) a qua dominus Galfridus de Genevile fugiendo, Geraldus Dogoit et Radulphus Petit, interfecti sunt.

  1. 1290.

  2. O Mulseaghlen rex Midie interfectus per Mc Coughlan et Wm Burg devictus apud Delon per eundem Mc Coughlan cum diversis Anglis qui fuerunt interfecti cum eodem rege.

  3. Edwardus Baliol rex Scotie fecit homagium domino Veschy deputato Hibernie, et magna mortalitas fuit in Hibernia hoc anno et ij annis sequentibus.

  1. 1292.

  2. Willelmus Veschi justiciarius Hibernie habuit xv.am partem omnium bonorum temporalium sibi concessam ad onera guerrarum supportanda, et non multis diebus postea idem Veschie et Johannes comes Kildarie contenderunt, cujus causa fugit Veschie in Franciam, metu combati prefixi.

  1. 1294.

  2. Richardus Burgh comes Ultonie et Willelmus Burgh capti sunt per p.17 Thomam comitem Kildarie, et comitatus Conatie fuit devastatus, et magna fames in Hibernia, adeo quod mensura de la cronock solvebatur pro VIIs. VId. ster. et Calough O Conchur cremavit recordas, rotulos, et rentalia comitatus in castro Midie, ut credo in castro de Baliathroyn alias Thryme.

  1. 1295.

  2. Willmus Dongsells, justiciarius Hibernie, cujus tempore alterum fecerunt viagium ex Hibernia in Scotiam Minorem.

  1. 1299.

  2. Johannes Wogan miles justiciarius Hibernie, autoritate brevis ad eundum cum domino rege in Scotiam, monuit Richardum de Burgo comitem Ultonie, Galfridum de Genevile, Johannem fitz Thomas, Johannem fitz Moris, Theobaldum le Butler, dominum Thomam Verdon, dominum Petrum Bremingham, dominum Eustace de Power, dominum Hugonem de Prechell, Johannem de Coggan, Johannem de Barry, Walterum de Lacy, Richardum de Exceter, Johannem Pipard, Walterum Limfaunt, Willmum Caddell, Johannem de Wale, Mauritium de Carrwe, Georgium de la Roch ut essent in Withwalovn primo Martii.

  1. 1301.

  2. Lagenienses inferiores insurrexerunt et devastaverunt comitatum circa castra de Arcloo et Rathdown, propter quod catalla eorum fuerunt confiscata ad usum domini regis.

  1. 1303.

  2. Comes Ultonie cum Richardo Burgo et Eustace Power militibus intravit Scotiam Minorem et antequam recessit ex civitate dubbavit 34 milites. Vide supra.

  1. 1304.

  2. Civitas Dublin casualiter cremata fuit in magna parte.

  3. Mortaghus O Conchur, rex de Ophaly, et Calvaticus ejus frater fuerunt interfecti in curia Petri Bremyngham apud Carrig in Carebria per Jordanem Comyn filium Archiepiscopi Comyn, vide supra. Bishops then did not mary, yet had children.

  1. 1305.

  2. Richardus Fleeringis (Haveringis) archiepiscopus Dublin.

  3. Interemptio facta super O Conchur et familiam et conspiratores suos ubique, et in specie apud castrum de Geishell in Ophaley per O Dempsy.

  1. 1306.

  2. O Breyen rex Tuamens: et Downaldus Russe rex Desmondie fuerunt interfecti per M'Carty; et magna strages contra Petrum Butler, dominum de le Butler.

  3. Bala Moor Eustace fuit combusta et depredata per Moardhas et alios Hibernicos, et Henricus Calf generosus interfectus, magnaque guerra seu civilis factio in Lagenia et magna strages in Glynfell.

  1. 1307.

  2. Morchodus Ballach princeps Lagenie, decapitatus juxta Merton per David Cantown militem, et statim postea Adam Dawn interfectus, et plures Anglicani interfecti in Conatia per O Shiell, primo Maii, et Hibernici rebelles in Ophaly destruxerunt castellum de Geishell, et cremaverunt villam de Leay.

  3. Rex Edwardus I. obiit 7o Julii.

  1. 1308.

  2. Edwardus 2. cepit regnare, secundum alios anno 1307, deinde fecit confiscari bona et proscribere terras et personas Templariorum juxta directionem Romani Pontificis.

  3. Willmus Mc Balthar cremavit castrum de Kennun et villam de Courcowley cum interfectione hominum ibidem.

  4. 1308, sexto Junii. In Glyndelory alias Glynmolowra, Johannes Wogan justiciarius Hibernie in fugam coactus per Hibernicos rebelles ibidem, et Johannes de Sancto Howgelyn, Johannes Northon, Johannes Brereton et plures alii fuerunt interfecti. Downlowan, Typper, et plures alie villae cremate fuerunt per eosdem rebelles.

  5. Petrus de Gaveston cum literis et autoritate a domino rege venit in Hiberniam, cui dominus rex concessit jura regalia in Hibernia, qui Gaveston interfecit O Dempsies, et edificavit diversa castra, pontes et pavimenta in Hibernia, et fuit revocatus in Angliam anno sequenti.

  1. 1309.

  2. Dominus Roger Mortimer cum sua uxore, scilicet filia Petri Genevile filii Galfredi Genevile, domini de Midia, applicuit in Hiberniam vigilia Sanctorum Simonis et Jude, et intravit possessionem segnorii de Midia jure uxoris sue quae fuit heres.

  1. 1310.

  2. Parlamentum apud Kildariam tentum ubi dominus Arnoldus le Power fuit acquittus a morte domini Johannis Boneville per eum nuper interfecti, quia in defensione sua fecit et cetera.

  1. 1311.

  2. Parlamentum apud Kilkenniam coram Johanne Wogan justiciario, ubi plures condite sunt leges, que modo non sunt in usu, et in eodem parlamento contenderunt Rowlandus Joice primas Armachanus et Johannes a Leeckis archiepiscopus Dublin, quia primas Dublin inhibuit ei ne ipse Armachanus pontificalia in provincia Lageniensium coram eo ferri faciat, vide infra.

  3. Richardus Haveringis Dublin archiepiscopus obiit, qui quinque annis tunc retroactis ratione sumpnii resignavit suam dignitatem.

  4. O Brienses de Gailgaish ad numerum 600 fuerunt interfecti per Richardum p.19 de Clare justiciarium, et Johannes Mc Geoghegan interemptus per O Molmoy, et dominus O Brien in Thomond per suos sequaces necatus.

  1. 1312.

  2. Dominus Edmundus de le Butler deputatus justiciarii Wogan obsidebat O Byrnes alias Branenses in Glyndelowra, et cogebat eos paci domini regis se submittere, et anno sequenti die Sancti Michaelis, dominico videlicet die, creavit 30 milites apud Dublin, et die Lune proximo subjugavit Branenses et quietam fecit Hiberniam; adeo quod ab Arcloo ad Clonemore et inde ad Caterlogh, et inde ad Cadelli domum, et inde ad Lymritium solebat progredi cum iij. equestris tantum.

  1. 1314.

  2. Hospitalierii milites Sancti Johannis Jerusalem fuerunt primo instituti in terra et possessionibus Templariorum per totam Hiberniam.

  3. Theobaldus Verdon justicarius Hibernie constitutus, quo anno fuit rebellio universalis, Hibernenses in Conatia Ultonia et Midia rebellaverunt sic quoque in Momonia et Lagenia et cetera. Othoiles, Branenses et Moardhae insurrexerunt cremantes et spoliantes a Wickloo usque ad Athy, non cessando donec 800 eorum fuerunt interfecti per deputatem Hibernie; et in Conatia juxta Athenry Burgus et Bremyngham interfecerunt Fedelmicum O Conchur regem Conatie et O Kelly in Manny cum xj. millibus de eorum confederatoribus.

  4. Edwardus de la Bruce frater Roberti regis Scotie invadit Hiberniam, et in conducto suo habuit comites de Murrey et de Menthothe, cum domino Johanne Styward, domino Johanne de Cambell, domino Thoma Randulph, Fergutio de Andressam, Johanne Wood, Johanne Bishett, applicuerunt apud Carrekfergus, et conquisierunt Ultoniam et cremaverunt Dundalk, deinde venerunt ad Castrum Knock proponentes obsidere Dublin, sed Dublinenses totum suburbium cremaverunt, et pontem fregerunt. Rebelles mutaverunt consilium, manucapiendo senem Tyrell de Castro Knock cum uxore et herede, venerunt per patriam cremando Naas, Tristeldermot, Cathirlogh, Gawran, alias Balla-Gawran, Callan et Cashill et tenuerunt pasca juxta Lymritium, et ibidem dictus Bruce fecit se denominari monarcha Hibernie. Sed civibus Lymritii resistentibus, in regressu suo exercitus ejus famem ob defectum provisionis patientes, plures eorum in itinere moriebantur, et alii quamplures interfecti in Westmeath per Butleros et cetera; deinde venientes ad Dundalk dictus novus rex inter ceteros decollatus per carnificem de coherte Dublin (called Mappas) et tunc cessavit conquestus Dublin. Suddane clyming sudane falling, an high flood a low ebb. Mappas a jugler knocked him with ij. bullets in a bagg and killed him, et ipse p.20 super eum occisus et terra dabatur a rege heredibus suis quattuor polles. The ambassadors of Scotland expected of the King of England some dispatch, and he, as is said, thought to have geven Bruce Ulster, the head of Bruce with other heads after a great feast for a banquet was laid before them, confusi surrexerunt et discesserunt. The Scottis were killed by Brymyngham, and he made erle of Louth, vide infra in Alexander Bignor.

  1. 1315 vel 1316.

  2. Johannes fitz Gerald primus comes Kildarie obiit.

  1. 1316.

  2. Edmundus Butler justicarius Hibernie.

  3. Johannes Leech alias Aleecke Dublin archiepiscopus prohibuit primati Armachano ne uteretur cruce, pallio aut aliis pontificalibus insigniis infra provinciam Dublin, quoniam Metropolitanus Dublin ut allegatum et probatum fuit non cognoscat aliquam superioritatem citra pontificem Romanum; vide supra.

  4. 1316 secundum alios 1334. Milerus episcopus Leighlen, vel alius ejusdem nominis.

  5. 1316. Robertus de la Bruce rex Scotie applicuit in Hibernia apud Knock (Carreg) Fergus, ecclesiam ibidem spoliavit, cepit castrum per sursum redditum custodum, cibo eorum deficiente.

  6. Die Lune post festum Omnium Sanctorum. De iisdem Scotis 300 in duplici armatura induti, ac 300 et supra in simplici armatura preter pedestres fuerunt per Johannem Loggan et Hugonem Byssett milites conducti/interfecti quere24.

