CELT document T100010A

Annals of Loch Cé

Unknown author

Volume 1 English translation

 p.3

Annals of Loch Cé

LC1014
     LC1014.0

    The kalends of January on Friday, the 26th of the moon, the 15th; the age of the Lord, at that time, fourteen years and a thousand.

     LC1014.1

    A hosting by the son of Amhlaibh, and by Maelmordha, and the Foreigners and Lagenians, into Midhe and Bregha, and afterwards to Termann-Feichin; and they carried off innumerable cows, and a great number of captives.

     LC1014.2

    The festival of Gregory before shrovetide in this year, and Little Easter in summer, which had not been noticed from a remote time.

     LC1014.3

    10 A great assemblage of the men of Mumha, and Midhe, 11  and the South of Connacht, by Brian Boromha, son of 12  Cenneidigh, i.e. the King of Erinn, against the Foreigners 13  of Ath-cliath, and against the Lagenians, to bring them 14  under his obedience, as he had previously brought them; 15  for a mutually aggressive war kindled and arose, at that 16  time, between Brian and the Foreigners of Ath-cliath and 17  the Lagenians. Brian took up a position in Cluain-tarbh 18  in old Magh-Ealta, to the north of Ath-cliath. To attack 19  Ath-cliath on this occasion was not to attack a 'neglected 20  breach.' It was like putting a hand into a griffin's nest 21  to assail it. It woulld not be evading conflict, but seeking 22  great battles and contests, to advance against the multitude 23  that had then arrived there; for the choicest brave  p.5 men and heroes of the island of Britain had arrived there, from Caer-Eabhrog, and from Caer-Eighist, and from Caer-Goniath. There arrived there, still, the principal kings and chieftans, knights and warriors, champions of valour and brave men of the north of the world, both Black Lochlonnachs and Fair Lochlonnachs, in the following and friendship of the Foreigners, until they were in Ath-cliath, with the son of Amhlaibh, offering war and battle to the Gaeidhel. Thither came Siograd 10  Finn, and Siograd Donn, two sons of Lothar, Jarl of 11  Innsi-hOrc, accompanied by the armies of Innsi-hOrc. 12  Thither came, moreover, great hosts from Innsi-Gall, and 13  from Manainn, and from the Renna, and from the Britons, 14  and from the Flemings. There arrived there also Brodar, 15  i.e. the Jarl of Caer-Eabhrog, with very great hosts, and 16  Uithir the Black, i.e. the warrior of Caer- Eighist, and 17  Grisine, a knight of the Flemings, and Greisiam from the Normans. 18  There arrived there, likewise, a thousand bold, 19  brave, powerful heroes of the black Danars, with shields 20  and targets, and with many corslets, from Thafinn. The 21  great armies and famous young bands of Fine-Gall were 22  also there, and the merchants who had come from the 23  lands of France, and from the Saxons, and from Britain, 24  and from the Romans. There arrived there, moreover, 25  Maelmordha, son of Murchadh, son of Finn, i.e. the chief 26  king of the province of Laighen, with the kings, and 27  chieftains, and brave men of Laighen, with youths and 28  servants accompanying them in the same multitude.

    29 Great,indeed, was the multitude and assemblage that 30  came thither. Warlike and haughty was the uprising they  p.7 made, viz.:—the warriors and champions of the Foreigners, and of the Gaeidhel of Laighen, against the battalions of the men of Mumha, and to ward off from them the oppression of Brian Boromha. The muster of the Danars was, therefore, six great battalions, i.e, one battalion guarding the fortress within, and five battalions contending against the Gaeidhel.

    Brian, however, assembled neither host nor multitude against this great army of the west of the world, and of 10  Foreigners, but the men of Mumha alone, and Maelshechlainn 11  with the men of Midhe; for there came not to him the 12  Ulidians, nor the Airghialla; nor the Cenel-Eoghain, 13  nor the Cenel-Conaill; nor the men of Connacht, save the Hi-Maine, 14  and Hi-Fiachrach, and Cenel-Oedha; for goodwill 15  existed not then between Brian and Tadhg-an-eichghil, 16  son of Cathal, son of Conchobhar, king of Connacht; 17  and hence it was that Tadhg refused to go with Brian to 18  that battle of Cluain-tarbh.

    19 Moreover, Indeirghe, son of Uradhan, i.e. Brian's orderly-servant, 20  saw in a vision, the night before the battle, a 21  synod of many clerics, as he thought, coming towards the 22  camp, singing psalms and reading aloud; and Indeirghe 23  asked who the clerics were. “That is Senan, son of Gerrchinn”, 24  said the clerics. “What has brought him hither 25  from his own church?” asked Indeirghe. “Debts that are 26  due to him from Brian”, replied the cleric, “and it is to  p.9 demand them he has come here”. “They would be paid to him at his house”, said Indeirghe, “even though he had not come here”. “To-morrow the time for paying them to Senan arrives”, said the cleric, “and they must be paid”. They afterwards departed from him. Indeirghe told Brian, moreover, the vision that he had seen, and his Brian's mind was the worse for hearing it.

    Diarmaid Ua Corcrain, i.e. the orderly-man of Domhnall, son of Diarmaid, and who had been at the killing 10  of the Foreigners in Inis-Cathaigh, saw the same vision, 11  on the night of Easter Friday, for Brian; and 12  thirty-seven years before that Friday night in which Brian was slain 13  this vision was seen.

    14 Oebhinn, daughter of Donn-Oilen, came a short time 15  before nocturns on that night, from the Sidh of Craigliath, 16  to converse with Brian, and told him that he 17  would fall on the morrow. Brian enquired of her which 18  of his sons would be king after him, and how many of them 19  would be slain in the battle along with himself. 20  “The first son whom thou shalt see shall be king after 21  thee,” said she. Wherefore it was that Brian sent for 22  Murchadh, in order that he might come to speak with him 23  before all, ere the multitude would arrive. Murchadh 24  came not until he put on his garment. Then it was that 25  Donnchadh heard the voice of Brian, conversing with his 26  Ordlerly-servant, and he waited not to put on all his 27  clothes, but came quickly and placed his hand on the post 28  of the bed in which Brian was, in his tent, and asked 29  Brian what he should do, whether he should go on the  p.11 foraging excursions, or remain in the camp. Brian said, however, when he recognized Donnchadh's voice, for he liked not his being the first to come to him, “I care not what thou doest,” said he, “as it was not for thee I was seeking” Donnchadh, moreover, left the tent after that, in anger, and Murchadh met him in the door of the tent, and neither of them saluted the other.

    When Murchadh, also, came and was conversing with Brian, Brian said to him: “go to thy bed”, said he, “until 10  the day comes, and that which I should wish, God has not 11  permitted to thee.” All evil omens were thus crowding 12  upon them until the morning of the day came with its full 13  brightness, i.e. Easter Friday. It was then that a brave, 14  noble battle was fought between them on both sides, 15  for which no equal was found in Erinn. The Foreigners 16  and Lagenians were first defeated and entirely routed, in 17  quo bello cecidit ex adversa caterva Gallorum, Maelmordha, 18  son of Murchadh, chief king of Laighen, and 19  Domhnall, son of Ferghal, king of the Fortuatha, and 20  Brogarbhan, son of Conchobhar, king of Uí-Failghe. 21  Cecidit vero a Gallis, Dubhgall, son of Amhlaibh, and 22  Sighrud, son of Lothar, Jarl of Insi-hOrc, and Gillaciarain, 23  son of Gluniarainn, royal heir of the Foreigners; Uithir 24  the Black, and Suairtghair, and Donnchadh, grandson of 25  hErulbh, and Grisine, and Luimne, and Amhlaibh, son of 26  Lagmann, and Brodar, i.e. the captain of the Lochlann 27  fleet, who slew Brian; and six thousand, either by killing 28  or drowning. There fell there, also, in the mutual 29  wounding of that battle, of the Gaeidhel, Brian, son of 30  Cenneidigh, son of Lorcan, supreme king of the Gaeidhel 31  of Erinn, and of the Foreigners of Britain, and the 32  Augustus of the whole north-west of Europe, and his son,  p.13 i.e. Murchadh, and his son, viz. Toirrdhelbhach, son of Murchadh; and Conaing, son of Donncuan, son of Cenneidigh, royal heir of Mumha; and Mothla, son of Domhnall, son of Faelan, king of the Deisi-Mumhan; and Eochaidh, son of Dunadhach, and Niall, son of Conn, and Cuduiligh, son of Cenneidigh—Brian's three guards; and Tadhg, son of Murchadh Ua Ceallaigh, king of Uí-Maine; Maelruanaidh Ua hEidhin, king of Aighne; Geibhendach Ua Dubhagain, king of Fera-Maighe; and Mac-Bethaidh, son of Muiredhach 10  Claen, king of Ciarraighe-Luachra; and Domhnall, 11  son of Diarmaid, king of Corca-Bhaiscinn; Sgannlan, son 12  of Cathal, king of Eoghanacht-Locha-Léin; and Domhnall, 13  son of Eimhin, son of Cainnech Mór, great steward 14  of Marr in Alba; et alii multi nobiles.

    15 The supreme king, i.e. Brian, son of Cenneidigh, and 16  Conaing, son of Donncuan, were behind the battalions, 17  chaunting their psalms, and performing prayers, when 18  a vehement, furious, Danmarkian escaped from the battle, 19  avoiding death, until he came to the place where the king 20  was. As soon as the Danmarkian perceived the king 21  unguarded, he unsheathed his sword, and beheaded 22  the supreme king of Erinn, and he beheaded Conaing likewise; 23  and he himself fell in the mutual wounding of that 24  fight.

    25 Maelmuire, son of Eochaidh, i.e. the comarb of Patrick, 26  came, truly, with seniors and, relics to Sord-Choluim-Chille, 27  and bore from thence the bodies of Brian and his 28  son Murchadh, and the head of Conaing, and the head of 29  Mothla, which he buried at Ard-Macha, in a new grave. 30  Two nights, moreover, was he, with the congregation of Patrick, 31  waking the bodies, propter honorem regis positi.

     LC1014.4

    32 Dunlaing, son of Tuathal, King of Laighen, died.

     LC1014.5

    33 A battle between Cian, son of Maelmhuaidh, and Domhnall, 34  son of Dubhdabhoirenn, in which Cian, and Cathal, and  p.15 Raghallach —the three sons of Maelmhuaidh—were slain, and a prodigious slaughter about them.

     LC1014.6

    Cathal, son of Domhnall, king of Uí-Echach, was slain by Donnchadh, son of Brian.

     LC1014.7

    A victory by Tadhg, son of Brian, over Donnchadh, son of Brian, in which Ruaidhri, son of Donnagan, king of Aradh, was killed.

     LC1014.7

    A hosting by Ua Maeldoraidh and Ua Ruairc into Magh-Aei, and they slew Domhnall, son of Cathal, and devastated the plain, and carried off the pledges of Connacht, licet non in 10  eadem vice.

     LC1014.9

    A victory over the Dal-Araidhe by the 11  Ultonians, ubi multi occisi sunt.

     LC1014.10

    Flaithbhertach, son of 12  Domhnall, comarb of Ciaran and Finnen; and Ronan, 13  comarb of Fechin; and Conn Ua Digraidh, in Christo 14  dormierunt.

     LC1014.11

    Numerous are the events of this year.

LC1015
     LC1015.0

    15 The kalends of January on the 7th feria, the 4th of the 16  moon; the age of the Lord fifteen years over a thousand.

     LC1015.1

    17 Domhnall, son of Dubhdabhoirenn, was slain in a battle by 18  Donnchadh, son of Brian.

     LC1015.2

    Flaithbhertach Ua Neill came 19  into Midhe, to assist Maelsechlainn. Maelsechlainn went 20  afterwards on a hosting into Laighen, and he plundered 21  Laighen and carried off a borumha, and the pledges 22  of Laighen.

     LC1015.3

    Niall, son of Ferghal, son of Connach, a suo 23  genere occisus est, i.e. by the Uí-Tuirtre.

     LC1015.4

    Muirchertach 24  Ua Lorcain, airchinnech of Lothra, died

     LC1015.5

    Aedh Ua 25  Ruairc, king of Breifne, was slain, dolose, by Tadbg-an-eich-ghil, 26  son of Cathal, king of Connacht, viz.:—at Loch 27  Neill in Magh-Aei, against the protection of the Bachal-Isa; 28  wherefore it was that kingship was taken from his 29  children, except Aedh alone.

 p.17
LC1016
     LC1016.0

    The kalends of January on the lst feria, the l8th of the moon; the age of the Lord sixteen years and a thousand.

     LC1016.1

    Mac Liag, chief poet of Erinn, mortuus est.

     LC1016.2

    A battle between the Ulidians and the Dal-Araidhe, and the Dal-Araidhe were defeated; in which fell Domhnall Ua Loingsigh, king of Dal-Araidhe, and Niall, son of Dubhthuinne, and Conchobhar Ua Domhnallain, king of Uí-Tuirtre.

     LC1016.3

    Niall, son of Eochaidh, and Coscrach, son of Muiredhach, son of Flann, king of Feara-Maighe-Itha, 10  a suis occisi sunt.

     LC1016.4

    Donncuan, son of Dunlaing, king of 11  Laighen, and Tadhg Ua Riain, king of Uí-Drona, were killed 12  by Donnchadh, son of Gillapatraic, in the middle of Leithghlinn.

     LC1016.5

    13 Dun-leth-glaise was entirely burned.

     LC1016.6

    Cluainferta 14  and Cenannus were burned.

     LC1016.7

    Airbhertach, son of Cosdobhran, 15  airchinnech of Ros-ailitrech, died.

     LC1016.8

    Peace in Erinn.

LC1017
     LC1017.0

    16 The kalends of January on the 3rd feria, the 28th of the 17  moon; the age of the Lord seventeen years and a thousand.

     LC1017.1

    18 Aenghus, son of Carre Calma, royal heir of Temhair, 19  mortuus est.

     LC1017.2

    Ferghal, son of Domhnall, son of Conchobhar, 20  royal heir of Ailech, was slain by the Cenel-Eoghain 21  themselves.

     LC1017.3

    Flann Ua Beice, king of Uí-Méith, a suis 22  occisus est.

     LC1017.4

    Cormac Ua Lorcain, king of Uí-Echach, 23  was slain by the Uí-Trena.

     LC1017.5

    Donnchadh, son of Donnchadh 24  Ua Conghalaigh, royal heir of Erinn, a suis occisus est.

     LC1017.6

    25 Muiredhach Ua Duibheoin, king of Uí-mic-Uais-Bregh, 26  was slain by Flaithbhertach Ua Neill.

     LC1017.7

    A slaughter of the 27  Foreigners and Lagenians, near Odhbha, by Maclsechlainn.

     LC1017.8

    28 Oengus, son of Flann, airchinnech of Lann-leire; Cormac 29  Ua Maelmidhe, airchinnech of Druim-raithe, mortui sunt.

     LC1017.9

    30 Gillacoluim, son of Muiredhach Ua Maeltrea, and Oedh 31  Ua hEradháin, King of Ui-mBresail-Macha, mortui sunt.

     LC1017.10

    32 Gillachrist Ua Lorcain, lord of Caille-Follamhain, was 33  killed in Cenannus.

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LC1018
     LC1018.0

    The kalends of January on the 4th feria, the 10th of the moon; the age of the Lord eighteen years and a thousand.

     LC1018.1

    Braen, son of Maelmordha, king of Laighen, was blinded in Ath-cliath by Sitric, son of Amhlaibh.

     LC1018.2

    Maelan, son of Eicnech Ua Lorcain, king of Gailenga and all Tuath-Luighne, was slain by the Saithne.

     LC1018.3

    A hosting by the Cenel-Eoghain to Cill-Fabhrich, when they killed a great number, and lost Gillachrist, son of Conaing, son of Conghalach, steward of Clann-Sinnaigh.

     LC1018.4

    10 Domhnall Ua Caindelbhain, king of Laeghaire, and 11  Caismidhe, i.e. Maelsechlainn's lawgiver, were slain by 12  the Feara-Ceall and Ele, whilst taking a prey.

     LC1018.5

    The hairy 13  star was seen in this year, during the space of a fortnight, 14  in harvest time.

LC1019
     LC1019.0

    15 The kalends of January on the 5th feria, the 2lst 16  of the moon; the age of the Lord nineteen years and 17  a thousand.

     LC1019.1

    Ailén, son of Oissén, king of Mughorna, 18  and Oissen Ua Cathusaigh, lord of Saithne, were killed 19  by the Gailenga.

     LC1019.2

    Cill-dara was all burned by lightning.

     LC1019.3

    20 Domhnall, son of Maelsechlainn, comarb of Finnen and 21  Mocholmog, in Christo quievit.

     LC1019.4

    Ardghar and Archú 22  sons of Maelsechlainn, son of Maelruanaidh—two royal 23  heirs of Oilech, —a suis occisi sunt.

     LC1019.5

    Mathghamhain, son 24  of Conaing, son of Donncuan, royal heir of Mumha, died.

     LC1019.6

    25 Flaithbhertach Ua Neill went into Tir-Conaill, and he 26  destroyed Tir-Enna and Tir-Lughdech.

     LC1019.7

    Ruaidhri Ua 27  hAillelain, king of Uí-Echach, was slain by the men of 28  Fernmhagh. The two sons of Cennedigh, viz.:—Conghalach 29  and Gillamuire, were likewise slain, immediately 30  after, in revenge of him.

     LC1019.8

    An attack was made on 31  Donnchadh, son of Brian, by the Uí-Caisin, and his right 32  hand was cut off.

     LC1019.9

    The stone-church of Dermhagh was 33  broken open by Muirchertach, grandson of Carrach, against  p.21 Maelmhuaidh, king of Feara-Ceall, who was taken out of it by force, and afterwards slain.

LC1020
     LC1020.0

    The kalends of January on the 6th feria, the 2nd of the moon; the age of the Lord twenty years and a thousand.

     LC1020.1

    Cill-dara, with its oratories, was burned.

     LC1020.2

    Glenn-da-locha, with its oratories, was burned.

     LC1020.3

    Cluain-Iraird, and Cluain-mic-Nois, and Sord-Choluim-Chille, tertia parte crematae sunt.

     LC1020.4

    Flaithbhertach, grandson of Eochaidh, was blinded by Niall, son of Eochaidh.

     LC1020.5

    Gillaciarain, son 10  of Oisen, king of Mughdhorna during the space of one 11  day, was slain by the Uí-mic-Uais-Bregh.

     LC1020.6

    Ard-Macha 12  was altogether burned, viz.:—the great stone-church 13  with its roof of lead, and the belfry with its bells, and 14  the Sabhall, and the Toai, and Carbad-na-nAbadh, 15  and the old preaching chair, on the 3rd of the kalends 16  of June, the Monday before Whitsuntide.

     LC1020.7

    Maelmuire, 17  son of Eochaidh, comarb of Patrick, head of the 18  clerics of the entire West of Europe, in the 20th year 19  of his government, on the 3rd of the nones of June, 20  on Friday before Whitsuntide, in Christo quievit.

     LC1020.8

    21 Amhalghaidh placed in the comarbship of Patrick, 22  with the consent of laity and clergy.

     LC1020.9

    Finnlaech, son of 23  Ruaidhri, king of Alba, a suis occisus est.

     LC1020.10

    Oedh Ua hInnrechtaigh, 24  king of Uí-Meth, was slain by the Uí-Niallain.

LC1021
     LC1021.0

    25 The kalends of January on the lst feria, the l3th 26  of the moon; the age of the Lord twenty-one years 27  and a thousand.

     LC1021.1

    A victory by Ughaire, son of Dunlaing, 28  king of Laighen, over Sitric, son of Amhlaibh, king of 29  Ath-cliath, at Deilgne-Moghorog.

     LC1021.2

    A shower of wheat 30  was shed in Osraighe in hoc anno.

     LC1021.3

    A predatory excursion 31  by the son of Oedh Ua Neill through Uí-Dortain; they 32  were in Magh-atechta, and they killed the Lethderg  p.23 in a conflict, but the Uí-Meith, and the Mughdhorna, and the Saithne, and the men of Fernmhagh, and the Uí-Dorton, with their kings, overtook them. Ua Celechain and Ua Lorcain, with the Uí-Breasail and Uí-Niallain, were, moreover, before them in Oenach-Macha, so that they all surrounded him; but the son of Oedh Ua Neill carried his preys through them all, and he had only twelve score warriors; and many were slain between them in the middle of Ard-Macha. Sic in libro 10  Dubh-da-leithe.

     LC1021.4

    Brannacan Ua Maeluidhir, a chief of 11  Midhe, was slain on May-day in Loch-Ainninn.

     LC1021.5

    Aedh, 12  son of Flann, son of Maelsechlainn, royal heir of Temhair, 13  and Domhnall, grandson of Murchadh, occisi sunt.

LC1022
     LC1022.0

    14 The kalends of January on the 2nd feria, the 24th 15  of the moon; the age of the Lord twenty-two years 16  and a thousand.

     LC1022.1

    The son of Cerbhall, king of Eile, and 17  Domhnall Ua Ceallaigh, king of Fotharta, and Sitric, son 18  of Imhar, king of Port-Lairge, occisi sunt.

     LC1022.2

    Macleighinn, 19  son of Cairell, king of Oirghiall, and Flann Ua Tadhgain, 20  airchinnech of Derrinhagh, and Lachtnan, comarb of Iniscain-Degha, 21  in Christo dormierunt; in Ard-Macha he 22  died.

     LC1022.3

    Maelsechlainn the Great, son of Domhnall, supreme 23  king of Erinn, pillar of the dignity and nobility of the 24  west of the world, died in the 43rd year of his reign, in 25  the 73rd year of his age, on the 4th of the nones of September, 26  viz.:—on Sunday, the 2nd of the moon.

     LC1022.4

    27 A naval battle on the sea, between the foreigners of 28  Ath-cliath and Niall, son of Eochaidh, king of Uladh; and 29  the foreigners were defeated, and slaughtered; and some of  p.25 them were enslaved, moreover.

     LC1022.5

    Muirchertach, grandson of Carra, royal heir of Temhair, was slain by the Guth, i.e. by Maelsechlainn.

     LC1022.6

    A victory was gained at Sliabh-Fuaid, over the Airghialla, by Niall, son of Eochaidh; and a terrible slaughter of the Airghialla was committed there. Mathghamhain, son of Laighnén, king of Fermhagh, was slain by Cathal Ua Crichain, in the middle of Cluain-Eois.

LC1023
     LC1023.0

    The kalends of January on the 3rd feria, the 2nd of the moon; the age of the Lord twenty-three years and 10  a thousand. An eclipse on the l4th of the January 11  moon, the 4th of the ides of January, on Thursday. An 12  eclipse of the sun, also, on the 27th of the same moon, on 13  Thursday, at the end of a fortnight, on the ninth of the 14  kalends of February.

     1023.1

    Domhnall, son of Oedh Bec Ua 15  Maelsechlainn, was slain by the son of Senan Ua 16  Leochain.

     1023.2

    Donnchadh Ua Duinn, king of Bregha, 17  was apprehended by the Foreigners, in their own assembly, 18  and taken beyond the sea.

     1023.3

    Lochlainn, son 19  of Maelsechlainn, was slain a suis.

     1023.4

    Tadhg, son of 20  Brian, was slain by the Eile.

     1023.5

    Conchobhar, grandson 21  of Carra, was killed by the Guths.

     1023.6

    Leobhailin, 22  king of Britain, died.

     1023.7

    Oenric, king of the world, died 23  in pace; after him Cuana assumed the sovereignty 24  of the world.

     1023.8

    Domhnall Ua hEghra, king of Luighne 25  of Connacht, was slain by Ua Conchobhair, i.e. the king of 26  Connacht.

LC1024
     LC1024.0

    27 The kalends of January on the 4th feria, the l6th 28  of the moon; the age of the Lord twenty-four years 29  and a thousand.

     LC1024.1

    Ugaire, son of Dunlaing, king of 30  Laighen, and Maelmordha, son of Lorcan, king of Uí-Ceinnsealaigh, 31  had a house captured against them, at 32  Dubhloch, by Donnsleibhe, son of Maelmordha, king of 33  Uí-Faelain, and they fell there.

     LC1024.2

    Donnsleibhe was himself 34  slain, soon afterwards, by the Uí-Muiredhaigh.

     LC1024.3

    The battle of 35  Ath-na-croisi, in Corann, between Ua Maeldoraidh, i.e. 36  king of Cenel-Conaill, and Ua Ruairc; when Ua Ruairc was  p.27 defeated, and a terrible slaughter of the men of Breifne and Connacht was committed by the Cenel-Conaill.

     LC1024.4

    Cuan Ua Lochain, i.e. the chief poet of Erinn, was slain by the men of Tethfa. God performed a “poet's miracle,” manifestly, on the party that killed him, for they died an evil death, and their bodies were not buried until wolves and birds preyed upon them.

     LC1024.5

    Domhnall,son of Aedh, royal heir of Oilech, was slain by Gillamughra, son of Ogan.

     LC1024.6

    Maelduin Ua Conchaille, king of Uí-Niallain,was killed by the Ui-Dorthainn.

     LC1024.7

    10 Maelruanaidh Ua Ciardha, i.e. king of 11  Cairpre, a suis occisus est.

     LC1024.8

    A predatory expedition by 12  the son of Ua Neill, so that he ravaged Uí-Meth and 13  Uí-Dorthainn.

LC1025
     LC1025.0

    14 The kalends of January on the 6th feria, the 2nd 15  of the moon; the age of the Lord twenty-five years 16  and a thousand.

     LC1025.1

    Muiredhach, son of Mughron, comarb 17  of Ciaran; Maeleoin Ua Torain, comarb of Doire, 18  dormierunt.

     LC1025.2

    Niall Ua Conchobbair, royal heir of 19  Connacht; Geirgaela, king of Bregha, occisi sunt.

     LC1025.3

    Maelsechlainn 20  Got, king of Midhe, died.

     LC1025.4

    A hosting by 21  Flaithbhertach Ua Neill into Bregha and to the Foreigners, 22  and he took the hostages of the Gaeidhel from the Foreigners.

     LC1025.5

    23 A predatory expedition by Cathalan, king of 24  Fernmhagh, against the Feara-Manach.

     LC1025.6

    A predatory 25  expedition by the Feara-Manach, immediately after, to 26  Loch-nUaithne, which they burned, and they slew 27  seventeen men on the margin of the lake.

     LC1025.7

    Termon-Feichin 28  was plundered by Cathalan Ua Crichain.

LC1026
     LC1026.0

    29 The kalends of January on the 7th feria, the 16th of 30  the moon; the age of the Lord twenty-six years and 31  a thousand.

     LC1026.1

    A hosting by the son of Brian into Midhe 32  and Bregha, and to the Foreigners and Lagenians, and  p.29 Osraighe, and he carried off their pledges.

     LC1026.2

    A hosting by Flaithbhertach Ua Neill into Midhe, whose pledges he took; and he went over the ice into Inis-Mochta, so that he plundered the island.

     LC1026.3

    A hosting by the son of Eochaidh, at the same time, to the Foreigners; and he burned their territory and carried off from them a great spoil, and countless jewels.

     LC1026.4

    Maelruanaidh Ua Maeldoraidh went on his pilgrimage.

     LC1026.5

    Aimhergin Ua Mordha, king of Laighis, interfectus est.

     LC1026.6

    Muiredhach Ua Céle 10  was betrayed by Domhnall Ua Ceallaigh, who slew him 11  in his own assembly.

LC1027
     LC1027.0

    12 The kalends of January on the lst feria, the 20th of 13  the moon; the age of the Lord twenty-seven years 14  and a thousand.

     LC1027.1

    Ruaidhri, sort of Fogartach, king of the 15  South of Bregha, died in pilgrimage.

     LC1027.2

    Tadhg Mac Gillapatraic 16  was blinded by the king of Osraighe, i.e. 17  Donnchadh Mac Gillapatraic.

     LC1027.3

    A hosting by the son of 18  Brian into Osraighe, when the Osraighe committed a 19  slaughter of his people, including Doghra, son of 20  Dunchadh, and Domhnall, son of Senchan, and a great 21  multitude besides.

     LC1027.4

    Cathalan Ua Crichain, king of 22  Fermhagh, and Culocha Ua Gairbheith, king of Uí-Meith, 23  fell by each other in a conflict.

     LC1027.5

    A predatory 24  expedition by the Cenel-Eoghain into Ulidia, and they 25  brought with them a great prey of cows.

     LC1027.6

    Dún-Cuillind, 26  in Alba, was altogether burned in hoc anno.

LC1028
     LC1028.0

    27 The kalends of January on the 2nd feria, the first of 28  the moon; the age of the Lord twenty-eight years and 29  a thousand.

     LC1028.1

    Tadhg, son of Eochaidh, airchinnech of Cill-Dalua, 30  died. Brian Ua Conchobhair, and Cornán Ua Ruairc, 31  and Flaithbhertach Ua hEradhain, and Conchobhar, son 32  of Eochaidh, occisi sunt.

     LC1028.2

    Maelmochta, king of Feara-Ross, 33  was slain by the Conaille.

     LC1028.3

    Plundering of Daimhliag 34  by the Feara-Manach.

     LC1028.4

    The son of Cu-Cuailgne, king of 35  Uí-Echach, died.

     LC1028.5

    Sitric, son of Amhlaibh, king of the 36  Foreigners, and Flannagan Ua Ceallaigh, king of Bregha,  p.31 went to Rome.

     LC1028.6

    A preying expedition by the Cenel-Eoghain into Tir Conaill, where they carried off great spoils.

LC1029
     LC1029.0

    The kalends of January on the 4th feria, the 12th of the moon; the age of the Lord twenty-nine years and a thousand.

     LC1029.1

    Donnsleibhe Ua Brogarbhain, king of Uí-Failghe, a suis occisus est.

     LC1029.2

    Donnchadh Ua Donnacain, king of Fernmhagh, and the son of Ua Geirrche, king of Conaille, fell by each other at Cill-sleibhe.

     LC1029.3

    Brian Ua Conchobhair, 10  royal heir of Connacht, a suis occisus est.

     LC1029.4

    11 Oedh Ua Ruairc, and Oengus Ua hAenghusa, and the 12  airchinnech of Druim-cliabh, and sixty other persons 13  along with them, were burned in Inis-na-lainne.

     LC1029.5

    Muirchertach 14  Ua Canannain, or Ua Maeldoraidh, was slain 15  by the Uí-Canannain.

     LC1029.6

    Amhlaibh, son of Sitric, king of 16  the Foreigners, was taken prisoner by Mathghamhain Ua 17  Riagain, king of Bregha, until he Amhlaibh gave twelve 18  hundred cows, and six score British horses, and three 19  score ounces of gold, and the sword of Carlus, and the 20  hostages of the Gaeidhel, both of Laighen and Leth-Chuinn; 21  and three scores ounces of white silver, as his 22  fetter ounce.

     LC1029.7

    Maelcoluim, son of Maelbrighde, son of 23  Ruaidhri, and Maelbrighde Ua Brolchain, chief artificer 24  of Erinn in his time, mortui sunt.

LC1030
     LC1030.0

    25 The kalends of Jauuary on the 5th feria, the 23rd 26  of the moon; the age of the Lord thirty years and a 27  thousand.

     LC1030.1

    Flaithbhertach came from Rome.

     LC1030.2

    Ard-Breacain 28  was burned and plundered by the Foreigners of 29  Ath-cliath, and two hundred men were burned in the 30  stone-church, and two hundred more carried off in captivity.

     LC1030.3

    31 Cill-dara was burned through the negligence 32  of a woman.

     LC1030.4

    A hosting by the son of Eochaidh to  p.33 Telach-óg, but he obtained nothing.

     LC1030.5

    Eochaidh Ua Cethenén, comarb of Tighernach, chief sage of Erinn in wisdom, in Ard-Macha quievit.

     LC1030.6

    Tadhg-an-eich-ghil, son of Cathal, son of Conchobhar, i.e. chief king of Connacht, and the Got, king of Midhe, occisi sunt.

     LC1030.7

    Ruaidhri Ua Canannain was slain by Oedh Ua Neill.

     LC1030.8

    Tadhg Ua Lorcain, king of Uí-Ceinnsealaigh, died on his pilgrimage at Glenn-da-locha.

     LC1030.9

    Cumhara, son of Mac-Liag, chief poet of Erinn, died.

LC1031
     LC1031.0

    The kalends of January on the 6th feria, the 4th of 10  the moon; the age of the Lord thirty-one years and a 11  thousand.

     LC1031.1

    Oedh Ua Neill went with a large army eastwards, 12  around the son of Eochaidh, when he carried off 13  three thousand cows, and one thousand and two hundred 14  captives.

     LC1031.2

    A hosting by the son of Eochaidh into Uí-Echach, 15  when they burned Cill-Combair with its oratory, 16  and killed forty clerics, and carried off thirty captives.

     LC1031.3

    17 A hosting by the son of Brian into Osraighe, when 18  a slaughter of his people was committed, including 19  Maelcoluim Caenraighech, et alii multi.

     LC1031.4

    Cathusach, 20  comarb of Caeimhghen, was blinded by Domhnall, son 21  of Dunlaing.

     LC1031.5

    'The prey of the snow' by Aedh Ua 22  Neill, in Tir-Conaill, when he killed Ua Canannain, king 23  of Cenel-Conaill.

     LC1031.6

    O'Donnagain, king of Aradh-thire, was 24  slain by Ua Briain, i.e. Toirdhealbhach.

LC1032
     LC1032.0

    25 The kalends of January on the 7th feria, the l5th of 26  the moon; the age of the Lord thirty-two years and 27  a thousand.

     LC1032.1

    Mathghamhain Ua Riagain, king of Bregha, 28  was slain by Domhnall Ua Ceallaigh, per dolum.

     LC1032.2

    Gillacomghain, 29  son of Maelbrighde, great steward of Murebhe, 30  was burned; together with fifty persons.

     LC1032.3

    Domhnall Ua 31  Maeldoraidh, king of Cenel-Conaill, died in this year.

     LC1032.4

    32 The son of Mathghamhain, son of Muiredhach, king of 33  Ciarraighe, and Donnghal, son of Donncothaigh, king of  p.35 Gailenga, occisi sunt.

     LC1032.5

    Edru Ua Conaing, royal heir of Mumha, occisus est by the community of Imlech.

     LC1032.6

    The victory of Druim-Bennchair was gained over the Ulidians, by the Airghialla.

     LC1032.7

    The victory of Inbher-Boinne was gained by Sitric, son of Amhlaibh, over the Conaille, and the Uí-Dorthainn, and the Uí-Meith, in which they were put to slaughter.

     LC1032.8

    Maeltuile, bishop of Ard-Macha, in Christo quievit.

     LC1032.9

    Aedh Ua Furreidh assumed the bishoprick afterwards.

LC1033
     LC1033.0

    10 The kalends of January on the 2nd feria, the 26th 11  of the moon; the age of the Lord thirty-three years 12  and a thousand.

     LC1033.1

    A victory by Murchadh Ua Maelsechlainn 13  over Conchobhar Ua Maelsechlainn, in which 14  Maelruanaidh, grandson of Carrach Calma, and Lorcan 15  Ua Caindelbhain, king of Laeghaire, et alii multi, 16  were slain.

     LC1033.2

    Conchobhar Ua Muiredhaigh, king of Ciarraighe, 17  occisus est.

     LC1033.3

    The fair of Carman was celebrated 18  by Donnchadh Mac Gillapatraic, after he had assumed 19  the kingship of Laighen.

     LC1033.4

    Aimhergin Ua Cerbhaill, king 20  of Eile, and Cu-Mumhan, son of Ruaidhri Ua Cedfadha, 21  mortui sunt.

     LC1033.5

    A victory was gained by the Eile, in which 22  Braen Ua Clerigh, and Muiredhach, son of Mac Gillapatraic, 23  et alii multi, were slain.

     LC1033.6

    The shrine of Peter 24  and Paul dropped blood on the altar of Patrick, in 25  Ard-Macha, coram omnibus videntibus.

     LC1033.7

    Aedh, son of 26  Flaithbhertach Ua Neill, king of Oilech, and royal heir 27  of Erinn, post poenitentiam mortuus est, on the night of 28  Andrew's festival.

     LC1033.8

    Aedh Ua Neill mortuus est.

LC1034
     LC1034.0

    29 The kalends of January on the 3rd feria, the 7th of 30  the moon; the age of the Lord thirty-four years and a 31  thousand.

     LC1034.1

    Maelcoluim, son of Cinaeth, king of Alba,  p.37 obiit.

     LC1034.2

    Amhlaibh, son of Sitric, was slain by Saxons, in going to Rome.

     LC1034.3

    Gillasechlainn, son of Gillamochonna, occisus est.

     LC1034.4

    Dubhdaingen, king of Connacht, a suis occisus est.

     LC1034.5

    Donnchadh, son of Brian, plundered Osraighe entirely.

     LC1034.6

    Cathal Martyr, airchinnech of Corcach, and Conn, son of Maelpatraic, airchinnech of Mungairit, in Christo dormierunt.

     LC1034.7

    Macnia Ua hUchtain, lector of Cenannus, was drowned while coming from Alba; and the cuilebhadh of Colum-Cille, and three reliquaries of the reliquaries of 10  Patrick, and thirty men along with them, were also 11  drowned.

     LC1034.8

    Suibhne, son of Cinaeth, king of the Gall-Gaeidhel, 12  mortuus est.

LC1035
     LC1035.0

    13 The kalends of January on the 4th feria, the l8th of 14  the moon; the age of the Lord thirty-five years and a 15  thousand.

     LC1035.1

    Cnut, son of Sain, king of the Saxons, died.

     LC1035.2

    16 Cathal, son of Amhalghaidh, king of the West of Laighen, 17  and his wife, i.e. the daughter of the son of Gillacaeimghin, 18  son of Cineath, and his dog, were slain together by the son of 19  Cellach, son of Dunchadh.