  1. 1317.

  2. Rogerus Mortymer dominus Middie jure uxoris, fit justiciarius Hibernie.

  3. Tempestas magna et validus ventus insurrexerunt, quae prostraverunt campanile ecclesie Trinitatis Dublin et domos quamplurimas et alia nocumenta.

  4. Fames irrationabilis prevaluit adeo quod mensura tritici de le cronock continens 4or galones solvebatur pro xxiij. s.

  1. 1318.

  2. Roger Mortimer justiciarius apud Yoghill applicans audivit quod Edmundus Butler interfecit plures Hibernicos rebelles apud Tristledermot, et juxta Balyleathan alias Loaghan de familiaribus O Morochow.

  3. Alexander Bignor archiepiscopus Dublin, qui erigens universitatem in Dublin creavit cancellarium et vice-cancellarium, ceterosque officiarios ad eandem requisitos, primo anno sue consecrationis, vide paulo infra. Alexander Bignor fit justicarius, in cujus gubernatione Edwardus le Bruce cum 2000 Scotis et p.21 aliis combinatoribus suis fuerunt interfecti juxta Dundalk, per Johannem Bremyngham comitem de Louth, campi generalem capitaneum, et tunc conquestus Scotorum cessavit, vide supra.

  4. 400 fuere interfecti in Conatia inter duos nobiles ejusdem patrie circa parvam terre portionem contendentes.

  1. 1319.

  2. Pons de Kilcullen et anno sequenti pons Leiglin fuerunt edificate per Mauritium (Johannem alii dicunt episcopum Kildarie postea) Jacckis canonicum ecclesie Kildarie propriis expensis et licentia prius obtenta.

  1. 1320.

  2. Academia Dublin cum privilegiis universitatis a Johanne 22. papa erecta, Alexander Bignor archiepiscopus, ejusdem fundator, creavit iij. doctores sacre theologie, videlicet Willelmum Hardity, Henricum Cogie et Edmundum Bernardin, et unum doctorem decretorum nomine Richardum archdiaconum ecclesie Dublin, qui postea fuit cancellarius dicte universitatis et cetera; qui terminos suos tenuerunt et comendationes solemniter, quaequidem academia fuisse revocata non reperio, immo ut credo quod ipsa per negligentiam et propter defectum exhibitionis ruit.

  3. Johannes fitz John 2. comes Kildarie fit justiciarius Hibernie et anno sequenti Johannes Bremyngham comes de Louth fuit creatus justiciarius Hibernie.

  4. Edmundus Butler filius Theobaldi le Butler domini de Carrig Rosscrea apud London in vigilia exaltacionis Sancte Crucis, primus comes de Pincernis, qui vocabatur comes de Balygawran obiit, et vigilia Sancti Martini sepeliebatur apud Balygawran predictam.

  1. 1322.

  2. Dominus Johannes Darcy miles fit justiciarius Hibernie, vide infra anno 1338.

  3. 1322. In Kilkennia vixit quedam domina nobilis nomine Alicia Kettell sortilega cum Petronilla et Basilla suis complicibus et asserebat ipsam habuisse (vide rotulam Episcopi Ossoriensis) colloquium omni nocte cum nephando spiritu nomine Robin Artisson, cui ipsa consuevit sacrificare in via regali, ix. gallos rubros et novem pavonum oculos et colligere purgamenta platee in Kilkenia post completorium ad domum filii sui, dicendo Anglice hunc versum.

    1. To the house of William my sonne,
      Hie all the welth of Kilkenie towne:
    et inveniebatur in camera ejus sacramentalis hostia et nomen diaboli in eadem scriptum, una cum tonna olei, cum quo (ut serva ejus fassa fuit) baculum ad p.22 equitandum ubi voluerat ungebat, deinde ista nobilis ex favore fugere permissa fuit, ceteri vero consolii omnia ista fassi et combusti fuerunt.

  1. 1326.

  2. Edwardus 2. obiit 25 Januarii, regnavit 18 annis, 6 mensibus et 15 diebus.

  3. Edwardus 3. cepit regnare.

  4. Adam Niger de familia de O Tooles in Lagenia spiritu satanico obsessus, negans incarnationem Christi, trinitatem personarum et resurrectionem carnis, dicensque scriptum esse fabulam et Mariam vite fuisse dissolute, sedemque Apostolicam errores premissos affirmasse et cetera, cremabatur in Hogges Greene juxta Dublin.

  5. Arthurus Mc Murchardi et Henricus Traherne miles capti per Butleros.

  1. 1327.

  2. Rogerus Owtlaw prior de Kylmaynam fit justiciarius Hibernie.

  1. 1329.

  2. Johannes Bremyngham comes de Louth et Talbot de Malaghide cum pluribus aliis interfecti fuerunt apud Balybregan per inhabitantes patrie.

  3. Thomas Butler et plures alii fuerunt interfecti per Mc Geoghan juxta Molingar.

  4. Adam Mc Gillamore et alii Hibernici cremaverunt 80 innocentes in una ecclesia cum presbytero massam celebrante.

  1. 1330.

  2. Cives burgenses Wexfordie interfecerunt 400 Hibernicos rebelles juxta rivulum de Slayne, et anno sequenti plures rebelles Hibernici fuerunt interfecti in Kinsellay.

  1. 1331.

  2. Castra de Fernes et Cowlaugh et Arcloo capta fuerunt per O Theothill qui interfecit Anglicas garrisones ibidem, sed anno sequenti Anglici recuperarunt ea, sed castrum de Bonrath alias Bonrathe destruitur per Hibernicos de Toamond.

  1. 1332.

  2. Edwardus 3. in bello de Haldownhill in Scotia interfecit de Scotis 8 comites, 900 milites et baronettes, 400 armigeros, et alios innumerabiles, cepit que Berwick cum aliis fortalitiis.

  1. 1333.

  2. Johannes Darcy Hibernie justiciarius intravit Scotiam et interfecit 700 Scotos vocatos red shankes.

  1. 1334.

  2. Milerus episcopus Leighlen.

  3. Johannes episcopus Leighlin cognomine Mulgan primus fundator quatuor capellanorum choralium ecclesie Cathedralis Sancti Lazeriani Leighlen, sepultus fuit juxta tumbam ducis Gurmundi, ad stallum thesaurarii ecclesie.

  1. 1336.

  2. Cynnus et Oldratus legistae, Sanctus Rochus vel Riochus et S. Hawlerus theologi claruerunt. 25.

  3. In die Sancti Laurentii plures Hibernici rebelles interfecti fuerunt in Conatia per Anglos patrie.

  1. 1337.

  2. Johannes Charleton baro Hibernie. justiciarius cum 200 Walensibus venit in Hiberniam, erat maxima exactio eorum exclamata, unde Thomas, episcopus Herdfordiensis, eligitur et venit justiciarius Hibernie 1338, et anno {} Johannes Darcy assignatus fuit justiciarius Hibernie durante ejus vita.

  1. 1339.

  2. Edw. 3. made clayme ad totum regnum Francie tanquam verum ejus dominium et hereditatem, et fecit se proclamari regem Francie.

  3. Thomas Minoth/ Johannes de Sancto Paulo Archiepiscopus Dublin, quere quis prior, quis posterior. 26

  1. 1340.

  2. Edwardus 3. ad sinistram persuasionem emulorum revocavit omnes libertates antea concessas, inde omnes tam Anglicani quam Hibernici tenentes scripserunt domino regi in Angliam querulando, et negaverunt interim venire ad parlamentum in Dublin.

  1. 1348.

  2. Mortalitas magna et pestilentia in Hibernia.

  3. Translatio Sancti Fyntani abbatis patroni de Clonenagh in episcopatu Leighlen per Thomam de Sancto Leothegario episcopum Midensim facta fuit, et si queratur quare examinatio miraculorum et autoritas canonizationis hujusmodi non comittebatur potius ordinario loci quam extraneo, respondetur quod episcopus Leighlen supplicavit Romano pontifici pro caussione translationis et canonizationis et cetera.

  1. 1350.

  2. Kymbrichus (ut puto Kenvrik Britanus) Sherman, major Dublin, magnus omnium ecclesiarum provintie benefactor, legavit in suo testamento 3000 markes, whether to the church or no quere.

  1. 1355.

  2. Mauritius fitz Gerald comes Desmond, durante vita justiciarius Hibernie, obiit, et Thomas Rocksey miles justiciarius succedit.

  1. 1357.

  2. Rex Anglie plures habuit ex Hibernia, pugnatur versus Wallenses, et in Francia apud Crostea, ubi obtinuit victoriam famosam et cepit castra in triumpho.

  3. Mauritius fitz Thomas comes Kildarie justiciarius secundum Campion et Stanihurst anno 1357 habuit sibi per literas patentes domini regis in feodo annuali 500 libras ratione sui officii, ea condicione quod ipse haberet secum in quolibet p.24 bello 20 equos magnos cum equestris electis, quorum ipsemet sit unus. Historiographi putant hunc numerum fore ordinarium pro quolibet deputato et justiciario guerris et rebellionibus persistere.

  1. 1361.

  2. Leonellus filius Edw. 3. dux de Clarence et comes Ultonie, justiciarius Hibernie transtulit scaccarium domini regis ad Catherlough, et disbursavit 500 libras in restaurationem parietum ville, et in autumno revocatus fuit in Angliam.

  1. 1366.

  2. Thomas Carrew alias Grew rejectus fuit (et fugit in Angliam) per Mc Murchardum a dominio et dominico suo in Baronia de Idrona quam tenebat de Margareta alias Matilda cometissa Norfolcie in comitatu Catherlough vide infra.

  3. Sed postea tempore Henrici Sydney deputati quidam senior Petrus Carew miles inveniens rotulam evidentiarum et cetera venit et invenit et cetera, unde compulsi componere et cetera, Sidney went to hauke et cetera.

  1. 1369.

  2. Anno Edw. 3. 44. Parlamentum in Kilkennia tentum coram Willelmo de Windesor justiciario in quo concessum est domino regi 3000 libras pro subsidio ad guerras, et hoc anno inhibuit rex Edwardus 3. peti, colligi aut solvi denarium Petri ad usum ecclesie Romane.

  1. 1370.

  2. Pestilentia magna in Hibernia adeo quod propter imensitatem mortalitatis vocabatur ab antiquis tertia Hibernie pestilentia.

  1. 1372.