     LC1035.3

    Flaithbhertach Ua Murchadha, 20  king of Cenel-mBoghuine, cum multis occisus est.

     LC1035.4

    21 Iarnan Ua Flannchadha, i.e. he who was called Cú na 22  naem ocus na bhfiren, went on a predatory excursion into 23  Delbhna; but a small number of the men of Delbhna 24  overtook his band, and gave him battle, and committed a 25  slaughter of his people; and he was slain through the 26  power of the saints.

     LC1035.5

    Raghnall, grandson of lmhar, king of 27  Port-Lairge, was killed in Ath-cliath, by Sitric, son of 28  Amhlaibh.

     LC1035.6

    Ard-Breacain was plundered by Sitric, son  p.39 of Amhlaibh; and Sord-Choluim-Cille was burned and plundered by Conchobhar Ua Maeilseehlainn, in revenge thereof.

LC1036
     LC1036.0

    The kalends of January on the 5th feria, the 28th of the moon; the age of the Lord thirty-six years and a thousand.

     LC1036.1

    Domhnall O'hUamharain, king of Feara-Lí, occisus est by the Dal-Araidhe.

     LC1036.2

    Sgolóc O'Flannagain, king of Feara-Tethfa, a suis occisus est.

     LC1036.3

    Domhnall, son of Flann, royal heir of Temhair, was slain by the men of 10  Breifne.

     LC1036.4

    Murchadh Ua Anchapaill, and Niall son of 11  Muirghes, two royal heirs of the West of Connacht omnes 12  occisi sunt.

     LC1036.5

    Cuchiche, son of Eignechan, king of Cenel-Enna, 13  obiit.

     LC1036.6

    Donnchadh, son of Dunlaing, king of 14  Laighen, was blinded by Donnchadh Mac Gillapatraic, 15  and he died thereof.

     LC1036.7

    Flaithbhertach In-trostain Ua 16  Neill, chief king of Oilech, post poenitentiam optimam in 17  Christo quievit.

     LC1036.8

    Ruaidhri, san of Tadhg, son of Lorcan, 18  was blinded by the son of Mael-na-mbó.

LC1037
     LC1037.0

    19 The kalends of January on the 7th feria, the 10th 20  of the moon; the age of the Lord thirty-seven years 21  and a thousand.

     LC1037.1

    Cathal, son of Ruaidhri, king of the 22  West of Connacht, went on his pilgrimage to Ard-Macha.

     LC1037.2

    23 Flann Ua Maelsechlainn was blinded by Conchobhar Ua 24  Maelsechlainn.

     LC1037.3

    Archú Ua Celechain, king of Uí-mBresail, 25  and Ruaidhri Ua Lorcain, king of Uí-Niallain, occisi sunt 26  at Craebh-chaille by Muiredhach O'Ruadhachain, and by 27  the Uí-Echach.

     LC1037.4

    Cúinmhain Ua Robhann, king of Port-Lairge, 28  a suis occisus sunt.

     LC1037.5

    Three of the family of Ua-Maeldoraidh 29  were slain.

     LC1037.6

    Prodigious tempests and great 30  moisture in this year.

LC1038
     LC1038.0

    31 The kalends of January on the 1st feria, the 2lst of 32  the moon; the age of the Lord thirty-eight years and a 33  thousand.

     LC1038.1

    Colman Cam Ua Conghaile, comarb of 34  Molaise, in Christo quievit.

     LC1038.2

    Gillachrist, son of Cathbharr  p.41 Ua Domhnaill, the prop of battle and defence of the Cenel-Conaill, was slain by the son of Conn Ua Domhnaill.

     LC1038.3

    A battle between Cuana, king of the Saxons, and Ota, king of the Franks, in which a thousand men were slain along with Ota.

     LC1038.4

    Orcallaid O'Ruadhachain, king of Uí-Echach, was slain by Clann-Sionaigh in Ard-Macha, on the festival of Ultan, in revenge for the killing of Eochaidh Mac-an-Abaidh, and for the profanation of Ard-Macha.

     LC1038.5

    A victory gained over the Uí-Maine by the 10  Dealbhna, in the middle of Cluain-mic-Nois, on the 11  Friday of Ciaran's festival, in quo multi occisi sunt.

     LC1038.6

    12 Cúdhuiligh, grandson of Donnchadh, royal heir of Caisel, 13  was slain by the Uí-Faelain.

LC1039
     LC1039.0

    14 The kalends of January on the 2nd feria, the 2nd of 15  the moon; the age of the Lord thirty-nine years and a 16  thousand.

     LC1039.1

    Iaco, king of Britain, a suis; Domhnall, 17  son of Donnchadh, king of Uí-Faelain, by Domhnall Ua 18  Ferghaile; Donnchadh Derg Ua Ruairc, by Ua 19  Conchobhair; Ruaidhri, king of Fernmhagh, a suis; Oedh 20  Ua Flannagain, king of Lurg and Uí-Fiachrach, omnes 21  occisi sunt.

     LC1039.2

    Donnchadh Mac Gillapatraic, chief king of 22  Laighen and Osraighe, died.

     LC1039.3

    Muiredhach, son of Flaithbhertach 23  Ua Neill, was slain by the Leithrenna.

     LC1039.4

    Cerbhall, 24  son of Faelan, was slain by Foreigners.

LC1040
     LC1040.0

    25 The kalends of January on the 3rd feria, the 13th of 26  the moon; the age of the Lord forty years and a 27  thousand. Hic est annus millesimus et quadragesimus annus ab 28  Incarnatione Domini.

     LC1040.1

    Corcran Cleirech, the head of 29  Europe as regards piety and wisdom, in Christo pausavit.

     LC1040.2

    30 Donnchadh, son of Crínán, king of Alba, a 25  suis occisus est.

     LC1040.3

    31 Aralt, king of the Saxons, givas moritur.

     LC1040.4

    Cill-dara was  p.43 entirely burned about the festival of Michael.

     LC1040.5

    Cenannus was burned. Dún-da-leth-ghlas was burned, and many churches besides.

LC1041
     LC1041.0

    The kalends of January on the 5th feria, the 24th of the moon; the age of the Lord forty-one years and a thousand.

     LC1041.1

    Numerous, truly, are the events in this year, between slayings and plunderings, and battles. No one could relate them all, but only a few of many of them are related, on account of the dignity of the people mentioned 10  in them.

     LC1041.2

    Mac Bethaidh, son of Bethadh, son of Ainmire, 11  chief poet of Ard-Macha, and likewise of Erinn, died.

     LC1041.3

    12 Domhnall Remhar, son of Mael-na-mbó, was slain by the 13  Lagenians.

     LC1041.4

    14 Muirchertach Mac Gillapatraic was slain by 14  the Uí-Caelluidhe, in treachery.

     LC1041.5

    A preying expedition 15  by the Airghialla into Conaille, but the Conaille overtook 16  them, and they were defeated in Magh-dha-chuinnech.

     LC1041.6

    17 A preying expedition by the Uí-Neill into Uí-Echach-Uladh, 18  and they carried off a great prey.

     LC1041.7

    Gillacomghaill, 19  son of Donncuan, son of Dunlaing, was forcibly taken 20  from Cill-dara, and afterwards killed.

LC1042
     LC1042.0

    21 The kalends of January on the 6th feria, the 5th of 22  the moon; the age of the Lord forty-two years and a 23  thousand./p>

     LC1042.1

    Ferna-mór-Maedhóig was burned by Donnchadh, 24  son of Brian.

     LC1042.2

    Glenn-Uissen was burned by the 25  son of Mael-na-mbó, and the oratory broken, and one 26  hundred persons were slain, and four hundred taken out 27  of it, in retaliation for Ferna-mór.

     LC1042.3

    Murchadh, son of 28  Dunlaing, king of Laighen, and Domhnall, son of Aedh, 29  king of Ui-Bairche, fell by Gillapatraic, son of Donnchadh, 30  king of Osraighe, and by Macraith, grandson of 31  Donnchadh, king of Eoghanachta.

     LC1042.4

    Flann, son of 32  Maelsechlainn, royal heir of Erinn, was slain through 33  treachery.

LC1043
     LC1043.0

    34 The kalends of January on the 7th feria, the l6th 35  of the moon; the age of the Lord forty-three years and a 36  thousand.

     LC1043.1

    Cathal, son of Ruaidhri, king of the West of  p.45 Connacht, died in pilgrimage at Ard-Macha.

     LC1043.2

    Domhnall Ua Ferghaile, king of Fortuatha-Laighen, was slain by his own people.

     LC1043.3

    Flann Ua hAnbhfheth, king of Uí-Meth, was slain by the Uí-Cerbhaill, i.e. by the king of Fernmhagh. Oedh Ua Confhiacla, king of Tethfa, was killed by Muirchertach O'Maelsechlainn.

     LC1043.4

    Cennedigh O'Cuirc, king of Muscraidhe, occisus est.

     LC1043.5

    Gillamochonna O'Duibhdhiorma in pace dormivit.

     LC1043.6

    The victory of Maelcaenmhaigh, on the brink of the Siuir, was gained over 10  the men of Osraighe and Er-Mumha, by Carthach, son of 11  Saerbrethach; in which Ua Donnagáin, king of Aradh, 12  was slain.

     LC1043.7

    A victory was gained over the Cenel-Conaill, 13  by the Cenel-Eoghain, at Termon-Dábheóg.

LC1044
     LC1044.0

    14 The kalends of January on the 1st feria, the 27th of 15  the moon; the age of the Lord forty-four years and 16  a thousand.

     LC1044.1

    Cumuscach Ua hAillelain, king of Uí-Echach, 17  was slain by the Uí-Carracain.

     LC1044.2

    Niall Ua Celecháin, 18  king of Uí-Breasail, and his brother, i.e. Trénfer, 19  were blinded by the sons of Matadhan, through treachery.

     LC1044.3

    20 Domhnall Ua Cuirc, king of Muscraidhe, was slain by 21  Ua Fladhlén, and Ua Oisin.

     LC1044.4

    A preying expedition by 22  Niall, son of Maelsechlainn, i.e., who was at that time 23  king of Oilech, against the Uí-Meth and Cuailgne, when 24  he carried off 1,200 cows, and a multitude of captives, in 25  revenge for the profanation of Clog-an-edachta.

     LC1044.5

    26 Another preying expedition, moreover, by Muirchertach Ua Neill, 27  against the Mughdhorna; and he carried off a prey 28  of cattle, and captives, in revenge for the profanation of 29  the same bell.

     LC1044.6

    The Cleirech Ua Conchobhair was slain.

LC1045
     LC1045.0

    30 The kalends of January on the 3rd feria, the 9th 31  of the moon; the age of the Lord forty-five years and 32  a thousand.

     LC1045.1

    Conghalach Ua Lochlainn, king of  p.47 Corcomruaidh; Glún-iarainn Ua Cleirchén, king of Uí-Cairpre; Flaithbhertach Ua Canannáin, king of Cenel-Conaill; Domhnall Ua Cedfadha, the glory of Mumha, mortui sunt. The airchinnech of Leithghlinn was killed in the door of the church.

     LC1045.2

    A predatory expedition by Muirchertach Ua Neill into Feara-Breagh; but Gairbheith Ua Cathusaigh, king of Breagha, overtook him at Cassán-Linne, when the sea was full in before him, and Muirchertach and many others were slain there.

     LC1045.3

    Carthach 10  son of Saerbhrethach king of Eoghanacht-Caisil, was 11  burned in a house on fire, by the grandson of Longhargan, 12  son of Donncuan, cum multis nobilibus ustis.

     LC1045.4

    A 13  battle between the men of Alba, among themselves, in 14  which Cronan, abbot of Dun-Cuillend, was slain.

LC1046
     LC1046.0

    15 The kalends of January on the 4th feria, the 20th of 16  the moon; the age of the Lord forty-six years and a 17  thousand.

     LC1046.1

    Muiredhach, son of Flaithbhertach Ua Neill, 18  royal heir of Oilech, and Aitedh Ua hAitedh, king of 19  Uí-Echach, were burned in a house on fire, by Cu-Uladh, 20  son of Conghalach, king of Uachtar-thire.

     LC1046.2

    Art Uallach 21  O'Ruairc was slain by the Cenel-Conaill.

     LC1046.3

    Ferghal Ua 22  Ciardha, king of Cairpre, was slain by Ua Flannagain, 23  king of Tethfa.

LC1047
     LC1047.0

    24 The kalends of January on the 5th feria, the 1st of 25  the moon; the age of the Lord forty-seven years and a 26  thousand.

     LC1047.1

    Great snow in this year from the festiva1 of 27  Mary to the festival of Patrick, for which no equal was found, 28  so that it caused a destruction of people, and cattle, 29  and the wild animals of the sea, and of birds.

     LC1047.2

    Muirchertach, 30  grandson of Madadhan, king of Uí-Bresail, 31  was killed in Ard-Macha, by Madadhan Ua Celechain, per 32  dolum.

     LC1047.3

    Niall Ua Ruairc was slain by Ua Conchobhair.

     LC1047.4

    33 A predatory hosting by Niall, son of Maelsechlainn, into 34  Bregha, when he slew Ua hIfferrain.

LC1048
     LC1048.0

    35 The kalends of January on the 6th feria, the l2th 36  of the moon; the age of the Lord forty-eight years  p.49 and a thousand.

     LC1048.1

    Ferghal Ua Maelmhuaidh, king of Feara-Ceall; Gillacoluim Ua hEighnigh, chief king of Oirghiall; Cendfaeladh O'Cuill, chief poet of Mumha; Maelfabhaill Ua hEidhin, king of Uí-Fiachrach-Aidhne, mortui sunt.

     LC1048.2

    The comarb of Peter, i.e. the Pope, and twelve of his men of grade along with him, died after drinking poison which the comarb who had previously been expelled thence i.e. from the Papacy gave to them.

LC1049
     LC1049.0

    The kalends of January on the lst feria, the 23rd of 10  the moon; the age of the Lord forty-nine years and a 11  thousand.

     LC1049.1

    Maelcainnigh Ua Taichligh, comarb of Daimhinis, 12  died.

     LC1049.2

    Muirchertach, son of Maelsechlainn, was slain 13  by Conchobhar Ua Maelsechlainn, to the profanation of 14  God and of men.

     LC1049.3

    Conchobhar Ua Cinnfhaeladh, king of 15  Uí-Conaill-Gabhra, and Imhar Ua Béice, king of Uí-Méth, 16  occisi sunt.

LC1050
     LC1050.0

    17 The kalends of January on the 2nd feria, the 4th of the 18  moon; the age of the Lord fifty years and a thousand.

     LC1050.1

    19 Maelruanaidh, grandson of Cucoirne, king of 20  Eile, and Donnchadh, son of Gillafhaelain, king of Uí-Failghe, 21  occisi sunt.

     LC1050.2

    Cill-dara, with its stone-church, 22  was burned.

     LC1050.3

    Cleirchen Ua Muineóc, tower of the piety of 23  Erinn, quievit in Christo.

     LC1050.4

    A conflict between the men 24  of Magh-Itha and the Oirghialla, in which Eochaidh Ua 25  hOssene was slain.

LC1051
     LC1051.0

    26 The kalends of January on the 3rd feria, the l5th of 27  the moon; the age of the Lord fifty-one years and a 28  thousand.

     LC1051.1

    Muirchertach, son of Brec, king of the Deisi, 29  was burned by the Uí-Faelain.

     LC1051.2

    Mac Buatan, son of Brec, 30  was slain in the stone-church of Lis-mór, by Maelsechlainn, 31  grandson of Brec.

     LC1051.3

    Amhalghaidh, son of Cathal, king of 32  the West of Connacht, was blinded by Aedh Ua Conchobhair.

     LC1051.4

    33 Laighnén, son of Maelan, king of Gailenga, cum 34  sua regina, i.e., the daughter of the Gut, went on their  p.51 pilgrimage to Rome, and he died.

     LC1051.5

    Mac Liachlainn was expelled from the sovereignty of Tealach-óg, and Aedh, grandson of Ferghal, was made king in his place.

LC1052
     LC1052.0

    The kalends of January on the 4th feria, the 27th of the moon; the age of the Lord fifty-two years and a thousand.

     LC1052.1

    Domhnall Bán Ua Briain was slain by the men of Connacht.

     LC1052.2

    Braen, son of Maelmordha, king of Laighen, died in Colainea.

     LC1052.3

    Macraith, grandson of Donnchadh, king of Eoghanacht-Chaisil, died.

LC1053
     LC1053.0

    10 The kalends of January on the 6th feria, the 7th of 11  the moon; the age of the Lord fifty-three years and a 12  thousand.

     LC1053.1

    Mac-na-hoidhche Ua Ruairc, royal heir of 13  Connacht, was slain by Diarmaid Ua Cuinn on an island of 14  Loch-hArbhech.

     LC1053.2

    Flaithbhertach Ua Maelfhabhaill, king 15  of Carraig-Brachaide, and Murchadh Ua Beollain, airchinnech 16  of Druim-cliabh, omnes in pace dormierunt.

     LC1053.3

    A 17  preying expedition by Mac Lachlainn and the men of 18  Magh-Itha, against the Cenel-Binnigh of Loch-Drochait, 19  when they carried off three hundred cows, and killed 20  Duibhemhna, son Cinaeth, viz.:—the vice-abbot of Cluain-Fiachna, 21  and Cúmacha, son of Clairchen, steward of Dal-Cais.

     LC1053.4

    22 Maelcrón, son of Cathal, king of Bregh, was slain 23  by Ua Riacain.

     LC1053.5

    Donnchadh Ua Cellachain, royal heir of 24  Caisel, was slain by the Osraighe.

     LC1053.6

    Niall Ua hEighnich, 25  king of Feara-Manach, was slain by the Feara-Luirg.

LC1054
     LC1054.0

    26 The kalends of January on the 7th feria, the l8th of 27  the moon; the age of the Lord fifty-four years and 28  a thousand.

     LC1054.1

    Imhar, son of Aralt, king of the Foreigners, 29  died.

     LC1054.2

    Aedh, grandson of Ferghal, king of Tealach-óg, and 30  the son of Archu Ua Celechain, king of Uí-Bresail, were 31  slain by the men of Fernmhagh.

     LC1054.3

    The victory of Finnmhagh 32  was gained over the Uí-Meith and the men of 33  Uachtar-thire, by the Uí-Echach, in which fell the 34  Croibhdherg, royal heir of Uachtar-thire.

     LC1054.4

    Aedh, son of  p.53 Cennedigh, son of Donncuan, steward of Clann-Toirdhealbhaigh, was slain by the men of Connacht.

     LC1054.5

    A battle between the men of Alba and the Saxons, in which fell three thousand of the men of Alba, and one thousand and a half of the Saxons, together with Dolfinn, son of Finntar.

     LC1054.6

    Loch-suidhe-Odhrain, in Sliabh-guaire, stole away in the end of the night of the festival of Michael, and went into the Fabhall, quod non auditum est ab antiquis.

LC1055
     LC1055.0

    10 The kalends of January, on the 1st feria, the 29th of 11  the moon; the age of the Lord fifty-five years and a 12  thousand.

     LC1055.1

    Domhnall Ruadh O'Briain was slain by Ua 13  hEidhin.

     LC1055.2

    Gillapatraic, king of Osraighe, died.

     LC1055.3

    A 14  victory was gained by Toirdhelbhach Ua Briain over 15  Murchadh Ua Briain, in which four hundred were slain, 16  together with fourteen chieftains.

     LC1055.4

    The battle of the 17  relic-house was gained by Dubh-da-leithe, comarb of 18  Patrick, over the son of Loingsech Ua Maelsechlainn, 19  i.e. the comarb of Finnén and of Colum Cille, in which 20  many were slain.

LC1056
     LC1056.0

    21 The kalends of January on the 2nd feria, the 10th of 22  the moon; the age of the Lord fifty-six years and a 23  thousand.

     LC1056.1

    Cathusach, son of Gerrgarbhan, comarb of 24  Cainech in Cianachta, and Cetfadh, head of the clerics 25  of Mumha, quieverunt.

     LC1056.2

    A predatory expedition 26  by Niall, son of Maelsechlainn, against the Dál-Araidhe, when 27  he carried off two thousand cows, and three score 28  men as prisoners.

     LC1056.3

    Flann Mainistrech, chief poet, and 29  chief lector, and professor of the history of Erin, in vita 30  aeterna requievit.

     LC1056.4

    Lightning came and killed three  p.55 persons at Disert-Tola, and a student at Sord, and broke fastnesses.

     LC1056.5

    Eochaidh Ua Flaithemh went on a preying expedition into Magh-Itha, on the night of great Christmas, and he brought five hundred cows to the water, i.e, to the river of Magh-Uatha; and they left the cows in the river, and forty-eight of them were drowned, along with Cuilend, son of Dergan.

LC1057
     LC1057.0

    The kalends of January on the 4th feria, the 21st of the moon; the age of the Lord fifty-seven years and 10  a thousand.

     LC1057.1

    Niall Ua hEgnechain, king of Cenel-Enna, 11  a suis occisus est.

     LC1057.2

    Dunghal Ua Donnchadha, king of 12  Eoghanacht-Caisil, fell by Murchadh Ua Briain.

     LC1057.3

    13 Finnghuine, grandson of Finnghuine, royal heir of Mumha, 14  fell by Maelsechlainn, son of Brec.

     LC1057.4

    Maelruanaidh Ua Fogartaigh, 15  king of the South of Eile, fell by Donnchadh, 16  son of Brian.

     LC1057.5

    Dubhdhaleithe Ua Cinaetha, airchinnech 17  of Corcach, and Robhartach, son of Ferdomhnach, comarb 18  of Colum Cille, in Domino dormierunt.

     LC1057.6

    Domhnall 19  Ua Ruairc was slain by Domhnall, son of Maelruanaidh, 20  king of Feara-Manach.

LC1058
     LC1058.0

    < LB n="21">The kalends of January on the 5th feria, the 2nd of 22  the moon; the age of the Lord fifty-eight years and a 23  thousand.

     LC1058.1

    Imlech-Ibhair was entirely burned, both stone 24  church and steeple.

     LC1058.2

    Lulach, son of Gillacomghain, chief 25  king of Alba, was slain by Maelcoluim, son of Donnchadh, 26  in battle.

     LC1058.3

    The victory of Sliabh-Crot was gained 27  by Diarmaid, son of Mael-na-mbó, over Donnchadh, son 28  of Brian, in which, fell Cairpre Ua Lighdha, airchinnech 29  of Imlech-Ibhair, and Ribhardan, son of Cucoirne, king 30  of Eile, et alii multi.

     LC1058.4

    Mac Bethad, son of Finnlaech,  p.57 chief king of Alba, was slain by Maelcoluim, son of Donnchadh, in battle.

LC1059
     LC1059.0

    The kalends of January on the 6th feria, the 13th of the moon; the age of the Lord fifty-nine years and a thousand.

     LC1059.1

    A preying expedition by Maelsechlainn Ua Madadhain into Airthera, when he carried off three hundred cows, vel paulo plus, and killed Gillamuire Mac Airechtaigh, steward of Clann-Sionaigh.

     LC1059.2

    Maelsechlainn Ua Bric was smothered in a cave by 10  Maelsechlainn Ua Faelain.

     LC1059.3

    Aedh Ua Dubhda, king of 11  Uí-Amhalghadha, a suis occisus est.

     LC1059.4

    A preying expedition 12  by Ardghar Mac Lachlainn, with the Cenel-Eoghain, 13  into Dal-Araidhe, when they carried off a great cattle 14  spoil, and killed or captured two hundred persons.

     LC1059.5

    Cathal, 15  son of Tighernan, king of the West of Connacht; Conghalach 16  Ua Riagain, royal heir of Temhair; Duarcan Ua 17  hEghra, king of Luighne; Gillacaeimhghin, son of Gillacomghaill, 18  royal heir of Laighen, occisi sunt.

     LC1059.6

    Tomaltach 19  Ua Maelbhrenuinn, steward of Síl-Muiredhaigh, mortuus 20  est.

LC1060
     LC1060.0

    21 The kalends of January on the 7th feria, the 24th of 22  the moon; the age of the Lord sixty years and a 23  thousand; millesimo ac sexagesimo anno Dominicae 24  Incarnationis.

     LC1060.1

    A great war in Ard-Macha, between Cumuscach 25  Ua nEradhain and Dubhdhaleithe, comarb of 26  Patrick, regarding the abbacy.

     LC1060.2

    Cenannus was altogether 27  burned, together with its stone church.

     LC1060.3

    Leithghlenn was 28  completely burned, with the exception of the dertech.

     LC1060.4

    29 Domhnall Deissech, chief anmchara of Erinn, and Conn-na-mbocht  p.59 of Cluain-mic-Nois, ad Christum vocati sunt.

     LC1060.5

    Flannagan Ua Cellaigh, king of Bregh, died on his pilgrimage.

LC1061
     LC1061.0

    The kalends of January on the 2nd feria, the 5th of the moon; the age of the Lord sixty-one years and a thousand.

     LC1061.1

    Muiredhach, grandson of Maelcoluim, airchinnech of Doire, died.

     LC1061.2

    Domhnall Ua Maeldoraidh was slain by Ruaidhri Ua Canannain, in a battle.

     LC1061.3

    Cu-uladh, son of Conghalach, king of Uachtar-thire, in poenitentia 10  mortuus est.

     LC1061.4

    Niall, son of Maelsechlainn, mortuus 11  est.

     LC1061.5

    A hosting by Aedh Ua Conchobhair to Cenn-coradh, 12  when he demolished the fortress, and filled up the well.

     LC1061.6

    13 Glenn-da-locha was completely burned.

LC1062
     LC1062.0

    14 The kalends of January on the 3rd feria, the l6th 15  of the moon; the age of the Lord sixty-two years and 16  a thousand.

     LC1062.1

    Ruaidhri Ua Flaithbhertaigh, king of the 17  West of Connacht.

     LC1062.2

    Domhnall Ua Maeldoraidh was slain 18  by Aedh Ua Conchobhair, in battle.

     LC1062.3

    Gillachrist Ua 19  Maeldoraidh, comarb of Colum Cille both in Erinn and 20  Alba, quievit.

     LC1062.4

    A predatory expedition by Ardghar 21  Mac Lachlainn into Connacht, when they carried off 22  six thousand cows, and a thousand persons.

     LC1062.5

    Ruaidhri, son 23  of Cu-cairrge, royal heir of Fernmhagh, was killed by the 24  son of Niall Ua Ruairc.

LC1063
     LC1063.0

    25 The kalends of January on the 4th feria, the 27th 26  of the moon; the age of the Lord sixty-three years 27  and a thousand.

     LC1063.1

    Cathal Ua Donnchadha, king of Uí-Echach-Mumhan, 28  was slain.

     LC1063.2

    Cudhuiligh Ua Taidhg, 29  king of Feara-Li; Maelsechlainn Ua Madadhain, royal heir  p.61 of Oilech, a suis inimicis occisi sunt viz.:—by the Cenel-Conaill.

     LC1063.3

    A great coigne by Mac Lachlainn from Glenn-Suiligh westwards to the west of Luighne, and to Muaidh of Uí-Amhalghadha, when the chieftains of Connacht came into his house, with Aedh Ua Conchobhair, and with Aedh, the son of Niall Ua Ruairc, and with the son of Art Ua Ruairc.

     LC1063.4

    The cave of Alla, in Cera, was captured by the Connachtmen, against the people of Aedh Ua Conchobhair, in which one hundred and sixty persons 10  were suffocated.

     LC1063.5

    Niall, son of Eochaidh, chief king of 11  Uladh, died on the ides of November, on a Thursday, and 12  on the 18th of the moon.

LC1064
     LC1064.0

    13 The kalends of January on the 5th feria, the 9th of 14  the moon; the age of the Lord sixty-four years and 15  a thousand.

     LC1064.1

    Doilghen Ua Sona, airchinnech of Ard-Sratha; 16  the blind Ua Lonain, chief poet of the men of 17  Mumha; Eochaidh Ua Doreidh, airchinnech of Domhnach-mór 18  of Magh-Itha, in Domino dormierunt.

     LC1064.2

    Muirchertach 19  Ua Neill, king of Tealach-óg, was slain; by 20  the Uí-Cremthainn occisus est.

     LC1064.3

    Donnchadh, son of Brian 21  Boromha, chief king of Mumha, died in Rome, on his 22  pilgrimage.

     LC1064.4

    Diarmaid Ua Lorcain, royal heir of Laighen 23  was slain by the Cenel-Eoghain, in Uladh.

     LC1064.5

    Ardghal 24  Mac Lachlainn, king of Oilech, died at Tealach-óg, et 25  sepultus est in Ard-Macha, in mausoleo regum.

     LC1064.6

    Leobhelin, 26  king of Britain, was slain by the son of Iacop.

     LC1064.7

    Echmarcach, 27  king of the foreigners, died.

LC1065
     LC1065.0

    28 The kalends of January on the 7th feria, the 20th of 29  the moon; the age of the Lord sixty-five years and 30  a thousand.

     LC1065.1

    Dubhthach Albanach, chief anmchara of 31  Erinn and Alba, quievit in Ard-Macha.

     LC1065.2

    Donnchadh Ua 32  Mathghamhna, king of Uladh, was slain at Bennchair a  p.63 suis.

     LC1065.3

    Aedh, grandson of Ualgharg, assumed the kingship of Cenel-Eoghain.

     LC1065.4

    The son of Tadhg Ua Ceallaigh, king of Uí-Maine, and Flaithbhertach Ua Flaithbhertaigh, king of the West of Connacht, occisi sunt by Aedh Ua Conchobhair.

     LC1065.5

    Domhnall Ua Loingsigh, king of Dal-Araidhe, and Muirchertach Ua Maelfabhaill, king of Carraig-Brachaighe, were slain by the Uí-Méth.

     LC1065.6

    Leogan, son of Laighnen, king of Luighne, was slain by Conchobhar Ua Maelsechlainn.

     LC1065.7

    Echmhilidh Ua 10  hAitheidh, king of Uí-Echach, was slain by the 11  Cenel-Eoghain.

LC1066
     LC1066.0

    12 The kalends of January on the 1st feria, the 1st of 13  the moon; the age of the Lord sixty-six years and a 14  thousand.

     LC1066.1

    Aedh Ua Ruairc, king of Uí-Briuin, mortuus 15  est, immediately after the plundering of the shrine of 16  Patrick.

     LC1066.2

    Gillabraide, moreover, king of Uí-Briuin, and 17  the son of Senan, king of Gailenga, occisi sunt.

     LC1066.3

    A great 18  nut crop in all Erinn, ut rebellat fluminibus.

LC1067
     LC1067.0

    19 The kalends of January on the 3rd feria, the 23rd of 20  the moon the age of the Lord sixty-seven years and 21  a thousand.

     LC1067.1

    A hosting by Toirdhelbhach Ua Briain 22  to Loch Cime, on which hosting Ua Conchobhair, king of 23  Ciarraighe-Luachra, was slain.

     LC1067.2

    Cill-dara, with its churches, 24  was entirely burned.

     LC1067.3

    Aedh 'of the gapped spear', son 25  of Tadhg 'of the white steed', son of Cathal, i.e. the 26  high-king of the province of Connacht, and the helmsman 27  of the valour of the Gaeidhel, was slain in the battle of 28  Turlach-Aghna by Aedh, son of Art Uallach Ua Ruairc; 29  and Aedh Ua Concenainn, king of Uí-Diarmada, et alii 30  multi.

 p.65
LC1068
     LC1068.0

    The kalends of January on the 3rd feria, the 23rd of the moon; the age of the Lord sixty-eight years and a thousand.

     LC1068.1

    A memorable defeat was inflicted by Aedh Ua Maelsechlainn on his own brother, viz.:—Domhnall, son of Niall, son of Maelsechlainn, king of Oilech, in which Domhnall himself was slain; and this Domhnall, moreover, was usually called Domhnall na mbocht.

     LC1068.2

    Murchadh Ua Briain, royal heir of Mumha, was slain by the men of Teffa. Flaithbhertach, grandson of Ferghal, king 10  of Tealach-óg, was mortally wounded by the Cenel-Binnigh.

LC1069
     LC1069.0

    11 The kalends of January on the 5th feria, the 4th of 12  the moon; the age of the Lord sixty-nine years and a 13  thousand.

     LC1069.1

    Dún-da-lethglas, and Ard-Sratha, and Lusca, 14  and Sord-Choluim-Chille, ab igne dissipatae sunt.

     LC1069.2

    Ua 15  Aedha, king of Uí-Fiachrach of Ard-Sratha, mortuus est.

LC1070
     LC1070.0

    16 The kalends of January on the 6th feria, the l5th of 17  the moon; the age of the Lord seventy years and a 18  thousand.

     LC1070.1

    Ua Flaithri, king of Uladh, was dethroned 19  by Ua Maelruanaidh and the Ulidians; but this Ua Maelruanaidh 20  was slain in battle immediately after, by Donnsleibhe 21  Ua hEochadha.

     LC1070.2

    Murchadh, son of Diarmaid, 22  king of Laighen and of the Foreigners, mortuus est, et 23  sepultus est in Ath-cliath.

     LC1070.3

    The abbot of Hi, i.e. the 24  grandson of Baethan, was slain by Mac-in-abaid Ua Maeldoraidh.

     LC1070.4

    25 Termonn-Dabheog was plundered by Ruaidhri 26  O'Canannain, et vindicavit Deus et Dabheog ante plenum 27  annum.

LC1071
     LC1071.0

    28 The kalends of January on the 7th feria, the 26th of 29  the moon; the age of the Lord seventy-one years and a 30  thousand.

     LC1071.1

    Cill-dara, and Glenn-da-locha, and Cluain-Dolcain 31  crematae sunt.

LC1072
     LC1072.0

    32 The kalends of January on the 1st feria, the 7th of 33  the moon; the age of the Lord seventy-two years and a  p.67 thousand.

     LC1072.1

    Diarmaid, son of Mael-na-mbó, king of Laighen and of the Foreigners, fell in a battle by Conchobhar Ua Maelsechlainn, i.e. king of Temhair, and a slaughter of the Foreigners and Lagenians was committed about him. It was the 7th day of February, and Tuesday the day of the week, on which this battle was fought.

     LC1072.2

    Ua Fogarta, king of Eile, was slain by Ua Briain.

     LC1072.3

    Ruaidhri O'Canannain, king of Cenel-Conaill, was slain by Ua Maeldoraidh, i.e. Aenghus.

     LC1072.4

    The French went into Alba, and carried 10  off with them the son of the king of Alba as a hostage.

LC1073
     LC1073.0

    11 The kalends of January on the 3rd feria, the 18th 12  of the moon; the age of the Lord seventy-three years 13  and a thousand.

     LC1073.1

    Conchobhar Ua Maelsechlainn, king of 14  Temhair, was slain by the son of Flann, son of Maelsechlainn, 15  in profanation of the Bachall-Iosa, baculo praesente.

     LC1073.2

    16 A hosting by Toirdhealbhach into Leth-Chuinn, when 17  he comitted countless depredations in Gailenga, and 18  when he slew Maelmordha Ua Cathusaigh, king of Bregh.

     LC1073.3

    Sitrec, son of Amhlaibh, 19  was slain in Manainn.

LC1074
     LC1074.0

    20 The kalends of January on the 4th feria, the 29th of 21  the moon; the age of the Lord seventy-four years and a 22  thousand.

     LC1074.1

    Ard-Macha was burned on the Tuesday after 23  May-day; with all its churches and bells, both Rath and 24  Trian.

     LC1074.2

    Raghnall Ua Madadhain, royal heir of Oilech, 25  occisus est a suis.

LC1075
     LC1075.0

    26 The kalends of January on the 5th feria, the 10th of 27  the moon; the age of the Lord seventy-five years and 28  a thousand.

     LC1075.1

    Goffraidh, son of Raghnall, king of Ath-cliath, 29  and Cinaeth Ua Conbhethaidh, i.e. chieftain of  p.69 Cenel-Binnigh, mortui sunt.

     LC1075.2

    A hosting by Toirdhealbhach and Leth-Mogha into Leth-Chuinn, until they reached Ath-Fhirdheagha, when the Airghialla gained the victory of Ard-Monainn over Muirchertach Ua Briain, in which many were slain.

     LC1075.3

    Donnchadh O'Canannain, king of Cenel-Conaill, occisus est.

     LC1075.4

    Domhnall Mac Murchadha, king of Ath-cliath, died of three nights' disease.

LC1076
     LC1076.0

    The kalends of January on the 6th feria, the 22nd of the moon; the age of the Lord seventy-six years and a 10  thousand.

     LC1076.1

    Gillachrist O'Duibhdara, king of Feara-Manach, 11  occisus est, in Daimhinis, by the Feara-Manach.

     LC1076.2

    Domhnall 12  Ua Crichain, king of Uí-Fiachrach of Ard-Sratha, 13  was slain, with a havoc about him, by the Uí-Tuirtre 14  and the Cenel-Binnigh of the valley.

     LC1076.3

    Murchadh, son of 15  Flann Ua Maelsechlainn, king of Temhair during the 16  space of three nights, was slain in the cloicteach of 17  Cenannus by the son of Maelan, king of Gailenga.

     LC1076.4

    A 18  hosting by Toirdhealbhach Ua Briain to Connacht, when 19  the king of Connacht came into his house, viz.:—Ruaidhri 20  Ua Conchobhair.

     LC1076.5

    The victory of Belat was gained by 21  Aedh Ua Maelsechlainn, and by the men of Magh-Itha, 22  over the Cianachta, who were put to slaughter.

     LC1076.6

    Gormlaith, 23  daughter of Ua Fogartaigh, wife of Toirdhealbhach 24  Ua Briain, died.