  2. Patritius Freigney miles senescallus Lagenie, ut in registro ecclesie Leighlen reperitur, in itinere suo apud Caterlough, Kilkenniam et Wexfordiam anno 45 Edward. 3. tenuit curiam libertatis autoritatis domini regis, et fecit inquisitionem de chartis, usibus, libertatibus, et liberis consuetudinibus burgensium et libere tenentium Lagenie, copiamque sue inquisitionis decrevit concedi omnibus membris corporationum, qui suas chartas aut rescriptas aut escript perdiderunt in ultimis comotionibus et cetera, si peterent et cetera. He made fayre wether with a vile reach, sed anno sequenti rex propter suas exactiones et cetera, et eo quod deposuit plures injuste ex suis dominiis et libere tenementis revocavit autoritatem, cum incarceravit fecit eum facere restitutionem probantibus et juste accusantibus et imposuit super eum mulctam pecuniariam.

  1. 1373.

  2. Johannes Hussey baro de Galtrym, Johannes Richard vicecomes de Midia fuerunt interfecti in Kynealiaagh.

  3. Galfridus le Wale interfecit Donatum Mc Murchard juxta Caterlaugh.

  4. Richardus Bookum episcopus Leighlen.

  1. 1376.

  2. Edwardus 3. obiit. Richardus 2. succedit.

  1. 1381.

  2. Edmundus Mortimer comes Marchiarum et Ultonie (qui desponsavit Philippam filiam et solam heredem Leonelli ducis de Clarence) obiit in civitate Cork.

  1. 1383.

  2. Philippus de Courtney justiciarius post mortem Mortimeri.

  1. 1385.

  2. Ricardus Vere marques Dublin creatus est dux Hibernie durante vita, et omnia precepta et brevia regalia sub teste et nomine ejus emanaverunt.

  3. Pestilentia et mortalitas magna vocabatur 4 pestilentia.

  1. 1390.

  2. Robertus Wadby (Weekeford) frater Augustinianus archiepiscopus Dublin.

  1. 1394.

  2. Richardus 2. pro morte regine sue vexatus venit in Hiberniam circa festum Michaelis, et revertebatur circa carnisprivii festum, secundum alios secundum festum Sancti Johannis, ad ejus detrimentum, nam Hereford et Lancastrie et comitatus Eboraci insurrexerunt ubi plures Hibernici ceciderunt in bellis ex utraque parte pugnantes.

  1. 1397.

  2. Rogerus Mortimer miles justiciarius Hibernie, qui jure uxoris sue fuit comes Marchiarum et Ultonie, fuit cum pluribus aliis interfectus per O Nowlan, O Byrne, Mc David More, Mortagh Mc Loaghlen capitaneum turbariorum Mc Murchardi et alios suos combinatores apud Calleston ab antiquis vocatum Ardabother, cujus mater ejus dedit ij. calices, unum in Misheill, alterum in Garghill, ut haberet illum vel vivum vel mortuum, ad transmittendum illum in Angliam.

  3. Richardus Northalis frater carmelitanus translatus ab alia sede in Dublin archiepiscopatum.

  1. 1398.

  2. Richardus 2. rex vindicaturus mortem Rogeri Mortimer sui deputati venit in Hiberniam cum 200 navibus apud Waterfordiam; et eo tempore coegit O Nowlan vi. homines de majori natu sue patrie domino regi dare, ad voluntatem et electionem domini regis annuatim per xi. annos, et 2000 vaccas juvenes quolibet anno ad 7 annos.

  3. Post adventum domini regis Jenicho de Arthois Gaiscoyn interfecit 200 Hibernicos in comitatu Kildarie, et Dublinenses proximo die mane interfecerunt 40 inimicos, et ceperunt 33, quos captivos secum duxerunt ad Dublin.

  4. In veteri (old) Leighlen fuere 86 burgesses.

  1. 1401.

  2. Johannes Drack maior Dublin cum suis civibus interfecit 400 de Hibernicis inimicis juxta Bree.

  3.  p.26
  4. Primitiae fuerunt hoc anno assignatae per pontificem Romanum adeo stricte, quod nullus presbyter ad beneficium admittebatur, excepto quod hos fructus prius solveret.

  5. Thomas dominus de Lancaster filius et locum tenens domini regis Henrici 4. in Hibernia tenuit parlamentum apud Rosse, in quo habuit visum cartarum et patentium horum, qui a domino rege tenuerunt in capite, et inde revertebatur in Angliam.

  1. 1403.

  2. Jacobus le Butler comes Ormonie, justiciarius domini regis in Hibernia.

  1. 1404.

  2. Charta libertatis Hibernie et statuta Kilkennie fuerunt confirmata autoritate parlamenti coram comite Ormonie justiciario Hibernie, die Sancti Vitalis martyris; et exercitus domini regis interfecerunt 100 de Hibernicis inimicis juxta Kilcaa, clero pro bono successu pugnantium in processione orante apud Tristeldermot.

  1. 1405.

  2. Jacobus Buteler comes Ormonie justiciarius Hibernie obiit apud Bellyngan alias Belligard, ut credo.

  1. 1407.

  2. Jacobus Butler filius predicti comitis premortui fuit justiciarius Hibernie.

  3. Hugo Mc Adam Mc Gillamor falsus et ethnicus Hibernicus inimicus in Ultonia cremavit et destruxit 40 ecclesias, et manucaptum habuit Patritium Savadg, quem crudeliter tractavit, unde vulgo appellabatur {} et iste Hugo McAdam McGillamor non diu postea petere beneficium sanctuarii compulsus, sed in ecclesia seu monasterio minorum apud Knockfergus sine misericordia et reverentia fuit interfectus, que ipse et pater antea cremaverant.

  1. 1408.

  2. Stephanus Scrope fuit deputatus Thome Lancaster locum tenentis domini regis in Hibernia, et obiit apud Casteldermot.

  3. Comes Ormonie, comes Desmonie, et prior de Kilmaynam cum aliis generosis et capitaneis invadentes terram Mc Murchardi pugnaverunt in vicem in campo, primo Hibernici inimici ferociter resistere proposuerunt, et animose pugnaverunt, sed demum eis devictis comes Ormonie prosequendo viriliter in fine cepit O Nowlan cum duobus filiis suis, et pluribus aliis, quos duxit captivos ad dominum deputatum. But these O Nowlans were afterwards quite extirped.

  4. O Carvell et 800 de familia et confederatoribus suis fuerunt interfecti per comitem Ormonie et alios Anglos in suo conducto apud Callan, et sol dicebatur p.27 expectasse post naturale tempus et occasum sui, et lucens donec Angli equitarunt vj. milia in prosecutione inimicorum suorum.

  1. 1409.

  2. Civitas Dublin recepit primo gladium regale ab Henrico 4. et tunc creatus est maior cum antea gubernabatur per prepositum, in cujus probatione Dublinenses tenent adhuc suum antiquum sigillum cum superscriptione prepositure, et inde pluribus annis tunc sequentibus regebatur illa civitas per maiorem et ij. balivos, sed illos balivos Edward. 6. mutavit in ij. vicecomites.

  1. 1410.

  2. Comunitas Anglie petiit Henricum 4. regem ut auferret temporalitatem a spiritualibus (which trobled England and Ireland, and especially the clergie of both landes, that they called all their wittes together to defend them selfes) allegando quod terra regni Anglie inordinate et negligenter per ecclesiasticos devastata, sufficeret pro creatione et sustentacione xv. comitum, 6200 armigerum, et 100 domibus elemosinariis et hospitalibus, atque exhiberent domino regi annuatim preterea ad sumptus guerrarum supportandos 20 millia librarum, ita quod quilibet comes haberet in feodo annuali seu redditu annuo 3000 marchas, quilibet miles 100 marchas, et 4 carrucatas terre arabilis, quilibet armiger 40 marchas, cum ij. carrucatis terre arabilis, et quodlibet hospitale 100 marchas; sed cleri obstiterunt. Lanquet vel Cooper.

  3. Fames magna in Hibernia.

  4. Prior de Kilmaynam justiciarius Hibernie duxit secum 1500 turbarios, et fecit viagium in patriam Byrnensium, ubi plures amisit cum Johanne Dorpatrik generoso, quorum turbariorum quidam revolverunt ad inimicos.

  1. 1412.

  2. Henricus 4. obiit. Henricus 5. succedit.

  3. O Conchur de Ophaly multum nocuit Midie, et captivavit 160 Anglos una die.

  1. 1413.

  2. Johannes Stanley miles fit justiciarius Hibernie.

  1. 1414.

  2. Dominus Johannes Talbot de Sheffield creatus locum tenens Hibernie, et Robertus Talbot brevi obiit, qui suis expensis fabricari fecit parietes ville Kilkennie.

  3. Archiepiscopus Dublin fuit justiciarius Hibernie, cujus tempore ipso episcopo et clero ad ejus mandatum in processione apud Tristeldermot, pro statu et bono successu, et celeri expeditione pugnantium contra Hibernicos orantibus, 3000 Hibernici inimici fuere interfecti juxta Kilcaa, per comitem Ormonie generalem armi et exercitus et suos Anglicos. As his father did a litle before.

  4. Thomas episcopus Leighlen cognomine Fleminge frater ordinis Augustiniani, p.28 in ecclesia Sancti Trinitatis Dublin recepit ex parte domini regis homagium et fidelitatem ab Hugone O Neil in presentia episcopi Ossor: quo tempore ipse Willmus translatus fuit in Cassiliens: archiepiscop: qui Thomas obiit Leighlen et juxta voluntatem suam sepultus fuit in Kilkennia apud ordinem professionis sue.

  1. 1415.

  2. Patritius Borrett episcopus Fernensis obiit, et sepultus est Kenlis.

  1. 1416.

  2. Stephanus Fleming archiepiscopus Armach obiit.

  1. 1418.

  2. Consilium regale apud villam de Naas Lagenie, ubi concluserunt prosequere Hibernicos inimicos.

  1. 1419.

  2. 4 Idus Maii. Donatus More Cavenagh Mc Murchardus principalis omnium Lageniensium capitaneus, quem nominarunt regem Lagenie, fuit captus et in Angliam missus, ubi per 7 annos fuit balinatus apud fabrum aurarium in Turre, et postea dimissus et destinatus in Hiberniam sub certa conditione. Of Balachillchovan that scept of Cavenaghs of the house of Mc Morrgh toke their names.

  3. Thomas le Butler germanus comitis Ormonie (qui vocabatur Thomas claudus) ivit in Franciam jussu regis Anglie, habens in suo conductu 100 equites Hibernicos ad suam electionem, qui applicans in Franciam versus Roone cremavit patriam in suo itinere, et depredavit et predam tam magnam duxit in campum regis erga noctem, adeo quod ubi solvebant mane xs. pro {} habuerunt quarterium seu armum bovile pro 1s. de nocte, sed post captionem civitatis licet ipse prius intravit secundum quosdam ibi obiit, secundum alios in Anglia per venenum mulieris, post reversum.

  1. 1420.

  2. Jacobus le Butler comes Ormonie, locum tenens domini regis in Hibernia, occidit plures de familia et terribili exercitu Ymoardha juxta Athy, et sol preter naturam dicitur et cronicis scribitur stetisse per spacium iij. horarum ita ad mirationem plurium et miraculose, et donec comes vicit hostes in marisco rubeo (redd foord) alias prato rufo de Athy, nec grunna alias quackmyre ibi obsistit, quin equites justiciarii currebant in prosecutione hostium sicut hostes.

  3. <!-check-->Arthurus more Mc Murcharda, ferax rebellis, cujus potentie omnes Lagenienses resistere non potuerunt, fuit demum per eundem comitem Ormonie devictus, et mitigatus adeo quod sese et suos confederatores gracie regali submisit.

  4. Thomas comes Desmond et Momonie obiit, et sepultus in civitate Rothmagens: vide infra in hac pagina annum verum.

  5.  p.29
  6. Comes Ormonie deputatus regis domavit O Bryens de Gailgaish, Burgos et Mc Bannanos in campo seu bellico conflictu juxta Sagelome, deinde Moardhos, O Geoghagan, Mc Mahonn et omnes Hibernicos inimicos in tribus mensibus, et durante hoc itinere et viagio ipse deputatus fecit ubique clerum cujuslibet patrie esse in solemni processione, bis qualibet hebdomada, orantes pro bono et felici statu ejusdem nobilis et aliorum pugnatorum contra dictos suos adversarios ceterosque reipublice dissipatores, utinam clerus hujus temporis Deum sic precibus devote invocarent, ut pugnatores crederent victoriam a Deo obtineri.

  1. 1421.

  2. Henricus 5. obiit. Henricus 6. succedit.

  3. Richardus O Hiden archiepiscopus Cassiliensis accusatus in parlamento per Johannem Geest episcopum Lismor et Waterfordie super 30 articulis, quorum primus quod noluit promovere aliquem Anglicum ad beneficium in sua diocesi. Alius articulus quod sic consuluit alios comprovinciales episcopos et cetera.

  4. Henricus 6. cepit regnare ultimo Augusti, et mortuo Delphino Carolo rege Francorum, fuit proclamatus rex Francie.

  5. Johannes Swanige primas Armachanus obiit.

  6. Mc Mahonn multum nocuit Midie et Anglicanis cremando, spoliando, necando, et depredando, donec fuerat devictus per deputatum et Dublinenses, qui animose et feliciter pugnaverunt.

  1. 1433 vide 1419.

  2. Thomas claudus le Butler miles deputatus domini regis in Hibernia, obiit in obsidio civitatis Roone in Francia.

  1. 1438.

  2. Thomas Crawley archiepiscopus Dublin revertens a consilio Basil autoritate Eugenii pape, in Anglia obiit.

  1. 1439.

  2. Richardus Talbot archiepiscopus Dublin.

  1. 1445.

  2. Henricus 6. rex Anglie (comite Suffolchie suadente) duxit in uxorem Margaretam filiam regis Sicilie, et repudiavit filiam comitis Arminachie, cum qua primo contraxerat, cujus causa amisit Normanniam, et sui subjecti insurrexerunt, et finaliter depositus cum sua regina et filio primogenito fugiebat.

  1. 1448.

  2. Duces Eboren: et Lancaster contenderunt circa coronam, ita quod quilibet eorum prosuo interesse excitarunt principales Anglos in Hibernia suos amicos respective, qui Anglici ceciderant in bello de Wakinfield, et sequenti anno in bello de le Mortimers cross in Wallia, quo Hibernici in absentia Anglorum assumentes vires et opportunitatem insurrexerunt in Hibernia, et obsiderunt ubique castra et fortalicia, que tenuerunt usque ad tempora Henrici 7 et 8.

  1. 1449.

  2. Dux Eboracensis venit in Hiberniam cum magno scutto et exercitu p.30 ad pacificandos Hibernicos et rebelles, qui nihil estimabile potuit agere, nec parum concludere, nec Hibernicos vincere.

  1. 1458.

  2. Mac Geoghagan cremavit Rathmore cum pluribus villis et villagiis in Midia, que est hereditas Plantagenet ducis Eboracencis.

  1. 1459.

  2. Dux Eboracensis comes Sarum, et comes Warwik bellaverunt contra regem Anglie juxta London in Bloore Heath sed in fine dux fugit in Hiberniam, alii in Caliciam. Et anno sequenti (1460) reversus est in Angliam et fecit clamen in coronam in parlamento; deinde fuit interfectus cum filio suo comite Rutland apud Wakefield per Margaretam reginam et suum exercitum, et sic rex liberatur e carcere.

  3. Edward comes Marchiarum et heres ducis Eboracensis debellavit contra Henricum 6. et post aliquam interfectionem rex fugit cum regina et filio, cum regnasset 38 annos, ad ducem de Angeo, et iste Edwardus cepit regnare nomine Edwardus 4. et regit 22 annis.

  1. 1462.

  2. Thomas fitz John de Geraldinis qui primo oneravit comitatum Waterfordie, Corken, Kery, et Limrici impositionibus Hibernicalibus, scilicet mercuniis, carragiis, pedagiis, et customis obiit, alii tamen dicunt quod ipse comes propter has exactiones et outragias contra pacem domini Regis, et leges Hibernie fuit decapitatus apud Drogheda per Johannem Tiptot comitem Worcestrie deputatum domini Regis in terra Hibernie. Vide pedegrew Desmondie quod non fuit comes, pater tum vivebat et cetera. Usurping upon his father, and going to Tredaff, he gave him his curse, and said, thou shalt have an ill end.

  3. Milo Roch episcopus Leighlen Momonie natus inter bardos numeratur pro omnibus instrumentis musice et rythmis.

  1. 1464.

  2. Paulus 2. papa creatus, avarus, crudelis, injuriosus, immisericors, rudis nec doctus, nec aliquo favore voluit prosequi doctos.

  1. 1469 1487.

  2. Lambertus nomine Peter Perchia de Warwik coronatus rex in ecclesia Sancte Trinitatis Dublin, cujus causa bellum de Storke vulgarite Martin Swarthsfield, in quo Thomas fitz Morice de Geraldinis capitaneus Hibernicorum cecidit cum comite Lincolnie et pluribus nobilibus —Lanquet.

  1. 1470.

  2. Rowlandus Eustace deputatus Hibernie obiit.

  1. 1471.

  2. Thomas fitz Morice comes Kildarie justiciarius Hibernie anno Edwardi 4ti dicitur concessisse privilegium seu licentiam de la mortmayne ecclesie Sancti Kenitii Kilkennie et collegio vicar choralium ibidem.

  3. Henricus 6. per ducem Clarencie, comites Warwick, Penbrochie et Oxford p.31 dicitur restitutus, et Edwardum 4. fugisse in Flandriam ad ducem BurgundieLanquet.

  4. Sed postea Edward iste rex ratione sui fratris ducis Clarencie venit ad London et cepit Henricum regem in palatio episcopi reginam et Edwardum principem, quem interfecit, et regnavit rex Henricus in turre per tempus et tunc executus sepeliebatur in Schordich.

  1. 1473.

  2. David episcopus Ossoriensis scribitur habuisse autoritatem domini regis Edward 4. per literas suas patentes ad excommunicandos et censurandos omnes contradicentes et injuriantes vicarios de la communi aula.

  1. 1475.

  2. Edward 4. navigavit ad ducem Burgundie, qui habuit secum in exercitu suo 1000 Hibernicos, et antequam venerunt rex Francie dedit regi Edwardo pro bono pacis 75000 nobilia auri puri, et promisit tantum ei annuatim pro 7 annis.

  1. 1476.

  2. Donaldus Fuscus Kavenagh qui se vocari regem Lagenie permisit obiit. alii anno 1478.

  1. 1483.

  2. Edward 4. obiit, relinquens Edwardum principem et Richardum ducem Eboracen: et Edward princeps cepit regnare sub nomine Edward 5. et obiit eodem anno.

  3. Richardus dux Glocestrie avunculus cepit regnare et regnavit nomine Richard 3. et regnavit 2 annis, interfectus ab Henrico 7.

  1. 1485.

  2. Henricus comes Richmond nomine Henric 7. regnavit et duxit in uxorem Elizabetham filiam Edwardi 4. et sic domus Eboracen: et Lancastren: unitae et cetera.

  1. 1494.

  2. Edwardus Poynyngis deputatus domini regis in Hibernia plura fecit statuta, et leges renovavit, et ordinationes regni in pristinum cum sua charta confirmavit.

  3. Huc usque dicit autor meus Thaddeus; Nicolaus episcopus in libro flavo Leighlen Annotationes fecit.

  4. Octavius Armachanus totius Hibernie primas addmittens appellationem David Curreyn decani et capituli Leighlen, a sede metropolitica factam, inhibuit episcopo Leighlen ne quod attemptaret in prejudicium decani et capituli appellantium circa suas distributiones quotidianas; per sententie instrumentum apparet episcopum comparuisse vigore inhibitionis et citationis emanate in consistorio generali crastino Sancti Patricii in cancello divi Laurentii, presente Willelmo priore Sancti Johannis baptiste de Drogheda tertio Novembris anno predicto coram eodem primate in presentia domini Radulphi prioris domus Hospitalis aut p.32 ecclesie Sancti Laurentii extra muros ville predicte, reverandi Johannis episcopi Midensis, Thome Lang clerici, autoritate apostolica imperiali notarii puplici curie predicte consistorie registrarii et scribe principalis, atque Thome Moye apparitoris et preconis, Nicolai prebendarii de Hillard economi syndinque et prolocutoris capituli atque procuratoris contra eundem episcopum in hac parte destinat.

  5. Vide antea quomodo Archiepiscopus Dublin in parlamento Kilkennie inhibet Armachano ne ferret ante se in sua provincia aliqua episcopalia insignia. Notwithstanding out of the province and in province he was above him.

  6. Nicholaus Magwyr episcopus Leighlen vulgariter nuncupatur Mc Syr Moris in Odrona Lagenie in Hibernia natus apud Tulmogiman, Sacerdotis spurius, Thaddeus Dowlinge comendes him for hospitalitie and the number of cowes that he grased without losse (so well was he beloved) upon the woodes and mountaines of Knockbrannen, Cumnabally, Aghcarew, Ballycarew and Moilglas, but Thomas Brown his chaplen who also wrote his lif, reporteth that he studied in Oxford, although it was but ii. yeres and 3 months, yet he profitted so much in logik, philosophie, the seven liberall sciences and divinitie that in his latter days he seemed to excell, he was made prebendarie of Hillard, where he preached and delivered great learninge with no lesse reverence, beinge in favor with the King and nobilitie of Lenister, who together with the deane and chapter elected him bishop of Leighlen to succeed Milo then lately deceased. This Nicolas had obtained of the bishop of Rome litres of provision and was consecrated bishop being but 30 years of age, to the great losse of the church he died anno 1512 having begonne many learned workes and death preventing his purpose he cold not finish any savinge one cronicle sumariely by him collected and is found in the handes of many in written hand laten, and so farre Dowlinge and Browne.