LC1077
     LC1077.0

    25 The kalends of January on the 1st feria, the 2nd of the 26  moon; the age of the Lord seventy-seven years and 27  a thousand.

     LC1077.1

    A hosting by Toirdhealbhach Ua Briain 28  into Uí-Cennselaigh, and he put the son of Domhnall 29  Remhar, king of Uí-Cennselaigh, in chains.

     LC1077.2

    The grandson 30  of Maelan, i.e. the king of Gailenga, was slain by 31  Maelsechlainn, king of Temhair.

     LC1077.3

    27 Murchadh O'Maelsechlainn 32  was slain by the men of Teffa.

     LC1077.4

    The victory of the  p.71 Maelderg was gained over the Feara-Manach, by the Cenel-Eoghain of Telach-óg, in which many were slain.

LC1078
     LC1078.0

    The kalends of January on the 2nd feria, the 13th of the moon; the age of the Lord seventy-eight years and a thousand.

     LC1078.1

    Lorcan Ua Briain died.

     LC1078.2

    Lethlobhar Ua Laighnén, i.e. chief king of Oirghiall, was slain by Ruaidhri Ua Ruadhachan.

     LC1078.3

    Conchobhar, grandson of Brian, king of Telach-óg, and royal heir of Erinn, was slain by the Cenel-Binnigh of the valley.

     LC1078.4

    Domhnall, 10  grandson of Tighernan, king of Conmaicne, was slain. 11  Cathal, son of Domhnall, king of Cenel-Enna, was killed 12  by the Cenel-Eoghain of the Island.

LC1079
     LC1079.0

    13 The kalends of January on the 3rd feria, the 24th of 14  the moon; the age of the Lord seventy-nine years and 15  a thousand.

     LC1079.1

    Ceallach O'Ruanadha, chief poet of Erin, 16  died.

     LC1079.2

    Cumhidhe, grandson of Lorcan, king of Fernmhagh, 17  died.

LC1080
     LC1080.0

    18 The kalends of January on the 4th feria, the 5th of the 19  moon; the age of the Lord eighty years and a thousand.

     LC1080.1

    20 Donn Ua Lethlobhair, king of Fernmhagh, was slain 21  by the Uí-Laithen on Sliabh-Fuaid.

     LC1080.2

    The victory of 22  Ath-Ergail, by the side of Clochar; was gained over the 23  Feara-Manach by Domhnall Mac Lachlainn, and by the 24  men of Magh-Itha, wherein Sitric Ua Caenxhain and the 25  son of Niall Ua Serraigh, et alii multi, were slain.

LC1081
     LC1081.0

    26 The kalends of January on the 6th feria, the 16th of 27  the moon; the age of the Lord eighty-one years and a 28  thousand.

     LC1081.1

    Ua Mathghamhna, king of Uladh, was slain 29  by Donnsleibhe Ua hEochadha, in Dun-da-lethghlas.

     LC1081.2

    30 Corcach, with its churches, and Cill-Dalua, ab igne 31  dissipatae sunt.

LC1082
     LC1082.0

    32 The kalends of January on the 7th feria, the 27th of 33  the moon; the age of the Lord eighty-two years and a 34  thousand.

     LC1082.1

    Gillachrist Ua Maelfhabhaill, king of Carraig-Brachaidhe, 35  died.

     LC1082.2

    Domhnall, son of Conchobhar Ua 36  Briain, mortuus est.

     LC1082.3

    Cathal, son of Aedh Ua Conchobhair  p.73 mortuus est.

     LC1082.4

    Flaithbhertach Ua Maelduin, king of Lurg, died.

LC1083
     LC1083.0

    The kalends of January on the 1st feria, the 9th of the moon; the age of the Lord eighty-three years and a thousand.

     LC1083.1

    Domhnall Ua Canannain, king of Cenel Conaill, a suis occisus est.

     LC1083.2

    Aedh Ua Maelsechlainn, king of Oilech, died.

     LC1083.3

    Muirchertach Ua Cairill, airchinnech of Dún, professor of jurisprudence and history, mortuus est.

     LC1083.4

    Domhnall Ua Lochlainn assumed the sovereignty of Cenel-Eoghain, 10  and made a royal predatory expedition into 11  Conaille-Muirtheimhne, whence he carried off a great 12  spoil of cattle; and liberal pay was given to the men of 13  Fernmhagh on this expedition.

LC1084
     LC1084.0

    14 The kalends of January on the 2nd feria, the 20th of 15  the moon; the age of the Lord eighty-four years and a 16  thousand.

     LC1084.1

    Donnchadh Ua Maelruanaidh, persecutor 17  ecclesiarum, was slain by the Feara-Luirg.

     LC1084.2

    15 Glenn-da-locha, 18  cum suis templis, was burned.

     LC1084.3

    A hosting by 19  Donnsleibhe, king of Uladh, as far as Droichet-atha; and 20  he gave pay to the son of the Caillech Ua Ruairc.

     LC1084.4

    A 21  predatory expedition by Domhnall Mac Lachlainn, in his 22  Donnsleibhe's absence, into Ulidia, and he carried off a 23  great spoil of cattle.

     LC1084.5

    A hosting by the men of Mumha 24  into Midhe; and it was on that expedition Conchobhar 25  Ua Cedfadha died. And the Conmaicne went into Tuadh-Mumha 26  in their absence, when they burned forts and 27  churches, and carried off great spoils.

     LC1084.6

    The victory of 28  Moin-Cruinnoige by Leth-Mogha, over Donnchadh 29  O'Ruairc; in which fell Ua Ruairc, and Cennedigh 25  O'Briain, et alii plurimi.

     LC1084.7

    Domhnall Ua Gairmleghaigh 31  was slain by Domhnall Mac Lachlainn.

 p.75
LC1085
     LC1085.0

    The kalends of January on the 4th feria, the 1st of the moon; the age of the Lord eighty-five years and a thousand.

     LC1085.1

    Murchadh Ua Maeldoraidh, king of Cenel-Conaill, pillar of dignity, nobility, and hospitality, died in this year.

     LC1085.2

    Domhnall, son of Maelcoluim, king of Alba, mortuus est.

     LC1085.3

    Ualgharg O'Ruairc, royal heir of Connacht, died.

LC1086
     LC1086.0

    The kalends of January on the 5th feria, the l2th of the moon; the age of the Lord eighty-six years and 10  a thousand.

     LC1086.1

    Maelisa Ua Brolchain, the sage of Erinn 11  in wisdom and in piety, and in the poetry of either language, 12  suum spiritum emisit.

     LC1086.2

    Toirdhealbhach O'Briain, 13  king of Erinn, died at Cenn-coradh, after great suffering, 14  and after long penance, and after receiving the body of 15  Christ and His Blood, on the day before the ides of July, 16  in the 77th year of his age.

     LC1086.3

    Tadhg Ua Briain, his son, died 17  before the end of a month afterwards.

     LC1086.4

    The victory of the 18  Crionach was gained over Maelsechlainn, by the Lagenians 19  and by the Foreigners, in which fell Maelciarain Ua 20  Cathusaigh, king of Bregh, et alii multi.

     LC1086.5

    A victory by 21  the Airthera over the Uí-Echach, in which Domhnall Ua 22  hAitheidh was slain.

LC1087
     LC1087.0

    23 The kalends of January on the 6th feria, the 23rd of 24  the moon; the age of the Lord eighty-seven years 25  and a thousand.

     LC1087.1

    Domhnall Mac Gillapatraic, king of 26  Osraighe, died.

     LC1087.2

    Maelsechlainn, son of Conchobhar, king 27  of Temhair, was slain by the men of Tethfa, in treachery.

     LC1087.3

    28 Domhnall Ua Laithen was slain by Domhnall Mac Lachlainn.

     LC1087.4

    29 The battle of Conachail, in the territory of Corann, 30  was gained by Ruaidhri 'of the yellow hound,' son of 31  Aedh 'of the gapped spear,' over Aedh, son of Art 32  Uallach Ua Ruairc, king of Connacht and Conmaicne. 33  Moreover, Aedh, son of Art Ua Ruairc, was slain; and the  p.77 nobles of Conmaicne all jugulati sunt et occisi.

     LC1087.5

    Natus est hoc anno Toirdhealbhach Ua Conchobhair.

LC1088
     LC1088.0

    The kalends of January on the 7th feria, the 4th of the moon; the age of the Lord eighty-eight years and a thousand.

     LC1088.1

    A hosting by Domhnall Mac Lachlainn, i.e. the king of Uladh, into Connacht; and Ruaidhri Ua Conchobhair came to meet him; and they both went to Mumha, when they burned Cenn-coradh, and Luimnech, and the Machaire as far as Dun-Aiched; and they brought 10  with them the head of the son of Cailech Ua Ruairc.

     LC1088.2

    A 11  great slaughter was inflicted on the Foreigners of Ath-cliath, 12  and Port-Lairge, and Loch Carman, by the Uí-Echach-Mumhan, 13  on the day on which they resolved to plunder 14  Corcach.

     LC1088.3

    Maelisa Ua Maelgeric, poet of Erinn, died.

LC1089
     LC1089.0

    15 The kalends of January on the 2nd feria, the 15th of 16  the moon; the age of the Lord eighty-nine years and a 17  thousand.

     LC1089.1

    Lusca was burned, and nine score persons were 18  burned in its stone-church, by the men of Mumha.

     LC1089.2

    Cilldara 19  was burned in hoc anno.

     LC1089.3

    Donnchadh, son of 20  Domhnall Remhar, king of Laighen, a suis occisus est.

     LC1089.4

    21 Donnchadh Mac Gillapatraic, king of Osraighe, occisus est.

LC1090
     LC1090.0

    22 The kalends of January on the 3rd feria, the 26th of 23  the moon; the age of the Lord ninety years and a thousand.

     LC1090.1

    24 A convention between Domhnall Mac Lachlainn, and 25  Muirchertach O'Briain, king of Caisel, and the son of 26  Flann Ua Maelsechlainn, king of Temhair; and they 27  delivered all their hostages and pledges to the king of 28  Oilech, i.e. Domhnall Mac Lachlainn.

LC1091
     LC1091.0

    29 The kalends of Jannary on the 4th feria, the 7th of the 30  moon; the age of the Lord ninety-one years and a thousand.

     LC1091.1

    31 Murchadh, son of Domhnall Remhar, was slain in 32  treachery by Enna, son of Diarmaid.

     LC1091.2

    The southern half  p.79 of the Rath of Ard-Macha was burned.

     LC1091.3

    Donnsleibhe Ua hEochadha was slain by the son of Mac Lachlainn, i.e. the king of Oilech, at Bél-ghuirt-an-iobhair, in battle.

     LC1091.4

    Maelisa comarb of Patrick, on the 5th of the kalends of January, in poenitentia quievit.

     LC1091.5

    The son of Aedh, son of Ruaidhri, king of the West of Connacht, mortuus est.

     LC1091.6

    A sappy, plentiful year, of good weather, was this year.

LC1092
     LC1092.0

    The kalends of January on the 5th feria, the 18th of the moon; the age of the Lord ninety-two years and a 10  thousand.

     LC1092.1

    Cluain-mic-Nois was devastated by the men of 11  Mumha.

     LC1092.2

    Ruaidhri Ua Conchobhair, chief king of Connacht, 12  was blinded in treachery by Ua Flaithbhertaigh, 13  king of the West of Connacht.

     LC1092.3

    Muiredhach Mac Carthaigh, 14  king of Eoghanacht-Caisil, mortuus est.

     LC1092.4

    The Rath of 15  Ard-Macha together with its churches, was burned on the 16  kalends of September, and a row of Trian-mor, and a 17  row of Trian-Saxan.

     LC1092.5

    The Devotee Ua Fallamhain was 18  drowned in Loch Cairgin, through the malediction of 19  Ruaidhri Ua Conchobhair.

     LC1092.6

    Ab Incarnatione Domini to 20  the blinding of Ruaidhri fluxerunt anni m.xcii; ab initio 21  mundi, ui millia, cc.xc.i.

LC1093
     LC1093.0

    22 The kalends of January on the 7th feria, the 29th of 23  the moon; the age of the Lord ninety-three years and a 24  thousand.

     LC1093.1

    Aedh O'Baighellain, king of Fernmhagh, died.

     LC1093.2

    25 Aedh, son of Cathal Ua Conchobhair, royal heir of Connacht, 26  omnes occisi sunt.

     LC1093.3

    The Síl-Muireghaigh were 27  expelled from Connacht by Muirchertach O'Briain.

     LC1093.4

    Aedh 28  Ua Canannain, king of Cenel-Conaill, was blinded by 29  Domhnall Mac Lachlainn, king of Oilech.

     LC1093.5

    Maelcoluim, 30  son of Donnchadh, chief king of Alba, and Edward his  p.81 son, were killed by Franks, viz.:—in Inbher-Alda, in Saxon-land.

     LC1093.6

    His queen, moreover, i.e. Margareta, died of grief for him before the end of a nomaid.

     LC1093.7

    The Síl-Muireghaigh appeared again in Connacht, without permission.

     LC1093.8

    Great fruit in hoc anno.

LC1094
     LC1094.0

    The kalends of January on the 1st feria, the 10th of the moon; the age of the Lord ninety-four years and a thousand.

     LC1094.1

    Flaithbhertach Ua hAitheidh, king of Uí-Echach, was blinded by Donnchadh Ua hEochadha, king of Uladh.

     LC1094.2

    10 A hosting by Muirchertach O'Briain to Ath-cliath, when 11  he expelled Goffraigh Meranach from the kingship of the 12  Foreigners, and killed Domhnall O'Maelsechlainn, king of 13  Temhair.

     LC1094.3

    A slaughter of the good men of the Airthera 14  was committed by the Ultonians.

     LC1094.4

    Ruaidhri O'Donnacain, 15  king of Aradh, mortuus est.

     LC1094.5

    Conchobhar O'Conchobhair, 16  king of Cianachta, in poenitentia mortuus est.

     LC1094.6

    A 17  victory by the Síl-Muireghaigh over the men of Tuadh-Mumha, 18  in which three hundred were slain, vel paulo 19  plus.

     LC1094.7

    Donnchadh, son of Maelcoluim, king of Alba, was 20  slain by his own brothers, per dolum viz.:—by Domhnall 21  and by Edmond.

     LC1094.8

    Great inclemency of the weather in all 22  Erinn, from which grew scarcity.

LC1095
     LC1095.0

    23 The kalends of January on the 2nd feria, the 21st of 24  the moon; the age of the Lord ninety-five years and a 25  thousand.

     LC1095.1

    Great snow fell on the Wednesday after 26  the kalends of January, which killed a multitude of 27  men, cattle, and birds.

     LC1095.2

    Cenannus with its churches, and 28  Dermhagh with its books, and Ard-Sratha with its church, 29  and many other churches besides, crematae sunt. Ua 30  hEighnigh, king of Feara-Manach, was slain a suis.

     LC1095.3

    The 31  victory of Ard-achadh was gained by the Dal-Araidhe 32  over the Ulidians, in which Gillacomghaill O'Cairill was 33  slain.

     LC1095.4

    A great pestilence in Erinn, which killed a large 34  multitude of people, from the kalends of August to the 35  May following, viz.:—it was called a 'mortal year'.

     p.83
     LC1095.5

    Muirchertach Ua Cairre, steward of Cenel-Aenghusa, and royal heir of Oilech, died.

     LC1095.6

    Goffraigh Meranach, king of the Foreigners, mortuus est.

     LC1095.7

    The battle of Fidhnacha, in quo ceciderunt multi of the West of Connacht, and of Corcumruaidh, was gained by Tadhg, son of Ruaidhri Ua Conchobhair.

LC1096
     LC1096.0

    The kalends of January on the 3rd feria, the 2nd of the moon; the age of the Lord ninety-six years and a thousand.

     LC1096.1

    Flann Ua hAnbfheth, king of the South of 10  Oirghiall, died in this year.

     LC1096.2

    Mathghamhain Ua Seghdha, 11  king of Corca-Dhuibhne, died.

     LC1096.3

    Conchobhar Ua hAiniaraidh, 12  king of Cianachta, and Ua Cein, king of Uí-mic-Cairthinn, 13  fell by each other in combat.

     LC1096.4

    Great 14  terror over the men of all Erinn before the festival of 15  John of this year; but God and Patrick saved them 16  through the fastings of the comarb of Patrick and the 17  clerics of Erinn besides.

     LC1096.5

    15 Muirchertach Ua Dubhda, 18  king of Uí-Amhalghaidh, was slain a suis.

     LC1096.6

    Madadhan 19  O'Madadhain, king of Síl-Anmchadha, mortuus est.

     LC1096.7

    Cu-uladh 20  Ua Celechain, royal heir of Oirghiall, was slain by 21  the Ulidians. Eoghan Ua Cernaigh, airchinnech of 22  Doire, on the 19th of the kalends of January, quievit.

     LC1096.8

    23 Flaithbhertach Ua Flaithbhertaigh, king of the West of 24  Connacht, was slain by Madadhan O'Cuanna and the 25  Síl-Muireghaigh, in revenge for their lord's eyes.

     LC1096.9

    Domhnall 26  Ua hEnna, archbishop of Caisel, quievit.

LC1097
     LC1097.0

    27 The kalends of January on the 5th feria, the 13th of 28  the moon; the age of the Lord ninety-seven years and a 29  thousand.

     LC1097.1

    Tadhg,son of Ruaidhri Ua Conchobhair, royal 30  heir of Connacht, died.

     LC1097.2

    A hosting by Muirchertach 31  Ua Briain and by Leth-Mogha, to Magh-Muirtheimhne.

     LC1097.3

    32 A hosting by Domhnall Mac Lachlainn from the north of 33  Erinn to Fidh-Conaille, to give them battle; but the  p.85 comarb of Patrick, i.e. Domhnall; prevented them, under the guise of peace.

     LC1097.4

    Lochlainn Ua Duibhdhara, king of Fernmhagh, was slain by the Uí-Briuin-Breifne.

     LC1097.5

    A great nut crop in this year, viz.: the year of the white nuts; thirty years from this nut crop to the nut crop before us.

LC1098
     LC1098.0

    The kalends of January on the 6th feria, the 24th of the moon; the age of the Lord ninety-eight years and a thousand.

     LC1098.1

    Three ships of the ships of the Foreigners of the Islands were plundered by the Ultonians, and their 10  crews slain, viz:—one hundred and twenty men, vel paulo 11  plus.

     LC1098.2

    Diarmaid, son of Enna, son of Diarmaid, king of 12  Laighen, was killed by the sons of Murchadh, son of 13  Diarmaid.

     LC1098.3

    Domhnall Ua Robhartaigh, comarb of Colum 14  Cille during a long period, in pace dormivit.

     LC1098.3

    The victory 15  of Fersad-Suilidhe was gained over the Cenel-Conaill by 16  the Cenel-Eoghain, in which fell Ecertach Ua Tairchert, 17  et alii multi.

LC1099
     LC1099.0

    18 The kalends of January on the 7th feria, the 5th of 19  the moon; the age of the Lord ninety-nine years and a 20  thousand.

     LC1099.1

    Great famine throughout all Erinn in this 21  year.

     LC1099.2

    Cenannus ab igne dissipata est.

     LC1099.3

    Cill-dara dimidia 22  parte cremata est.

     LC1099.4

    A hosting by Muirchertach Ua Brian, 23  and by Leth-Mogha, to Sliabh-Fuaid; but Domhnall, 24  comarb of Patrick, made a year's peace between them and 25  the men of the North of Erinn.

     LC1099.5

    A hosting by Domhnall 26  Mac Lachlainn and the men of the North of Erinn, into Ulidia. 27  The Ulidians, however, were before them at Craebh-thelcha, 28  in a camp. Their two cavalry hosts engage. The 29  cavalry host of Ulidia is defeated, and Ua hAmhrain is slain 30  there. The Ulidians afterwards abandon the camp, and 31  the Cenel-Eoghain burn it, and cut down Craebh-thelcha. 32  Two hostages are subsequently given to them, and the 33  comarb of Comhghall as security for two other hostages.

     p.87
     LC1099.6

    The stone-church of Ard-Sratha was burned by the men of Craebh, against the Uí-Fiachrach.

LC1100
     LC1100.0

    The kalends of January on the 1st feria, the 16th of the moon; the age of the Lord one hundred years and a thousand.

     LC1100.1

    Donnchadh Ua hEochadha, king of Uladh, and a number of the chieftains of Uladh along with him, were taken prisoners by Domhnall Mac Lachlainn, king of Oilech, on the fifth of the kalends of June.

     LC1100.2

    A hosting by Domhnall Mac Lachlainn, so that he destroyed Feara-Breagh 10  and Fine-Gall.

     LC1100.3

    A hosting by Muirchertach Ua 11  Briain to Eas-Ruaidh.

     LC1100.4

    The fleet of Ath-cliath went to 12  Inis-Eoghain, where they were cut off both by drowning 13  and killing.

     LC1100.5

    The grandson of Gilla-Choluim Ua Domhnaill, 14  king of Cenel-Luighdech, a suis occisus est.

     LC1100.6

    Assidh Ua 15  hAmhradhain, steward of Dal-Fiatach, died.

     LC1100.7

    Gillabrighde 16  Ua Cuirc, king of Muscraidhe-Breoghain, mortuus est.

     LC1100.8

    17 Gilla-na-naemh Ua hEighin, king of Uí-Fiachrach-Aighne, 18  mortuus est.

     LC1100.9

    Echri Ua Maelmuire, king of Cianachta, 19  was slain by Ua Conchobhair of Cianachta.

LC1101
     LC1101.0

    20 The kalends of January on the 3rd feria, the 27th of the 21  moon; the age of the Lord one hundred and one years, and 22  a thousand.

     LC1101.1

    Donnchadh, son of Aedh Ua Ruairc, was slain 23  by the Feara-Manach.

     LC1101.2

    A hosting by Muirchertach Ua 24  Briain, and by Leth-Mogha, into Connacht, and across Eas-Ruaidh 25  into Tir-Conaill, and from thence into Tir-Eoghain; 26  and they demolished Oilech, and burned and profaned 27  many churches, including Fathan-mor-Mura and Ard-Sratha. 28  They proceeded thence across Fersat-Camsa, 29  and they burned Cúil-Rathain, and committed a massacre 30  there. They took the hostages of Uladh afterwards, and he 31  Muirchertach proceeded by Slighe-Midhluachra to his 32  house, after the triumph of that hosting.

     LC1101.3

    A predatory incursion 33  by Donnchadh Ua Maelsechlainn into Fernmhagh,  p.89 but Ua Cerbhaill overtook him, and slew two hundred of his band, vel paulo plus.

     LC1101.4

    Donnchadh Ua hEochadha, king of Uladh, was released from bondage by Domhnall Mac Lachlainn, king of Oilech in exchange for his son and his foster-brother, viz.:—in the stone-church of Ard-Macha he was released, through the intercession of the comarb of Patrick, and the congregation of Patrick likewise—after mutually swearing by the Bachall-Isa, and by other principal relics—on the 11th of the kalends of 10  January.

LC1102
     LC1102.0

    11 The kalends of January on the 4th feria, the 9th of 12  the moon; the age of the Lord two years, and a hundred, 13  and a thousand.

     LC1102.1

    Sord-Choluim-Chille was burned. 14  Donnchadh, son of Echri Ua hAitheidh, royal heir of Uí-Echach, 15  was slain by the Ulidians, in the fifth month 16  after he had profaned the community of Patrick.

     LC1102.2

    17 Domhnall, son of Tighernan Ua Ruairc, was slain by the 18  Conmaicne; and this Domhnall was king over the Conmaicne 19  and an arbitrator over the Connachtmen.

     LC1102.3

    Flaithbhertach, 20  son of Fothadh, king of Uí-Fiachrach of Ard-Sratha, 21  was slain by the Feara-Luirg.

     LC1102.4

    A hosting by the 22  Cenel-Eoghain to Magh-Cobha.

     LC1102.5

    The Ulidians proceeded 23  on that night to the camp, and slew Sitrec Ua Maelfhabhuill, 24  king of Carraig-Brachaidhe and Sitrec, son of 25  Conrach, son of Eoghan, et alii.

     LC1102.6

    Maghnus, king of Lochlann, 26  came with a large fleet to Manainn, and made a 27  year's peace with the men of Erinn.

     LC1102.7

    The hostages of the 28  men of Erinn in the hands of Domhnall, comarb of Patrick, 29  for a year's peace between O'Briain, i.e. Muirchertach, 30  and Mac Lachlainn, i.e. Domhnall.

     LC1102.8

    Ros-Oilitri was plundered 31  i.e. cum patre suo by the Uí-Echach in revenge for 32  the killing of Ua Donnchadha.

     LC1102.9

    Caisel was burned by the 33  Eile.

LC1103
     LC1103.0

    34 The kalends of January on the 5th feria, the 20th of 35  the moon; the age of the Lord three years, and a hundred, 36  and a thousand.

     LC1103.1

    A severe, fierce conflict between the  p.91 men of Lurg and Tuath-Ratha, in which fell a multitude on both sides.

     LC1103.2

    Ua Canannain, i.e. the King of Cenel-Conaill, was expelled from his sovereignty by Domhnall Mac Lachlainn.

     LC1103.3

    A great war between the Cenel-Eoghain and the Ulidians, when Muirchertach O'Briain came with the men of Mumha, and Laighen, and Osraighe, and with the nobles of Connacht, and with the men of Midhe, together with their kings, to Magh-Cobha, to assist the Ulidians. They all went, respectively, to Machaire-Aird-Macha, i.e. to 10  Cill-na-Cornaire, where they were a week laying siege to 11  Ard-Macha. Domhnall Mac Lachlainn, with the men of 12  the North of Erinn, was during the time in Uí-Bresail-Macha, 13  confronting them. When, however, the men of 14  Mumha were weary, Muirchertach proceeded to Aenach-Macha, 15  and to Emhain-Macha, and round to Ard-Macha, 16  when he left eight ounces of gold upon the altar, and promised 17  eight score cows; and he turned back to Magh-Cobha, 18  and left there the Lagenians, and a multitude of 19  the men of Mumha; and he himself went, moreover, on a 20  predatory expedition into Dal-Araidhe, where he lost 21  Donnchadh, son of Toirdhealbhach, and the son of Ua 22  Conchobhair, king of Ciarraighe, and Ua Beóain, et alii 23  optimi. Domhnall Mac Lachlainn, accompanied by the 24  chieftans of Cenel-Conaill and Cenel-Eoghain, and of the 25  whole North, went to Magh-Cobha, to attack the Lagenians. 26  The Lagenians, however, and the Osraighe, and the men 27  of Mumha, and the Foreigners, such as they were, came 28  to meet him and a battle was fought: viz., on the nones 29  of August, and on Wednesday, as regards the day of the 30  week, and on the 29th of the moon, and on the eighth 31  day after coming to Macha, this battle was fought. The 32  men of Leth-Mogha were defeated, and a slaughter of 33  them was committed, and a slaughter of the Lagenians, with 34  Muirchertach Mac Gillacholmog, and with two Ua Lorcains, 35  and with Muirchertach, son of Mac Gormain, et alii; 36  and a slaughter of the Uí-Ceinnsealaigh, with two sons of  p.93 Maelmordha, and with Ua Riain, i.e. king of Uí-Drona, et alii; a slaughter of the Osraighe, with Gillapatraic Ruadh, king of Osraighe and with the chieftains of Osraighe likewise; a slaughter of the Foreigners of Ath-cliath, with Trosdan, son of Eric, and, with Pol Adhmann, and with Beollan Armann, et alii; a slaughter of the men of Mumha, with two Ua Brics, i.e. two royal heirs of the Deisi, and with Ua-Failbhe i.e. royal heir of Corca-Dhuibhne, and a dynast of Laighen, i.e. with Ua Muireghaigh, 10  i.e. king of Ciarraighe, together with his son; et 11  alii multi optimi quos causa brevitatis scribere praetermisimus.

     LC1103.4

    12 The Cenel-Eoghain, and the nobles of Cenel-Conaill 13  and of the North likewise, returned with great 14  spoils, and with numerous treasures, including the royal 15  pavilion, and the standard and many precious things 16  besides.

     LC1103.5

    Maghnus, King of Lochlann, was slain on a 17  predatory expedition in Ulidia.

LC1104
     LC1104.0

    18 The kalends of January on the 6th feria, the 1st of the 19  moon; the age of the Lord four years, and a hundred, 20  and a thousand.

     LC1104.1

    O'Conchobhair of Corcumruaidh, i.e. 21  Conchobhar, son of Maelsechlainn, mortuus est.

     LC1104.2

    Mac-na-hoidhche 22  Ua Ruairc a suis fratribus occisus est.

     LC1104.3

    A hosting 23  by Muirchertach Ua Briain to Magh-Muirthemhne, and he 24  totally destroyed the tillage of the plain; and it was on this 25  hosting that Cu-Uladh O Caindelbhain, King of Laeghaire, 26  was thrown from his horse, of which he died.

     LC1104.4

    A hosting 27  by Domhnall Mac Lachlainn to Magh-Cobha, when he 28  obtained the hostages of Ulidia; and he proceeded to Temhair, 29  and burned a large part of Uí-Laeghaire, but gave 30  protection to some of them however.

     LC1104.5

    Donnchadh Ua Conchobhair, 31  King of Cianachta, was slain by his own people.

LC1105
     LC1105.0

    32 The kalends of January on the 1st feria, the 12th of 33  the moon; the age of the Lord five years, and a hundred,  p.95 and a thousand.

     LC1105.1

    Conchobhar, son of Maelsechlainn, royal heir of Temhair, occisus est.

     LC1105.2

    Domhnall, comarb of Patrick, came to Ath-cliath, to make peace between Muirchertach O'Briain and Domhnall Mac Lachlainn, where sickness seized him, and he was carried in his sickness to Domhnach-oirther-Emhna, where he was anointed; and he was afterwards carried to Daimhliag, where he died; and his body was taken to Ard-Macha.

     LC1105.3

    Ceallach, son of Aedh, son of Maelisa, was ordained in his place, in 10  the comarbship of Patrick, by the choice of the men of 11  Erinn; and he received orders on the day of Adhamnan's 12  festival.

     LC1105.4

    A hosting by Muirchertach O'Briain, when he 13  expelled Donnchadh Ua Maelsechlainn from the sovereignty 14  of the West of Midhe.

LC1106
     LC1106.0

    15 The kalends of January on the 2nd feria, the 23rd of 16  the moon, the age of the Lord six years, and a hundred, 17  and a thousand.

     LC1106.1

    A predatory hosting by Domhnall Mac 18  Lachlainn, to assist Donnchadh Ua Maelsechlainn, when 19  they injured the west of Midhe; and Donnchadh himself 20  was met there on a scouting party, and slain.

     LC1106.2

    Ceallach, 21  comarb of Patrick, went on the visitation of Cenel-Eoghain, 22  for the first time, and he obtained his full demand, 23  viz.:—a cow for every six persons, or an in-calf heifer 24  for every three, or half an ounce for every four, in addition 25  to many offerings besides.

     LC1106.3

    Cathbharr O'Domhnaill, 26  pillar of the defence and warfare, of the glory and hospitality 27  of the Cenel-Luighdech, died.

     LC1106.4

    Ceallach went on a 28  visitation of Mumha, the first time also; and he obtained 29  his full tribute, viz.:—seven cows, and seven sheep, and 30  half an ounce for every triocha-ced in Mumha, in addition  p.97 to many presents besides; and Ceallach, moreover received the dignity of a superior bishop, by the consent of the men of Erinn, on that occasion.

LC1107
     LC1107.0

    The kalends of January on the 3rd feria, the 4th of the moon; the age of the Lord seven years, and a hundred, and a thousand.

     LC1107.1

    Snow fell for a day and night, the Wednesday before the festival of Patrick, which caused a great destruction of the cattle of Erinn.

     LC1107.2

    Cenn-coradh was burned between the two Easters, with sixty puncheons 10  of mead and beer.

     LC1107.3

    Conchobhar, grandson of Donnsleibhe, 11  royal heir of Uladh, was slain by the men of 12  Fernmhagh.

     LC1107.4

    A victory by the Uí-Bresail over the Uí-Meth, 13  in which they were slaughtered, together with 14  their king, i.e. Aedh Ua hInnreachtaigh.

     LC1107.5

    Very wet 15  weather in this year, which destroyed all the corn crops.

     LC1107.6

    16 A year's peace was made by Ceallach, comarb of Patrick, 17  between Muirchertach Ua Briain and Domhnall Mac 18  Lachlainn.

LC1108
     LC1108.0

    19 The kalends of January on the 4th feria, the l5th of the 20  moon; the age of the Lord eight years, and a hundred, 21  and a thousand.

     LC1108.1

    Luimnnech was burned.

     LC1108.2

    Domhnall Ua 22  Ruairc, king of Uí-Briuin, occisus est.

     LC1108.3

    Ceallach, comarb 23  of Patrick, proceeded on a visitation of Connacht 24  for the first time, and obtained his full demand.

     LC1108.4

    A house 25  was taken by Ua Mathghamhna and Ua Maelruanaidh 26  over Goll Garbraighe, i.e. the king of Uladh, i.e. Eochaidh, 27  son of Donnsleibhe Ua hEochadha, and he was beheaded  p.99 by them.

     LC1108.5

    A great crop of oak fruit throughout all Erinn.

     LC1108.6

    A sappy year, with good weather, and with much corn and produce, was this year.

LC1109
     LC1109.0

    The kalends of January on the 6th feria, the 26th of the moon; the age of the Lord nine years, and a hundred, and a thousand.

     LC1109.1

    Easter on the 7th of the kalends of May, and Little Easter on the second day of summer.

     LC1109.2

    A hosting by Muirchertach Ua Briain, to aid Murchadh Ua Maelsechlainn, and he plundered a section of the Uí-Briuin.

     LC1109.3

    10 A hosting by Domhnall Mac Lachlainn accompanied by the 11  men of the North of Erinn, to Sliabh-Fuaid; but Ceallach, 12  comarb of Patrick, made a year's peace between O'Briain 13  and Mac Lachlainn; and the men of the North of Erinn, 14  together with the Cenel-Conaill and Cenel-Eoghain, went 15  afterwards to Magh-Uí-Bresail, to attack the Ulidians 16  who were in Magh-Cobha but the Ulidians gave them 17  the three hostages whom they themselves selected.

     LC1109.4

    Aedh 18  Ua Ruairc came twice into the camp of Murchadh Ua 19  Maelsechlainn, and committed a slaughter. through the 20  curse of the congregation of Patrick.

     LC1109.5

    Mac Gillapatraic, 21  king of Osraighe, i.e. Domhnall Ruadh, was killed by 22  another youth whilst playing a game.

LC1110
     LC1110.0

    23 The kalends of January on the 7th feria, the 7th of the 24  moon; the age of the Lord ten years, and a hundred, and 25  a thousand.

     LC1110.1

    Gillacoluim O'Maelmhuaidh, king of Feara-Ceall 26  jugulatus est.

     LC1110.2

    Murchadh, son of Tadhg Ua Briain, 27  royal heir of Mumha, mortuus est.

     LC1110.3

    Bébhinn, daughter of 28  Cenneidigh Ua Briain, wife of Domhnall Mae Lachlainn, 29  king of Oilech, died.

     LC1110.4

    A predatory expedition by Domhnall 30  Mac Lachlainn into Connacht, whence he carried off a 31  thousand prisoners, and several thousand cattle.

     LC1110.5

    Ceallach, 32  comarb of Patrick, went for the/ first time on a visitation 33  of Midhe, and carried off from it his full demand.

     LC1110.6

    A 34  victory by the Conmaicne over the Síl-Muireghaigh, i.e.  p.101 the victory of Magh-Brénghair.

     LC1110.7

    A victory by the Síl-Muireghaigh over the Conmaicne, viz.:—the victory of the Ros, opposite Cruachan, in which fell three Ua Ferghails, and many other nobles besides.

LC1111
     LC1111.0

    The kalends of January on the 1st feria, the 18th of the moon; the age of the Lord eleven years, and a hundred, and a thousand.

     LC1111.1

    Port-Lairge was burned.

     LC1111.2

    Cenannus was burned.

     LC1111.3

    A hosting by the Ulidians to Telach-óg, when they cut down its sacred trees.

     LC1111.4

    A predatory excursion by 10  Niall Mac Lachlainn, who carried off three thousand cows 11  in revenge for them.

     LC1111.5

    Dun-da-lethghlas was burned by 12  lightning, both Rath and Trian.

     LC1111.6

    A synod of clerics 13  at Fiadh-mic-Aenghusa, in Uisnech, including Cellach, 14  comarb of Patrick, and including Maelmuire Ua Dunain, 15  i.e. the noble senior of Erinn, with fifty bishops, vel paulo 16  plus, with three hundred priests, and with three thousand 17  students, together with Muirchertach Ua Briain, attended 18  by the nobles of Leth-Mogha, to impose rules and good customs 19  on all, both laity and clergy.

     LC1111.7

    Donnchadh Ua hAnluain, 20  king of Uí-Niallain, was slain by his brothers, in treachery.

     LC1111.8

    21 These brothers were slain by the Uí-Niallain, in revenge 22  for him, before the end of twenty nights thereafter.

     LC1111.9

    A 23  convention between Domhnall Mac Lachlainn and Donnchadh 24  Ua hEochadha, when they made a full peace; and 25  the Ulidians gave hostages to Domhnall, for the payment 26  of his own demand.

LC1112
     LC1112.0

    27 The kalends of January on the 2nd feria, the 29th of 28  the moon; the age of the Lord twelve years, and a hundred, 29  and a thousand.

     LC1112.1

    The Rath of Ard-Macha, with its church, 30  was burned on the 10th of the kalends of April, and two 31  rows of Trian-Massan, and the third row of Trian-mór.