  1. 1495.

  2. Maxima perturbatio in Anglia et Hibernia ex parte Perkin Warbeck qui se nominavit Richardum Eboracensem filium Edwardi regis.

  1. 1496.

  2. Thomas comes Surrey et dominus Nevell cum magno exercitu fuerunt missi huc in Scotiam Majorem ab Henrico 7. qui Scoticos domuerunt.

  1. 1497.

  2. Katerina filia Ferdinandi regis Hispanie fecit nupta principi Arthuro primogenito Henrici 7. qui in pasce sequenti obiit.

  1. 1500.

  2. Margareta filia Henrici 7. nupta fuit Jacobo regi Scotie.

  1. 1501.

  2. Henricus filius Henrici 7. constitutus dux Eborum, locum tenens domini regis in Hibernia, qui postea fuit Henricus 8.

  1. 1503.

  2. Elizabeth regina obiit in puerperio in turre London.

  1. 1504.

  2. Bellum de Knocktoa per Geraldum comitem Kildarie, deputatum Henrici ducis Eboracum locum tenentis Hibernie, contra Willelmum Burg de Bellathclare in Conacia, O Bryen, Mc Morogh, O Carvell, et alios boreales. Iste collis de Knocto situatus est vi. milliaria a Galway et ij milliaria a Ballaghclare; de quo versus.

  1. 1506.

  2. Maria filia regis Henrici 7. nupta fuit Carolo archduci Austrie et principi Castelle, et anno sequenti rex Castelle obiit.

  1. 1508.

  2. Henricus 8. anno etatis 18 cepit regnare.

  1. 1509.

  2. Geraldus comes Kildarie ordinis garterii miles qui Hibernicos gubernavit 33 annos obiit, et sepultus in capella beate Marie infra ecclesiam Trinitatis Dublin.

  1. 1510.

  2. Walterus archiepiscopus fuit cancellarius et justiciarius Hibernie, obiit hoc anno, sic Nicolaus scribit.

  3. Huc usque Nicolaus Leighlen. Sic Thaddeus (vide supra) scribitur.

  1. 1512.

  2. Maurus Nemorosus (Mauritius Woodkerne) rex Lagenie obiit. Willmus archiepiscopus Dublin.

  1. 1514.

  2. Insurrectio magna in Hibernia.

  3. Maria soror regis Anglie nupta fuit Ludovico Francorum regi.

  4. Petrus Butler Mc James, interfecit Jacobum nigrum (Duff) le Butler bastardum comitis le Gawran inter Donmore et Kilkenniam, secundum alios anno 1497.

  1. 1515.

  2. Maria regina de Suffolk nupta fuit duci de Suffolk.

  3. Jacobus Butler comes Ormonie insultabatur per cives Dublin in manerio archiepiscopi de la Sanct Sepulchres, unde legati sunt destinati a Romano pontifice ad puniendam presumptuosam violationem sanctuarii Sancti Patricii Dublin.

  4. Thomes Halser Anglus Leighlen episcopus, utriusque juris doctor, protonotarius apostolicus, pro Anglia Scotia et Hibernia in basilica apostolorum de urbe Rom: cujus vicar generalis erat abbas de Duysk nomine Carolus Cavenagh cancellarius ecclesie Leighlen per octo annos, et episcopo mortuo custos fuit spiritualitatis per vi. annos.

  1. 1517.

  2. Magnum gelu in Hibernia et Anglia adeo quod currus equorum iverunt super flumen de Tamesey in Anglia et super rivos Hibernie.

  1. 1519.

  2. Thomas Howard comes Surrey qui postea fuit creatus dux Norfolchie cum 200 de regis roba venit locum tenens in Hiberniam, et quia magna perturbatio fuit in Hibernia comes Kildarie fuit officio deputati depositus; et iste comes Surrey reduxit comitem Desmondie et alios Hibernicos ad bonam conformitatem, deinde ipse Surrey cum multitudine Hibernicorum transnavigavit in Franciam, cujus quidem recessum habitantes (Angli) Hibernie querulabant multum propter ejus integritatem, bonam naturam, et modum gubernationis, secundum alios venit anno 1521 et recessit anno 1523.

  1. 1522.

  2. Geraldus Kevanagh Mc Mochardus, qui se fecit vocari regem Lagenie et ducem Laginensium obiit, sepultus Leighlen.

  3. Mauritius episcopus Leighlen cognominatus Deoran in Laxia jam vocata Queenes County in Leinster frater minorum professus, in Theologia controversia et conversatione eloquentissimus predicator, castus a nativitate, episcopatum regebat annum cum dimido et ij mensibus; interfectus fuit per Maurum (Mauritium) Cavenagh archdiaconum dioceseos inter Kilneyn et Cloaghruish, eo quod dicti archdiaconi et aliorum redarguit perversitatem et corrigere proposuit. Iste episcopus in jocando ejus adventu quibusdam persuadentibus duplicari subsidium cleri respondit: Melius radere oves quam destruere.

  4. David Curren rector de Urghlen, curieque consistorii Leighlen advocatus ac capellanus choralis in ecclesia cathedrali ibidem, huc usque in memorandis suis, sic Thaddeus.

  1. 1523.

  2. Thomas fitz Water alias Radcliff comes Surrey dux generosorum exercitus Anglie habuit in suo conductu de Hibernia plures ad arma homines aptos in expeditionem Scotie, et ibidem cremavit 37 villas et transcurrebat ab orientali marchia usque in occidentem depredando et necando.

  3. Fames magna in Hibernia et Anglia, ita ut Henricus 8. tenuit festum natalitiorum in patria.

  1. 1524.

  2. Geraldus comes Kildarie juratus deputatus, qui Maurum (Mauritium) Guer id est "sharp" interfectorem episcopi Deoran predicti cruci affigere curavit, at the head of Glan Reynald by Leighlen, et ibidem intralia ejus fecit comburi, anno 1525, vide supra.

  1. 1525.

  2. Robertus Talbot de Pollygard, amicus Petri Butler comitis Ossorie, fuit interfectus juxta Ballymore per Jacobum fitz Gerald, pro eo quod suspectus p.35 erat esse kalendarium actorum comitis Kildarie quo accusaretur, propter quod Butlerii stomachabantur, adeo quod multa sequebatur regni perturbatio.

  1. 1526.

  2. Carolus Cavenagh filius Mauritii juvenis et Mevina hibernice Mean mater ejus cum aliis in Castro de Droymreagh juxta Killanna, modo vocata Oldabbey, cremabantur per Cahir Mc Arte de Polmevaty.

  1. 1528.

  2. O Neil Ultoniorum capitaneus et O Conchur cum suis confederatis insurrexerunt contra Petrum Butler comitem Ossorie, qui Ultonienses multum nocuerunt marchis Midie, et cetera. Sed Waterfield in recordo ecclesie scribit talem comotionem fuisse 1532. Illi etiam invaserunt Uriell spoliando et depredando totam patriam.

  3. Geraldus comes Kildarie contra O Carvell insurgendo et castrum de Byrre insultando fuit dire vulneratus ex castro in latere suo per buletum, cui quidam turbarius jocose dixerat, “domine cur gemis tam dire, cum ego semel habui iij buletos in me, et vides domine quam sanus sum ad presens?” — cui comes mite respondit (in agonia) quod hunc etiam bulletum vellet ipsum in se una cum ceteris habuisse.

  4. Matheus episcopus Leighlen agnomine Saunders natus juxta Drogheda, mirifice comendatur a Waterfieldo.

  1. 1529.

  2. Petrus Butler comes Ossorie, Hibernie deputatus, incepit accusare comitem Kildarensem coram consilio in Anglia, vide haec omnia in Waterfieldo qui eo tempore vixit.

  1. 1530.

  2. Hibernici ferociter insurrexerunt in absentia comitis Kildarie ad tunc in Anglia commorantis, qui dominia dicti Kildarie, et plures patrias in circu itu invaserunt, unde rex transmisit eundem comitem Kildarie et Wm. Skevington, qui rebellium ferocitatem cum celeritate reformarunt.

  3. Cahir Mc Gerald Cavenagh communiter vocatus Mc Nehenyne Crostey, the sonne of the ill-begotten doughter, that is, a bastard, fuit factus Mc Murchardus, qui Mauritio Nemoroso Lagenie successit.

  4. Edictum in parlamento emanavit quod nullus in regno Anglie aut Hibernie obtineret aliquod rescriptum aut beneficium ab ecclesia Romana.

  1. 1532.

  2. Parlamentum coram Geraldo comite Kildarie convocatum, quo finito in Angliam coram consilio accusatur, convocatur et in turrim London comittitur ubi finem vite imposuit.

  1. 1534.

  2. Thomas fitz Gerald vocatus Thomas sericus, in Irish etida orsidan, for that his followers had silk frienges about their head peeces, baro de Ophaly, p.36 custos gladii regalis, deputatus patris sui, justiciarius Hibernie, restituit gladium in presentia consilii et loco ubi gladium recepit, et denunciavit ibidem rebellionem fieri publice et omnium subditorum regis bona et catella proscribi, deinde fecit capi Johannem Allen archiepiscopum Dublin et interfici apud Tartayn.

  3. Comitatus Kilkennie combustus fuit et depredatus per eundem Thomam fitz Gerald.

  4. Wm. Skeffington miles venit in Hiberniam cum exercitu militum, deputatus obiit apud Kilmaynam. — Stowe.

  5. Dublinenses confusi fuerunt et interfecti per Thomam fitz Gerald tam apud Kilmaynam quam apud Newgat, et vicum Sancti Thome incendio cremavit.

  1. 1535.

  2. Nicolaus Moscraw et Hamerton cum exercitu militum tunicis albis cruces rubeas gerentibus induti, interfecti fuerunt per eundem Thomam apud Clontarff.

  3. Dominus Leonardus Gray venit in Hiberniam et protexit Thomam fitz Gerald cum suis avunculis, Jacobo, Waltero, Olivero, Johanne et Richardo, qui postea fuerunt omnes super literis domini deputati executi, et decollati apud Tiburun. Secundum Stowe 3 Februarii 1536. Et ipse Leonardus Gray postea decollatus apud Tourehill anno sequenti, vide alibi.

  1. 1536.

  2. Religiosae domus et monasteria Hibernie fuerunt autoritate parlamenti concessa domino regi ad numerum 376 domuum, quorum valor annuatim extendit ad 32,000 libras, et bona mobilia eorum ad sumam 100,000 libra; et numerus hominum religiosorum in eisdem domibus professorum, et inde ad tunc rejectorum excedit 100,000, ceterisque religiosis abbatias suas et monasteria sursum reddentibus voluntarie, certe pensiones fuerunt quoad vixerunt concesse.

  1. 1539.

  2. O Neil rebellavit et oriabat fere xx. millia in Midia et English pale, sed postea retractus per Leonardum Gray deputatum.

  3. Estus et ariditas admirabilis aridos fecit rivos magnos, ita quod comuniter darent dimidium grani pro molitura alterius, et multi obierunt febre et fluxu, et hiems sequebatur adeo frigida gelu et nive, quod bestie inumerabiles per frigore moriebantur, et ultimo pestis extirpavit inumerabiles.

  4. Maneria ducis Norfolchie et Talbot comitis Waterfordie et Salop aliorumque absentium et non habitantium super suas possessiones in Hibernia confiscabantur p.37 in manus domini regis autoritate parlamenti apud Dublin, coram Leonardo Gray, 22 Maii.

  5. Matheus Saunders episcopus Leighlen.

  6. Milo Baron prior de Inisdiog episcopus Ossoriensis.

  1. 1541.

  2. Keadan alias Keadagh Mc Congall Mc Mealaghlen, rex ut vocabatur Laxie, interfectus fuit juxta Kylneyn per Donaldum Mc Cahil in festo Sancti Petri.

  3. Leonardus Gray deputatus hoc anno executus eo quod private tenuit familiaritatem cum Thoma Fitz Gerald rebelle, et eo quod promisit servitores ejus convertere ecclesiam cathedralem de Down in stabulam equorum, et quia non punivit suos propter spoliationem subditorum, et eo quod non eque ministravit justitiam postulantibus.

  4. Henricus 8. proclamabatur rex Hibernie.

  5. Antonius Sanctleger miles fit deputatus Hibernie, et per concordatum sub suis aliorumque de consiliis manibus in modum charte magne decrevit pro libertate et immunitate ecclesie Hibernicane, videlicet, quod maneria principalia episcoporum Hibernie, mansusque rectorum et vicariorum ubi habitant ipsimet, atque mansiones et glebe ecclesiarum valore annuo decem marcarum sterling non excedentes, fuisse et esse libera et exempta ab omnibus oppressionibus et impositionibus aliisque patrie usibus, coyney et livery, ut patet in archivis ecclesie Leighlen.

  1. 1542.

  2. O Neil, O Donel, Magwir, O Kahan, Mc Gwyllyn, O Hanlan, cum suis complicibus Hibernicis rebellarunt et spoliarunt boreales subditos usque ad Navan, et auferebant predas quam maximas, et anno sequenti submiserunt se gratiae regis, una cum O Bryen famoso rebelle.

  1. 1543.

  2. Willmus Brereton miles fuit justiciarius Hibernie qui per tempus sui regiminis laudabiliter et pacifice gubernavit Hiberniam.

  3. Magna perturbatio, crudelis et seditiosa factio in Hibernia.

  4. Georg Brown archiepiscopus Dublin.

  1. 1544.

  2. Hibernici ad numerum 500 sub gubernatione Poer et Finglas transmissi in preparationem ad Bolen.

  3. Hugo (Con) O Neil dominus in Ultonia creatus fuit per Henricum 8. comes de Tyron, et Matheus ejus bastardus creatus Baro de Dunganon.

  4. Donatus O Bryen creatus comes de Clanriccard durante vita.

  1. 1545.

  2. Cahir Cavenagh Mc Art de Poolmohown alias Polmonty baronetus p.38 de Sancto Moling habuit victoriam de Gerald Mc Cahir de Gerrowcheyll juxta Hacketston ubi ceciderunt de Byrnen et aliis in Idouagh 100, et tam multi ex altera parte. I wold the rest of the rebells had been so bestoned.

  3. Jacobus Butler comes Ormonie et Leonax comes de Downbrittan in Scotia minore et Johannes Travers miles cum 3000 Hibernicis navigaverunt a portu de Skyrres et applicuerunt in Scotia, ubi nihil memoria dignum fecerunt.

  1. 1546.

  2. Jacobus Butler comes Ormonie et Ossorie obiit in Holborne, London, 18 Octobris, sepultus in ecclesia Sancti Thome de Acres; cor ejus delatum ad ecclesiam Sanctii Kenitii Hibernie.

  3. Monasterium fratrum Carmelitarum Leighlen pontis in Lagenia Hibernie, erat in manerium aulamque regis et municipum edificatum, ad usum capitanei Coghlen et regiorum militum et garrison pro defensione patrie versus Hibernicos rebelles.

  1. 1547.

  2. Henricus 8. moritur. Edwardus 6. succedit.

  3. Edwardus 6. fecit ij. vicecomites in Dublin ubi antea balivi.

  1. 1550.

  2. Johannes Bale episcopus Ossorie.

  3. Robertus Travers regali autoritate episcopus Leighlen, cruel, covetous, vexing his clergie, fuit decretum in cancellaria Hibernie contra illum ex parte communitatis ecclesie Leighlen.

  1. 1553.

  2. Edwardus 6. obiit, si causam queras lege Cardanum de genituris.

  3. Jana filia Henrici ducis Suffolcie, uxor domini Gilford Dudley filii ducis Northumbrie, denunciabatur regina Anglie vigore cujusdam statuti per eundem Edward regem ad persuasionem ducis Northumbrie editi, brevi fuit decapitata.

  4. Maria Henrici 8. filia.

  1. 1554.

  2. Philippus princeps Hispanie applicuit in Southampton in festo Sancti Jacobi, et brevi matrimonium cum regina contraxit, et stilus eorum ab heraldo proclamatus et cetera, et stilus Caroli imperatoris illius patris in Gieldhall, London scriptus et cetera.

    Charles the fyft his stile set up in golden lettres in Guyldhall London.

    Charles the fyft by favour and assent of devine mercy and grace elected emperour of the Romaynes, Alway Caesar, kinge of Almain, kinge of Castill, kinge of Aragon, kinge of Leones, kinge of Naples, kinge of Cicillia, kinge of Jerusalem, kinge of Hungarie, kinge of Dalmacia, kinge of Croacia, kinge of Navarr, kinge of Granat, kinge of Morcia, kinge of Gien, kinge of Algarb, kinge p.39 of Dorden, kinge of Cordubia, kinge of Valencia, kinge of Sevil, kinge of Solet, kinge of Corse, kinge of Algezirs, kinge of Gibraltar, kinge of Minorica and Majorica, kinge of the Islands of Canarie, kinge of the Antisles in Inde, kinge of the fyrme land of the ocean seas now called New Spaine - Archduke of Austrich, duke of Burgonie, duke of Lotharingia, duke of Brabant, duke of Lunbrock, duke of Luxenbrock, duke of Callabrie, duke of Athens, duke of Nigripont, duke of Wiertingbick, duke of Gesder - Erle of Flaunders, erle of Hasburge, erle of Marcellon, erle of Artois, erle of Borgon, erle palatine of the Mores, erle of Holland, erle of Zeland, erle of Ferret, erle of Ryburge, erle of Rosillon, erle of Brittaine, erle of Mamier, erle of ZetaineLantgrave of AlasyMarques of Borgon, marques of Cristan, marques of GociaPrince of Suetia, prince of AustrichLord of Frisland, lord of Slavonia, lord of Portua, lord of Bisky, lord of Molyn, lord of Salses, lord of Tripolis, lord of Meth, and lord of Lordships in Asia and Affrica..

  3. Petrus Carew miles baro de Odrona in Hibernia et dominus de Mochonuscourt alias de Mohounstreet in Anglia propter insurrectionem apud Devonshire inceptam, audiensque infortunium Henrici ducis Suffolcie et postea decapitati cum suo filio et filia Jana fugit in Franciam. Sed postea revertit et reconciliabatur Phillippo et Marie.

  4. Elizabetha filia Henrici 8. turri comissa, postea ducta ad Woodstock.

  5. Cardinalis Polus restitutus et cetera, recepit supplicationes omnium in parlamento congregato quod penitieret eos de scismate et cetera, supplicarunt ut absolvantur et cetera, ille eloquenti oratione acceptabilis penitentia et cetera ostensa comissione a sede apostolica omnes absolvit et cetera, fit cantatio, Te Deum laudamus et cetera, et hoc apud Romam audito processiones fiebant pro vera conversione Anglicorum et Hibernicorum, et papa concessit per bullam remissionem omnibus de hoc vere gaudentibus.

  6. Georgius Brown archiepiscopus Dublin, Edwardus Midensis, Johannes Bale Ossoriensis episcopus, Robertus Travers Leighlen episcopus, et Thomas Darey aliique prelati et beneficiati fuere depositi per Georgium Dowdall primatem Armachanum, et Thomam Lewrous alias Leurus episcopum Darensem, primos et principales comissarios et ceteros eorum collegas, et custodia spiritualitatis Dublin concessa fuit Thome Lockwood decano Sancte Trinitatis Dublin, et custodia spiritualitatis Leighlen comissa fuit decano Canell et archdiacono et cetera. forgett not D. Kenell.

  7.  p.40
  8. Thomas Fylay alias Fighill minorum frater autoritate apostolica episcopus Leighlen.

  1. 1555.

  2. Hugo Curren archiepiscopus Dublin vocavit provinciale concilium, ut pretendebat pro reformatione religionis.

  3. Thomas fitz Water alias Radclif comes Sussex deputatus Hibernie, vide viagium comitis Sussex et Thome comitis Ormonie in Scotiam.

  4. Thomas Leighlen episcopus, ut patet in archivis ecclesie et libro concilii regalis.

  1. 1557.

  2. Congal Oge rex Lacie, apud pontem Leighlen cruci affixus.

  1. 1558.

  2. Johannes Othownery frater, episcopus Ossoriensis pre dolore amissionis thesauri sui per fures, mortuus. Fures confitebantur et executi.

  3. Maria regina absente Philippo obiit, et multi nobiles cum ea.

  4. Elizabeth regina 17 Novembris, religio reformata et corrupta pecunia extirpata, vide sequens in statutis Hibernie.

  1. 1560.

  2. Thomas comes Ormonie et Geraldus comes Desmonie rebellarunt in loco vocato Aghemoy infra comitatum Tipperarie, ubi pluribus ex parte Desmonie interfectis, comes Geraldus fuit vulneratus, et captivus in Angliam per Ormond transmissus.