     LC1112.2

    32 A predatory expedition by Domhnall Mac Lachlainn across 33  Fine-Gall, and he carried off an immense number of captives, 34  and a great spoil cattle.

 p.103
LC1113
     LC1113.0

    The kalends of January on the 4th feria, the l0th of the moon; the age of the Lord thirteen years, and a hundred, and a thousand.

     LC1113.1

    A thunderbolt fell on Cruachan-Aighle, on the night of the festival of Patrick, which destroyed thirty of the fasting people.

     LC1113.2

    Maelsechlainn O'Conchobhair, king of Corcumruaidh, died.

     LC1113.3

    Donn O'Tairchert, chieftain of Clann-Sneidhghile, was slain by Niall Mac Lachlainn.

     LC1113.4

    A hosting by Domhnall Mac Lachlainn, with the nobles of Cenel-Conaill and Cenel-Eoghain, 10  and the Airghialla, to Glenn-Righe; and they 11  expelled Donnchadh from the sovereignty of Uladh, and 12  divided Uladh between Ua Mathghamhna and the sons of 13  Donnsleibhe; but Dal-Araidhe and Uí-Echach were retained 14  by himself.

     LC1113.5

    A hosting by Muirchertach Ua Briain, 15  with the men of Mumha, and the Lagenians and Connachtmen, 16  to Magh-Cobha, to aid Donnchadh.

     LC1113.6

    Another hosting 17  by Domhnall Mac Lachlainn, with the men of Cenel-Conall 18  and of Cenel-Eoghain, and the Airghialla, to Magh-Cobha 19  likewise, to aid the Ulidians; and there was a danger of 20  battle between them, until the comarb of Patrick separated 21  them under the semblance of peace.

     LC1113.7

    Donnchadh 22  Ua hEochadha was blinded by Eochaidh Ua Mathghamhna 23  and the Ulidians.

     LC1113.8

    A hosting by Muirchertach Ua Briain 24  and the people of Leth Mogha both laics and clerics, to 25  Grenog.

     LC1113.9

    Domhnall Mac Lachlainn, with the nobles of the 26  North of Erinn, viz.:—of the Cenel-Conaill and Cenel-Eoghain, 27  and Airghialla, proceeded to Cluain-caein, in 28  Feara-Rois; and they were during the space of a month 29  confronting one another, until Ceallach, comarb of 30  Patrick, with the Bachall-Isa, made a year's peace between 31  them.

     LC1113.10

    A fierce conflict between the men of Fernmhagh 32  themselves, in which two royal heirs of Fernmhagh, 33  viz. Ua Crichain and Ua Donnagain, were slain.

LC1114
     LC1114.0

    34 The kalends of January on the 5th feria, the 21st of  p.105 the moon; the age of the Lord fourteen years, and a hundred, and a thousand.

     LC1114.1

    A great fit of sickness seized Muirchertach Ua Briain, king of Erinn, and removed him from his sovereignty.

     LC1114.2

    Diarmaid Ua Briain, moreover, assumed the sovereignty of Mumha, in his presence, without permission.

     LC1114.3

    A hosting by Domhnall Mac Lachlainn to Rath-Cennaigh, when Eochaidh Ua Mathghamhna, with the Ulidians, came into his house, and Donnchadh Ua Loingsigh, with the Dal-Araidhe, and Aedh Ua Ruairc, 10  with the men of Breifne, and Murchadh Ua Maelsechlainn, 11  with the men of Midhe. They all proceeded across Ath-Luain 12  to Dun-Leodha, where Toirdhealbhach Ua Conchobhair, 13  with the Connachtmen, aud Niall, son of Domhnall 14  Mac Lachlainn, with the chieftains of Clann-Conaill, came 15  into his assembly.

     LC1114.4

    They all went thence, afterwards, to 16  Telach-Uí-Deghaidh, in Dal-Cais, where they and the men 17  of Mumha made a year's peace; and Domhnall Mac 18  Lachlainn went through Connacht, and from thence to his 19  house.

     LC1114.5

    Aedh, son of Donnchadh Ua hEochadha, royal 20  heir of Uladh, mortuus est.

     LC1114.6

    Ruaidhri Ua Canannain, 21  royal heir of Cenel-Conaill, was slain by the Cenel-Eoghain.

     LC1114.7

    22 Muirchertach Mac Lachlainn, royal heir of Oilech, injuste 23  interfectus est.

LC1115
     LC1115.0

    24 The kalends of January on the 6th feria, the 2nd of the 25  moon; the age of the Lord fifteen years, and a hundred, 26  and a thousand

     LC1115.1

    Very severe weather, with frost and 27  snow, from the l5th of the kalends of January to the l5th 28  of the kalends of March, vel paulo plus, which made great 29  havoc of birds, and cattle, and people; and from which 30  arose great scarcity and want throughout all Erinn, and in 31  Laighen especially.

     LC1115.2

    Diarmaid O'Briain, king of Mumha,  p.107 was captured by Muirchertach O'Briain.

     LC1115.3

    A murderous attack was made by the grandsons of Aedh, son of Ruaidhri, on Toirdhealbhach Ua Conchobhair, king of Connacht, and he was wounded so that he was in extreme agony.

     LC1115.4

    A victory by Domhnall Ua Briain and the Foreigners of Ath-cliath, over the Lagenians, in which Donnchadh, grandson of Mael-na-mbo, king of Uí-Ceinnsealaigh, and Conchobhar Ua Conchobhair, king of Uí-Failghe, with his sons, and a multitude besides, were slain.

     LC1115.5

    Domhnall, 10  son of Tadhg Ua Briain, royal heir of Mumha, was 11  slain by the Connachtmen.

     LC1115.6

    Muirchertach Ua Briain 12  assumed his own sovereignty again, and went on a hosting 13  into Laighen and Bregh.

     LC1115.7

    The stone-church of Ard Brecain, 14  with its full of people, was burned by the men of 15  Mumha, and many churches besides in Feara-Bregh.

     LC1115.8

    A 16  great predatory excursion by Toirdhealbhach O Conchobhair 17  and the Connachtmen, and they plundered Tuadh-Mumhan 18  as far as Luimnech, and carried off countless cattle 19  spoils and numerous prisoners.

     LC1115.9

    Maelsechlainn Ua 20  Maelsechlainn, royal heir of Temhair, occisus est.

LC1116
     LC1116.0

    21 The kalends of January on the 7th feria, the 13th of 22  the moon; the age of the Lord sixteen years, and a hundred, 23  and a thousand.

     LC1116.1

    Cellach, comarb of Patrick, went on a 24  visitation of Connacht, for the second time, and obtained 25  his full tribute.

     LC1116.2

    Cill-Dalua, with its church, was burned.

     LC1116.3

    26 Corcach-mor of Mumhan, and Imlech-Ibhair, and the oratory 27  of Maelisa Ua Brolchain, and a part of Lis-mór; were burned 28  in the same year.

     LC1116.4

    Achadh-bo-Chainnigh was burned.

     LC1116.5

    29 Cluain-Iraird cremata est.

     LC1116.6

    The Abbot's great house of 30  Ard-Macha, with twenty houses about it, was burned in the 31  beginning of the Lent of this year.

     LC1116.7

    Ladhmann, son of 32  Domhnall, king of Alba, was slain by the men of Moray.

     LC1116.8

    33 Derbhail, daughter of Toirdhealbhach Ua Briain, mortua est.

 p.109
LC1117
     LC1117.0

    The kalends of January ou the 2nd feria, the 24th of the moon; the age of the Lord seventeen years and a hundred, and a thousand.

     LC1117.1

    Conchobhar Ua Cairellain was slain by the Feara-Manach.

     LC1117.2

    The battle of Lecain was given by Brian, son of Murchadh, and by the sons of Cathal Ua Conchobhair, having the Connachtmen along with them, to Toirdhealbhach son of Diarmaid, and to the Dál-Cais; and the Dál-Cais were defeated and put to slaughter.

     LC1117.3

    A victory over the Cenel-Eoghain of 10  the Island, by the Cenel-Conail, when they were put to 11  slaughter, and many of their chieftains slain.

LC1118
     LC1118.0

    12 The kalends of January on the 3rd feria, the 5th of 13  the moon; the age of the Lord eighteen years and a 14  hundred, and a thousand.

     LC1118.1

    Laidhgnén Ua Duibhdhara, 15  king of Feara-Manach, was slain by the Uí-Fiachrach, 16  and by the men of the Craebh.

     LC1118.2

    Diarmaid Ua Briain, 17  king of Mumha, and of all Leth-Mogha, died at Corcach-mór 18  of Mumha, after unction and penitence.

     LC1118.3

    The value of 19  one hundred ounces of the offering and mass cloths of Cellach, 20  comarb of Patrick, were submerged in the Dabhall; 21  and he himself was endangered.

     LC1118.4

    Paschalis, comarb of 22  Peter, servus religiosus cum dilectione Dei et proximi 23  ad Christum migravit.

     LC1118.5

    Maria, daughter of Maelcoluim, 24  i.e. daughter of the king of Alba, wife of the king of the 25  Saxons, mortua est.

     LC1118.6

    A hosting by Toirdhealbhach Ua 26  Conchobhair, king of Connacht, and by Murchadh O Maelsechlainn, 27  king of Temhair, along with him, and by Aed 28  O'Ruairc, into Mumha, as far as Glenn-Maghair; and he 29  gave Des-Mumha to Mac Carthaigh, and Tuadh-Mumha  p.111 to the sons of Diarmaid Ua Briain, and carried off the hostages of each.

     LC1118.7

    Another hosting by him to Ath-cliath, when he carried away the son of the king of Temhair, who was in the hands of the Foreigners, and the hostages of the Foreigners themselves, and the hostages of Laighen and Osraighe.

     LC1118.8

    A wonderful story in this year, viz: a very great earthquake in Sliabh-Elpa, which extinguished many cities, and a multitude of people in them.

     LC1118.9

    Another wonderful story also in Erinn, viz.:—a mermaid was 10  caught by the fishermen of Lis-Airglinn, in Osraighe, and 11  another at Port-Lairge.

     LC1118.10

    Domhnall, son of Ruaidhri Ua 12  Conchobhair, mortuus est.

     LC1118.11

    Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair, king 13  of Connacht for a long time, died in pilgrimage in the 14  thirty-sixth year after he was blinded—in clericatu vitam 15  feliciter finivit at Cluain-mic-Nois.

LC1119
     LC1119.0

    16 The kalends of January on the 4th feria, the 16th of 17  the moon; the age of the Lord nineteen years and a 18  hundred, and a thousand.

     LC1119.1

    Cenn-coradh was demolished 19  by the Connachtmen.

     LC1119.2

    Muirchertach O'Briain, king of 20  Erinn, prop of the glory and magnificence of the West of 21  Europe, after the triumph of sovereignty and penance, on 22  the festival of Mochaemhóg, on the 6th of the ides of March, 23  in bono fine vitam finivit.

     LC1119.3

    Cúchollchaille O'Baighelláin, 24  chief ollamh of Erinn in poetry, and a man distinguished 25  for charity and hospitality, and for universal benevolence 26  towards the needy and the powerful, was slain by the Feara-Luirg 27  and Tuath-ratha, cum sua uxore et duobus filiis 28  suis bonis, et cum xxxv. aliis, consisting both of his family 29  and guests, in the same house, the Saturday before Little 30  Easter, on the festival of Becan, son of Cula.

     LC1119.4

    Ruaidhri 31  O'Tormair, airchinnech of Fathan-mor, quievit.

     LC1119.5

    Conchobhar 32  O'Gairmleghaigh, chief of Cenel-Moain, was slain  p.113 by the Uí-Dubhda, and by the Clann-Flaithbhertaigh.

     LC1119.6

    Niall, son of Domhnall Mac Lachlainn, royal heir of Oilech and Erinn, and the paragon of Erinn for figure and sense, for honour and learning, fell by the Cenel-Moain, in the 28th year of his age, on Monday as regards the day of the week, on the tenth of the moon's age, the festival of the 'Three Innocent Sons,' in decimo octavo kalendas Januarii.

LC1120
     LC1120.0

    The kalends of January on the 5th feria, the 27th 10  of the moon; the age of the Lord twenty years, and a 11  hundred, and a thousand.

     LC1120.1

    A hosting by Domhnall Mac 12  Lachlainn to Ath-Luain, to assist Murchadh Ua Maelsechlainn 13  against Connacht, and Toirdhelbhach O'Conchobhair 14  made a false peace with them.

     LC1120.2

    The victory of the 15  plain of Cill-mór in Uí-Niallain was gained by Raghnall, 16  son of Mac Riabhaigh, over the Uí-Echach, who were put 17  to slaughter.

     LC1120.3

    Cellach, comarb of Patrick, went on a visitation 18  of Mumha, when he obtained his full demand, and 19  left a blessing.

     LC1120.4

    Branan, son of Gillachrist, chief of Corca-Achlann, 20  died.

     LC1120.5

    Echmarcach Mac Uidhrén, chief of Cenel-Feraghaigh, 21  was slain by the Feara-Manach.

     LC1120.6

    The bridge 22  of Ath-Luain was made.

LC1121
     LC1121.0

    22 The kalends of January on the 7th feria, the 9th of the 23  moon; the age of the Lord twenty-one years, and a hundred, 25  and a thousand.

     LC1121.1

    Domhnall, son of Ardghar Mac 26  Lachlainn, the most distinguished of the Gaeidhel of 27  Erinn for figure, for family, for sense and prowess, for 28  prosperity and for constancy, for the bestowing of jewels 29  and food, died in Doire-Choluim-Chille in the 38th year 30  of his reign, and in the 73rd year of his age, on the night 31  of Wednesday particularly, and on the 4th of the ides of 32  February, the festival of Mochuarog 'the Wise'.

     LC1121.2

    A 33  hosting by Toirdhelbhach Ua Conchobhair, accompanied 34  by the men of Connacht, to Des-Mumha, and they plundered 35  from Magh-Feimhin to Traigh-Lí, both church and 36  territory, viz.:—seventy churches, vel paulo plus.

     p.115
     LC1121.3

    A predatory hosting by Toirdhelbhach O'Conchobhair again into Des-Mumha, until he reached the termon of Lis-mór; and he obtained countless cattle spoils, and lost Muiredhach O'Flaithbhertaigh, king of the west of Connacht, and Aedh Ua hEidhin, king of Uí-Fiachrach-Eighne.

     LC1121.4

    The steeple of Telach-nImmuinne, in Osraighe, was cleft by a thunderbolt, and a stone flew from it, which killed a student in the church.

     LC1121.5

    Cellach, comarb of Patrick, assumed the bishopric of Ath-cliath by the choice of 10  Foreigners and Gaeidhel.

     LC1121.6

    A gale of wind occurred on 11  the nones of December, which knocked off the conical cap 12  of the steeple of Ard-Macha, and caused a great destruction 13  of trees throughout all Erinn.

LC1122
     LC1122.0

    14 The kalends of January on the 1st feria, the 20th of 15  the moon; the age of the Lord twenty-two years, and a 16  hundred, and a thousand.

     LC1122.1

    Aedh Ua Ruaire, king of Conmaicne, 17  fell by the men of Midhe, whilst taking a prey 18  from them.

     LC1122.2

    The shrine of Colman, son of Luachan, was 19  found in the tomb of Lann, a man's cubit in the earth, 20  on Spy Wednesday.

     LC1122.3

    A hosting by Toirdhelbhach Ua 21  Conchobhair to Loch-Sailech in Midhe, when Mac Murchadha, 22  king of Laighen and the Foreigners, came into 23  his house.

     LC1122.4

    Mor, daughter of Domhnall Mac Lachlainn, 24  wife of Toirdhelbhach Ua Conchobhair, died.

     LC1122.5

    A great 25  predatory expedition by Conchobhar Mac Lachlainn and 26  the Cenel-Eoghain, until they arrived at Cill-ruaidh in 27  Ulidia, and they carried off countless cattle spoils.

     LC1122.6

    Aedh 28  Ua Duibhdhirma, chief of the Bredach, and head of the 29  hospitality of the North, and Domhnall his brother, 30  mortui sunt.

LC1123
     LC1123.0

    31 The kalends of January on the 2nd feria, the 1st of the 32  moon; the age of the Lord twenty-three years, and a hundred, 33  and a thousand.

     LC1123.1

    The Gailenga captured a house at 34  Daimhliag-Cianain, against Maelsechlainn Ua Maelsechlainn,  p.117 i.e. king of Midhe and Temhair, and they burned the house in which he was, and seventy other houses around it, and killed a multitude of his people. Maelsechlainn himself escaped through the protection of God and Cianan, without being burned or slain.

     LC1123.2

    An unprecedented attack was made on the comarb of Ailbhe, i.e. Maelmordha, grandson of Clothna, viz.:—a house was captured against him in the middle of his own Imlech, and against the son of Cerbhall Ua Ciarmhaic, king of Ane; and seven persons were 10  killed there. The good men escaped therefrom, however, 11  through the grace of Ailbhe and the Church; but the 12  Bernan-Ailbhe was, indeed, burned there. The person 13  who captured this house, viz.:—the Gilla-caech Ua 14  Ciarmhaic, (and he was by title a deacon), was slain 15  before the end of a month afterwards and his head was 16  cut off, for the profanation of God and Ailbhe.

     LC1123.3

    Donnsleibhe 17  Mac Cathalain, the prosperity and happiness of all 18  Uladh, mortuus est.

     LC1123.4

    Donnchadh Mac Gillapatraic 19  Ruadh, king of Osraighe, a suis occisus est.

     LC1123.5

    Conghalach 20  Ua Laithbhertaigh royal heir of Oilech, occisus est.

LC1124
     LC1124.0

    21 The kalends of January on the 3rd feria, the 12th of 22  the moon; the age of the Lord twenty-four years and a 23  hundred, and a thousand.

     LC1124.1

    Toirfhinn Mac Turcuill, principal 24  young lord of the Foreigners of Erinn, subita morte 25  periit.

     LC1124.2

    Tadhg, son of Mac Carthaigh, king of Des-Mumha, 26  died.

     LC1124.3

    A great alarm was given to the king of Temhair 27  on Easter Sunday, viz.:—his Easter house fell on him 28  and on his household.

     LC1124.4

    Luimnech was all burned, except 29  a little.

     LC1124.5

    Alexander, son of Maelcoluim, king of Alba, in 30  bona poenitentia mortuus est.

     LC1124.6

    The hostages of Des-Mumha  p.119 were slain by Toirdhelbhach O'Conchobhair, viz.:—Maelsechlainn, son of Cormac Mac Carthaigh, king of Caisel, and Ua Ciarmhaic, and Achaine Ua Cobhthaigh of the Uí-Cuanach of Cnamhchaill.

     LC1124.7

    Ardghar, grandson of Aedh Ua Maelsechlainn, was slain by the people of Doire, in revenge for Colum-Cille.

LC1125
     LC1125.0

    The kalends of January on the 5th feria, the 23rd of the moon; the age of the Lord twenty-five years, and a hundred, and a thousand.

     LC1125.1

    The fifth of the ides of January, 10  moreover, was on Friday, the first of the moon, and 11  on it the protecting ridge was raised over the great stone-church 12  of Ard-Macha, after it had been fully covered 13  with shingling by Cellach, comarb of Patrick, in the one 14  hundred and thirtieth year since it had a complete shingle 15  roof before.

     LC1125.2

    Gillabraide Ua Ruairc was drowned in 16  Loch-Ailinne.

     LC1125.3

    A hosting by Toirdhelbach O'Conchobhair 17  into Midhe, when he expelled Murchadh Ua 18  Maelsechlainn from his sovereignty, and placed three 19  kings over the men of Midhe. Domhnall, son of Murchadh, 20  however, killed the third king, viz.:—Maelsechlainn, 21  son of Donnchadh, before the end of a 'nomaidh'.

     LC1125.4

    22 A hosting by Muirchertach O'Cerbhaill, king of the South 23  of Fernmagh, to the men of Bregh; but Diarmait Ua 24  Maelsechlainn, with the men of Midhe and the men of 25  Bregh, met him, and Muirchertach was slain there, and 26  a slaughter of his host was committedabout him.

LC1126
     LC1126.0

    27 The kalends of January on the 6th feria, the 4th of 28  the moon; the age of the Lord twenty-six years, and a 29  hundred, and a thousand.

     LC1126.1

    Enná son of Murchadh, king of Leinster, mortuus est.

     LC1126.2

    A hosting by Toirdhelbhach 30  O'Conchobhair to the Lagenians, and he received their 31  pledges.

     LC1126.3

    Ua Maelruanaigh, king of Feara-Manach, a suis 32  occisus est.

     LC1126.4

    Maelísa Ua Conne, the most learned of the 33  Gaeidhel of Erinn in jurisprudence, and in the Ord-Patraic,  p.121 after choice penance in Christo quievit.

     LC1126.5

    Corcach-mor of Mumha, with its churches, was burned.

     LC1126.6

    Domhnall Ua Dúbdha was drowned after committing a depredation in Tir-Conaill.

     LC1126.7

    Royal journey of Toirdhelbhach Ua Conchobhair to Ath-cliath and Laigen to his son, i.e. to Conchobhar.

     LC1126.8

    Great war in Erinn, so that the comarb of Patrick was obliged to be a month and a year absent from Ard-Macha, pacifying the men of Erinn, and imposing rules and good customs on all, both laity and clergy.

     LC1126.9

    A treacherous depredation 10  by Ruaidhri Ua Tuachair, in Airthera; but the men 11  of Airthera overtook, and committed a slaughter of, the 12  army of Ruaidhri; and he himself was there beheaded. 13  A hosting by Toirdhelbhach Ua Conchobhair until he 14  reached Glenn-Maghair, in Des-Mumha, and he carried 15  off countless cattle spoils.

LC1127
     LC1127.0

    16 The kalends of January on the 7th feria, the 15th of 17  the moon; the age of the Lord twenty-seven years, and a 18  hundred, and a thousand.

     LC1127.1

    A hosting by Toirdhelbhach 19  O'Conchobhair into Des-Mumha, until he reached Corcach-mor 20  of Mumha, and he carried off the hostages of 21  all Mumha.

     LC1127.2

    The men of Airthera captured the house of 22  Flann, son of Sinach, in Trian-Saxan, in Ard-Macha, 23  against Raghnall, son of Mac Riabhaigh, on the night of 24  the Monday of Shrovetide, and he was beheaded by them.

     LC1127.3

    25 A battle between the Ulidians themselves, when two 26  kings of Ulidia, viz.:—Niall, son of Donnsleibhe (and a 27  slaughter of the Ulidians about him), and Eochaidh Ua 28  Mathghamhna, were slain in the mutual wounding of 29  the battle.

     LC1127.4

    Gillachrist Ua hEighnigh, king of Feara-Manach, 30  and chief king of Oirghiall, died in Clochar-Uí-nDaimhin, 31  after choice penance.

     LC1127.5

    The men of Mumha  p.123 and of Laighen again turned against Toirdhelbhach O'Conchobhair, and their hostages were withdrawn by them, and his son was dethroned by the Foreigners and Lagenians; and they placed over themselves the king of Eile; i.e. Domhnall, grandson of Faelan.

     LC1127.6

    Cerbhall, grandson of Faelan, (and a slaughter of the Uí-Faelain about him), fell by the Uí-Failghe in the middle of Cill-dara, defending the comarbship of Brigid.

     LC1127.7

    Taillti, daughter of Murchadh Ua Maelsechlainn, wife of Toirdhelbhach 10  Ua Conchobhair, died.

     LC1127.8

    Gillabrighde Ua Forannain, 11  airchinnech of Ard-Sratha, mortuus est.

LC1128
     LC1128.0

    12 The kalends of January on the 1st feria, the 26th of 13  the moon; the age of the Lord, twenty-eight years, and a hundred, and a thousand.

     LC1128.1

    Bissextus et embolismus 14  annus.

     LC1128.2

    The men of Magh-hItha, i.e. with Domhnall Ua 15  Gairmleghaigh, captured a house against the king of 16  Feara-Manach, i.e. against Faelan Ua Duibhdhara, who 17  fell by them, and many of the nobles of Feara-Manach along with him.

     LC1128.3

    A victory was gained by the cavalry 18  of the son of Mac Lachlainn, i.e. Conchobhar son of Mac 19  Lachlainn, over the cavalry of Tighernan Ua Ruairc, in 20  which were slain Ua Ciardha, king of Cairbre, and Cathal 21  Ua Raighilligh, and Sitric Ua Maelbrighde, and the son 22  of Aedh Ua Dubhda, king of Uí-Amhalghadha, et alii multi.

     LC1128.4

    An ugly, ruthless, unprecedented deed, which 23  earned the malediction of the men of Erinn, both lay and 24  clerical—for which no equal was found previously in 25  Erinn—was committed by Tighernan Ua Ruairc, and by 26  the Uí-Briuin, viz.:—the comarb of Patrick was openly 27  profaned in his own presence, and his retinue were 28  plundered, and a number of them slain; and a young 29  cleric of his own people, who was under a cuilebadh, 30  was killed there. The evil consequence, moreover, that  p.125 grew from this misdeed, was, that there was not in Erinn any enduring protection for a man thenceforth, until this injury was avenged by God and men. This contempt, truly, which was shown to the comarb of Patrick, was like the contempt of the Lord, for the Lord Himself said in the Gospel qui vos spernit me spernit; qui me spernit, spernit eum qui misit me.

     LC1128.5

    A predatory hosting by Toirdhelbhach Ua Conchobhair into Laighen, until he reached Loch-Carman; from thence round Laighen to 10  Ath-cliath, (and he committed a great destruction of cows 11  along that route); and from Ath-cliath to his home again.

     LC1128.6

    12 The infamy of this hosting, moreover, rested on Tighernan 13  O'Ruairc, with his people.

     LC1128.7

    A depredation by the men of 14  Fernmhagh in the territory of the Uí-Briuin, and they 15  carried off great spoils; but Tighernan Ua Ruairc, with 16  the Uí-Briuin, and with another large army, overtook 17  them at Ath-Fhirdheghaidh. A battle was fought 18  between them on both sides. Tighernan and the Uí-Briuin 19  were defeated, however, and four hundred of them 20  were slain in the beginning, in vindication of the 21  honour of Patrick's people.

     LC1128.8

    A hosting by Conchobhar 22  Ua Lochlainn and the Cenel-Eoghain, and the Dal-Araidhe 23  and Airghialla, into Magh-Cobha, when they 24  carried off the hostages of the Uí-Echach. They afterwards 25  turned to the left, into Feara-Bregh; and they lost 26  a number of their people there, and committed a great outrage 27  before God and men, viz.:—the burning of Ath-truim 28  with its churches; and a great number of persons suffered 29  martyrdom in them.

     LC1128.9

    Non impetrata pace Dei uel hominum 30  retro ambulaverunt.

     LC1128.10

    A peace of one year and a 31  half, vel paulo plus, was made by the comarb of Patrick 32  between the Connachtmen arnd the men of Mumha.

 p.127
LC1129
     LC1129.0

    The kalends of January on the 3rd feria, the 7th of the moon; the age of the Lord twenty-nine years, and a hundred, and a thousand.

     LC1129.1

    Cellach, comarb of Patrick, i.e. the chief bishop of the West of Europe; a pure, illustrious virgin; the only head whom Foreigners and Gaeidhel, both laics and clerics, obeyed; after having, moreover, ordained bishops and priests, and persous of every degree besides; and after having consecrated very many churches and cemeteries; after having bestowed jewels and wealth; 10  and after having imposed faith and good manners on all, 11  both laity and clergy; and after a life of mass-celebration, 12  fasting, and praying, and after unction and choice penance, 13  resigned his soul into the bosom of angels and archangels, 14  in Ard-Patraic, in Mumha, on the kalends of April, 15  the 2nd feria, in the twenty-fourth year of his abbotship, 16  and in the fiftieth year of his age. His body was conveyed, 17  truly, on the 3rd of the nones of April, to Lis-mór-Mochuda, 18  according to his own will; and it was waked 19  with psalms, and hymns, and canticles, and was honourably 20  interred in the tomb of the bishops, on, the day before 21  the nones of April, on the 5th feria.

     LC1129.2

    Muirchertarch, 20  son of Domhnall, was ordained in the comarbship of 21  Patrick, on the nones of April.

     LC1129.3

    The house of Colum-Cille, 22  in Cill-mic-Nenain, was captured by Tairchert 23  against Aedh, son of Cathbhar Ua Domhnaill; and it 24  was burned by him.

     LC1129.4

    The castle of Ath-Luain was built 25  by Toirdhelbhach O'Conchobhair.

     LC1129.5

    Gillachrist, son of 26  Mac Uidhrin, chief of Cenel-Feradhaigh, was burned in 27  the house of his fosterer, in Tir-Manach, in treachery.

     LC1129.6

    28 Niall Ua Crichain, king of Uí-Fiachrach of Ard-sratha, 29  was slain by the Uí-Ceinneidigh.

LC1130
     LC1130.0

    30 The kalends of January on the 4th feria, the l8th of 31  the moon; the age of the Lord thirty years, and a hundred,  p.129 and a thousand.

     LC1130.1

    Sord-Choluim-Chille, with its churches and relics, was burned.

     LC1130.2

    Cúaibhne Ua Conchobhair, king of Uí-Failghe, died.

     LC1130.3

    A battle between the men of Alba and the men of Muiriebh, in which 4,000 of the men of Muiriebh, with their king, i.e. Aenghus, son of Lulach's daughter, and 1,000 of the men of Alba, fell in the mutual wounding.

     LC1130.4

    A hosting by Mac Lachlainn and the men of the North of Erinn, into Ulidia, and the Ulidians assembled to give them battle; 10  but the Ulidians were defeated and slaughtered, together 11  with Aedh Ua Loingsigh, king of Dal-Araidhe, and with 12  Gillapatraic Mac Serridh, king of Dal-Buinne, and with 13  Dubhrailbhe Mac Cartain, and many besides. They 14  plundered the country, moreover, as far as the east of the 15  Ard, both territory and church, and carried off a thousand 16  captives, vel paulo plus, and many thousands of cows and 17  horses.

     LC1130.5

    18 The chief men of Ulidia, however, came afterwards, 19  with their king, to Ard Macha, to meet Conchobhar, 20  and they made peace and took mutual oaths, and 21  they the Ulidians left hostages.

     LC1130.6

    A great crop of every 22  kind of produce generally in Erinn this year.

LC1131
     LC1131.0

    23 The kalends of January on the 5th feria, the twenty-ninth 24  of the moon; the age of the Lord thirty-one years, 25  and a hundred, and a thousand.

     LC1131.1

    A predatory hosting by 26  Toirdhelbhach O'Conchobhair and the men of the province 27  of Connacht, into Mumha, when they plundered Uí-Conaill-Gabhra.

     LC1131.2

    A hosting by Conchobhar Ua Briain, 28  and by the men of Mumha, into Laighen, and they took 29  their hostages; and they proceeded from thence into 30  Midhe, and plundered the island of Loch-Seimhdidhe.

     LC1131.3

    31 Their cavalry and the cavalry of Connacht met there, 32  and the cavalry of Connacht were defeated, and the son  p.131 of Cuchonnacht Ua. Conchobhair, and the Ferdána Ua Carthaigh, i.e. the chief poet of Connacht, were slain.

     LC1131.4

    A hosting by Conchobhar Mac Lachlainn and the Ulidians, the men of the North of Erinn being with them, into Connacht; but the Connachtmen made an attack on the rear of the army, in the vicinity of the Seghais, in which Conn Ua Maelgaeithi, and the Garbhanach Ua Baeighill, and a great many more, were slain. Notwithstanding this, however, they met together on the morrow 10  at Loch-Cé, and made a year's peace.

     LC1131.5

    A depredation 11  by Tighernan Ua Ruairc and the men of Breifne, after 12  the army had left, in Cuailgne, and they plundered 13  Uí-Meith.

     LC1131.6

    On their return, however, i.e. the return of 14  the Ulidians and the men of the South of Airghiall), 15  across Ath-Luain, to their houses, they met with the 16  other depredators in Magh-Conaille.

     LC1131.7

    A battle was fought, 17  in which Raghnall Ua hEochadha, king of Uladh, and 18  Cumhidhe Ua Crichain, king of Fernmhagh, and his son, 19  and Donnsleible Ua hInnrechtaigh, king of Uí-Meith, et 20  alii multi, were slain.

     LC1131.8

    Maelisa Ua Foghladha, bishop of 21  Caisel, in bona senectute quievit.

LC1132
     LC1132.0

    22 The kalends of January on the 6th feria, the 10th of 23  the moon; the age of the Lord thirty-two years, and a 24  hundred, and a thousand.

     LC1132.1

    The abbot's house of Cill-dara 25  was captured by the Uí-Ceinnselaigh against the comarb 26  of Brighid, and burned, and a large part of the church 27  was burned, and a great many were slain there; and the 28  nun herself was carried off a prisoner, and put into a man's 29  bed.

     LC1132.2

    An engagement was fought by the people of Scrín-Choluim-Chille 30  and Lochlainn Ua Baeighellain, in which 31  the airchinnech of the Scrín, i.e. Macraith Ua Niallain, and 32  Lochlainn himself, were killed.

     LC1132.3

    A hosting by Conchobhar 33  Mac Lachlainn to Ath-Fhirdheghaidh, when Tighernan 34  Ua Ruairc came into his house, and gave him hostages.

LC1133
     LC1133.0

    35 The kalends of January on the lst feria, the 21st of 36  the moon; the age of the Lord thirty-three years, and a  p.133 hundred, and a thousand.

     LC1133.1

    A hosting by Cormac Mac Carthaigh and Conchobhar Ua Briain, into Connacht, when they killed Cathal, son of Cathal Ua Conchobhair, royal heir of Connacht, and demolished Dun-Mughorn and Dun-mór, and plundered a great part of the country.

     LC1133.2

    A predatory hosting by Donnchadh Ua Cerbhaill and the men of Fernmhagh into Fine-Gall; but Torcaill overtook them at Finnabhair, and they fought a battle, in which Raghnall, son of Pol, was slain, and a great number 10  of Foreigners along with him; and as regards the 11  men of Fernmhagh themselves, they were subjected to 12  great danger.

     LC1133.3

    Conchobhar, son of Murchadh Ua Maelsechlainn, 13  royal heir of Temhair, was wounded by the 14  Lagenians, and afterwards slain by Foreigners.

     LC1133.4

    Donnchadh 15  Mac Gillacholmóg, royal heir of Laighen, was 16  slain by the men of Midhe.

     LC1133.5

    Fine-Gall was again burned 17  by the men of Midhe.

     LC1133.6

    Lusca, with its church full of 18  people and treasures, was burned by the same party.

     LC1133.7

    A 19  great cow mortality occurred throughout all Erinn, for 20  which no likeness was found since the great cow mortality 21  came before that in the time of Flaithbhertach, son 22  of Loingsech; and 432 years elapsed between them.

LC1134
     LC1134.0

    23 The kalends of January on the 2nd feria, the 2nd of 24  the moon; the age of the Lord thirty-four years, and a hundred, and a thousand.

     LC1134.1

    The same cow mortality again 25  devastating Erinn, so that numbers of people were quite 26  impoverished in every locality in Erinn.

     LC1134.2

    Archu Ua Flaithbhertaigh, 27  royal heir of Oilech, fell by the Cenel-Conaill 28  in a battle-breach.

     LC1134.3

    Donnchadh Ua Conchobhair, king 29  of Uí-Failgne, and Maelsechlainn, his father's son, engaged 30  in conflict, and fell by each other.

     LC1134.4

    A hosting by Mac 31  Murchadha and the Lagenians, into Osraighe; but the 32  Osraighe encountered then and committed a slaughter of  p.135 the host, in which fell Ughaire O'Tuathail, royal heir of Laighen, et alii multi.

     LC1134.5

    A slaughter of the Osraighe, and of the Foreigners of Port-Lairge, was committed by Mac Murchadha and the Lagenians, in revenge for the aforesaid slaughter.

     LC1134.6

    Imhar Ua hAedhagain, the man by whom the Regles of Paul and Peter at Ard-Macha was erected, died on his pilgrimage at Rome.

     LC1134.7

    Donnchadh, son of Murchadh Ua Briain, was slain, together with his son, by the people of Des-Mumha.

     LC1134.8

    A great murrain in 10  hoc anno.

LC1135
     LC1135.0

    11 The kalends of January on the 3rd feria, the 13th of 12  the moon; the age of the Lord thirty-five years, and a 13  hundred, and a thousand.

     LC1135.1

    Maelmordha Ua Conchobhair, 14  king of Uí-Failghe, was killed by his own brother.

     LC1135.2

    Echri 15  Ua Taidhg, king of Feara-Lí, with his brother, and with 16  his wife, was smothered in a cave by the Uí-Tuirtre.

     LC1135.3

    17 Ruaidhri O'Canannain, king of Cenel-Conaill, a war-like, 18  defensive man, of charity and humanity, was 19  slain by the men of Magh-Itha, viz., by Maelruanaidh 20  O'Cairellan, and by Clann-Diarmada.

     LC1135.4

    Doire-Choluim-Chille, 21  with its churches, was burned on the 3rd of the 22  kalends of April.

     LC1135.5

    Cluain-Iraird, and Rath-Luraigh, and 23  Cenannus, and many other churches, ab igne 24  dissipatae sunt.

     LC1135.6

    A great number of the men of Des-Mumha fell by 25  those of Tuadh-Mumha, on the causeway of Cluain-caein-Modhimog, 26  where Finghuine Ua Caeimh, king of Glennanmach, 27  and Mathghamhain Ua Donnchadha, king of 28  Cenel-Laeghaire, and Aedh Ua Conchobhair, king of Corcumruaidh, 29  and Maelgorm Ua Rinn, and the son of Lochlainn 30  Ua Cinaedha of the Uí-Maccaille, et alii plurimi, 31  were slain.

     LC1135.7

    Cumara, moreover, the son of Cumara, son of 32  Domhnall, king of Uí-Caisin, fell in the mutual wounding.