  1. 1566.

  2. Edwardus Randolf armiger locum tenens domini regis in Ultonia et collanellus mille pedestrium a Bristollia arrivavit in Knockfergus, et inde venit in Dyrrhy apud Laughfoil ubi fortificavit et 12.o Decembris sequente in conflictu vicit O Neil, qui cum eo pugnavit, et non postea diu vixit.

  1. 1567.

  2. Shane O Neil secundum Campion vocans se O Neil et dominum provincie Ultonie in diversis conflictibus interfecit 3500 de exercitu Henrici Sidney deputati Hibernie, ac etiam de Scoticis 300, demum suam conmatrem in adulterio publice et notorie tenens, manus violentas in presbyterum qui una cum sociis sibi dixit non licere ei (in confessione) uxorem alterius tenere, et in ultima ejus etate crimina leste majestatis comittere et cetera, tandem compulsus ad inimicos fugere, quorum patres ipse occiderat, illi in ebrietate ejus cultro eum inciderunt, et interfecerunt, at the key of Ybuyg.

  1. 1568.

  2. Whereas before mention was made of Thomas Carew Baron of Odrone banished, and Sir Peter Carew knight claiming of him, at this tyme old Sir Peter Carew, (havinge adopted as is said young Sir Peter Carew) entered upon the possession of Odrone, and made the Cavenages compound with him, the which he quietly enjoyed savinge that Morice Oge Kavenagh p.41 of Garrawcheill per fas et nephas tenuit suas terras vulgariter vocatas fyv-mart Landes absque titulo vel interesse.

  1. 1569.

  2. Lagenienses omnibus enormitatibus dediti, quidam dixere Peter Carew his warres, alii dixere Edmund Butlers warres. Cavanenses hic diaboli contra Petrum Carew.

  1. 1570.

  2. Adam Loftus archiepiscopus Dublin.

  3. Lysac O Moardha (O Moore) sonne to Keadau Rough domini de Lasia factus capitaneus ab Henrico Sidney deputato servivit animose contra Ultonienses, sed postea (canis ad vomitum) inventus in proditionibus, convictus suspensus fuit ad pontem Leighlen.

  4. Thomas Butler comes Ormonie venit ex Anglia, pacificavit rebelles, (Robert Mylles of the saf conduct et cetera) cepit fratrem Edmundum Butler, tradidit eum deputato, quem Hibernenses fecerunt, statuerunt facere eum, capitaneum suum generale, Petro Carew principaliter resistente, sed e carcere aufugit, et omnia ei condonata.

  1. 1571.

  2. Magna clades in Conatia que vocatur bellum de Srughill inter Johannem {} gubernatatom illius provincie de Conaught et Conaghtinenses, ubi ceciderunt plures ex utraque parte, sed gubernator prevaluit.

  3. Scientia imprimendi et cudendi literas et characteres lingue Hibernice incepit in Hibernia in civitate Eoblana (Dublin) per Johannem Kerna thesaurarium ecclesie Sancti Patricii et Nicolaum Welsh Ossoriensem episcopum. Daniel, episcopus Leighlin leased out all in maner.

  1. 1572.

  2. Willmus fitz Williams deputatus Hibernie.

  1. 1575.

  2. Rebellio Ketingensium sub Petro Keting eorum capitaneo sed brevi confusi et occisi.

  3. Thomas comes Ormond rejecit omnes impositiones Coney et Lyvery ex patria sua.

  4. Pestilentia magna per Weixfordiam, Dublin, Naas, Athie, Carloug ac Leighlin-Pontem, ita quod civitas Dublin preter castra tantum fuit quasi depopulata, ut fenum et herbe nascebantur in plateis et valvis ecclesiarum.

  5. Henricus Sidney iterum deputatus, post discessum Wm. fitz Williams.

  6.  p.42
  7. No terme after Trinities day held at Dublin, pretextu infectionis epidimiae pestis, et archiepiscopus Dublin per totam provinciam fecit litanias et suffragia diebus Dominicis Mercurii et Veneris fieri contra pestem.

  8. Petrus Carew senior miles vir liberalis, strenuus, potens in armis, stature fortis, licet senex animosus tamen et belliger ex juventute, qui fortiter stravit plures in conflictu de Knockcownla de confederatis rebellium, conquestor Odronie in Lagenia et Corkybeig in Desmohown, dominus de Mohownsottrie in Anglia, obiit apud Rossam-Pontis in Hibernia, et sepelitur in ecclesia Trinitatis apud Waterfordiam ab antiquis vocatam Manapiam, qui in ultimo ejus eulogio per quinque episcopos approbato et insinuato confirmavit statum ffeofamenti, per eum antea ad usum Petri juvenis Carew et Georgii Carew (modo presidentis Momonie) et ad usum aliorum in Anglia ad numerum 15 personarum in toto; volens ut invicem secundum ordinem insertum succederent, si absque masculis de corporibus legitime sic procreatis vel procreandis successione dicesserint.

  1. 1576.

  2. Walter Devrox comes Essex, comes Marshall in Hibernia obiit Dublini, corpus in Angliam et cetera.

  1. 1577.

  2. Rory (Oge O Moor) O Moarda fecit magnam comotionem immo maximam in Lagenia, quam tenuit per xviij. annos, quo tempore currente cremavit Naas, Athy, Caterlough, Leighlin-Pontem, Rathcoyl, Tassagard, Kilbrid, Bayllymore, Killy, et Rathmore in Lagenia (cepit treacherously Henricum Harington et Alexandrum Cosby); cremavit cantredam de Duthy-Fhelly dominium O Carvelli, Athlone in Conacia, interfectus (whome the Irish rimers extol like him that burnt Diana his temple) fuit per Bernardum Mc Gilpatrick dominum de Upper Ossorie — vide infra.

  3. Moris Mc Lasy Mc Conyll dominus de Merggi (ut ille asseruit) et baronis de O Mergi successor, cum 40 hominibus de sua familia post confederationem suam cum Rory O Moardha et super quadam protectione, interfectus fuit apud Molaghmastyn in comitatu Kildarie, ad eundem locum ob id propositum per magistrum Cosby et Robertum Harpoll, sub umbra servitii accersitus collusorie. Harpoll excused it that Moris had geven villanous wordes to the breach of his protection.

  4. Eugenius Mc Hugh O Dempsie de Clonagovna miles ac dominus de Glynmolyra fuit in castro suo ibidem interfectus per Lysac Mc Neill y Moardha.

  5.  p.43
  6. Georgius Ackworth legum doctor, et Robertus Garvey legum baccalareus, destinati ad clerum Hibernicum titulo magistrorum ad facultates pro reformatione cleri, sed ecclesie potius perturbatio sequebatur.

  1. 1578.

  2. Henricus Sidney deputatus fecit suspendi 15 de familiaribus Calvatin Mc Tyrrell capitanei eorum, eo quod extortionem comiserunt circa cibum et pecuniam.

  3. Willelmus Gerrard armiger cancellarius Hibernie iterum venit in Hiberniam. —vide quae scripsit et cetera, et pone eum inter scriptores.

  4. Willelmus Drury miles (post discessum Henrici Sideney) factus justiciarius Hibernie, moriebatur Waterfordie, corpus ferebatur Dublin, ubi per plures dies insepultum remanebat, tandem expensis domine regine in ecclesia Sancti Patricii inhumatur.

  1. 1579.

  2. Jacobus fitz Moris Geraldinus cum filio prioris de Rhodes et Spaniardis ad numerum 700 armatis, applicuit in portu de Coan Thymore et fecerunt fortalicium apud Down Moyre in Mounster, ubi postea per dominum Gray fuerunt interfecti, paucis exceptis qui capiebantur.

  3. Henricus Davels armiger, vicecomes comitatus Cork occisus apud Trally per Johannem Desmond.

  4. Willelmus Pellam miles fit justiciarius.

  1. 1580.

  2. Arthurus Gray de Wilton miles garterii fit deputatus Hibernie duxit magnum exercitum ad fortalitium de Down Moyr, interfecit Italos et Hispanos, quattuor generosis exceptis quorum unus erat filius prioris de Rhodes.

  3. Magna strages et clades per Ketingos apud Leighlen et apud Glynmalowra per Byrnenses, ubi Petrus Oge miles, baro de Odrona, Franciscus Cosby armiger de Stradbally, Laxie capitaneus turbariorum ligiorum, magister Moor, et Bernard fitz Williams capitanei, fuerunt interfecti una cum aliis quampluribus generosis estimationis per Feagh Mc Hugh, et alios rebelles.

  4. Feagh Mc Hugh de Balyncorr in Cowlraynald, per procurationem Mauritii Oge Kavenagh de Garrovcheill, cremavit x. villas in High Odron, et captivos secum adduxit Magistrum Wood et Rogerum Hooker decanum Leighlen et alios Anglicanos.

  1. 1582.

  2. Johannes O Desmond miles captus fuit una cum Jacobo na Dtynoyll per capitaneum Smith executioni apud {} demandatus.

  3. Thomas comes Ormond transfretavit in Angliam una cum cometissa.

  1. 1583.

  2. Geraldus fitz James comes Desmonie captus in cabano suo in sylva, et decollatus per Thomam Kelly - and this Kelly was hanged at Tyburne.

  3. Mackworth capitaneus crudelis interfectus per Oconors de Ophaly, membrum genitale eo vivente extraxerunt, eumque excoriaverunt.

  4. Thomas comes Ormonie reversus est in Hiberniam et factus est gubernator provincie de Mounster, et Desmond generalis.

  5. Johannes Perrot miles deputatus Hibernie pacificavit regnum.

  1. 1588.

  2. Anglicani undertakers Geraldo comite Desmonie mortuo venerunt familiis ad inhabitandum.

  3. Willelmus fitz Williams (post discessum Johannis Perrot) fit deputatus, ejus tempore classis navalis Hispaniorum magnum habuit infortunium, preter in Anglia perdit et cetera. In Hibernia. In Tyreconill infra Ultoniam super locum de Loghfoyl una navis et 1100 homines. In Conatia apud portum de Sligo 3 naves magne, 1500 homines. In Tyreowley, 1 navis cum 400 hominibus. In Cleere Island 1 navis cum 300 hominibus. In Fynglassy una navis et 400 homines. In Ophlagartys contrey, 1 navis cum 200 hominibus. In Irrish ij. naves sed homines ex illis in alias naves fugerunt. In Gallaway bay, 1 navis et 700 homines. In Momonia super Shenan, ij. naves et 600 homines. In Trally, 1 navis et 24 homines. In Deishy, 1 navis et 500 homines. In Desmonia 1 navis 300 homines. In rivo de Shenan 1 navis quam ipsi proprietarii cremarunt fugiendo in aliam. Summa - Navium 17. Homines 5394. — Vide compositio Turlagh Leoge et Hugonis Tyron. in turre London, et cetera.

  1. 1589.

  2. Richardus Meredith episcopus Leighlen.

  3. Orwairk rebellavit, fugit in Scotiam, captus in Angliam mittitur, et termino Michaelis apud Tiburne suspensus, 1591.

  1. 1591.

  2. Arthur Achnan Kavenagh pensionarius domine regine captus in Monelly, et cum 7 de suis sociis fuit suspensus juxta Caterlough.

  1. 1592.

  2. Thomas comes Ormond applicuit in Hibernia.

  1. 1594.

  2. Willelmus Russell miles deputatus Hibernie, 20 Augusti ivit cum exercitu contra Ultonienses. Johannes Noris miles. Birnenses et Mc Mahown interfecerunt in uno conflictu 300 homines exercitus Henrici Duke militis, qui victualia ad Iniskillen adferre proposuerant.

  3. Thomas dominus Burgh deputatus, obiit apud Newry. Wony Mc Rory, in Lease, et cetera. Thomas Noris miles justiciarus uno mense.

  1. 1598.

  2. Adam Loftus et Robertus Gardiner justiciarii. Thomas comes Ormond locum tenens exercitum.

  1. 1599.

  2. Robertus Essex comes locum tenens domine regine. Adam Loftus et Georgius Cary deputati Essex in ejus absentia.

  1. 1600.

  2. Carolus Mountjoy deputatus Hibernie mense Martii.

Document details

The TEI Header

File description

Title statement

Title (uniform): Annales Breves Hiberniae

Title (translation, English Translation): Short Annals of Ireland

Author: Thaddeus Dowling

Editor: Richard Butler

Responsibility statement

Electronic edition compiled by: the CELT Team

Funded by: University College, Cork and Professor Marianne McDonald via the CELT Project

Edition statement

1. First draft, revised and corrected.

Extent: 28500 words

Publication statement

Publisher: CELT: Corpus of Electronic Texts: a project of University College, Cork

Address: College Road, Cork, Ireland—http://www.ucc.ie/celt

Date: 2003

Date: 2008

Distributor: CELT online at University College, Cork, Ireland.

CELT document ID: L100012

Availability: Available with prior consent of the CELT programme for purposes of academic research and teaching only.

Source description


  • Transcript on paper made for Archbishop James Ussher, TCD Library, Dublin, E. 3. 20.


  • Richard Butler (ed.), The Annals of Ireland by Friar John Clyn and Thady Dowling (Dublin 1849).

The edition used in the digital edition

Butler, Richard, ed. (1849). The Annals of Ireland. By Friar John Clyn, of the Convent of Friars Minors, Kilkenny; and Thady Dowling, Chancellor of Leighlin. Together with the Annals of Ross‍. 1st ed. xxxvii + 85 pp 1-39 the Annals of Clyn; 41-46 the Annals of Ross from TCD MS E. 30. 20, p 396 sqq; 47-70 Notes to the Annals of Clyn; 71-85 Index of persons and places; plus xxiv + 66 pp 1-45 the Annals of Dowling; 46-66 Index of persons and places. Dublin: The Irish Archaeological Society.

You can add this reference to your bibliographic database by copying or downloading the following:

  title 	 = {The Annals of Ireland. By Friar John Clyn, of the Convent of Friars Minors, Kilkenny; and Thady Dowling, Chancellor of Leighlin. Together with the Annals of Ross},
  editor 	 = {Richard Butler},
  edition 	 = {1},
  note 	 = {xxxvii + 85 {pp 1-39 the Annals of Clyn; 41-46 the Annals of Ross from TCD MS E. 30. 20, p 396 sqq; 47-70 Notes to the Annals of Clyn; 71-85 
Index of persons and places;} plus xxiv + 66 {pp 1-45 the Annals of Dowling; 46-66 Index of persons and places.}},
  publisher 	 = {The Irish Archaeological Society},
  address 	 = {Dublin},
  date 	 = {1849}


Encoding description

Project description: CELT: Corpus of Electronic Texts

Sampling declarations

The electronic text represents pp i–xxiv and 1-45 of the printed edition.

Editorial declarations

Correction: Introduction and main annals proofread twice.

Normalization: The electronic texts represents the edited text. The editor does not elucidate his editorial policy. The dating is taken from the chronology of the compilers and has not been corrected; however, where there were obvious errors, date values have been added. Some years are not in sequence in the printed edition, and some appear twice. To avoid duplication of div1 elements, stray entries appearing under another year than that to which they belong, have not been given an extra entry. Marginal additions are tagged add place="margin". Text supplied by the editor is tagged sup resp="RB". Where personal, collective and place names are identified in the SGML/XML master file, the regularization is given in the reg attribute of the corresponding on/pn/ps tag.

Quotation: Quotations from written sources are rendered qt.

Hyphenation: Soft hyphens are silently removed. When a hyphenated word (hard or soft) crosses a page-break, this break is marked after the completion of the hyphenated word.

Segmentation: div0=the body of annals; the front matter contains the introduction in an unnumbered div. In the main text, div1 represents the individual annal (i.e. the entries for one year); div2 represents the individual entry in a given annal. Page-breaks are marked. Passages in verse are marked by poem, stanza and line.

Standard values: Dates are standardized in the ISO form yyyy-mm-dd.

Interpretation: Names of persons, groups and places are tagged.

Reference declaration

A canonical reference to a location in this text should be made using “annal” and “Event”, eg annal , Event 389.0.

Profile description

Creation: By monks and secular scholars, over various centuries. 590–1600

Language usage

  • The text is in Latin. (la)
  • The introduction is in English; entries and phrases in Elizabethan English appear in the main text. (en)
  • Some words are in French. (fr)
  • Some words are in Irish, in anglicised spelling. (ga)

Keywords: histor; prose; annals; medieval; 16c

Revision description

(Most recent first)

  1. 2011-01-21: New wordcount made. (ed. Beatrix Färber)
  2. 2008-10-16: Header updated; keywords added; file validated. (ed. Beatrix Färber)
  3. 2008-07-21: Value of div0 "type" attribute modified, 'creation' tags inserted, content of 'langUsage' revised; minor modifications made to header. (ed. Beatrix Färber)
  4. 2005-08-25: Normalised language codes and edited langUsage for XML conversion (ed. Julianne Nyhan)
  5. 2005-08-04T16:16:02+0100: Converted to XML (ed. Peter Flynn)
  6. 2003-12-12: HTML file created. (ed. Beatrix Färber)
  7. 2003-11-10: Header modified; minor modifications to file; personal names tagged (introduction/main text); collective, personal and place names, role names and technical terms identified and tagged (main text), footnotes tagged, editorial corrections incorporated. (ed. Beatrix Färber)
  8. 2003-09-30: Content markup applied; queries resolved. (ed. Marcos Balé)
  9. 2003-06-01: Structural markup of introduction and main text. (ed. Ruth Murphy)
  10. 2003-05-22: Header created. (ed. Beatrix Färber)
  11. 2003-05-09: Second proofing of introduction. Basic structural markup applied. (ed. Emer Purcell)
  12. 2003-04-30: Scanning and first proofing of introduction. (ed. Benjamin Hazard)
  13. 1995-08-30: Main text proofed (2). (ed. Audrey Murphy)
  14. 1995 or earlier: Text captured. (Capture Students at the History Department, UCC)

Index to all documents

Standardisation of values

CELT Project Contacts



For details of the markup, see the Text Encoding Initiative (TEI)

page of the print edition

folio of the manuscript

numbered division

 999 line number of the print edition (in grey: interpolated)

underlining: text supplied, added, or expanded editorially

italics: foreign words; corrections (hover to view); document titles

bold: lemmata (hover for readings)

wavy underlining: scribal additions in another hand; hand shifts flagged with (hover to view)

TEI markup for which a representation has not yet been decided is shown in red: comments and suggestions are welcome.

Source document


Search CELT

  1. Dowling, p. 32. 🢀

  2. Brandon Hill, near Graigne, Co. Kilkenny. 🢀

  3. Dowling died at Leighlin at 1628, in the eighty-fourth year of his age.—See the brief notice of him in Harris's Edition of Ware's Writers, p. 99. 🢀

  4. State Papers, cccxl. 🢀

  5. "Saltir Casshil. Saint Beraghan's boke. Another boke wherin is the begynnyng of the Cronicles of Ireland. The birth of Christ. Saint Kateryn's liff. Saint Jacob is passion. Saint George is passion. The Spech of Oyncheagh. Saint Feghin is lif. Saint Fynyan is lif. Brislagh mc Moregh. Concullyns act. The monk of Egipt lif. Foilfylmiy. The VII. sages. The Declaration of Gospellis. Saint Bernard passion. The History of Clavelyre. The Leching of Kene is legg. Castelens." — Retrospect. Rev. and Hist. and Antiq. Mag. 2nd Series pt. i p. 138. 🢀

  6. Regist. Omnium Sanctorum, p. 50. 🢀

  7. Sir J. Davies' Reports, Gavelkind. 🢀

  8. Finglas's Breviate, 82. 🢀

  9. Pembridge in Camden, in anno 1327. 🢀

  10. Submissio Hibernicorum enrolled in Court of Exchequer, England. 🢀

  11. Rot. Cl. 20 Hen. VI. 🢀

  12. State Papers, part III, p. 1. 🢀

  13. State Papers, Part III., vol. iii, pp. 235, 236. 🢀

  14. Hooker, pp.339, 376. 🢀

  15. Stanyhurst's Description of Ireland, p. 38. 🢀

  16. Preface. 🢀

  17. Powell ex Math. West. pag. 44. 🢀

  18. Powell ut supra. 🢀

  19. Powell pag. 60. 🢀

  20. Powell ex Math. West. pag. 42. 🢀

  21. Powell p. 80. concord. cum Histor. Hiber. 🢀

  22. Powell🢀

  23. sic Powel🢀

  24. In printed edition, 'conducti' is above line, 'interfecti' below line; both are joined by a curly closing bracket, followed by 'quere [sic]'. 🢀

  25. In printed edition, 'Cynnus et Oldratus legistae' is above line, 'Sanctus Rochus vel Riochus et S. Hawlerus theologi' below line; both are joined by a curly closing bracket, followed by 'claruerunt'. 🢀

  26. In printed edition, 'Thomas Minoth' is above line, 'Johannes de Sancto Paulo' below line; both are joined by a curly closing bracket, followed by 'Archiepiscopus Dublin, quere quis prior, quis posterior'. 🢀


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