     LC1135.8

    33 Hanrico, son of William, king of the French, Saxons, 34  and Britons, died.

     LC1135.9

    Consecration of Cormac's church.

     p.137
     LC1135.10

    Aedh Ua Cellaigh, king of Uí-Maine, mortuus est.

     LC1135.11

    Aedh Mac Coghlan mortuus est.

LC1136
     LC1136.0

    The kalends of January on the 4th feria, the 24th of the moon; the age of the Lord thirty-six years, and a hundred, and a thousand; bissextilis annus, et embolismus annus; positus hujus anni non frequenter accidit, viz.:— Shrove Sunday fell on the 9th day of spring; Easter Sunday on the 11th of the kalends of April; Ascension Thursday on the day before May-day, and Whit Sunday 10  on the tenth day of summer.

     LC1136.1

    Robhartach Ua Cellaigh, 11  airchinnech of Fathan-mór, in poenitentia mortuus est.

     LC1136.2

    12 Domhnall, son of Muirchertach Ua Briain, died in pilgrimage 13  at Lis-mór.

     LC1136.3

    Conchobhar, son of Domhnall Mac 14  Lachlainn, king of Oilech, and royal heir of Erinn, was 15  slain by the men of Magh-Itha, in treachery, at an 16  assembly, on Monday, the 8th of the kalends of June.

     LC1136.4

    17 Aedh, son of Toirdhelbhach Ua Conchobhair, was 18  blinded by his own brother.

     LC1136.5

    The victory of Finnabhair 19  was gained over Aedh, son of Domhnall Ua Conchobhair, 20  and over Tadhg Ua Cellaigh, and over the Uí-Maine, 21  ubi cecidit Conchobhar Ua Cellaigh, father of Tadhg, 22  et alii multi.

     LC1136.6

    Conchobhar, son of Toirdhelbhach, and the 23  Síl-Muiredhaigh victores fuerunt.

LC1137
     LC1137.0

    24 The kalends of January on the 6th feria, the 5th of the 25  moon; the age of the Lord thirty-seven years, and a hundred, and a thousand.

     LC1137.1

    A tremendous storm of wind on 26  the day before the festival of the Sprinkling of Water, 27  which prostrated many forests and churches in Erinn.

     LC1137.2

    28 Domhnall Ua Conaing, 29  chief bishop of Leth-Mogha, pillar of piety, 30  and wisdom, and prayer, and of the presentation 31  of food and treasures to the poor and mighty, in bona senectute dormivit.

     LC1137.3

    A great colic disease in 32  Erinn generally, which killed many.

     LC1137.4

    A hosting by the  p.139 Lagenians and Foreigners, in aid of Síl-Briain, to Port-Lairge, from which they brought pledges.

     LC1137.5

    A predatory hosting by Síl-Briain to the Ciarraighe, and they plundered territories and churches.

     LC1137.6

    Domhnall Ua Maelsechlainn, royal heir of Erinn, a suis occisus est.

     LC1137.7

    Mór, daughter of Muirchertach Ua Briain, wife of Murchadh Ua Maelsechlainn, chief queen of Erinn, in poenitentia mortua est.

     LC1137.8

    A great scarcity in the province of Connacht, et multi mortui sunt ab ea.

     LC1137.9

    Aedh, son of 10  Domhnall Ua Conchobhair, occisus est.

     LC1137.10

    Domhnall Ua 11  Dubhthaigh, bishop of Elphin, and comarb of Ciaran of 12  Cluain-mic-Nois, apud Cluain-ferta-Brenainn quievit in 13  Christo.

LC1138
     LC1138.0

    14 The kalends of January on the 7th feria, the l6th of 15  the moon; the age of the Lord thirty-eight years, and a 16  hundred, and a thousand.

     LC1138.1

    Mathghamhain O'Conchobhair, 17  king of Ciarraighe, pillar of the dignity and glory of 18  Leth-Mogha in presenting jewels and valuables, dormivit.

     LC1138.2

    19 Lis-mór, and Cill-dara, and Tech-Moling, and Sord-Choluim-Chille, 20  were burned.

     LC1138.3

    Maelruanaidh Ua Cairellain, 21  kindling lamp of the north of Erinn as regards 22  figure, understanding, and valour, was slain by the Cenel-Moain.

     LC1138.4

    23 Plundering of the North of Saxan by the men 24  of Alba, who carried off countless captives, and numerous 25  spoils.

     LC1138.5

    Cormac, son of Mac Carthaigh, chief king of Des-Mumha, 26  and bishop-king of Erinn in his time as regards 27  piety, and the presentation of jewels and valuables to 28  clerics and churches, and ecclesiastical riches, in books and 29  utensils, to God, and {} fell in treachery  p.141 by the people of Tuadh-Mumha; and a blessing be with his soul.{}

LC1170
     LC1170.0

    The kalends of January on the 5th feria, the 10th of the moon; the age of the Lord seventy years, and a hundred, and a thousand.

     LC1170.1

    Conchobhar, son of Muirchertach Mac Lachlainn, king of Cenel-Eoghain, and royal heir of all Erinn, was slain by Aedh Bec Mac Cana, and by the Uí-Carragain, on Easter Saturday, in the middle of Trian-mór, at Ard-Macha.

     LC1170.2

    Donnchadh Cennsealach 10  O'Ceallaigh was slain by Lagenians.

     LC1170.3

    Ath-cliath was spoiled by Diarmaid Mac Murchadha, and by pirates 11  whom he brought with him from the east, to spoil Erinn, 12  in retaliation for his expulsion beyond the sea from his 13  own territory, and for his son having been slain.

     LC1170.4

    They 14  inflicted a slaughter, moreover, on the Foreigners of Ath-cliath 15  and Port-Lairge, aad a countless slaughter was, however, 16  inflicted on them.

     LC1170.5

    Laighen, indeed, and Feara-Midhe 17  were wasted by them, both churches and territories; and 18  they occupied Ath-cliath and Port-Lairge on that occasion.

     LC1170.6

    19 A great, ungenerous deed was committed by the 20  monk, son of the comarb of Finnen of Magh-bile, and 21  by Maghnus, son of Donnsleibhe, king of Uladh, with the 22  chieftains of Uladh, and the Ulidians besides — except 23  Bishop Maelisa, and Gilladomhaingairt, son of Cormac,  p.143 comarb of Comhgall, and Maelmartain, comarb of Finnen, with their fraternities—viz., a community of regular canons, with their abbot, whom Maelmaedhog Ua Morghair, legate of the comarb of Peter, had ordained at Sabhall-Patraic, were expelled from the monastery which they themselves had erected; (and they were entirely plundered both in books and utensils, people, horses, and sheep, and all things which they had collected there from the time of the aforesaid legate until then, except 10  the tunics and the capes which were about them in that 11  hour), through envy and carnal love, and greed of honour 12  for himself; as the monks of Droiched-Atha had expelled 13  him from their abbacy for lawful reasons. Alas! alas! 14  truly; woe to them who committed it; and woe to the 15  land in which the deed was committed; but, however, it 16  did not escape long without the vengeanee of the Lord, for 17  the chieftains who committed it were slain together by a 18  few enemies; and the king was wounded, and unluckily 19  slain a short time after, in the place where this unjust 20  resolution had been adopted, viz., in Dún. On Tuesday 21  the community was expelled; on Tuesday, also, before 22  the end of a year, the chieftains of Uladh were slain, 23  and the king was wounded.

     LC1170.7

    On Tuesday, soon after, 24  he was himself slain by his brother, in Dún.

     LC1170.8

    Diarmaid 25  O'hAinfheth, king of Uí-Meith, and leader of the 26  cavalry of the king of Oilech, was killed by the men of a 27  fleet which came from Innsi-hOrc, in the island which 28  had been constructed by themselves in Loch-Ruidhe, i.e. 29  Inis-Lachain.

     LC1170.9

    Earl Stronghow came into Erinn with 30  Diarmaid Mac Murchadha, to avenge his expulsion by 31  Ruaidhri, son of Toirdhealbhach O'Conchobhair; and 32  Diarmaid gave him his own daughter, and a part of his patrimony; 33  and Saxon Foreigners have been in Erinn since then.

 p.145
LC1171
     LC1171.0

    The kalends of January on the 6th feria, the 22nd of the moon; the age of the Lord seventy-one years, and a hundred, and a thousand.

     LC1171.1

    Diarmaid Mac Murchadha, king of the province of Laighen, after spoiling numerous churches and territories, died at Ferna—without the body of Christ, without penitence, without making a will—through the merits of Colum-Cille, and Finnen, and the other saints whose churches he had spoiled.

     LC1171.2

    Axall Mac Torcaill, king of Ath-cliath, and hEoin from Innsi-hOrc, were slain by 10  the same Foreigners.

     LC1171.3

    Sadhbh, daughter of Gluniarainn 11  Mac Murchadha, comarb of Brigid, died in penitence.

     LC1171.4

    A victory was gained over Tighernan O'Ruairc, and the men 12  of Midhe, and the men of Fernmhagh together, (viz.:—the 13  'victory of the ashes' secundum quosdam), on the green of 14  Ath-cliath, by Milo de Cogan with his people, in which a 15  great number were slain along with Aedh O'Ruairc, i.e. the 16  king of Uí-Briuin, and Machaire-Gaileng, and Conmaicne.

     LC1171.5

    17 There were also slain there five chieftains of the men of 18  Fernmhagh, viz.:—Maelmochta Mac Confeabhla, and 19  Conchobhar, his brother, two chieftains of the Cenel-Feradhaigh.

     LC1171.6

    Feindidh O'Conghaile, lamp of valour and 20  bravery of Oirghiall, mortuus est.

     LC1171.7

    21 Venit in Hiberniam Henricus potentissimus rex Angliae, 22  et idem dux Normanniae et Aquitaniae, et comes 23  Andegaviae, et aliarum multarum terrarum dominus, cum 24  ducentis .XL. navibus; and he came on shore at Port-Lairge, 25  and took the hostages of Mumha; and he came 26  afterwards to Ath-cliath, and took the hostages of Laighen, 27  and of the men of Midhe, and the Uí-Briuin, and Oirghialla, 28  and Uladh.

     LC1171.8

    Petrus, bishop of the Uí-Maine of Connacht, 29  a pious monk, and a man of authority, was drowned 30  in the Sinuinn on the 6th of the kalends of January.

     LC1171.9

    A  p.147 great preying expedition by Maghnus, son of Donnsleibhe, with all the Ulidians, into Cuil-an-tuaisceirt, when they plundered Cul-rathain and other churches; but a small party of the Cenel-Eoghain, with Conchobhar Ua Cathain, overtook them, and gave them battle, and killed twenty-two persons, between chieftains and sons of chieftains, and many others along with them; and Maghnus himself was wounded; and this Maghnus, moreover, was slain soon after by Donnsleibhe, i.e. his own brother, and by 10  Gilla-Aenghusa, son of Gilla-Espuic, viz.:—the rector of 11  Monach-an-Dúin, after he had committed manty great 12  crimes; i.e. after abandoning his own married wife, and 13  after carrying off the wife of his tutor, i.e. Cumhuighe 14  Ua Floinn, (and she had been possessed by his own 15  brother, Aedh, at first); after having offered violence to 16  the wife of his other brother, i.e. Eochaidh; after profaning 17  bells and bachalls, clerics and churches.

LC1172
     LC1172.0

    18 The kalends of January on the 7th feria, the 2nd of 19  the moon; the age of the Lord seventy-two years, and a 20  hundred, and a thousand.

     LC1172.1

    The king of the Saxons departed 21  from Erinn on Easter Sunday, after the celebration 22  of mass.

     LC1172.2

    Tighernan O'Ruairc, king of Breifne and Conmaicne, 23  and a man of great power for a long time, was 24  slain by Saxons, truly; and Domhnall, son of Annad 25  of his Tighernan's own tribe, was along with them.

     LC1172.3

    He 26  was also beheaded by them, and his head and body were 27  ignominiously carried to Ath-cliath. The head was placed 28  over the door of the fortress, as a miserable spectacle for the 29  Gaeidhel; the body was suspended, moreover with his feet 30  upwards.

     LC1172.4

    A victory was gained over the Cenel-Eoghain, 31  by O'Maeldoraidh and the Cenel-Conaill, and a great 32  slaughter was inflicted on them. This event was, indeed, 33  as a miracle on the part of the saints of the Lord, viz.:—  p.149 of Patrick, and Colum-Cille, and the other saints whose churches they had spoiled.

     LC1172.5

    The full visitation of the province of Connacht was brought, for the fourth time, by Gillamoliag, comarb of Patrick, i.e. the primate of Erinn, to Ard-Macha.

     LC1172.6

    Domhnall O'Ferghail, chief of Conmaicne, was slain by the people of the king of the Saxons.

     LC1172.7

    Gilla-Aedha, bishop of Corcach, a man full of the grace of God, in bona senectute quievit.

LC1173
     LC1173.0

    The kalends of January on the 2nd feria, the l3th of 10  the moon; the age of the Lord seventy-three years, and a 11  hundred, and a thousand.

     LC1173.1

    Muiredhach O'Cobhthaigh, 12  bishop of Doire and Rath-both, and of all the north of 13  Erinn; the son of chastity, and the precious stone, and the 14  bright gem, and the brilliant star, and a treasury of 15  wisdom, and a fruitful branch of the canon; after having 16  bestowed food and clothes upon the poor; after having 17  distributed numerous gifts to poets; after the triumph 18  of devotion, and pilgrimage, and penitence—resigned his 19  spirit to heaven in the Dubh-regles of Colum-Cille in 20  Doire, on the 4th of the ides of February, in sexta feria.

     LC1173.2

    21 Great miracles were wrought in the night on which he 22  died, viz.:—the night was illumined from nocturns until 23  cock-crow, and the ground was all in flames; and a large 24  mass of fire ascended over the town, and proceeded 25  towards the south-east; and all persons arose from their 26  beds, imagining that it was day; and it was thus as far 27  as the horizon, they thought.

     LC1173.2

    A great depredation was 28  committed by Aedh Mac Aenghusa and the Clann-Aedha, 29  and they plundered Trian-mór; and this man was killed 30  before the end of three months after he had plundered 31  Ard-Macha;.

 p.151
LC1174
     LC1174.0

    The kalends of January on the 3rd feria, the 24th of the moon; the age of the Lord seventy-four years, and a hundred, and a thousand.

     LC1174.1

    Flann O'Gormain, chief lector of Ard-Macha, and of all Erinn, a learned, observant man in the Divine and worldly wisdom- after having been twenty-one years learning in France and in Saxon-land, and twenty years governing the schools of Erinn- died peacefully on the 13th of the kalends of April, the Wednesday before Easter, .lxx aetatis suae anno..

     LC1174.2

    Maelpatraic 10  O'Banáin, bishop of Condere and Dal-Araidhe, a venerable 11  man full of sanctity, and of meekness, and of purity of 12  heart, died full happily in Hi-Coluim-Cille, after a 13  choice old age.

     LC1174.3

    Gillamoliag, son of Ruaidhri, comarb 14  of Patrick, archbishop and primate of Ard-Macha, and of 15  all Erinn, a son of chastity, full of purity of heart, and of 16  meekness, died happily on the 6th of the kalends of April, 17  the Wednesday after Easter, in the 87th year of his age, 18  and after having been thirty-seven years in the archiepiscopate; 19  and this same illustrious man bad been sixteen 20  years very honourably in the abbacy of Coluim-Cille, at 21  Doire, before he obtained the comarbship of Patrick.

     LC1174.4

    22 Gillamochaibheo, abbot of the monastery of Peter and 23  Paul at Ard-Macha, a diligent, faithful servant of the 24  Lord, died on the 2nd of the kalends of April, in the 70th 25  year aetatis suae.

LC1175
     LC1175.0

    26 The kalends of January on the 4th feria, the 5th of the 27  moon; the age of the Lord seventy-five years, and a hundred, 28  and a thousand.

     LC1175.1

    Flaithbhertach O'Brolchain, 29  comarb of Colum-Cille, tower of wisdom and honour; 30  a man to whom the clerics of Erinn gave a bishop's 31  chair for his wisdom and goodness, and to whom the 32  comarbsbip of Hi had been presented, died happily, after  p.153 choice suffering, in the Dubh-regles of Colum-Cille.

     LC1175.2

    Gillamoliac O'Branain was ordained in his place, in the comarbship of Colum-Cille.

     LC1175.3

    A victory was gained over the Cenel-Enna, by Echmarcach O'Cathain and Niall O'Gairmledhaigh, and a great slaughter was inflicted on them.

LC1176
     LC1176.0

    The kalends of January on the 5th feria, the l6th of the moon; the age of the Lord seventy-six years, and a hundred, and a thousand.

     LC1176.1

    The Saxons were expelled from Luimnech by Domhnall O'Briain, by laying siege to 10  them.

     LC1176.2

    The daughter of the king of Oirghiall, i.e. Benmidhe, 11  daughter of Donnchadh O'Cerbhaill, wife of 12  Cumhuighe O' Floinn, queen of Uí-Tuirtre and Feara-Lí, 13  died.

     LC1176.3

    The daughter of Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair, i.e. 14  the wife of Flaithbhertach O'Maeldoraidh, was killed by 15  the sons of O'Cairellain.

     LC1176.4

    Fabhar and Cenannus were 16  wasted by the foreigners, and by the Uí-Briuin.

     LC1176.5

    Lughmhagh 17  was wasted by the Saxons.

     LC1176.6

    The castles of Gall 18  and Cenannus in process of construction.

     LC1176.7

    The Saxon 19  Earl died in Ath-cliath of an ulcer which attacked his 20  foot, through the miracles of Brighid and Colum-Cille, and 21  the other saints whose churches he had spoiled.

     LC1176.8

    The 22  castle of Slane, in which was Richard Fleming with his 23  forces, from which they were ravaging Oirghiall, and 24  Uí-Briuin, and Feara-Midhe, was spoiled by Maelsechlainn, 25  son of Mac Lachlainn, king of Cenel-Eoghain, and by the 26  Oirghialla; on which occasion a hundred, or more, of the 27  Foreigners were slain, besides the women, and children, 28  and horses of the castle; so that no man escaped alive from 29  the castle; and three castles in Midhe were deserted on 30  the morrow, through fear of the Cenel-Eoghain, viz.:— 31  the castle of Cenannus, and the castle of Calatruim, and 29  the castle of Daire-Patraic.

     LC1176.9

    Cumhuighe O'Floinn, king  p.155 of Uí-Tuirtre, and Feara-Lí and Dal-Araidhe, was killed by Cumhidhe, i.e. his own brother, and by the Feara-Lí.

LC1177
     LC1177.0

    The kalends of January on the 7th feria, the 27th of the moon; the age of the Lord seventy-seven years, and a hundred, and a thousand.

     LC1177.1

    Dun-da-lethghlais was spoiled by John de Curci and the knights who came along with him; and they built a castle there, from which they gained a victory twice over the Ulidians, and a victory over the Cenel-Eoghain and over the Oirghialla, 10  in which Conchobhar O'Cairellain, i.e. the chief of Clann-Diarmada, 11  was slain; and in which many other nobles 12  were slain.

     LC1177.2

    Conchobhar O'Cairellain, indeed, gained a victory 13  over O'Maeldoraidh and the Cenel-Conaill, in which 14  a great number of the Cenel-Enna were slain, along with 15  the son of O'Serrigh, and many other chieftains likewise.

     LC1177.3

    16 Milo de Cogan, with his knights, was brought by Muirchertach, 17  son of Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair, to Ros-Comain, 18  to spoil Connacht, through hatred towards his father. 19  Connacht, truly, was thereupon burned.

     LC1177.4

    Tuam, moreover, 20  and the churches of the country, were destroyed, 21  through hatred towards the Foreigners; and they, i.e. 22  Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair and the men of Connacht along 23  with him, gained a victory over the Foreigners, and 24  drove them by force out of the country.

     LC1177.5

    Ruaidhi O'Conchobhair, 25  moreover, blinded his son afterwards, in revenge 26  for this expedition.

     LC1177.6

    Aedh O'Neill, i.e. king of Cenel-Eoghain 27  for a time, and royal heir of all Erinn, was slain 28  by Maelsechlainn Mac Lachlainn, and by Ardghal Mac 29  Lachlainn.

     LC1177.7

    Ardghal himself, also, was slain by O'Neill 30  when he O Neill was being killed there.

     LC1177.8

    The Timpanach  p.157 O'Connicén, chief poet of the North of Erinn, was slain by the Cenel-Conaill, together with his wife and family.

     LC1177.9

    A hosting by John de Curci and the knights, into Dal-Araidhe, on which occasion they slew Domhnall, grandson of Cathusach, king of Dal-Araidhe. John went also, on the same expedition, into Uí-Tuirtre and Feara-Lí; but Cumhuighe O'Floinn burned Airther-maighe before him; and he burned Cul-rathain, and many other churches.

LC1178
     LC1178.0

    The kalends of January on the lst feria, the 9th of the 10  moon; the age of the Lord seventy-eight years, and a hundred, 11  and a thousand; the first year of nineteen.

     LC1178.1

    12 Great crimes were committed by the Cenel-Moain in this 13  year, viz.:—the people of Domhnall O'Gairmleghaigh killed 14  Conchobhar, son of Conallach O'Luinigh, in the middle 15  of Domhnall O'Gairmleghaigh's own house, in treachery, 16  though he was under the protection of the airchinnech of 17  the Ernaidhe.

     LC1178.2

    Domhnall O'Gairmleghaigh was deposed 18  from being chief, and the Cenel-Moain gave the chieftainship 19  to Ruaidhri O'Flaithbhertaigh.

     LC1178.3

    Domhnall, son of Domhnall 20  O'Gairmleghaigh was slain, in treachery, by the sons of 21  O'Flaithbhertaigh and the other sons of Domhnall; and 22  Tighernan, son of Raghnall, son of Domhnall, and eight full 23  biatachs of the Cenel-Moain, were slain, along with them.

     LC1178.4

    24 Very great wind came in this year, which prostrated large 25  tracts of woods and forests, and huge trees; and it moreover 26  prostrated six score large trees, vel paulo plus, in 27  Doire-Choluim-Chille.

     LC1178.5

    28 It was in this year, also, that John 29  de Curci, with his knights, came to Dún, on a preying expedition 30  to Machaire-Conaille, when they plundered several  p.159 families, and were for a night encamped in Glenn-righe.

     LC1178.6

    Murchadh O'Cerbhaill, king of Oirghiall, and Mac Duinnsleibhe, i.e. the king of Uladh, came to them, however, on that night, and gave him battle.

     LC1178.7

    The Foreigners were defeated, and put to great slaughter.

     LC1178.8

    The same John went also on a preying expedition into Dal-Araidhe, and into Uí-Tuirtre.

     LC1178.9

    But Cumhuighe O'Floinn, king of Uí-Tuirtre and Feara-Lí, attacked them.

     LC1178.10

    This battle was, moreover, gained over the Foreigners, and they were put to 10  slaughter.

LC1179
     LC1179.0

    11 The kalends of January on the 2nd feria, the 20th of 12  the moon; the age of the Lord seventy-nine years, and a 13  hundred, and a thousand, viz.:—the 2nd year of nineteen; 14  the third year after a bissextile.

     LC1179.1

    Peace was made by 15  Donnchadh O'Cairellain, and by all the Clann-Diarmada, 16  with the Cenel-Moain, and with O'Gairmleghaigh, i.e. 17  with Amhlaibh, grandson of Maen, i.e. the brother of the 18  wife of Donnchadh O'Cairellain, in the middle of the 19  church of Ard-sratha, before the reliquaries of Domhnach-mór 20  and the Ernaidhe, and Ard-sratha.

     LC1179.2

    O'Gairmleghaigh, 21  moreover, came on the day following to the 22  house of Donnchadh O'Cairellain, to obtain additional 23  guarantees.

     LC1179.3

    A wicked treachery was committed in the 24  middle of the meeting, in the doorway of the house of 25  O'Cairellain, in the presence of his own sister, i.e. the 26  wife of Donnchadh, viz.:—he himself and three of his 27  people along with him, were slain.

     LC1179.4

    Ard-Macha was 28  burned ex majore parte, i.e. all the regleses, and all the 29  churches, except Regles-Brighde and Tempul-na-ferta.

     LC1179.5

    30 The churches of Tir-Eoghain, from the mountain southwards, 31  were evacuated this year through war and distress.

     p.161
     LC1179.6

    Gilladomhnaigh O'Forannain, airchinnech of Ard-sratha, and Maelmuire, son of Gillacomain, vice-abbot of the same place, in Christo quieverunt.

     LC1179.7

    Cluana, and Ard-sratha, and Domhnach-mór, and the Ernaidhe were emptied by the men of Magh-Itha.

LC1180
     LC1180.0

    The kalends of January on the 3rd feria, the first of the moon; the age of the Lord eighty years, and a hundred, and a thousand.

     LC1180.1

    Gilla-an-Choimdédh O'Carán, comarb of Patrick, died.

     LC1180.2

    Raghnall O'Cairellain was 10  slain by the Cenel-Moain, in defence of Colum-Cille, in 11  the middle of Doire.

     LC1180.3

    Macraith O'Daighri, airchinnech 12  of Doire, died.

     LC1180.4

    Donnchadh O'Cairellain was killed 13  by the Cenel-Conaill, in revenge of his treachery towards 14  O'Gairmleghaigh, and in defence of Colum-Cille.

     LC1180.4

    The 15  battle of the Conchobars, in Connacht, in which Conchobhar 16  Maenmaighe killed Conchobhar O'Ceallaigh, i.e. 17  the king of Uí-Maine, and his son Tadhg, and Diarmaid 18  O'Ceallaigh, and all the nobles of Uí-Maine; at Maghsruibhe-gealain, 19  at the head of Daire-na-capall, this battle 20  was fought.

     LC1180.5

    Muirghes O'hEidhin was slain.

     LC1180.6

    Domhnall 21  O'Cennedigh, king of Ur-Mumha, mortuus est.

LC1181
     LC1181.0

    22 The kalends of January on the 5th feria, the 12th of 23  the moon; the age of the Lord eighty-one years, and a 24  hundred, and a thousand.

     LC1181.1

    The battle of Magh-Diughbha 25  was gained over the sons of Toirdhelbhach Mór O'Conchobhair, 26  by Flaithbbertach O'Maeldoraidh, king of 27  Cenel-Conaill, (and of it is said 'the battle of the royal 28  heirs'); in which were slain Brian Luighnech, and 29  Maghnus; and the three sons of Aedh, son of Toirdhelbhach 30  O'Conchobhair,viz.:—Maelsechlainn, and Muiredhach, 31  and Muirchertach; and Aedh, grandson of Aedh,  p.163 son of Ruaidhri, king of the West of Connacht; and Donnchadh, son of Brian O'Fallamhain, et alii nobiles et ignobiles cum eis.

     LC1181.2

    (Donnchadh, son of Domhnall Midhech O'Conchobhair, it was that brought Flaithbhertach O'Maeldoraidh, to defend the territory of Cairpre for himself.) And the bodies of those nobles were conveyed, after their deaths, to Cluain-mic-Nois, and interred in the sepulchre of the nobles of their ancestors.

     LC1181.3

    Dunlaing O'Caellaighe, bishop of Leithghlinn, quievit.

     LC1181.3

    Alexander 10  papa quievit in Christo.

     LC1181.4

    Tadhg O'Dalaigh, chief poet 11  of Erinn and Alba, in Christo quievit.

     LC1181.5

    Sitric O'Cuinn, 12  chieftain of Muinter-Gillcán, was slain by the son of Aedh 13  O'Ferghail.

     LC1181.6

    Donnsleibhe O'Gadhra mortuus est.

     LC1181.7

    A 14  hosting by Domhnall, son of Aedh Mac Lachlainn, and 15  by the Cenel-Eoghan of Telach-óg, into Ulidia; and they 16  gained a battle over the Ulidians, and over the Uí-Tuirtre, 17  and the Feara-Lí together with Ruaidhri Mac Duinnsleibhe 18  and Cumhuighe O'Floinn.

     LC1181.8

    Tomaltach O'Conchobhair 19  assumed the comarbship of Patrick, and made 20  a visitation of Cenel-Eoghain, and gave a blessing.

LC1182
     LC1182.0

    21 The kalends of January on the 6th feria, the 23rd of the 22  moon; the age of the Lord eighty-two years, and a hundred, 23  and a thousand.

     LC1182.1

    A hosting by Domhnall Mac Lachlainn to 24  Dún-bó in Dal-Riada, and they gave battle there to the 25  Foreigners; and the Cenel-Eoghain were defeated, and 26  Raghnall O'Breslen was slain, and Gillachrist O'Cathain, 27  et alii multi; and the Gospel of Martin was carried off 28  by the Foreigners.

     LC1182.2

    Aedh O Caellaighe, bishop of Oirghiall, 29  and head of canons, quievit.

     LC1182.3

    Gilla-an-Choimdedh, son of 30  Inlestar O'hAinlighe, chieftain of Cenel-Doffa, mortuus 31  est.

     LC1182.4

    Domhnall O'hUallachan, chief bishop of Mumha; 32  Augustin O'Sealbhaigh, bishop of Port-Lairge; and 33  O'hAedha, bishop of Corcach, mortui sunt.

     LC1182.5

    Milo de Cogan, 34  after assuming the kingship of Corcach and Des-Mumha;  p.165 and after plundering Ath-cliath, and Port-Lairge, and Corcach; and after destroying all Erinn, both church and territory, was slain by Mac Tire, king of Uí-Mac-Caille, and a slaughter of Foreigners along with him, viz.:— Mac Sleimne and Thomas Sugach, and Cenn-cuilinn, and Remunn, and two sons of Stephen, and a great many more.

     LC1182.6

    A victory was gained by Ruaidhri O' Conchobhair, and by Conchobhar Maenmhaighe, over Donnchadh, son of Domhnall Midhech, and over O'Maeldoraidh, 10  ubi multi ceciderunt.

LC1183
     LC1183.0

    11 The kalends of January on the 7th feria, the 4th of the 12  moon; the age of the Lord eighty-three years, and a hundred, 13  and a thousand.

     LC1183.1

    Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair, king 14  of Erinn, went on a pilgrimage to Cunga-Feichin, and left 15  his sovereignty to his son, i.e. to Conchobhar Maenmhaighe.

     LC1183.2

    16 Henry, son of the Empress, king of the Saxons, mortuus 17  est.

     LC1183.3

    Joseph O'hAedha, bishop of Uí-Ceinnsealaigh, 18  quievit.

     LC1183.4

    Domhnall, son of Gilla-Enain, dux of Ciann-Flaithemhail, 19  occisus est.

     LC1183.5

    A conflict between the Gilla-riabhach 20  O'Flaithbhertaigh and the son of O'Gairmleghaigh; 21  and O'Flaithbhertaigh was slain there, and 22  a number of the Cenel-Moain were slain there.

     LC1183.6

    Becc 23  O'hEghra mortuus est.

LC1184
     LC1184.0

    24 The kalends of January on the lst feria, the l5th of the 25  moon; the age of the Lord eighty-four years, and a hundred  p.167 and a thousand.

     LC1184.1

    Art O'Maelsechlainn, king of Midhe, was slain by Diarmaid O'Briain, at a meeting at Druim-Chuilinn, after having come from the midst of his own assembly to speak apart with the son of O'Briain, and the son of O'Briain deceived him.

     LC1184.2

    Amhlaibh, son of Ferghal O'Ruairc, king of Breifne, interfectus est.

     LC1184.3

    Thirty houses of the principal persons of the community of Ard-Macha were plundered by the Foreigners of Midhe.

     LC1184.4

    Maelisa O'Cerbhaill assumed the comarbship 10  of Patrick, after it had been resigned by Tomaltach 11  O'Conchobhair.

     LC1184.5

    Maelsechlainn Bec O'Maelsechlainn 12  assumed the kingship of Midhe after the death of Art.

     LC1184.6

    A 13  castle was erected by the Foreigners at Cill-Fáir.

     LC1184.7

    Another 14  castle was destroyed there by Maelsechlainn and Conchobhar 15  Maenmhaighe O'Conchobhair, and a great multitude 16  of Foreigners along with them.

     LC1184.8

    The great church of 17  Tuaim-da-ghualann fell in one day, both roof and stone.

     LC1184.9

    18 The Rock of Loch-Cé was burned by lightning, i.e. the 19  very magnificent, kingly residence of Muinter-Maelruanaidh, 20  where neither goods nor people of all that were 21  there found protection; where six score, or seven score, of 22  distinguished persons were destroyed, along with fifteen 23  men of the race of kings and chieftains, with the wife of 24  Mac Diarmada, i.e. the daughter of O'hEidhin, and his 25  son's wife, i.e. the daughter of Domhnall O'Conchobhair, 26  and the daughter of O'Dubhda, and the son of Donnchadh  p.169 O'Maelbhrenuinn, and the son of Donn O'Mannachain, and the two daughters of O'Mannachain, and Mac Maenaigh, chieftain of Cenel-Builg, and the priest O'Maelbealtaine, and Gillachiarain O'Connachtain, (i.e. a son of chastity and lamp of piety), and a countless destruction besides of good men; and every one of them who was not burned was drowned in this tumultuous consternation, in the entrance of the place; so that there escaped not alive therefrom but Conchobhar Mac Diarmada with a 10  very small number of the multitude of his people.

     LC1184.10

    On 11  the Friday after Shrovetide this event occurred.

LC1185
     LC1185.0

    12 The kalends of January on the 3rd feria, the 26th of 13  the moon; the age of the Lord eighty-five years, and a 14  hundred, and a thousand.

     LC1185.1

    Great fruit in this year.

     LC1185.2

    15 Philip Unsessra, accompanied by the Foreigners of Erinn, 16  remained at Ard-Macha during six days and six nights, 17  in the very middle of Lent.

     LC1185.3

    Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair, 18  king of Erinn, came from his pilgrimage; and he took with 19  him the Foreigners, and the men of Mumha, i.e. Domhnall 20  O'Briain and his party; and they destroyed the West of 21  Connacht, both church and territory. Peace was afterwards 22  made by himself and his son, and Connacht was divided 23  between them.

     LC1185.4

    Cill-Dalua was plundered and burned by 24  Cathal Carrach, son of Conchobhar Maenmhaighe, and the 25  men of Connacht, after the men of Mumha, in retaliation 26  for their churches which the men of Mumha had burned; 27  and for the slaughter of their clerics and women who were 28  slain and burned in their churches, and in their houses; 29  and for carrying off their books, and utensils, and 30  precious things.

     LC1185.5

    Maelisa O'Dalaigh, chief poet of Erinn 31  and Alba, and principal dux of Corca-Raidhe, and the 32  single choice of Erinn as regards grace, form, and goodness, 33  died at Cluain-Iraird on his pilgrimage. Amhlaibh  p.171 O'Muiredhaigh, bishop of Cenel-Eoghain, quievit.

     LC1185.6

    John, son of the king of the Saxons, came to assume the sovereignty of Erinn, with a fleet of three score ships, (besides what there were of Saxon Foreigners in Erinn before them); and they took possession of Ath-cliath and the province of Laighen, and erected castles at Tipraid-Fachtna and Ard-Finain.

     LC1185.7

    A victory was gained by Domhnall O'Briain over the people of the son of the king of the Saxons, in which very many Foreigners were 10  slain, along with the foster-brother of the son of the 11  king of the Saxons.

     LC1185.8

    Ruaidhri O'Gradha and Ruaidhri 12  O'Conaing were slain by Foreigners in the slaughter of the 13  castle of Tipraid-Fachtna.

     LC1185.9

    The son of the king of the 14  Saxons went across afterwards to complain of Hugo de 15  Laci to his father; for it was Hugo de Laci that was king of 16  Erinn when the son of the king of the Saxons came, and he 17  permitted not the men of Erinn to give tribute or hostages 18  to him.

     LC1185.10

    Donnchadh, son of Domhnall Midhech, occisus est.

     LC1185.11

    19 Gilla-Isa O'Maeilin, bisbop of Magh-Eó, quievit.

     LC1185.12

    Brian 20  Breifnech, son of Toirdhelbhach O'Conchobhair, mortuus 21  est.

     LC1185.13

    Flann O'Finnechta, dux of Clann-Murchadha, mortuus 22  est.

     LC1185.14

    The son of Cormac, son of Mac Carthaigh, 23  king of Mumha, was slain by the Foreigners of Corcach.

     LC1185.15

    24 Domhnall O'Gillapatraic, king of Osraighe, mortuus 25  est.

     LC1185.16

    Maelsechlainn, son of Mac Lachlainn, king of 26  Cenel-Eoghain, interfectus est, through treachery, by 27  Saxons.

     LC1185.17

    Diarmaid, son of Toirdhelbhach O'Briain, 28  was blinded by his own brother, viz.:—by Domhnall.

     LC1185.18

    29 Mathghamhain, son of Conchobhar Maenmhaighe, was 30  taken prisoner by Murchadh, son of Tadhg O'Cellaigh,  p.173 and delivered to Domhnall O'Briain.

     LC1185.19

    The sovereignty of Connacht was assumed by Conchobar Maenmhaighe.

LC1186
     LC1186.0

    The kalends of January on the 4th feria, the 7th of the moon; the age of the Lord eighty-six years, and a hundred, and a thousand.

     LC1186.1

    Great contentions in the North of Erinn this year.

     LC1186.2

    Dethronement of Domhnall, son of Aedh Mac Lachlainn, and installation as king of Ruaidhri O'Laithbhertaigh, by a section of the Cenel-Eoghain of Telach-óg.

     LC1186.3

    Conchobhar O'Flaithbhertaigh was slain by 10  Ruaidhri O'Flaithbhertaigh, his own brother, in Ara.

     LC1186.4

    11 Derbhorcaill, daughter of Murchadh O'Maelsechlainn, 12  went to Droiched-atha, on a pilgrimage.

     LC1186.5

    Rúaidhri O'Conchobhair 13  was expelled by his own son, i.e. by Conchobhar 14  Maenmhaighe.

     LC1186.6

    Donnchadh, son of Tadhg O'Cellaigh, 15  mortuus est.

     LC1186.7

    Maelcalainn O'Cleirchen, bishop of Glenn-da-locha, 16  in Christo quievit.

     LC1186.8

    Celechair O'Airmhedhaigh, 17  bishop of Cluain-ferta-Brenainn, quievit.

     LC1186.9

    Conchobhar 18  Maenmhaighe came to Mucart, and Aedh O'Ruairc 19  went into his house, and gave hostages to Conchobhar, 20  and gave Tir-Thuathail to the Connachtmen.

     LC1186.10

    21 Hugo de Laci went to Durmhagh-Choluim-Cille, to build 22  a castle in it, having a countless number of Foreigners along 23  with him; for he was king of Midhe, and Breifne, and 24  Airghiall, and it was to him the tribute of Connacht was 25  paid; and he it was that won all Erinn for the Foreigners.

     LC1186.11

    26 Midhe, from the Sinainn to the sea, was full of castles 27  and of Foreigners. After the completion by him of this 28  work, i.e. the erection of the castle of Durmhagh, he came 29  out to look at the castle, having three Foreigners  p.175 along with him.

     LC1186.12

    There came towards him then a youth of the men of Midhe, having his axe concealed, viz.:— Gilla-gan-inathair O'Miadhaigh, the foster son of the Sinnach himself; and he gave him one blow, so that he cut off his head, and he fell, both head and body, into the ditch of the castle.

     LC1186.13

    Christian O'Connorchi, bishop of Lis-mór, and legate of the comarb of Peter, in Christo quievit.

     LC1186.13

    Diarmaid Mac Carghamhna occisus est.

     LC1186.14

    Murchadh O'Cellaigh, king of Uí-Maine, occisus est.

     LC1186.15

    Gillaberaigh 10  O'Cillin, vice-abbot of Síl-Muiredhaigh, mortuus 11  est..

     LC1186.16

    Amhlaibh O'Muiredhaigh, bishop of Ard-Macha and 12  Cenel-Feradhaigh, a brilliant lamp that used to enlighten 13  laity and clergy, in Christo quievit, in Dun-Cruithne; 14  and he was honourably brought to Doire-Choluim-Cille, 15  and interred in the side of the church, at his father's feet. 16  Fogartach O'Cerbhallain was ordained in his place.

     LC1186.17

    17 Gillachrist Mac Cathmhail, king-chieftain of Cenel Feradhaigh 18  and the Clanns, (viz.:—Clann-Aenghusa, and 19  Clann-Duibhinrecht, and Clann-Foghartaigh; and Uí-Cendfada 20  and Clann-Colla, of the Feara-Manach), and 21  head of counsel of the North of Erinn, was slain by 22  O'hEighnigh and Muinter-Caemhain; and they carried 23  off his head, which was obtained from them at the end of 24  a month afterwards.

     LC1186.18

    Maelsechlainn, son of Muirchertach 25  Mac Lachlainn, was slain by Foreigners.

     LC1186.19

    Conn 26  O'Breislén, chieftain of Fanad, quievit.

LC1187
     LC1187.0

    27 The kalends of January on the 5th feria, the l8th of 28  the moon; the age of the Lord eighty-seven years, and 29  a hundred, and a thousand.

     LC1187.1

    Ruaidhri O'Laithbhertaigh, 30  king of Cenel-Eoghain, was slain while on a predatory 31  excursion in Tir-Conaill.

     LC1187.2

    Druim-cliabh was plundered by  p.177 the son of Maelsechlainn O'Ruairc, king of Uí-Briuin and Conmaicne, and by the son of Cathal O'Ruairc, and the Foreigners of Midhe along with them. But God and Colum-Cille wrought a remarkable miracle against them there, viz.:—the son of Maelsechlainn O'Ruairc was killed in Conmaicne before the end of a fortnight afterwards, and the son of Cathal O'Ruairc was blinded by O'Maeldoraidh, i.e. Flaithbhertach, in revenge of Colum-Cille; and six score of the favorites of the son of Maelsechlainn 10  were slain throughout Conmaicne and Cairpre-Droma-cliabh, 11  through the miracle of God and Colum-Cille.

     LC1187.3

    12 The Rock of Loch-Cé was burned at mid-day, 13  where a great many people were drowned and burned, 14  along with the daughter of O'hEidhin, i.e. Duibhessa, 15  daughter of Ruaidhri O'hEidhin, wife of Conchobhar 16  Mac Diarmada, king of Magh-Luirg.

LC1188
     LC1188.0

    17 The kalends of Jannary on the 6th feria, the 29th of 18  the moon; the age of the Lord eighty-eight years, and a 19  hundred, and a thousand.

     LC1188.1

    Ruaidhri O'Canannáin, king 20  of Cenel-Conaill for a time, and also royal heir of Erinn, 21  was slain by Flaithbhertach O'Maeldoraidh, through 22  treachery, at the bridge of Sligech, i.e. after being enticed 23  out from the middle of Druim-cliabh; and a brother of 24  his was slain along with him, and a number of his people.

     LC1188.2

    25 O'Gairbh, chieftain of Feara-Droma, it was that laid 26  hands on O'Canannáin; and he was himself slain by 27  the people of Echmarcach O'Dochartaigh, in revenge of 28  O'Canannáin.

     LC1188.3

    Domhnall O'Canannáin wounded his foot 29  with his own axe, at Doire, while cutting a piece of 30  wood; and he died thereof through the curse of the community 31  of Colum-Cille.

     LC1188.4

    Martin O'Brolaigh, chief sage  p.179 of all the Gaeidhel, and chief lector of Ard-Macha, died.

     LC1188.5

    Amhlaibh O'Daighri went to Hi on a pilgrimage, and he died in Hi after select penance.

     LC1188.6

    The Foreigners of the castle of Magh-Cobha, and a party of the Uí-Echach-Uladh, went on a preying excursion into Tir-Eoghain, until they arrived at Leim-Neill, where they seized cows. Domhnall Mac Lachlainn went after them, and overtook them at Cabhán-na-crann-ard, and gave them battle; and the Foreigners were defeated and put to great slaughter; 10  and a thrust of a foreign spear was given to the king 11  alone, who fell there in the heat of the battle, viz.:— 12  Domhnall, son of Aedh Mac Lachlainn, king of Oilech, 13  and royal heir of Erinn as regards figure, intelligence, 14  hospitality, and wisdom; and his body was conveyed on 15  the same day to Ard-Macha, and honourably interred.

     LC1188.7

    16 A hosting into Connacht by John de Curci and the Foreigners 17  of all Erinn, accompanied by Conchobhar O'Diarmada 18  and the son of Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair. The king 19  of Connacht, i.e. Conchobhar Maenmhaighe, assembles the 20  chieftains of all Connacht, and Domhnall O'Briain, with 21  a number of the men of Mumha, comes in the host of 22  the king of Connacht. The Foreigners burned some of 23  the churches of Connacht, and the Gaeidhel did not 24  allow them to effect the demolition of some others. 25  The Foreigners, moreover, turned back from the West of 26  Connacht, until they reached Es-dara, to go into Tir-Conaill. 27  O'Maeldoraidh, i.e. Flaithbhertach, assembles  p.181 the chieftains of Cenel-Conaill to Druim cliabh, to meet them; and when the Foreigners heard this they burned Es-dara entirely, and turned back into Corr-sliabh; and the men of Connacht made an attack on them in Corr-sliabh, and put them to slaughter. Many of their principal men were slain.

     LC1188.8

    Murchadh, son of Ferghal O'Maelruanaidh and Maelsechlainn O' Matadhain, fell there also et alii multi cum eis.

     LC1188.9

    Gillachrist son of Congalach O'Muiredhaigh mortuus est, and the Foreigners 10  left the country without injuring much of it on this 11  occasion.

     LC1188.10

    Etain, daughter of O'Cuinn, queen of Mumha, 12  who was on a pilgrimage at Doire, died, after triumphing 13  over the world and the devil.

     LC1188.11

    Muirchertach, son of 14  Uada O'Concennain, king of Uí-Diarmada, mortuus est.

     LC1188.12

    15 Domhnall, son of Lochlainn O'Maelruanaidh, and Ferghal 16  O'Taidhg-in-Teghlaigh, and Flaithbhertach, son of Sitric 17  O'Finnachta occisi sunt.

     LC1188.13

    Muirchertach O' Brain, king 18  of Breghmhaighe, occisus est.

     LC1188.14

    Taithlech, son of Conchobhar, 19  son of Diarmaid, son of Tadhg O Maelruanaidh, 20  occisus est.

LC1189
     LC1189.0

    21 The kalends of January on the 1st feria, the 10th of 22  the moon, the age of the Lord eighty-nine years, and a 23  hundred, and a thousand.

     LC1189.1

    Domhnall, son of Muirchertach 24  Mac Lachlainn, was slain by the Foreigners of Dal Araidhe 25  whilst staying with themselves.

     LC1189.2

    Murchadh 26  O'Cerbhaill, chief king of Oirghiall, died in the great 27  monastery, after choice penance.

     LC1189.3

    Ard-Macha was burned 28  from Crossa-Brighde to Recles-Brighde, including Rath 29  and Trian, and churches.

     LC1189.4

    Echmilidh, son of Mac Cana, the 30  happiness and prosperity of all Tir-Eoghain, died.

     LC1189.5

    Mac-na-hoidhche 31  O'Maelruanaidh, king of Feara-Manach, was  p.183 dethroned, and he went to O'Cerbhaill; and a Foreign army came into the country; and O'Cerbhaill and O'Maelruanaidh encountered them, and O'Cerbhaill was defeated, and O'Maelruanaidh slain.

     LC1189.6

    Conchobhar Maenmhaighe, son of Ruaidhri, chief king of Connacht, and royal heir of all Erinn, was killed by his own favorites, viz.:—Muirchertach, son of Cathal, son of Diarmaid, and O'Finnachta, i.e. the Crosach Donn O'Finnachta, and the Mendtach O'Cimlidhcain, through the instigation of his own brother, 10  viz.:—Conchobhar O'Diarmada. In the entrance of 11  Tochar-Gibhsi he was slain.

     LC1189.7

    Conchobhar O'Diarmada, 12  son of Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair, royal heir of Connacht, 13  was killed by Cathal Carrach, son of Conchobhar Maenmhaighe, 14  in revenge of his father.

     LC1189.8

    Ard-Macha was 15  plundered by John de Curci and the Foreigners.

     LC1189.9

    The son 16  of the Empress, king of the Saxons, died.

     LC1189.10

    Maelcainnigh 17  O'Fercomhais, lector of Doire, was drowned between 18  Ard and Inis-Eoghain.

     LC1189.11

    Diarmaid, son of Toirdhelbhach 19  O'Conchobhair, occisus est.

     LC1189.12

    Donnchadh O'Fallamhain, 20  noble priest, and illustrious senior of Clann-Uadach, 21  quievit.

     LC1189.13

    Murchadh O'Flannagain, dux of Clann-Cathail, mortuus est..

LC1190
     LC1190.0

    23 The kalends of January on the 2nd feria, the 2lst of 24  the moon; ninety years, and a hundred, and a thousand 25  ab Incarnatione Domini nostri Jesu Christi, et secundus 26  annus praeparationis bissexti, ac xiiii. annus cycli 27  decennovenalis, atque cxxuii. annus undecimi cycli magni 28  paschalis ab initio mundi.

     LC1190.1

    The ship of Cathal Crobhderg 29  O'Conchobhair, king of Connacht, was drowned in Loch-Ribh, 30  and thirty-six men were drowned, including 31  Airechtach O'Radhuibh, dux of Clann-Tomaltaigh, and  p.185 Conchobhar, son of Cathal Migaran, son of Toirdhelbhach O'Conchobhair, and Muirchertach,son of Diarmaid, son of Tadhg O'Maelruanaidh, and Muirghes, son of Uada O'Concennain.

     LC1190.2

    Duibhessa, daughter of Diarmaid, son of Tadhg, wife of the Cosnamhach O'Dubhda, mortua est.

     LC1190.3

    Mor, daughter of Toirdhelbhach O'Conchobhair, mortua est.

     LC1190.4

    Diarmaid O'Rabhartaigh, abbot of Durmhagh-Choluim-Chille, quievit.

     LC1190.5

    Aillenn, daughter of Riacan O'Maelruanaidh, i.e. wife of Airechtach 10  O'Radhuibh, mortua est.

     LC1190.6

    Maelsechlainn O'Nechtain and 11  Gillaberaigh O'Sluaighedhaigh were slain by Toirdhelbhach, 12  son of Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair.

     LC1190.6

    Simon Puer.

LC1191
     LC1191.0

    13 The kalends of January on the 3rd feria, the 2nd of the 14  moon; the age of the Lord ninety-one years, and a hundred, 15  and a thousand.

     LC1191.1

    Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair left 16  Connacht and went into Cenel-Conaill.

     LC1191.2

    Domhnall, son 17  of Maelisa Mac-ind-abaid, moritur.

     LC1191.3

    The Gaillimh became 18  dry this year, and an axe was found in it measuring 19  a hand from one point of it to the other; and a spear was 20  found in it, and the breadth of the blade of this spear was 21  three hands and three fingers; and its length was a hand 22  from the shoulder.

     LC1191.4

    Echthighern, son of Maelciarain, 23  chief senior of Erinn, of Cluain-Iraird, moritur.

     LC1191.5

    24 The castle of Rath-cuanartaigh was built.

     LC1191.6

    Great wind 25  in this year.

LC1192
     LC1192.0

    26 The kalends of January on the 4th feria, the 13th of 27  the moon; the age of the Lord ninety-two years, and a 28  hundred, and a thousand.

     LC1192.1

    The two sons of Mac Carghamhna, 29  and two sons of Tadhg Mac Ualairg, and  p.187 O'hAirt, and Branan Mac Branain, et alii cum eis, were slain by Foreigners at Rath-Aedha; and a number of the Foreigners themselves fell there.

     LC1192.2

    Taithlech O'Dubhda, king of Uí-Amhalghaidh and Uí-Fiachrach-Muaidhe, was killed by the two sons of his own son.

     LC1192.3

    A victory was gained at Carraidh-echaraidh, over the Foreigners, by Muinter-Maelsinna.

     LC1192.4

    The Giurnassaigh were slain in Mumha, and a great slaughter along with them.

     LC1192.5

    The castle of Ath-in-urchair, and the castle of Cill-Bixsighe, 10  were erected in this year.

     LC1192.6

    Aedh O'Floinn, dux of Síl-Maelruain, 11  mortuus est.

     LC1192.7

    Eochaidh O'Baeighill was slain 12  by the Uí-Fiachrach of Ard-sratha.

LC1193
     LC1193.0

    13 The kalends of January on the 5th feria, the 24th of 14  the moon; the age of the Lord ninety-three years, and a 15  hundred, and a thousand.

     LC1193.1

    Domhnall O'Biain, brilliant 16  lamp of peace and war, and kindling star of the honour 17  of Leth-Modha and the men of Mumha, died.

     LC1193.2

    The 18  Foreigners went upon Inis-Uí-Finntain, and were driven 19  therefrom by force.

     LC1193.3

    Cumhidhe O'Floinn was slain by the 20  Foreigners.

     LC1193.4

    Great snow between the two Easters in 21  this year.

     LC1193.5

    Diarmaid, son of Cubrogha O'Dimusaigh, dux 22  of Clann-Maelughra, and king of Uí-Failghe for a long 23  time, mortuus est.

     LC1193.6

    Cathal Odhar, son of Mac Carthaigh, 24  occisus est.

     LC1193.7

    Derbhorcaill, daughter of Murchadh 25  O'Maelsechlainn, mortua est in pilgrimage, in the monastery 26  of Droichet-atha.

     LC1193.8

    Muirchertach, son of Murchadh 27  Mac Murchadha, king of Uí-Ceinnsealaigh, moritur.

     LC1193.9

    Aedh 28  O'Maelbhrenainn, dux of Clann-Conchobhair, occisus est.

     LC1193.10

    29 Macbethaidh O'Dobhailen, airchinnech of Camach mortuus 30  est in pilgrimage, in Inis-Clothrann.

     LC1193.11

    Gillachrist 31  O'Muccaran, bishop of Airghiall, quievit.

     LC1193.12

    The castle of 32  Domhnach-Maighen was erected in this year.

     LC1193.13

    Maelsechlainn,  p.189 son of Donnchadh, king of Osraighe, died.

     LC1193.14

    Inis-Clothrann was plundered by Gilbert Mac Goisdealbh, with his Foreigners, and by the sons of Gillachrist Mac Carghamhna, viz.:—Gilla-Croichefraich and Amhlaibh, having Muinter-Maelsinna along with them.

     LC1193.15

    Muirchertach O'Cerbhaill was blinded.

     LC1193.16

    Aenghus, son of Gorman O'Ailghiusa, quievit in Christo on his pilgrimage in Inis-Clothrann. v.ccc.xcviii.

LC1194
     LC1194.0

    The kalends of January on the 7th feria, the 5th of the 10  moon; the age of the Lord ninety-four years, and a hundred, 11  and a thousand.

     LC1194.1

    Echmarcach O'Cathain died in Recles-Poil.

     LC1194.2

    12 The great priest of Hi died.

     LC1194.3

    Sitric O'Gairmleghaigh 13  was slain by Mac Duinnsleibhe. Ab initio mundi 14  juxta lxx. Interpretes, vi.dc.xlvi; juxta vero Ebraeos, 15  v.ccc.xcviii. Ab Incarnatione autem juxta Ebraeos, 16  m.ccc.xlvii; secundum Dionysium, m.c.xciiii; juxta vero 17  Bedam, ab Incarnatione m.c.lxxxvii. Solaris quidem cycli, 18  i.e. cycli xxviii. annorum, xix. annus; cycli indictionis xii. 19  annus. Secundus annus praeparationis bissexti, cxxxi. 20  annus undecimi cycli magni paschalis ab initio mundi.

     LC1194.4

    21 The son of Conchobhar, son of Domhnall Gerrlamhach 22  O'Briain, was blinded and emasculated by Foreigners.

     LC1194.5

    23 The son of Maghnus Mac Duinnsleibhe was slain by 24  O'hAnluain.

     LC1194.6

    A hosting by Gilbert Mac Goisdealbh to 25  Es-Ruaidh; and he returned from Es-Ruaidh without 26  having obtained much profit on this hosting.

     LC1194.7

    Constantine 27  O'Briain, bishop of Cill-Dalua, died. v.ccc.xcix.

 p.191
LC1195
     LC1195.0

    The kalends of January on the lst feria, the l6th of the moon; the age of the Lord ninety-five years, and a hundred, and a thousand, secundum Dionysium. Ab initio mundi, juxta lxx. Interpretes, vi.dc.xlvii; juxta Ebraeos, v.ccc.xcix. Ab Incarnatione juxta Ebraeos, m.cccc.xlviii; secundum Dionysium, m.c.xcv; secundum Bedam, m.c.lxxxviii; solaris cycli xx. annus; tertius annus praeparationis bissexti; cxxxii annus undecimi cycli magni paschalis ab initio mundi.

     LC1195.1

    Florence, grandson 10  of Riacan O'Maelruanaidh, bishop of Oilfinn, in 11  Christo quievit.

     LC1195.2

    Ath-cliath from the bridge northwards 12  was burned.

     LC1195.3

    A hosting by John de Curci and the son 13  of Hugo de Laci, to assume power over the Foreigners of 14  Laighen and Mumha.

     LC1195.4

    Mac Goisdealbh was apprehended {} 15  Cathal Crobhderg O'Conchobhair, king of Connacht 16  with the army of Connacht, went into Mumha; 17  and they destroyed many castles and towns therein, and 18  committed great depredations; and they returned safely.

     LC1195.5

    19 The Gilla-sron-mhael O'Dochartaigh, and the Cenel-Conaill 20  likewise, turned against O'Maeldoraidh.

     LC1195.6

    Cathal 21  Crobhderg O'Conchobhair, king of Connacht, sent the men 22  of the North of Connacht to assist him, and a battalion of 23  mercenaries along with them.

     LC1195.7

    A great gathering of the men 24  of Connacht by Cathal Crobhderg, to Ath-Luain, where 25  there were twelve hundred men, vel amplius; and John de 26  Curci, and the son of Hugo de Laci, and the nobles of the 27  Foreigners, came to meet him, when they made their peace.

     LC1195.8

    28 Cathal, son of Diarmaid, son of Tadhg O'Maelruanaidh, 29  was expelled from Connacht into Mumha; and he came 30  again in the same year, through the strength of his hands, 31  into Connacht, until be reached Caislen-na-Caillighe; and 32  he killed many persons on his way from the south as far as  p.193 that; and he committed great depredations and plunderings, as peace was not made with him.

     LC1195.9

    Domhnall O'Finn, comarb of Brenainn at Cluain-ferta, quievit. vcccc.

     LC1195.10

    The Recles of Paul and Peter, with its churches, and a part of the Raths, was burned.

     LC1195.11

    A hosting by Ruaidhri Mac Duinnsleibhe, with the Foreigners, and with the sons of the king of Connacht, to the Cenel-Eoghain and Airthera.

     LC1195.12

    The Cenel-Eoghain of Telach-óg and the Airthera came, however, to the plain of Ard-Macha, and gave them 10  battle, when a great multitude of their people were 11  slain; and a number of the sons of the king of Connacht 12  were killed in this defeat.

     LC1195.13

    Muirchertach, son of 13  Muirchertach Mac Lachlainn, king of Cenel-Eoghain, and 14  royal heir of all Erinn, tower of the valour and bravery 15  of Leth-Chuinn, destroyer of Foreigners and of castles, 16  founder of churches and sanctuaries, was slain by 17  Donnchadh, son of Bloscadh O'Cathain, by the advice 18  of all the Cenel-Eoghain, viz.:—after having previously 19  sworn to him by the three shrines, and the Canoin-Patraic, 20  in the northern church of Ard-Macha; and his 21  body was conveyed to Doire-Choluim-Chille, and there 22  honourably interred.

     LC1195.14

    The son of Bloscadh O'Cuirrin 23  plundered Termonn-Dabheóg, and he himself was killed 24  on account thereof, with a dreadful slaughter of his 25  people, before the end of a month, through the miracles of 26  Dabheóg.

     LC1195.15

    In this year, moreover, Domhnall, son of Diarmaid 27  Mac Carthaigh, gained a victory over the Foreigners 28  of Mumha and Luimnech, in which a great multitude of  p.195 them were killed, and through which he afterwards expelled them from Luimnech; and he inflicted two other defeats also in this year.

LC1196
     LC1196.0

    The kalends of January on the 2nd feria, the 27th of the moon; ninety-six years, and a hundred, and a thousand ab Incarnatione Domini secundum Dionysium. Secundum Bedam ab Incarnatione Domini, m.c.lxxxix. Ab Incarnatione juxta Ebraeos, m.cccc.xlix. Ab initio mundi juxta lxx. Interpretes, vi.dc.xlvii. Ab initio mundi juxta 10  Ebraeos v.cccc. Solaris cycli xxi. annus; cycli Indictionis 11  xiiii. annus; cycli luraris xvi. annus, atque bissextilis 12  annus; cxxxiii. annus ndecimi cycli magni paschalis 13  ab initio mundi.

     LC1196.1

    {}aigh O'Catharnaigh, 14  great priest of Cluain-mic-Nois, quievit in the monastery 15  of Cill-Becain, in the noviciate of a monk.

     LC1196.2

    The 16  great abbess, daughter of O'Maelsechlainn, died.

     LC1196.3

    A 17  predatory hosting by the Foreigners of Midhe, into the 18  territory of Uí-Briuin; but O'Ruairc, with his people, 19  encountered them, and the Foreigners were defeated, and 20  a countless number of them slain.

     LC1196.4

    Ruaidhri O'Flaithbhertaigh, 21  king of the West of Connacht, went on the 22  sea, to escape from Cathal Crobhderg, and from the men 23  of Connacht also, and went to O'Briain.

     LC1196.5

    O'Conchobhair 24  again expelled him from O'Briain, and he was 25  driven to sea as before.

     LC1196.6

    Great depredations were committed 26  by him O'Flaithbhertaigh in Conmaicne-mara, 27  and in Umhall.

     LC1196.7

    Cathal O'Flaithbhertaigh was killed.

     LC1196.8

    28 Ruaidhri Mac Duinnsleibhe conducted a large army 29  from Connacht, including the son of Maelisa O'Conchobhair, 30  and the son of Mac Murchadha, grandson of 31  Mael-na-mbó, and Brian Buidhe O'Flaithbhertaigh; but 32  the Airghialla, and O'hAnluain, and the chief men of 33  the Cenel-Eoghain assembled to meet them, viz.:—two 34  large battalions; and they gave one another battle, when  p.197 this army was all slain there, along with the son of O'Conchobhair, and the son of Mac Murchadha, and the son of O'Flaithbhertaigh; so that there escaped of them only Mac Duinnsleibhe with a few on horses, and a very few of the army. A great number of Muinter-Eolais were slain by Ualgharg O'Ruairc, king of Breifne.

     LC1196.9

    Ruaidhri O'Flaithbhertaigh went into Tir-Conaill, and came from thence, along with the comarb of Patrick, into the house of O'Conchobhair, and made peace with him; 10  and his territory was given to him.

     LC1196.10

    The Gilla-ruadh, 11  son of Mac Ragnaill, chieftain of Muinter-Eolais, was 12  killed by Diarmaid, son of Maghnus O'Conchobhair, at 13  the instigation of the son of Cathal O'Ruairc, by whom 14  the Muinter-Eolais had previously been slain.

     LC1196.11

    Aedh 15  O'Ferghail, dux of Muinter-Anghaile, was slain by the 16  sons of Sitric O'Cuinn.

     LC1196.12

    Mathghamhain, son of Conchobhar 17  Maenmhaighe, was slain by a mercenary of the 18  people of Domhnall O'Mordha.

     LC1196.13

    Domhnall O'Mordha fell 19  himself at the same time by the hand of Cathal Carrach, 20  son of Conchobhar Maenmhaighe, in revenge of his 21  brother, i.e. Mathghamhain.

     LC1196.14

    A hosting by John de 22  Curci, with the Foreigners of Ulidia, as far as Es-craeibhe, 23  when they erected the castle of Cill-Santail; and the 24  cantred of Cianachta was wasted by them from this  p.199 castle.

     LC1196.15

    It was in this castle Rustel Pitun was left, together with a large force.

     LC1196.16

    Rustel Pitun came, moreover, on a preying expedition to the harbour of Doire, and he plundered Cluain-Hí, and Enach, and Derg-bruach.

     LC1196.17

    But Flaithbhertach O'Maeldoraidh, i.e. the king of Cenel-Conaill and Cenel-Eoghain,with a small number of the Cenel-Conaill and Cenel-Eoghain, overtook them, and defeated them on the strand of the Nua-congmhail, where they were slaughtered, along with the son of Ardghal Mac Lachlainn, 10  through the miracles of Colum-Cille, and of Cainnech, 11  and of Brecan, whom they had plundered there.

     LC1196.18

    Mac 12  Gilla-Eidigh of Cianachta robbed the altar of the great 13  church of Doire-Choluim-Chille, and took therefrom the 14  four best goblets that were in Erinn, viz:—Mac-riabhach, 15  and Mac-solus, and the goblet of O'Maeldoraidh, 16  and the Cam-coruinn, i.e. the goblet of O'Dochartaigh; and 17  he broke them, and took off their precious things. These 18  articles were found on the third day after being stolen; 19  and the person who stole them was discovered, and he 20  was hanged at Cros-na-riagh in revenge of Colum-Cille, 21  whose altar had been profaned.

     LC1196.19

    Conchobhar O'Cathain 22  died.

     LC1196.20

    Flaithbhertach O'Maeldoraidh, king of Cenel-Conaill, 23  and Cenel-Eoghain, and Airghiall, the defender 24  of Temhair, and royal heir of all Erinn—viz.:—a Conall 25  in heroism, a Cuchullain in valour, and a Guaire in hospitality— 26  died after great suffering, in Inis-Saimer, on the 27  fourth of the nones of February, in the thirtieth year 28  of his reign, and the nine and fiftieth year of his age;  p.201 and he was honourably interred at Druim-thuama. And Echmarcach O'Dochartaigh assumed the sovereignty of Cenel-Conaill immediately after; and he was only a fortnight in the sovereignty when John de Curci, accompanied by a large army, went across Tuaim into Tir-Eoghain, and from thence to Ard-sratha, and afterwards round to Doire-Choluim-Chille, where they remained five nights.

     LC1196.21

    They went afterwards to Cnoc-Nascain, to transport themselves across it.

     LC1196.21

    The 10  Cenel-Conaill, however, with Echmarcach O'Dochartaigh, 11  came towards them, and gave them battle, when 12  two hundred of them the Cenel-Conail were slain, 13  together with their king, i.e. Echmarcach O'Dochartaigh, 14  and Donnchadh O'Tairchert, king-chieftain of 15  Clann-Sneidhghile, and Gillabrighde O'Dochartaigh, and 16  Mac Dubhán, and Mac Ferghail, and the sons of 17  O'Baighill, et aliis nobilibus; and they the Foreigners 18  plundered Inis-Eoghain, and carried off therefrom a great 19  cattle-spoil.

LC1197
     LC1197.0

    20 The kalends of January on the 4th feria, the 9th of 21  the moon; ninety-seven years, and a hundred, and a 22  thousand ab Incarnatione secundum Dionysium. Ab 23  Incarnatione secundum Bedam, m.c.lxxxx. Ab Incarnatione 24  juxta Ebraeos, m.cccc.i. Ab initio mundi juxta 25  Ebraeos, v.cccc.i. Ab initio mundi secundum lxx. Interpretes, 26  vi.dc.xlix. Solaris cycli xxii. annus; cycli Indictionis 27  xu. annus; cycli lunaris xvii. annus; primus 28  annus praeparationis bissexti; cxxxiiii. annus cycli 29  magni paschalis undecimi ab initio mundi.

     LC1197.1

    Ruaidhri 30  O'Flaithbhertaigh, king of the West of Connacht, was 31  apprehended by Cathal Crobhderg O'Conchobhair, 32  king of Connacht.

     LC1197.2

    The bishop O'Maelciarain, i.e. 33  bishop of Airghiall, and a monk for a long time, 34  and abbot of Droiched-átha, mortuus est.

     LC1197.3

    Domhnall, 35  son of Mac Raghnaill, dux of Muinter-Eolais, was 36  slain.

     LC1197.4

    Conchobhar, son of Diarmaid, son of Tadhg  p.203 O'Maelruanaidh, king of Magh-Luirg, mortuus est in the monastery of Buill in the noviciate of a monk.

     LC1197.5

    Gillamoliac O'Branan resigned his comarbship; and Gillachrist O'Cernaigh was ordained in his place, by the election of the laity and clergy of the North of Erinn, in the abbacy of Colum-Cille. v.cccc.ii.

LC1198
     LC1198.0

    The kalends of January on the 5th feria, the 20th of the moon; Ab Incarnatione Domini secundum Dionysium, ninety-eight years, and a hundred, and a thousand, the 10  age of the Lord. Ab Incarnatione secundum Bedam, 11  m.c.lxxxxi. Ab Incarnatione secundum Ebraeos, m.cccc.li. 12  Ab initio mundi juxta Ebraeos, v.cccc.ii; ab initio mundi 13  juxta lxx. Interpretes, vi.dc.l. Solaris cycli xxiii. annus; 14  cycli Indictionis primus annus; cycli lunaris xviii. 15  annus; secundus annus praeparationis bissexti; cxxxv. 16  annus undecimi cycli magni paschalis ab initio mundi.

     LC1198.1

    17  Goffraidh, son of Goffraidh O'Raighilligh, was slain by 18  O'Donnchadha, in treachery.

     LC1198.2

    Ruaidhri, son of Toirdhealbhach 19  Mór O'Conchobhair, i.e. the king of all Erinn, 20  both of Foreigners and Gaeidhel, without dispute, died 21  at Cunga-Feichin, after triumphing over the world 22  and the devil.

     LC1198.3

    Aedh, son of Brian Breifnech, son of 23  Toirdhelbhach O'Conchobhair, was slain by Cathal 24  Carrach O'Conchobhair.

     LC1198.4

    A great nut crop in this year,  p.205 so that no man in the later time witnessed a greater crop than it.

     LC1198.5

    A hosting by John de Curci among the churches of Ulidia, i.e. Ard-sratha and Rath-bhoth, and they were destroyed by him until he reached Doire, where he remained two nights over a week, devastating Inis-Eoghain and the country besides; and he departed not for a long time, until Aedh O'Neill went with five ships to Cill {} in Latharna, and burned a part of the town, and killed thirty-eight persons there. At this 10  time the Foreigners of Magh-line and Dal-Araidhe, to the 11  number of three hundred, both in iron and without iron, 12  were before them, and they observed nothing until the 13  Foreigners poured in upon them; and they delivered 14  battle in the middle of the town, when the Foreigners 15  were defeated; and they the Irish inflicted five defeats on 16  them in addition, and went to their ships in spite of them; 17  and only five of the people of O'Neill were lost. John 18  departed when he heard this, postea.

LC1199
     LC1199.0

    19 The kalends of January on the 6th feria, the 1st of 20  the moon. Ab Incarnatione secundum Dionysium, m.c.xcix; 21  ab Incarnatione secundum Bedam, m.c.xcii; 22  ab Incarnatione secundum Ebraos, m.cccc.lii; ab initio 23  mundi secundum Ebraos, u.cccc.iii; ab initio secundum 24  lxx. Interpretes, ui.dc.li; cycli solaris xxiiii. annus; cycli 25  Indictionis ii. annus; cycli lunaris xix. annus; tertius 26  annus praeparationis bissexti; cxxxui. annus undecimi 27  cycli magni paschalis ab initio mundi.

     LC1199.1

    Peace was 28  made by Cathal Crobhderg and Cathal Carrach; and 29  Cathal Carrach was brought into the country, and land  p.207 was given to him.

     LC1199.2

    Ruaidhri O'Flaithbhertaigh was set free.

     LC1199.3

    A depredation was comitted on the Foreigners by Cathal Crobhderg, who burned the bódhún of Ath, and killed many persons; and they carried with them many cows to their homes.

     LC1199.4

    Gormghal O'Cuinn, dux of Muinter-Gillcan, was taken prisoner by the Foreigners; and his people were reduced to great distress from want of food and clothing, after being plundered by the Foreigners.

     LC1199.5

    The castle of Granard was built in this year.

     LC1199.6

    Aedh O'Cuinn, 10  and the son of Aedh-na-namus, and some more of the 11  Conmaicne were slain by the mercenaries of Connacht.

     LC1199.7

    12 The Foreigners performed three great hostings to Tir-Eoghain 13  this year, and on the third hosting which they 14  performed they encamped at Domhnach-mor of Magh-Imchlair, 15  and they sent out a great army to devastate the 16  country. Aedh O'Neill came to meet this army, and he 17  encountered the Foreigners, and inflicted on them a countless 18  slaughter; and the remainder of the Foreigners escaped 19  in the night, and went across Tuaim.

     LC1199.8

    Sanctus Mauricius 20  O'Baedan in Hi-Choluim-Chille in pace quievit.

     LC1199.9

    A hosting 21  by Ruaidhri O'Duinnsleibhe, with some of the Foreigners 22  of Midhe; and they plundered the monastery of Paul 23  and Peter, so that they left only one cow in it.

     LC1199.10

    Domhnall 24  O'Dochartaigh, king of Cenel-Enna and Ard-Midhair, in 25  pace quievit.

     LC1199.11

    Roland Mac Uchtraigh, king of Gall-Gaeidhel, 26  quievit.

LC1200
     LC1200.0

    27 The kalends of January on the 7th feria, the 12th of 28  the moon; the age of the Lord two hundred years, and a 29  thousand.

     LC1200.1

    Donnchadh, son of Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair,  p.209 who was called Donnchadh Uaithnech, was slain by the Foreigners who were in Luimnech.

     LC1200.2

    A great depredation by Cathal Crobhderg and the Connachtmen, in the West of Midhe; and they carried off an enormous spoil of cows and horses, and pigs, and sheep; and they came safely past the Bruighin hither, without a blow being struck against them, saving that three or four of them were killed on scouting parties. The Foreigners turned back from them then, except a few men whom they left watching 10  them. When the Connachtmen, however, saw the Foreigners 11  turning back from them, each one of them went 12  off with his prey, except O'Conchobhair, and O'Flaithbhertaigh, 13  and Mac Goisdealbh, who remained after them 14  with a very small company. When the watching band 15  left by the Foreigners saw this, they went back after the 16  Foreigners, and informed them that the host had departed 17  with their preys, except a very small company that remained 18  in their track. The Foreigners pursued the host, 19  and overtook them immediately, and routed the Gaeidhel before them; 20  and Ruaidhri O'Flaithbhertaigh, king of 21  the West of Connacht, was slain there; and Amhlaibh 22  O'Cuinn, of the Muinter-Gillcán, was the person that slew 23  him. Cathal O'Concennuinn, king of Uí-Diarmada, was 24  slain there, et alii multi cum istis interfecti sunt, of the 25  sons of warriors, and attendants; sed tamen non multi 26  sed pauci interfecti sunt ibi, si verum est ut nunciatum est 27  nobis. O'Conchobhair was left without a man in his company, 28  except Muirchertach Mac Merain, i.e. his doorkeeper,  p.211 and one other warrior, i.e. the son of Ceithernach Ua Cerin; and he escaped thus. The Foreigners followed up the rout as far as Ath-Luain, and they turned back then, and brought their preys with them, and a great number of the horses of Connacht.

     LC1200.3

    A hosting by Cathal Crobhderg until he reached Tir-Fiachrach-Aighne, as if he went to protect his own land. It was not so in reality; but it was a treacherous and malicious hosting, of which came the destruction of Connacht, and his own destruction, 10  viz.:—to attack Cathal Carrach, son of Conchobhair 11  Maenmhaighe O'Conchobhair, to expel him from 12  Connacht, or to capture him, or to kill him. When 13  Cathal Carrach heard this he sent his people into the 14  woods, and he was himself behind them with all his 15  army. Cathal Crobhderg advanced towards him from the west, from 16  Tir-Fiachrach; and when he reached the 17  middle of the territory of Cathal Carrach, he sent a 18  large army in pursuit of him, with Toirdhelbhach son 19  of Ruaidhri, and other sons of Ruaidhri; and with 20  Maelchulaird O'Flaithbhertaigh, king of the West 21  of Connacht; and with the grandsons of Tadhg O'Cellaigh; 22  and with the knight O'Maelsechlainn, and with 23  the Midhe band. And when they arrived in the 24  wood they were opposed, and battle was given to them, 25  and the people of Cathal Crobhderg were defeated; 26  and Maelchulaird O'Flaithbhertaigh, and the knight 27  O'Maelsechlainn, and Iughuláid Mac Conmedha, and 28  Domhnall, son of the Gilla-dubh O'Laedhóc, were 29  slain there. Cathal Carrach afterwards sent messengers 30  to Luimnnech, to William Burk, and they delivered the 31  son of Cathal Carrach into his hands as a pledge for 32  the pay of the Foreigners. William Burk subsequently 33  assembled a large host from Ath-cliath, and from Laighen, 34  and the Foreigners of Luimnech and Mumha besides, 35  and the two O'Briains, viz.:—Muirchertach and 36  Conchobhar Ruadh, with their armies, to the assistance  p.213 of Cathal Carrach. They were but a short time in the district when Cathal Crobhderg left it, after hearing that the hostages of Tomaltach, son of Conchobhar Mac Diarmada, and of Mac Oirechtaigh, and all the Síl-Muireghaigh, and of the Tuatha, and of O'Gadhra, and of O'hEghra, and of O'Dubhda, were taken by Cathal Carrach. What Cathal Crobhderg did was to go into the North, to the house of O'Eighnigh, king of Feara-Manach, and from thence to O'Neill, i.e. Aedh O'Neill, and to John de 10  Curci in Ulidia. However, Cathal Carrach and William 11  Burk, and the two O'Briains, with their Foreigners and 12  Gaeidhel, left neither church nor territory from Echtghe 13  to Dún-Rossárach, and from the Sinuinn westwards to 14  the sea, that they did not pillage and destroy, so that 15  neither church, nor altar, nor priest, nor monk, nor canon, 16  nor abbot, nor bishop, afforded protection against this 17  demoniacal host; and they used to strip the priests in 18  the churches, and carry off the women, and every kind of 19  property and stock found in the churches, without regard 20  to saint or sanctuary, or to any power on earth; so that 21  never before was there inflicted on the Connachtmen any 22  punishment of famine, nakedness, and plundering like 23  this punishment. The Connachtmen had an encampment 24  at Ath-liac from the festival of Brigid until a 25  fortnight before May-day, and they plundered nearly all 26  Muinter-Gillcan, and slew and plundered O'Duibhidhir of 27  Muinter-Anghaile.

     LC1200.4

    Faelan O'Donnchadha was slain by 28  the Dartraighe.

     LC1200.5

    A cold, foodless year, the equal of which 29  no man witnessed in that age.

     LC1200.6

    A predatory hosting 30  by the Connachtmen into Mumha, and they burned 31  the bodhún of Luimnech, and Caislen-Uí-Conaing, and  p.215 many other places; and two other predatory expeditions were led by the same Connachtmen, and they plundered the West of Midhe, and Uí-Failghe.

     LC1200.7

    Cúcocriche Mac Eochagain was slain by the Uí-Failghe.

     LC1200.8

    An act of treachery was committed by the Foreigners of Uladh against the Airthera, who were nearly all slain.

     LC1200.9

    Another hosting by Cathal Carrach and the Foreigners of Mumha, into Connacht, when they burned nearly all the churches of Connacht, and devastated all Connacht.

LC1201
     LC1201.0

    10 The kalends of January on the 2nd feria, the 23rd of 11  the moon; the age of the Lord one year, and two hundred, and a thousand.

     LC1201.1

    12 Ruaidhri Mac Duinnsleibhe, king 13  of Uladh, i.e. the lamp of valour and prowess of all the 14  Gaeidhel, was slain by the Foreigners of John de Curci, 15  after they had met him alone, undefended, through 16  the miracles of Paul and Peter, and of Patrick, whom he 17  profaned.

     LC1201.2

    A predatory expedition by Cathal Crobhderg 18  O'Conchobhair, accompanied by O'Neill, and by 19  O'hEighnigh, king of Feara-Manach, with a small army; 20  and they plundered Cuil-cnamha, i.e. the people of 21  Diarmaid, son of Conchobhar, son of Tadhg O'Maelruanaidh.

     LC1201.3

    22 Another predatory expedition by Cathal 23  Crobhderg, with all his own army, into Tir-Aililla, when 24  he plundered many persons of the people of Tomaltach, 25  son of Conchobhar, son of Diarmaid, son of Tadhg O'Maelruanaidh, 26  king of Magh-Luirg.

     LC1201.4

    Cadhla O'Dubhthaigh, 27  archbishop of the province of Connacht, in Christo 28  quievit.

     LC1201.

    Cathal Crobhderg O'Conchobhair, with all 29  his army; and O'Neill, with all his army; and the 30  Cenel-Eoghain; and a multitude of the Cenel-Conaill; 31  and O'hEighnigh, king of Feara-Manach, with all 32  his forces, went into Connacht until they reached  p.217 Tech-Baeithin, in Airtech; and they committed a great depredation on the people of Tomaltach Mac Diarmada, and slew many men of his people. A dispute arose afterwards between Cathal Crobhderg and the chieftains of the North. The cause of this dispute was as follows, viz.:—what Cathal Crobhderg wished was to go against Cathal Carrach and William Burk; and the other party said that they would not go towards the Foreigners, because they had been informed, when they left their homes, that 10  there were no Foreigners in the army of Cathal Carrach. 11  On this account they separated one from the other, and 12  Cathal Crobhderg went into the west of Connacht, and 13  the other party went towards their own country; and 14  the way they proceeded was to Sliabh-Lugha, and into 15  Corann. This fact was told to Cathal Carrach, and to 16  William Burk. The resolution they adopted was to go 17  after the Northern party; and they came up with them 18  as they were crossing the bridge of Es-dara, and followed 19  them to Droichet-Martra. The Northern party turned to 20  give them battle; but battle was not accepted from them. 21  The Connachtmen afterwards returned, and caught 22  O'hEighnigh, king of Feara-Manach, and he was slain; 23  and not because he did not act bravely, but because 24  he was outnumbered. O'Neill turned back in his path, 25  in subjection, and he was not allowed to leave the 26  church of Es-Dara until he gave hostages and peace 27  to Cathal Carrach. Great numbers of them were 28  slain, moreover, from thence to Druim-cliabh, and to  p.219 Dun-Uí-Airmhedhaigh, and to Sáil-Beinne.

     LC1201.6

    Tomaltach, son of Aedh, son of Toirdhelbhach O'Conchobhair, comarb of Patrick, and primate of Erinn, and bishop of Síl-Muiredhaigh, in Christo quievit. In Magh-Mura-na-hechloisce vitam finivit, whilst going to Ard-Macha.

     LC1201.7

    Aedh, son of Taichlech O'Dubhda, king of Uí-Amhalghaidh, occisus est.

     LC1201.8

    A great hosting to Connacht by John de Curci and Hugo the younger, son of Hugo de Laci, accompanied by a 10  great number of the Foreigners of Midhe, together with 11  Cathal Crobhderg, to contest the sovereignty with Cathal 12  Carrach; and the way they went was to Es-Ruaidh, and 13  into Cairpre-Droma-cliabh, into Corann, into Corrsliabh-na-Seghsa, 14  into Magh-Luirg-in-Daghda, into Magh-Nai, 15  into Maighe-Finna, to Dun-Leodha, into Maenmhagh, into 16  Tir-Fiachrach-Aighne, until they reached Cill-Mic-Duach. 17  And the reason they proceeded so far southwards was in 18  pursuit of the cows and people of the Connachtmen, and 19  of Cathal Carrach, which had been carried off by Cathal 20  Carrach to Tuadh-Mumha and to Cenel-Aedha of Echtghe, 21  both men and cattle; and he himself was behind his 22  people, with all his forces. These hosts were informed 23  of the wood in which was the camp of Cathal Carrach 24  and the men of Connacht; and the resolution they 25  adopted was to move towards the camp. And when 26  they reached the wood they cut it down, and made a 27  great road before them until they arrived at the camp, 28  which they found empty, after having been abandoned  p.221 by Cathal Carrach a short time previously, when he was informed that this host was approaching him. And he was in another place in the wood, a short distance from the camp, awaiting them. The resolution the Foreigners adopted, when they reached the camp, was to go towards their horse-boys and horses, whom they had left outside the wood, and those of their host whom they had left behind. When Cathal Carrach and the Connachtmen saw this, viz.:—the others turning out again, they went after 10  them, and overtook them in the clearing which they the 11  Foreigners had themselves made. When they mingled, 12  one with the other, the battle was won by Cathal Carrach 13  and the Connachtmen, and sixty, vel amplius, of the nobles 14  of John de Curci's people were slain there, .i.e. of the 15  nobles of the Foreigners of Magh-Line, and of all Uladh, of 16  their barons and knights; and John himself was struck 17  with a stone, so that he fell from his horse. As soon as 18  they came out of the wood to their people the attack 19  ceased, and the resolution they adopted was to turn 20  back in their track; and they proceeded that night to 21  Ard-rathain. On the morrow they went to Tuaim-da-ghualann; 22  and what they said publicly was, that they 23  would remain in Tuaim that night; but they did not 24  do so, for they departed as soon as the night came, and 25  marched until they arrived at Cill-Dachonne, at the head 26  of Tochar-mona-Coinnedha, where they remained until 27  the morning came. When the morning came they 28  departed, and they went that day to Ros-Comain. On 29  the morrow they proceeded to Rinn-dúin on Loch-Rí, 30  and they were a week transporting the army, and their 31  horses, and their property, eastwards across Loch-rí. 32  And neither Cathal Carrach nor the Connachtmen heard 33  of this until the last day of the transportation. When 34  Cathal Carrach and the Connachtmen heard of it, they  p.223 followed them to Rinn-dúin, and killed as many as they overtook, and those whom they did not overtake were drowned while escaping; and a great many men were drowned whilst being conveyed across during the preceding week. As soon as the Foreigners arrived in Midhe they arrested Cathal Crobhderg as a pledge for the payment of wages; and John was taken to Ath-cliath until he gave pledges from himself that he would obey the king of the Saxons.

     LC1201.9

    Conchobhar-na-Glaisfheine, son of 10  Cathal O'Ruairc, was drowned.

     LC1201.10

    The Foreigners released 11  Cathal Crobhderg.

     LC1201.11

    Conchobhar Bec Mac Lachlainn was 12  slain by the Cenel-Conaill.

     LC1201.12

    Aedh O'Neill was dethroned 13  by the Cenel-Eoghain in this year.

     LC1201.13

    Niall 14  O'Floinn was slain by the Foreigners, in treachery.

     LC1201.14

    15 Maghnus, son of Diarmaid Mac Lachlainn, was killed 16  by Muirchertach O'Neill. Muirchertach O'Neill was 17  himself slain there.

LC1202
     LC1202.0

    18 The kalends of January on the 3rd feria, the 4th of 19  the moon; the age of the Lord two years, and two 20  hundred, and a thousand.

     LC1202.1

    Felix O'Dubhláin, bishop of 21  Osraighe, mortuus est.

     LC1202.2

    The bishop O'Mellaigh mortuus 22  est.

     LC1202.3

    Cathal Crobhderg went into Mumha, to William 13  Burk, after being released from his bonds.

     LC1202.4

    Johannes, 24  Presbyter Cardinalis de Monte Celio, qui et legatus 25  Apostolicae sedis erat, in Hiberniam venit.

     LC1202.5

    A hosting by  p.225 Cathal and William Burk, and by the sons of Domhnall O'Briain, i.e. Muirchertach and Conchobhar Ruadh, and by Finghin, son of Mac Carthaigh, into Connacht, until they reached the monastery of Ath-da-larag, on the Buill, in which they fixed their residence; and they were three days in it, so that they polluted and defiled the entire monastery; and such was the extent of the defilement that the mercenaries of the army had the women in the hospital of the monks, and in the 10  houses of the cloister, and in every place in the 11  entire monastery besides. No structure in the monastery 12  was left without breaking and burning, except 13  the roofs of the houses alone; and even of these a 14  great portion was broken and burned. No part of the 15  buildings of the entire monastery was allowed to the 16  monks and brothers, excepting only the dormitory of 17  the monks, and the house of the novices. A stone 18  wall was commenced by William Burk, on this occasion, 19  round the great stone house of the guests, and two 20  days' work was devoted to its erection. Cathal Carrach, 21  son of Conchobhar Maenmhaige, king of Connacht, 22  was killed by the Foreigners on the third day of 23  the building of the stone wall. The erection of the stone 24  wall, moreover, was interrupted after the killing of Cathal 25  Carrach. There were others also slain along with the 26  king, viz.:—Diarmaid, son of Gillachrist, son of Diarmaid, 27  son of Tadhg O'Maelruanaidh, and Tomaltach, son of 28  Taichlech O'Dubhda, et alii multi. They subsequently 29  left the monastery; and after they had left it William 30  Burk permitted the sons of O'Briain, and the son of 31  Mac Carthaigh, to depart with their forces. The resolution 32  that Cathal Crobhderg and William Burk adopted,  p.227 moreover, was to despatch their mercenaries throughout Connacht, to levy their wages; and William Burk, together with all who were with him, and Cathal Crobhderg, went to Cunga-Feichín. After this a miraculous event happened, and it is not known whether it occurred through a man, or through the spirit of God in the shape of a man, viz.:—it was reported that William Burk had been killed; and there was not a road in Connacht by which this report did not come. The resolution adopted 10  by the tribes on hearing this news, was, as if they had 11  taken counsel together, viz.:—each man to kill his guest. 12  And thus it was done, viz.:—each tribe killed all that 13  came to them; and the loss, according to the report of 14  their own people, was nine hundred, vel amplius. When 15  William Burk heard that his people had been slain, he 16  plotted against O'Conchobhair; but timely notice reached 17  O'Conchobhair, and he left the place where William 18  was; and William went to Mumha, after losing the 19  majority of his people.

     LC1202.6

    20 A synod of the clerics of Erinn, 21  both Foreigners and Gaeidhel, in Ath-cliath, with the 22  Cardinal, i.e. Johannes Presbyter de Monte Celio.

     LC1202.7

    A 23  synod of Connacht, both laics and clerics, at Ath-Luain, 24  with the same Cardinal, at the end of a fortnight.

     LC1202.8

    25 Tadhg O'Brain, king of Luighne, died.

     LC1202.9

    Toirdhelbhach, 26  son of Ruaidhri, son of Toirdhelbhach O'Conchobhair, 27  was taken prisoner by Cathal Crobhderg; and they who 29  arrested him were these, viz.:—Donnchadh O'Dubhda, 30  king of Uí-Amhalghaidh, and Conchobhar Got O'hEghra, 31  king of Luighne of Connacht, and Diarmaid, son of Ruaidhri  p.229 O'Conchobhair, the son of his own father, and Diarmaid, son of Ruaidhri, son of Maghnus, i.e. the grandson of his father's brother.

     LC1202.10

    Maelfinnein Mac Colmain, a high, choice senior, in pace quievit.

     LC1202.11

    Domhnall Carrach O'Dochartaigh, king-chieftain of Ard-Midhair, was slain by Muinter-Buighill, after plundering many churches and territories.

     LC1202.12

    Domhnall O'Brolchán, a prior, and an illustrious, choice senior for figure, for sense, for gentleness, for dignity, for wisdom, and for great piety, post magnam tribulationem et 10  optimam poenitentiam, in quinta kalendas Maii quievit.

LC1203
     LC1203.0

    11 The kalends of January on the 4th feria, the 15th of 12  the moon; the age of the Lord two hundred and three 13  years, and a thousand.

     LC1203.1

    A hosting by William Burk, 14  accompanied by the Foreigners of Mumha and Midhe, 15  into Connacht, when he erected a castle at Mílec, in Síl-Anmchadha; 16  and the place where the castle was erected 17  was round the great church of the place, which was lined 18  round with earth and stones to the pinnacles; and they 19  devastated the West of Connacht, both church and territory.

     LC1203.2

    20 Great famine in all Erinn generally in this year, so 21  that the clergy used to eat meat in Lent.

     LC1203.3

    Cluain-ferta-Brenuinn, 22  and Mílec, and Cluain-mic-Nois were plundered 23  by William Burk.

     LC1203.4

    Conchobhar RuadhO'Briain was 24  slain by his own brother, i.e. Muirchertach, son of 25  Domhnall, son of Toirdhelbhach O'Briain.

     LC1203.5

    Toirdhelbhach, 26  son of Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair, escaped from his 27  bonds; and Cathal Crobhderg made peace with him, and 28  gave him land.

     LC1203.6

    A hosting by the Justice, i.e. by Meiler,  p.231 and by Walter de Laci, into Mumha, to expel William Burk. When William heard this he went to meet them, and he left a number of his people in the aforesaid castle. Meiler and Walter went towards Luimnech; and when they had arrived at Luimnech, William sent messengers for the forces which he had left in the castle. They afterwards escaped and left the castle empty, at the command of their lord, and through scarcity of food, and through fear of the men of Connacht. The Connachtmen 10  levelled the castle after that. William left Luimnech. 11  Three castles were given to him, and twelve hostages of 12  the nobles of his people were given by him, together with 13  his own son and daughter. Meiler afterwards returned 14  from Luimnech.

     LC1203.7

    Toirdhelbhach, son of Ruaidhri, was 15  banished from Connacht by Cathal Crobhderg, and sent 16  into Midhe; and peace was immediately made with him 17  through the intercession of the Foreigners, viz.:— Meiler 18  and Walter.

     LC1203.8

    A hosting by the sons of Goisdelbh and by 19  young Meiler, together with Domhnall Carrach O'Maeldoraidh, 20  to Tir-Conaill, to recover the sovereignty for 21  Domhnall Carrach; and Domhnall Carrach himself was 22  slain by the Cenel-Conaill on this expedition.

     LC1203.9

    Tuaim-dha-ghualann 23  was emptied, and Cunga-Feichín was rased, so 24  that it was without a house or church, and the churches 25  of nearly all Connacht were emptied.

     LC1203.10

    Doire-Choluim-Chille 26  was burned, from Relic-Martain to Tiprait-Adhomnain.

     LC1203.11

    27 Diarmaid, son of Muirchertach Mac Lachlainn, 28  accompanied by the Foreigners, went on a predatory 29  expedition to Tir-Eoghain; and they plundered 30  Scrin-Choluim-Chille; but a number of the Cenel-Eoghain 31  came up with them, and the Foreigners were defeated, and 32  Diarmaid Mac Lachlainn was slain, through the miracles  p.233 of the shrine.

     LC1203.12

    A hosting by the son of Hugo de Laci, with the Foreigners of Midhe, to Ulidia; and they banished John de Curci from Ulidia.

LC1204
     LC1204.0

    The kalends of January on the 5th feria, the 26th of the moon; the age of the Lord two hundred and four years, and a thousand; and the eighteenth year of the Nineteen.

     LC1204.1

    Easter on the seventh of the kalends of May in this year, and Little Easter in summer.

     LC1204.2

    Tighernan Mac-an-abaidh died at Sruthair-Bracain, on his pilgrimage 10  with his monks.

     LC1204.3

    Muirchertach Tephtach, son of Conchobhar 11  Maenmhaighe, son of Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair, was 12  slain by Diarmaid, son of Ruaidhri, and by Aedh, son of 13  Ruaidhri, his father's two brothers.

     LC1204.4

    A victory by 14  Domhnall, son of Mac Carthaigh, and the men of Des-Mumha, 15  over the Foreigners, ubi ceciderunt clx. uiri, vel 16  amplius.

     LC1204.5

    The Glasfhian were slain by Cathal Crobhderg 17  and the Connachtmen and the king of the Glasfhian, 18  i.e. Mant-na-mulchán O'Ruairc, was captured by them, 19  and blinded.

     LC1204.6

    A woman was brought to him whilst he 20  lay suffering from the operation, and shared his company; 21  and he died soon after.

     LC1204.7

    Echmhilidh, son of the 22  comarb of Finnen, bishop of Uladh, died.

     LC1204.8

    Treachery 23  was practised by the Connachtmen against the son of 24  O'Ruairc and the sons of O'Maelmhiadhaigh, who were 25  slain.

     LC1204.9

    A battle between young Hugo, son of Hugo de Laci, 26  with the Foreigners of Midhe, and John de Curci with the 27  Foreigners of Uladh.

     LC1204.10

    John de Curci was taken prisoner,  p.235 and released after having been crossed to go to Jerusalem.

     LC1204.11

    Two sons of Donnsleibhe were slain by the Uí-Echach, in treachery.

     LC1204.12

    Sitric O'Sroithen, airchinnech of the Congbhail, quievit.

LC1205
     LC1205.0

    the kalends of January on the 7th feria, the 7th of the moon; the age of the Lord two hundred and five years, and a thousand.

     LC1205.1

    William Burk, destroyer of all Erinn, of nobility and chieftainship, mortuus est.

     LC1205.2

    Lochlainn, son of Domhnall, son of Ferghal O'Ruairc, was slain by 10  Muinter-Pheodhacháin.

     LC1205.3

    Great frost and snow from the 11  kalends of January to the festival of Patrick in this year.

     LC1205.4

    Gillachrist O'Maelmhiadhaigh, 12  chieftain of Muinter-Eolais, 13  was slain by the Connachtmen.

     LC1205.5

    A fleet was 14  brought by John de Curci from Innsi-Gall, to contest 15  Uladh with the sons of Hugo de Laci and the Foreigners of 16  Midhe. No good resulted from this expedition, however; 17  but the country was destroyed and plundered; and they 18  afterwards departed without obtaining power.

     LC1205.6

    John 19  made his covenant and amity with O'Neill and the 20  Cenel-Eoghain.

LC1206
     LC1206.0

    21 The kalends of January on Sunday, the l8th of the 22  moon; the age of the Lord two hundred and six years, 23  and a thousand. Ab Incarnatione Domini nostri Jesu 24  Christi, secundum Dionysium, m.cc.vi; secundum autem 25  Bedam, m.c.xcix: ab Incarnatione secundum Ebraeos, 26  m.cccc.lix; ab initio mundi secundum Ebraeos, v.cccc.x; 27  ab initio mundi secundum lxx. Interpretes, v.dc.luii.

     LC1206.1

    28 Muirghes O'hEnna, archbishop of Mumha, and legate of 29  the comarb of Peter during a long time, quievit. Murchadh 30  O'hAedha, bishop of Corcach, quievit.

     LC1206.2

    Domhnall, son  p.237 of Mac Carthaigh, king of Des-Mumha, mortuus est.

     LC1206.3

    Andiles Mac Finnbhairr mortuus est.

     LC1206.4

    Donat Ua Becdha, bishop of Uí-Amhalghadha, quievit.

     LC1206.5

    Maelpetair O'Calmáin, comarb of Cainnech, pillar of the piety and honour of the North of Erinn, in pace quievit.

     LC1206.6

    A great destruction of men and cattle in this year.

     LC1206.7

    The comarb of Patrick went to the house of the king of the Saxons, on behalf of the churches of Erinn, and to complain of the Foreigners.

LC1207
     LC1207.0

    10 The kalends of January on Monday, the 3rd feria, the 11  20th of the moon; the age of the Lord two hundred and 12  seven years, and a thousand.

     LC1207.1

    Tomaltach of the Rock, son 13  of Conchobhar, son of Diarmaid, son of Tadhg O'Maelruanaidh, 14  king of Magh-Luirg, mortuus est.

     LC1207.2

    Ruaidhri 15  O'Gadhra, king of Sliabh-Lugha, mortuus est.

     LC1207.3

    Cathal, 16  son of Diarmaid, son of Tadhg O'Maelruanaidh, assumed 17  the sovereignty of Magh-Luirg in this year.

     LC1207.4

    A depredation 18  was commited by Eignechán O'Domhnaill in Feara-Manach; 19  but the Feara-Manach, in greater force than 20  they were, overtook them, and O'Domhnaill, king of Tír-Conaill, 21  till then the tower of valour, and honour, and 22  strength of the North of Erinn, was slain there; and a 23  number of his own chieftains fell along with him, viz.: 24  the Gilla-riabhach, son of Ceallach O'Baighill; Mathghamhain, 25  son of Domhnall Midhech O'Conchobhair; 26  Donnchadh Conallach, son of Conchobhar Maenmhaighe 27  O'Conchobhair; et alii multi nobiles et ignobiles cum 28  eis occisi sunt.

     LC1207.5

    The son of Mac Mathghamhna and the 29  Feara-Manach, and the Airghialla, victores fuerunt.

     LC1207.6

    30 Amhlaibh O'Ferghail, king-chieftain of Muinter-Anghaile, 31  quievit.

     LC1207.7

    The castle of Ath-an-urchair was captured by 32  Walter de Laci and his brother, i.e. Hugo de Laci.

 p.239
LC1208
     LC1208.0

    The kalends of January on Tuesday, the 10th of the moon; the age of the Lord two hundred and eight years, and a thousand.

     LC1208.1

    Cathal, son of Diarmaid, son of Tadhg O'Maelruanaidh, king of Magh-Luirg, was taken prisoner by Cathal Crobhderg, in violation of the bishops who were guarantees between them, viz.:—Ardghal O'Conchobhair, and Muireadhach O'Dubhthaigh, and Clement O'Sniadhaigh. He was released after some time, through the guarantee of those bishops, without pledge or hostage. 10  He departed out of the district afterwards, and took a 11  great prey, which he carried with him until he reached 12  Loch-mic-Nén. At the end of a week he came again on a 13  predatory expedition to Tir-Oiliolla, and he carried the 14  prey into the Corr-sliabh, and over Corr-sliabh into Magh-Luirg. 15  A great force overtook him there, viz.:—Diarmaid, 16  son of Maghnus, son of Toirdhelbhach O'Conchobhair; 17  and Maghnus, son of Muirchertach, son of Toirdhelbhach 18  O'Conchobhair; and Cormac, son of Tomaltach of 19  the Rock; and Muiredhach, son of Tomaltach of the 20  Rock; and Donnsleibhe, son of Ruaidhri O'Gadhra, 21  king of Sliabh-Lugha; and Flaithbhertach O'Flannacain, 22  chief of Clann-Cathail; and Gilla na-nech O'Mannachain, 23  king of Uí-Briuin-na-Sinna. When the Breifnian mercenaries 24  perceived that they had been overtaken by this 25  immense force, as soon as they had passed over Lec-Damhaighe 26  they fled. When only his own people, therefore, 27  were with Mac Diarmada, he was rushed upon, and 28  his son, i.e. Muirghes, was slain; and other men of his 29  people were slain, and he himself was ultimately captured.

     LC1208.2

    30 After the dispersion of this great force the counsel which 31  the sons of Tomaltach of the Rock adopted was to blind 32  Mac Diarmada.

     LC1208.3

    He was blinded by them, truly, and his 33  people were routed.

     LC1208.4

    A great war between the Foreigners 34  of Erinn this year, i.e. between the sons of Hugo de Laci, 35  and Meyler, and Geoffroi Mareis.

     LC1208.5

    A great predatory  p.241 hosting by Aedh O'Neill into Inis-Eoghain, and O'Domhnaill, i.e. Domhnall Mór, overtook them, when a battle was fought between them, in which a countless multitude of people were slain on either side; in which fell Domhnall, son of Murchadh, with an enormous slaughter of the Cenel-Eoghain along with him, and Ferghal O'Baighill, and Cormac O'Domhnaill, and David O'Dochartaigh, and a number of the chieftains of Cenel-Conaill along with them.

     LC1208.6

    A battle was gained by the 10  son of Raghnall, son of Somhairle, over the men of Sciadh, 11  in which a countless multitude were slain.

LC1209
     LC1209.0

    12 The kalends of January on Wednesday, the 21st of the 13  moon; the age of the Lord nine years, and two hundred, 14  and a thousand.

     LC1209.1

    The king of the Saxons came to Erinn, 15  accompanied by an immense fleet.

     LC1209.2

    Gillachrist O'Cernaigh, 16  comarb of Condere, in bona poenitentia quievit.

     LC1209.3

    17 David, bishop of Loch-Garman, was killed by O'Faelan 18  of the Deisi-Mumhan.

     LC1209.4

    A battle between the Cenel-Conaill 19  and the Cenel-Eoghain, ubi interfecti sunt multi de 20  utroque exercitu.

     LC1209.5

    Finghin, son of Diarmaid, son of Cormac 21  Mac Carthaigh, king of Des-Mumha, interfectus est a suis.

     LC1209.6

    22 Ualgharg O'Ruairc was dethroned, and Art, son of Domhnall, 23  son of Ferghal O'Ruairc, was made king in his place.

LC1210
     LC1210.0

    24 The kalends of January on Thursday, the 2nd of the 25  moon; the age of the Lord ten years, and two hundred, 26  and a thousand.

     LC1210.1

    Art, son of Domhnall, son of Ferghal 27  O'Ruairc, king of Breifne, was slain through treachery by 28  Cormac, son of Art O'Maelsechlainn.

     LC1210.2

    Céle O'Dubhthaigh, 29  bishop of Magh-hEó, quievit.

     LC1210.3

    Flaithbhertach O'Floinn, 30  comarb of Dachonna of Es-mic-Eirc, in Christo quievit.

     LC1210.4

    31 Johannes, grandson of the Empress, king of the Saxons,  p.243 came to Erinn, with a great fleet, in this year.

     LC1210.5

    After arriving he commanded a great hosting of the men of Erinn to Ulidia, to apprehend Hugo de Laci, or to expel him from Erinn, and to capture Carraic-Fergusa.

     LC1210.6

    Hugo left Erinn, and the persons who were defending the Carraic abandoned it, and came to the king; and the king put men of his own company into it.

     LC1210.7

    He afterwards sent a fleet of his people to Manainn, and they plundered it, and killed its people.

     LC1210.8

    10 Cathal Crobhderg O'Conchobhair, king of Connacht, and 11  the Connachtmen were on this hosting.

     LC1210.9

    On their return 12  from the north the king of the Saxons told the king of 13  Connacht to come to meet him at the end of a fortnight.

     LC1210.10

    He 14  promised that he would, and that he would bring his son 15  with him, i.e. Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg; (and it 16  was not the king who requested this). “Bring him,” 17  said the king, “that he may receive a charter for the 18  third part of Connacht”.

     LC1210.11

    When O'Conchobhair arrived 19  at his own place, the counsel which he, and his wife, and 20  his people adopted was, not to take the son to the king, 21  although this was the worst counsel. However, when 22  O'Conchobhair went to the king of the Saxons, and did 23  not take his son with him, Diarmaid, son of Conchobhar 24  Mac Diarmada, king of Magh-Luirg, and Conchobhar 25  O'hEghra, king of Luighne of Connacht, and Find 26  O'Carmacan, a man of trust to O'Conchobhair, and 27  Toirberd, son of a Gall-Gaeidhel, one of O'Conchobhair's 28  stewards, were apprehended by the king of the Saxons.

     LC1210.12

    29 The king of the Saxons went across afterwards, and took 30  these chieftains with him to Saxon-land. He left the 31  government of Erinn with the Foreign Bishop, and ordered  p.245 him to erect three castles in Connacht.

     LC1210.13

    The Foreign Bishop commanded a hosting towards Connacht, viz.:—himself and the forces of Midhe and Laighen, as far as Ath-Luain, when a bridge was constructed by him across Ath-Luain, and a castle instead of O'Conchobhair's castle.

     LC1210.14

    Donnchadh Cairbrech O'Briain, with his army, and Geoffroi Mareis, with his army of the Foreigners of Mumha, and Aedh, son of Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair, and the son of O'Flaithbhertaigh along with them, proceeded 10  into Connacht, until they reached Tuaim-da-ghualann, and 11  committed great depredations from thence to Loch-na-nairne, 12  in Ciarraighe, where they committed great depredations; 13  and they were a fortnight, or nearly twenty 14  nights, in Ciarraighe, and the Connachtmen before them.

     LC1210.15

    15 They made peace afterwards, i.e. O'Conchobhair, and 16  Donnchadh Cairbrech, and Geoffroi Mareis.

     LC1210.16

    The conditions 17  were, i.e. that they should be allowed a passage to 18  Ath-Luain, to meet the Foreign Bishop, and should make 19  peace between O'Conchobhair and the Foreign Bishop.

     LC1210.17

    20 They made peace between them; and the conditions 21  were that Toirdhelbhach, son of Cathal Crobhderg, and 22  the son of another noble, should be delivered into the 23  hand of the Foreign Bishop.

LC1211
     LC1211.0

    24 The kalends of January on Saturday, the 13th of the 25  moon; the age of the Lord eleven years, and two hundred, 26  and a thousand.

     LC1211.1

    Toirdhelbhach, son of Ruaidhri, took 27  a prey in Magh-Luirg, and carried it into the Seghais, 28  to Diarmaid, i.e. his brother; and Aedh, son of Cathal, 29  pursued him until he Toirdhelbhach went into the 30  North, to escape from him.

     LC1211.2

    O'Dobhailen, bishop of Cenannus, 30  quievit.

     LC1211.3

    Galo Mac Manchain, chief sage of all 32  Erinn, occisus est.

     LC1211.4

    Richard de Tuit was killed by a stone  p.247 in Ath-Luain.

     LC1211.5

    The hostages of Connacht arrived in Erinn, viz.:—Diarmaid, son of Conchobhar Mac Diarmada, king of Magh-Luirg, and Conchobhar O'hEghra, king of Luighne, and Find O'Carmacan, and Toirbherd son of a Gall-Gaeidhel.

     LC1211.6

    Airechtach Mac Duinncathaigh occisus est.

     LC1211.7

    Thomas Mac Uchtraigh and the sons of Raghnall, son of Somhairle, came to Doire-Choluim-Chille with seventy-seven ships, and the town was greatly injured by them.

     LC1211.8

    O'Domhnaill and they went 10  together to Inis Eoghain, and they completely destroyed 11  the country.

LC1212
     LC1212.0

    12 The kalends of January on Sunday; the age of the 13  Lord twelve years, and two hundred, and a thousand.

     LC1212.1

    A 14  hosting by the Connachtmen, at the command of the 15  Foreign Bishop and Gillibert Mac Goisdelbh, to Es-Ruaidh, 16  when the castle of Cael-uisce was erected by 17  them.

     LC1212.2

    Another hosting by the Foreigners of Erinn and 18  the same Foreign Bishop, to take possession of the 19  North of Erinn, when they erected the castle of Cluain-Eois; 20  and the Feara-Manach, and the son of Mac Mathghamhna, 21  inflicted a great slaughter on them on the 22  northern side of Cluain-Eois.

     LC1212.3

    A great victory was 23  gained over John de Grey, i.e. the Justice of Erinn, by 24  the son of Art O'Maelsechlainn,in which he lost all his 25  treasure.

     LC1212.4

    Imhar O'Ferghail, dux of Muinter-Anghaile, 26  occisus est a fratre suo.

     LC1212.5

    Gillachrist Mac Diarmada was 27  slain by Murchadh Carrach O'Ferghail.

     LC1212.6

    A depredation 28  was committed by the Gilla-fiaclach O'Baighill and a 29  party of the Cenel-Conaill, on the Cenel-Eoghain, who 30  were under the guarantee of O'Tairchert.

     LC1212.7

    O'Tairchert 31  overtook them, and fought a battle against them.

     LC1212.8

    32 The Gilla-riabhach O'Tairchert, i.e. the king-chieftain of  p.249 Clann-Sneidhghile and Clann-Finghin, was slain, moreover, defending his honour.

     LC1212.9

    Druim-chaein, with its churches, was burned by the Cenel-Eoghain, without licence from O'Neill.

     LC1212.10

    Ferghal O'Cathain, i.e. king of Cianachta and Feara-na-Craeibhe, was killed by the Foreigners.

     LC1212.11

    Domhnall O'Daimhin was slain by the son of Mac Lachlainn in the doorway of Recles-Choluim-Chille.

LC1213
     LC1213.0

    The kalends of January on Tuesday, the 5th of the moon; the age of the Lord thirteen years, and two 10  hundred, and a thousand.

     LC1213.1

    The castle of Cluain-Eois was 11  destroyed by O'Neill.

     LC1213.2

    Gillibert Mac Goisdelbh was 12  killed in the castle of Cael-uisce, and the castle itself was 13  burned.

     LC1213.3

    Donnchadh O'hEidhin was blinded by Aedh, 14  son of Cathal Crobhderg.

     LC1213.4

    The victory of Coill-na-gcrann 15  was gained by Cormac, son of Art O'Maelsechlainn, over 16  the Foreigners, in which a great multitude of the Foreigners 17  were slain, along with Perris Messat and Walter Dunel.

     LC1213.5

    18 Domhnall, son of Domnhnall Bregach O'Maelsechlainn, 19  was slain by the Foreigners.

     LC1213.6

    Thomas Mac Uchtraigh and 20  Ruaidhri Mac Raghnaill plundered Doire-Choluim-Chille, 21  and carried off the precious things of the community of 22  Doire, and of the North of Erinn besides, from the middle 23  of the great church of the Recles.

     LC1213.7

    O'Cathain and Feara-na-Craeibhe 24  came to Doire, to capture a house against 25  the sons of Mac Lachlainn, when they killed the 26  great butler of the Recles of Doire between them.

     LC1213.8

    God 27  and Colum-Cille, however, performed a great miracle there, 28  viz.:—the man who had assembled this muster, Mathghamhain 29  Mac Aithne, was killed in vindication of Colum-Cille, 30  in the very doorway of the Dubh-Recles of Colum-Cille.

     LC1213.9

    31 The castle of Cul-rathain was erected by Thomas  p.251 Mac Uchtraigh and the Foreigners of Ulidia; and they threw down all the tombs, and clochans, and structures of the town, excepting the church alone, in order to build this castle.

     LC1213.10

    The king of Alba died, i.e. William Garm.

     LC1213.11

    Aedh O'Neill inflicted a defeat on the Foreigners, and committed a great slaughter of the Foreigners there; and the Carlongphort (Carlingford) was burned on the same day, both people and cattle.

LC1214
     LC1214.0

    The kalends of January on Wednesday, the l6th of 10  the moon.

     LC1214.1

    The castle of Cluain-mic-Nois and the castle 11  of Durmhagh were built by Foreigners.

     LC1214.2

    Expulsion of 12  the son of Art from Delbhna, by the Foreigners and 13  Gaeidhel of all Erinn.

     LC1214.3

    Cormac, son of Art, went into 14  Delbhna again, and his people carried off a prey of cows 15  from the castle of Cluain, and defeated the Foreigners of 16  the castle.

     LC1214.4

    Imhar Mac Garghamhna was killed by 17  Meiler's Foreigners.

     LC1214.5

    The son of Art went to the castle of 18  Ath-buidhe in Feara-Ceall, and burned its bawn, and slew 19  eight of its inhabitants, and carried off a great number of 20  cattle.

     LC1214.6

    Ualgharg O'Ruairc, king of Breifne, went on a 21  predatory incursion into the territory of Philip Mac 22  Goisdelbh, and brought away a great number of cows, and 23  returned safely.

     LC1214.7

    Cormac, son of Art, came again into 24  Delbhna, and committed a retaliatory depredation on 25  Maelsechlainn Bec O'Maelsechlainn, and plundered him, 26  and expelled him from Delbhna, and killed the son of 27  William Muilinn: and Maelsechlainn the younger 28  escaped by virtue of his running. Cormac, son of Art, 29  went to the castle of Birr, and burned its bawn, and 30  burned the entire church, and took all its food out of it, 31  in order that the Foreigners of the castle should not get  p.253 food in it.

     LC1214.8

    Gilla-na-naemh O'Ruadhan, bishop of Luighne, in Christo quievit.

     LC1214.9

    O'Muircen, bishop of Cluain-mic-Nois, in Christo quievit.

     LC1214.10

    Muirchertach, son of Brian, was slain by Foreigners.

     LC1214.11

    In this year, moreover, appeared the false Aedh, who was called 'the Aider'.

     LC1214.12

    A depredation was committed by Aedh, son of Maelsechlainn Mac Lachlainn, on the comarb of Colum-Cille; and Aedh himself was slain by the Foreigners in the same year, through a miracle of Colum-Cille.

     LC1214.13

    Benmhidhe, daughter of O'hEighnigh, 10  i.e. the wife of Aedh O'Neill, i.e. king of Oilech, 11  in bona poenitentia quievit.

     LC1214.14

    A hosting by Aedh O'Neill 12  into Ulidia, and he inflicted a great defeat on the Foreigners.

     LC1214.15

    Alexander, son of William Garm, was made 13  king over Alba.

LC1215
     LC1215.0

    14 The kalends of January on Thursday, the 27th of the 15  moon; the age of the Lord fifteen years, and two hundred, 16  and a thousand;

     LC1215.1

    the last year of the Nineteen; and it 17  was a contrary year.

     LC1215.2

    Ardghal O'Conchobhair, bishop of 18  Síl-Muiredhaigh, in pace quievit.

     LC1215.3

    The bishop O'Cellaigh 19  of Rathan in Christo quievit.

     LC1215.4

    A congress of the 20  bishops of Christendom at Rome, in the time of Pope 21  Innocent the Third.

     LC1215.5

    This is the number of the bishops 22  that were there, viz.:—cccc.xv., inter quos fuerunt tam 23  primates quam archiepiscopi lxxi; numerus abbatum et 24  priorum d.ccc. On the festival of Martin, in particular, 25  the congress met.

     LC1215.6

    Fifteen 26  giurneisi on each side of 27  Muir-Torrian became dry in this year.

     LC1215.7

    Cathal, son of 28  Diarmaid, son of Tadhg O'Maelruanaidh, king of Magh-Luirg, 29  in Christo quievit.

     LC1215.8

    Trad O'Maelfhabhuill, chieftain  p.255 of Cenel-Ferghusa, with a great slaughter of his brethren along with him, was killed by Muiredhach, son of the Great Steward of Lemhain.

     LC1215.9

    Donnchadh O'Duibhdirma, chieftain of the Bredach, died in the Dubh-recles of Colum-Cille, in Doire.

     LC1215.10

    Murchadh Mac Cathmhail, king-chieftain of Cenel-Feradhaigh, died through a miracle of Colum-Cille.

     LC1215.11

    Ruaidhri O'Floinn, king of Durlus, died.

LC1216
     LC1216.0

    The kalends of January on Friday, and the 9th of the moon; the first year of the Nineteen, and a bissextile year; 10  the age of the Lord sixteen years, and two hundred, and 11  a thousand.

     LC1216.1

    Gillachrist O'Mannachain died in Rome this 12  year.

     LC1216.2

    A synod of the clerics of the whole world in 13  Rome this year, at the Lateran, with the Pope Innocentius; 14  and soon after this synod Innocentius papa quievit 15  in Christo.

     LC1216.3

    16 John, king of the Saxons, was deposed by the 17  Saxons in this year; and he died of a fit.

     LC1216.4

    The son of the 18  king of France assumed the sovereignty of the Saxons, 19  and obtained their pledges.

     LC1216.5

    Gilla-Croichefraich Mac Carghamhna 20  died, and the priest O'Celli mortuus est; after 21  they had both crossed themselves, and determined to go 22  to the river.

     LC1216.6

    The abbot O'Lotan, a paragon of piety and 23  learning, in pace quievit.

     LC1216.7

    Gregory, son of Gilla-na-naingel, 24  abbot of the monks of Erinn, in pace quievit, in the 25  eastern world, after having been expelled by the monks 26  of Droiched-atha, through envy and jealousy.

     LC1216.8

    The primate 27  of Erinn, i.e. Mac Gillauidhir, died in Rome, after holding 28  a synod of the clerics of Erinn; and manifest miracles are 29  performed through him in Rome.

     LC1216.9

    The archbishop 30  O'Ruanadha was cruelly and violently taken prisoner by 31  the Connachtmen and Maelisa O'Conchobhair, and put in 32  chains; a thing that we never heard of before, viz.:—an 33  archbishop being manacled.

     LC1216.10

    Annadh O'Muiredhaigh,  p.257 bishop of Ard-achadh, quievit.

     LC1216.11

    Patricius, bishop of Cnoc-Muaidhe, quievit.

     LC1216.12

    Mathghamhain O'Laithbhertaigh, king of Clann-Domhnaill, died.

LC1217
     LC1217.0

    The kalends of January on Sunday, the 20th of the moon; a bissextile year; the age of the Lord seventeen years, and two hundred, and a thousand.

     LC1217.1

    Oissin, abbot of the canons of Mainister-derg, quievit.

     LC1217.2

    All the fishermen of Erinn from Port-Lairge, from the south, and from Loch-Carman northwards to Doire-Choluim-Chille, went 10  to Manainn to fish. They committed violence in it, and 11  were all slain in punishment for their violence in Manainn.

     LC1217.3

    12 All the abbots of Erinn went across eastwards, to the 13  general chapter, in this year; and their attendants were 14  dispersed, and the choice of them were slain, by Saxons; 15  and the abbot of Droichet-atha was deprived of his 16  abbacy in this chapter.

     LC1217.4

    Every tree the nature of which 17  it was to bear fruit had its full crop in this year.

     LC1217.5

    A predatory 18  host of the Foreigners of Uladh went to Ard-Macha, 19  which was all plundered by them; and O'Fothuelan 20  was the person who guided them; for he had promised 21  to the community of Ard-Macha that the Foreigners 22  would not plunder them whilst he would be with 23  the Foreigners.

     LC1217.6

    At the end of a week afterwards 24  O'Neill Ruadh and the son of Mac Mathghamhna came 25  and took a great prey from the Foreigners, viz.:—one 26  thousand and two hundred cows. The Foreigners and 27  O'Fothuelan went after them.

     LC1217.7

    The Eoghanachs turned 28  against them, and killed fourteen Foreigners who 29  were clad in coats of mail, including the constable of 30  Dealgan; and O'Fothuelan was slain in revenge of 31  Patrick.

     LC1217.8

    Gilla-Tighernaigh Mac Gilla-Ronain, bishop of 32  Airghiall, and head of the canons of Erinn, in bona 33  poenitentia quievit.

 p.259
LC1218
     LC1218.0

    The kalends of January on Monday, the 1st of the moon; the second year after a bissextile; the age of the Lord eighteen years, and two hundred, and a thousand.

     LC1218.1

    Gilla-Ernain O'Martain, chief poet of Erinn, and professor of many arts, after spending his life with the monks, in pace quievit.

     LC1218.2

    The Ferdana O'Maelrioc, the chief professor of his own art from the O'Dalaighs down, mortuus est.

     LC1218.3

    Tadhg O'Ferghail, dux of Muinter-Anghaile, was killed by Murchadh Carrach O'Ferghail.

     LC1218.4

    Diarmaid, son 10  of Conchobhar Mac Diarmada, king of Magh-Luirg, died 11  in this year; and Cormac, son of Tomaltach of the Rock, 12  son of Conchobhar, assumed sovereignty after Diarmaid.

     LC1218.5

    13 Donnchadh O'Maelbhrenuinn died in hoc anno.

     LC1218.6

    Mor, 14  daughter of Domhnall O'Briain, wife of Cathal Crobhderg 15  O'Conchobhair, queen of Connacht, died this year.

     LC1218.7

    The 16  town of Ath-Luain was burned on the Midhe side.

     LC1218.8

    17 O'Nioc, abbot of Cill-Becan, died after the triumph of 18  diligence and devotion.

     LC1218.9

    Domhnall O'Gadhra mortuus 19  est.

     LC1218.10

    Muirchertach O'Floinn, king of Uí-Tuirtre, was slain 20  by the Foreigners.

     LC1218.11

    Conghalach O'Cuinn, torch of valour 21  and bravery of the North of Erinn, king-chieftain of Magh-Lughach 22  and all Síl-Chathusaigh, was slain on the same 23  day.

     LC1218.12

    Maelisa O'Daighri, airchinnech of Doire-Choluim-Chille, 24  in bono fine quievit in pace.

LC1219
     LC1219.0

    25 The kalends of January on Tuesday, the l2th of the 26  moon; and the third year after a bissextile; erat pluvia 27  per totum annum paucis diebus exceptis.

     LC1219.1

    The age of the 28  Lord nineteen years, and two hundred, and a thousand.

     LC1219.2

    29 The comarb of Feichin of Fobhar mortuus est.

     LC1219.3

    Murchadh  p.261 Carrach O'Ferghail went on a predatory expedition into Connacht, and they rose up against him; but a multitude of the Connachtmen were slain; and Murchadh Carrach was defeated, and a great number of his people were slain there; and he himself escaped with difficulty.

     LC1219.4

    Cluain-Coirpthe was burned, with its houses, and with its church, in this year; and Droichet-atha was carried away by the flood.

     LC1219.5

    Clemens, bishop of Luighne, in Christo quievit.

     LC1219.6

    10 Fonachdan O'Brónan, comarb of Colum-Cille, in pace 11  quievit.

     LC1219.7

    Flann O'Brolchan was ordained in his place.

LC1220
     LC1220.0

    12 The kalends of January on Wednesday, and the 23rd 13  of the moon; and it was a bissextile year, and the fifth 14  year of the Nineteen; and the Seventy are earlier than 15  the age of the Lord twenty years, and two hundred, and a thousand.

     LC1220.1

    Dubhdara, son of Muiredhach O'Maille, was 16  killed in a dispute by Cathal Crobhderg, in his own camp, 17  in violation of all Connacht; and this was a grievous act, 18  although it was his own misdeeds that recoiled on him.

     LC1220.2

    19 Consecration of the church of the monastery of Buill, in 20  Connacht, in this year.

     LC1220.3

    Aedh O'Maeleoin, bishop of Cluain, 21  was drowned.

     LC1220.4

    Maelsechlainn, son of Conchobhar Maenmhaighe, 22  mortuus est.

     LC1220.5

    Gillachrist Mac Gormain, great 23  priest of Tech-Sinche, the senior of greatest charity, and 24  devotion, and knowledge of reading and writing; and the 25  promoter of everything necessary to men and books in 26  the church, after the triumph of devotion and pilgrimage, in 27  the sanctuary of Inis-Clothrann quievit in Christo.

     LC1220.6

    Walter 28  de Laci came to Erinn, and performed a great hosting to 29  the crannog of O'Raighilligh. He went upon it, and  p.263 obtained hostages and great power.

     LC1220.7

    A great depredation was committed by Murchad Carrach O'Ferghail on Muinter-Geradhain, and Tadhg O'Conaith was slain; and Maghnus, son of Toirdhelbhach O'Conchobhair, and John Maissin led a predatory force afterwards against Murchadh.

     LC1220.8

    Maelmichil O'Tomaidh, high airchinnech of Tech-Sinche, and Gilla-in-Choimdedh Mac Ferdomhuin, quieverunt in Christo.

     LC1220.9

    Lucas de Letreville came to Erinn, and brought with him the primacy of all Erinn; and he 10  was the first Foreigner who obtained the primacy of 11  Erinn.

LC1221
     LC1221.0

    12 The kalends of January on Friday, and the fourth of 13  the moon; the age of the Lord twenty-one years, and two 14  hundred, and a thousand.

     LC1221.1

    The Cairnech Riabhach Mac 15  Flannchaidh was slain by Aedh, son of Domhnall, son of 16  Ferghail O'Ruairc.

     LC1221.2

    Gilla-na-naemh Mac Conmedha, dux of 17  Muinter-Laodhacháin, was killed with one cast of an arrow 18  by the sons of O'Flannagan of Eastern Teffa, whilst coming 19  from the Caislén-núa.

     LC1221.3

    Maelsechlainn O'Maelsechlainn, 20  the younger, was drowned, and Mac Conmedha, i.e. the 21  son of Ugholoid Mac Conmedha.

     LC1221.4

    The castle of Ath-Liag 22  was attempted to be made by Walter de Laci and all the 23  forces of Midhe.

     LC1221.5

    When the Connachtmen heard this, 24  however, they came across from the west, and proceeded 25  through the middle of Muinter-Anghaile, and 26  into Magh-Breghmhuidhe, when they burned Daingen-Uí-Chuinn, 27  and went through it westwards into the 28  Caladh; and the castle was abandoned to them, through 29  force, and on conditions of peace.

     LC1221.6

    30 Jacobus Penciail came to Erinn as Legate from Rome, 31  to settle and arrange ecclesiastical affairs; and he collected  p.265 horseloads of gold and silver from the clerics of Erinn, through simony, and departed from Erinn in the same year.

     LC1221.7

    Diarmaid, son of Ruaidhri, son of Toirdhelbhach Mór O'Conchobhair, was slain by Thomas Mac Uchtraigh as he was coming from Insi-Gall, whilst collecting a fleet for the purpose of acquiring the sovereignty of Connacht; and this was a great pity, viz.:—the materies of a king of Erinn to fall so before his time.

     LC1221.8

    Maelruanaidh O'Dubhda, king of Uí-Amhalghaidh, was 10  drowned whilst assembling the same fleet.

     LC1221.9

    Diarmaid 11  O'Culechain, a professor of history and writing, died in 12  this year, i.e. a man who had more writings and knowledge 13  than any one that came in his own time; and it was 14  he that wrote the Mass book of Cnoc, and another Mass 15  book the equal of it for Diarmaid Mac Oirechtaigh, his 16  tutor, andfor Gillapatraic, his foster-brother—the comarbs 17  of Achadh-Fabhair in succession.

     LC1221.10

    The son of Hugo de 18  Laci came to Erinn without the consent of the king 19  of the Saxons, and proceeded to Aedh O'Neill; and 20  they both went against the Foreigners of Erinn, and 21  committed great injuries in Midhe, and in Laighen, and 22  in Ulidia, and demolished the castle of Cul-rathain; 23  and the Foreigners of Erinn collected twenty-four battalions 24  to Delgan; but Aedh O'Neill and the son of 25  Hugo de Laci came with four battalions against them, 26  and the Foreigners gave his own award to O'Neill 27  there.

LC1222
     LC1222.0

    28 The kalends of January on Saturday, and the 15th 29  of the moon; M.cc.xxii.

     LC1222.1

    The abbot Mac Suala in 30  pace quievit.

     LC1222.2

    Gillamochoinne O'Cathail, king of Cenel-Aedha 31  east and west, was slain by Sechnasach, son 32  of Gilla-na-naemh O'Sechnasaigh, after having been 33  betrayed by his own people.

     LC1222.3

    Great wind, through which 34  structures, and buildings, and ships were destroyed in 35  this year.

     LC1222.4

    Mor, daughter of O'Baighill, wife of Amhlaibh 36  O'Beollain, mortua est.

     LC1222.5

    Niall O'Neill profaned Doire  p.267 on account of the daughter of O'Cathain; and it happened, through a miracle of God and Colum-Cille, that Niall was afterwards short-lived.

     LC1222.6

    Tadhg O'Baighill, the happiness and opulence of the North of Erinn, the distributor of jewels and riches to men of every profession, mortuus est.

LC1223
     LC1223.0

    The kalends of January on Sunday, and the 26th of the moon; M.cc.xxiii.

     LC1223.1

    Alpin O'Maelmhuaidh, bishop of Ferna, in Christo quievit.

     LC1223.2

    The bishop Mac Gelain, bishop 10  of Cill-dara, eodem anno quievit.

     LC1223.3

    Cluain-mic-Nois was 11  burned, and many jewels, together with two churches, 12  in this year.

     LC1223.4

    William de Laci came to Erinn, and constructed 13  the crannog of Inis-Laodhachain; and the Connachtmen 14  entered forcibly upon it, and let out on parole 15  the people who were in it.

     LC1223.5

    Twenty-six feet in height was 16  added to the church of Tech-Sinche, by the priest of the 17  place, i.e. Mael Mac Gormain.

     LC1223.6

    Great wind on the day 18  after the festival of Matthew, which injured all the oats 19  of Erinn that it found standing.

     LC1223.7

    Murchadh Carrach 20  O'Ferghail was killed by the discharge of an arrow, whilst 21  making an attack on Aedh, son of Amhlaibh O'Ferghail.

     LC1223.8

    22 Sechnasach, son of Gilla-na-naemh O'Sechnasaigh, was 23  slain by the Clann-Cuilein, and the great bachal of Mac 24  Duach was profaned regarding him, and its cleric was 25  slain.

     LC1223.9

    Maelisa, son of Toirdhelbhach O'Conchobhair, 26  died in Inis-medhóin.

     LC1223.10

    Dubhthach O'Dubhthaigh, abbot of 27  Cunga, quievit in hoc anno.

     LC1223.11

    24 Finn O'Carmacain, agent 25  and great landholder to the king of Connacht, moritur.

 p.269
LC1224
     LC1224.0

    The kalends of January on Monday, and the 7th of the moon; M.cc.xxiiii.

     LC1224.1

    A shower fell in places in Connacht, viz.:—in Tir-Maine, and in Soghan, and in Uí-Diarmada, and in Clann-Taidhg, from which grew a great distemper among cows after eating grass and foliage; and their milk and flesh produced various diseases in the persons who partook of them.

     LC1224.2

    Cathal Crobhderg O'Conchobhair, king of Connacht, and king of the Gaeidhel of Erinn according to merit, died in the monastery of Cnoc-Muaidhe 10  on the 5th of the kalends of June; the best 11  Gaeidhel for nobility and honour that came from the 12  time of Brian Borumha down; the battle-prosperous, puissant 13  upholder of the people; the rich, excellent maintainer 14  of peace; (for it was in his time that tithes were first received 15  in the land of Erinn); the meek, devout pillar of faith 16  and Christianity; the corrector of the culprits and transgressors; 17  the destroyer of the robbers and evil-doers; the general 18  battle-victorious defender of the royal law, to whom God 19  gave good honour on earth, and the heavenly kingdom beyond, 20  after dying in the habit of a monk, after triumphing 21  over the world and the devil.

     LC1224.3

    Aedh O'Conchobhair, 22  his own son, assumed the government of Connacht, with 23  his luck and happiness, after him; for he was a king in 24  dignity near his father previously, and the hostages of 25  Connacht were at his command; and it was God who 26  granted the sovereignty to him thus, for no crime was 27  committed in Connacht through the speedy assumption of 28  sovereignty by him, but one act of plunder on the road 29  to Cruach, and his hands and feet were cut off the 30  person who committed it; and one woman was violated 30  by the son of O'Mannachain, who was blinded for his  p.271 offence.

     LC1224.4

    Muirghes Cananach, son of Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair, the most expert man that ever came of the Gaeidhel in reading, and in psalm-singing, and in versemaking, died in this year, and was interred in Cunga-Feichin, after the triumph of unction and penitence.

     LC1224.5

    Domhnall O'Cellaigh, king of Uí-Maine, died in hoc anno.

     LC1224.6

    Cucennainn O'Concennainn died in this year.

     LC1224.7

    Mathghamhain O'Ceirín, king of Ciarraighe-Locha-na-nairne, died.

     LC1224.8

    Maelisu, son of the bishop O'Maelfhaghmhair, parson 10  of Uí-Fiachrach and Uí-Amhalghaidh, and materies of a 11  bishop, was killed by the son of Donnchadh O'Dubhda, 12  after enjoying his food and his fire in his own house.

     LC1224.9

    13 Aedh, son of Conchobhar Maenmhaighe, died while 14  coming from the river, and from Jerusalem, this year.

     LC1224.10

    15 The son of Hugo came to Erinn against the will of the 16  king of the Saxons, and causes of war and contention 17  grew up between him and the Foreigners of Erinn, until 18  the Foreigners of Erinn rose up against him, and he was 19  banished to Aedh O'Neill, king of Ailech; and the Foreigners 20  and Gaeidhel of Erinn, viz.:—Aedh, son of Cathal 21  Crobhderg, king of Connacht, and Donnchadh Cairbrech 22  O'Briain, king of Mumha, and Diarmaid Cluasach Mac 23  Carthaigh, king of Des-Mumha, and the chieftains of 24  Erinn besides, excepting the Cenel-Conaill and Cenel-Eoghain, 25  assembled to proceed against them, until they 26  reached Muirthemhne and Dun-Delgan; and from thence 27  they demanded pledges and hostages from the sons of Hugo, 28  and from Aedh O'Neill. It was then that O'Neill came 29  with his Foreigners and Gaeidhel, whom he distributed 30  on the passes of Sliabh-Fuaid and the doors of Emhain, 31  and on Fidh-Conaille, when he challenged the Foreigners to 32  attack him in those places. However, when the Foreigners 33  of Erinn saw that this protection was assured to them,  p.273 the resolution they adopted was to make peace with the sons of Hugo, and to leave the conditions to the award of the king of the Saxons; and the Foreigners of Erinn separated, without obtaining tribute or conditions from Aedh O'Neill.

     LC1224.11

    A great hosting by Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg, to the castle of Ard-abhla in the territory of Breifne, when they entered the castle, and burned it, and killed every one whom they found in it, both Foreigners 10  and Gaeidhel.

     LC1224.12

    Duarcan O'hEghra, king of Luighne, 11  mortuus est.

     LC1224.13

    A great hosting to Connacht was performed 12  by Aedh O'Neill, with the sons of Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair, 13  and at the request of all the Síl-Muiredhaigh, 14  excepting only Mac Diarmada, i.e. Cormac, son of Tomaltach; 15  and he Aedh O'Neill proceeded along Connacht, 16  southwards, to Fedha-Atha-Luain, and remained two 17  nights at Muille-Uarrach, and pillaged Loch-Nen, and 18  carried off thence the treasures of O'Conchobhair. He 19  came afterwards to Carn-Fraich, where he plundered Toirdhelbhach, 20  son of Ruaidhri; and he proceeded at a quick 21  pace to his house on hearing that a large army of Foreigners 22  and Momonians, under Donnchadh Cairbrech O'Briain 23  and Geoffroi Mareis, was coming against him, led by 24  Aedh O'Conchobhair and Mac Diarmada. And as they 25  did not overtake O'Neill they pursued the sons of Ruaidhri, 26  whom they banished again to O'Neill.

     LC1224.14

    The Momonians 27  killed Echmarcach Mac Branain, king of Corca-Achlann, 28  at Cill-Cellaigh, on this expedition, after driving the sons 29  of Ruaidhri out of Connacht.

     LC1224.15

    The Foreigners and Momonians 30  attacked Termann-Caelfhinn; and a slaughter of 31  the Foreigners was committed through the miracles of 32  Caelfhinn.

     LC1224.16

    A great mortality of people this year.

     LC1224.17

    The  p.275 corn was reaped immediately after the festival of Brigid; and the ploughing was going on at the same time.

     LC1224.18

    Tadhg O'hEghra died this year.

LC1225
     LC1225.0

    The kalends of January on the 4th feria, and the age of the Lord twenty-five years, and two hundred, and a thousand.

     LC1225.1

    Felim O'Conchobhair captured a house against Domhnall O'Flaithbhertaigh, and killed, and burned himself and his brother.

     LC1225.2

    Aedh, son of O'Flaithbhertaigh, was apprehended by Aedh O'Conchobhair, and delivered 10  into the hands of the Foreigners.

     LC1225.3

    Tighernan, son of 11  Cathal O'Conchobhair, was killed by Donnchadh O'Dubhda.

     LC1225.4

    12 The castle of Cill-mór was broken down by Cathal O'Raighilligh.

     LC1225.5

    13 Muirghes Mac Diarmada was slain.

     LC1225.6

    Amhlaibh 14  O'Beollain, airchinnech of Druim-cliabh, principal upholder 15  of the hospitality and guest-houses of Erinn, died in 16  this year.

     LC1225.7

    O'Maelbhrenuinn, abbot of the monastery of 17  Buill, died of the opening of a vein.

     LC1225.8

    A commotion of 18  war was raised in this year by Toirdhelbhach, son of 19  Ruaidhri, son of Toirdhelbhach Mór, and by Aedh, son of 20  Ruaidhri, king of Connacht, and by Aedh O'Neill, to 21  contest the province of Connacht with Aedh, son of Cathal 22  Crobhderg, through the solicitation of Donn Og Mac 23  Oirechtaigh, king-chieftain of Síl-Muiredhaigh, in retaliation 24  for having been deprived of his land and patrimony; 25  and when he rebelled the Connachtmen rebelled, viz.:— 26  the Síl-Muiredhaigh, and the men of the West of 27  Connacht, with Aedh O'Flaithbhertaigh, king of the West of 28  Connacht. However, Aedh O'Neill came with them to 29  the middle of Síl-Muiredhaigh; and they then made 30  Toirdhelbhach, son of Ruaidhri, king; and Aedh O'Neill 31  went home, because the sons of Ruaidhri preferred their 32  own assemblies, which had been summoned by them respectively, 33  with the exception of Cormac, son of Tomaltach 34  Mac Diarmada of the Rock, and David O'Floinn, and 35  other men of trust.

     LC1225.9

    As regards Aedh, son of Cathal 36  Crobhderg, moreover; he repaired to the Foreigners,  p.277 and it happened fortunately for him, as the Foreigners of Erinn were then at Ath-Luain, holding a court, and every one of them was a friend of his, for his father's sake and his own; for he and his father before him were very liberal of wages to them. He brought with him the Justiciary, and as many of the Foreigners of Erinn as he thought sufficient; and Donnchadh Cairbrech O'Briain, with his army, and O'Maelechlainn, with his army, went also with him. The people of Magh-hAei and the Tuatha fled then into Luighne 10  and Tir-Amhalghaidh, with their cows; and the sons of 11  Ruaidhri were left without an army, without a tribe-assemblage, 12  there being in their company only a few royal heirs, 13  and chieftains, and horse-boys, and attendants.

     LC1225.10

    The sons 14  of Ruaidhri proceeded to Cill-Cellaigh, accompanied only 15  by a small band and a few royal heirs, to protect their 16  cows and people.

     LC1225.11

    Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg, with 17  his Foreigners, advanced towards Toirdhelbhach, son 18  of Ruaidhri, where he was with his chieftains; and there 19  were hardly any others than horse-boys and a rabble 20  along with him, for Aedh, son of Ruaidhri, and the son 21  of Muirchertach, and Domhnall O'Flaithbhertaigh, and 22  Tighernan, son of Cathal, and the sons of Toirdhelbhach 23  son of Ruaidhri, went to protect the cows and people of 24  Ferghal O'Taidhg, who had pledged a mutual oath with 25  them. And it so happened that he was the first Connachtman 26  who violated his mutual oath with the sons 27  of Ruaidhri; and he brought the son of Cathal, with his 28  Foreigners, to protect his cows and people, in opposition 29  to them. It was then that the Foreigners encountered 30  Toirdhelbhach, son of Ruaidhri. He and his chieftains 31  arose, and they placed their rabble before them, and 32  retreated excellently without any of their men being 33  slain; for Donn Og Mac Airechtaigh, and Flaithbhertach 34  O'Flannagain, and a small number of the Eoghanach band  p.279 followed them. In that day a scouting party encountered Echmarcach Mac Branain, who was with a small force in the middle of an oak wood, amongst his pigs and his cows; and he performed great valour when they were killing him, but a superior number of brave men overtook him. Then Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg, with his Foreigners, followed the sons of Ruaidhri that night to Milic; and he remained there three nights, plundering Luighne on every side. This thing was unfortunate for 10  O'hEghra, who had to make peace, after being plundered, 11  for the sake of the little that had been left in Luighne. 12  The sons of Ruaidhri were at this time in front of Loch-mic-Oiredhaigh 13  in Glenn-na-Mochart. The resolution 14  adopted by the son of Cathal Crobhderg was to go, along 15  with the Foreigners, after the cows of the Tuatha, and of 16  Síl-Muiredhaigh, and of Clann-Tomaltaigh, by a route that 17  no Foreigner ever took before, viz.:—into Fidh-Gadhlaigh, 18  until they reached Ath-tighe-in-Mesaigh; and they 19  received neither arrow nor dart in that route. They 20  plundered Cul-Cernadha, and inflicted vengeance on cows 21  and people there.

     LC1225.12

    Of those that went into the Bac, 22  all who were not drowned were plundered and killed. 23  Pity, alas! every one who went towards Dubh-Cunga 24  was drowned; and so the fishing weirs were found 25  with their baskets full of children, after being drowned 26  in them.

     LC1225.13

    Of all the droves of Clann-Tomaltaigh that 27  had escaped from the Foreigners, and that had not been 28  drowned, a number went into Tir-Amhalghaidh; and 29  O'Dubhda attacked them, and left not a single cow 30  with them.

     LC1225.14

    As regards the sons of Ruaidhri, moreover; 31  the resolution they adopted at Loch-mic-Airedhaigh 32  was, to disperse until his Foreigners should separate 33  from the son of Cathal Crobhderg, viz.:—the two sons 34  of Ruaidhri—Toirdhelbhach and Aedh—and the son 35  of Maghnus, and Donn Og, were to go to meet 36  O'Flaithbhertaigh, their mutual ally; and the sons of  p.281 Muirchertach O'Conchobhar, and Tighernan, son of Cathal, to go to protect their cows and people, and to make peace for their sake, until his Foreigners should depart from the son of Cathal Crobhderg.

     LC1225.15

    As regards the southern half of Connacht, also, it was not more quiet, for the Foreigners of Laighen, and Donnchadh (or Muirchertach) O'Briain, came against them. The Foreigners of Des-Mumha and the sheriff of Corcach came also against them. They plundered and killed 10  every one whom they caught.

     LC1225.16

    Aedh, son of Cathal 11  Crobhderg disliked their coming into the district, for it 12  was not he who invited them; but when they heard of all 13  the spoils the Justiciary with his Foreigners had obtained, 14  envy and jealousy seized them.

     LC1225.17

    Grievous, indeed, was the 15  misfortune God permitted to fall on the best province 16  in Erinn, east or west, south or north; for the young man 17  would not spare his companion, in preying or in plundering, 18  provided that he was the stronger. Women and children, 19  and young lords, and the mighty and the weak, were 20  exposed to cold and famine through this war.

     LC1225.18

    As to 21  Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg, however; he advanced 22  to Magh-nEó, and the sons of Muirchertach went into his 23  house, under conditions and guarantees, for the sake of 24  their cows and people. He went on the morrow to Cill-medhoin, 25  and the three armies of Foreigners met there; 26  and the entire cantred was nearly filled with these three 27  armies of Foreigners and Gaeidhel.

     LC1225.19

    It was then that Aedh 28  O'Flaithbhertaigh came, on the covenants and guarantees 29  of the nobles of the Foreigners, and of Donnchadh 30  Cairbrech O'Briain, his gossip, into the house of the son 31  of Cathal Crobhderg and the Justiciary, made peace with 32  him for the sake of his cows and people, and engaged  p.283 to banish the sons of Ruaidhri from him.

     LC1225.20

    The son of Cathal Crobhderg went with his Foreigners to Tuaim-da-ghualann, and permitted the Foreigners of Laighen and Des-Mumha to depart from him; and it was his own duty to escort the Justiciary across Ath-Luain. He adopted another resolution then, viz.:—to turn back towards O'Flaithbhertaigh; for he liked not the way in which he left him, as the sons of Ruaidhri were at the west side of the lake with him, and his own son-in-law, i.e. Donn Og, along 10  with them.

     LC1225.21

    Then the sons of Maghnus separated from 11  the sons of Ruaidhri, and went into Tir-Amhalghaidh in 12  quest of their cows and people, and found them there, 13  happily, without being plundered or molested; and they 14  carried them with them under the protection of O'Ruairc; 15  and they committed a great depredation on Philip Mac 16  Goisdelbh.

     LC1225.22

    Donnchadh Cairbrech, moreover, sent the 17  nobles of his people, and his men of trust, on before him 18  with great spoils.

     LC1225.23

    < Aedh, son of Ruaidhri, and Eoghan 19  O'hEidhin intercepted them with a small band; and 20  the Momonians awaited not the attack of the son of the 21  chief king; but he went after them and captured the men 22  of trust of Donnchadh Cairbrech; and heavy were the 23  spoils left with Aedh, son of Ruaidhri.

     LC1225.24

    Then Donnchadh 24  Cairbrech went home, and made peace and 'drowning 25  of candles' with Aedh, son of Ruaidhri; and he promised 26  that he would not again go against the son of Ruaidhri, 27  in return for the release of his men of trust; but he kept 28  not this, for he came immediately on the next hosting 29  against the son of Ruaidhri.

     LC1225.25

    It was then, moreover, that the 30  son of Cathal Crobhderg and the Justiciary came to the 31  port of Inis-cremha, after the Foreigners of Laighen and 32  Mumha had departed; and O'Flaithbhertaigh was obliged 33  to give Inis-cremha, and Oilen-na-circe, and also the boats 34  of the lake, for the sake of his cows and people.

     LC1225.26

    Aedh,  p.285 son of Cathal Crobhderg, went again to Tuaim-da-ghualann, and proceeded on to escort the Justiciary; and a few of the chiefs of the Foreigners, and many mercenaries, were left with him, for he liked not the Connachtmen with the exception of a few of them. He then delivered the nobles of the community into the hands of the Foreigners, as a pledge for wages, viz.:—Flaithbhertach O'Flannagain, and Ferghal O'Taidhg and many more of the Connachtmen, who were obliged to release themselves.

     LC1225.27

    10 It was then that O'Flaithbhertaigh and the sons of 11  Muirchertach, and the other royal heirs, went again to the 12  son of Ruaidhri, after the Foreigners had departed from 13  Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg; and Aedh despatched 14  messengers and writings to the Foreigners, announcing 15  the revolt, and requesting additional forces. He was 16  cheerfully responded to; for these expeditions were 17  profitable to the Foreigners, who used to obtain spoils, 18  and used not to encounter danger or conflict. The Foreigners 19  of Laighen and Des-Mumha were furnished to 20  him on this occasion, in great force, under William Cras 21  and the sons of Griffin; and when they came towards the 22  son of Cathal Crobhderg, he came from the east across 23  Tochar, and proceeded on southwards to where he heard 24  the sons of Ruaidhri were, (viz.:—in Uí-Diarmada), 25  without an army, without allies having arrived to them.

     LC1225.28

    26 Then Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg, sent his brother Felim 27  and the chiefs of his people,with Foreign mercenaries, 28  to plunder Eoghan O'hEidhin in Uí-Fiachrach-Aidhne; 29  and they were in a house-camp at Ard-rathain, with a 30  view to committing the depredation early on the morrow.

     LC1225.29

    31 O'Flaithbhertaigh and the sons of Muirchertach, as they  p.287 were marching to the sons of Ruaidhri, heard of the Foreigners having gone on a plundering expedition to Eoghan O'hEidhin, and of their being at Ard-rathain. The resolution they adopted was to march towards Ard-rathain, and to attack the Foreigners early the next morning, and to burn the town against them. They marched until morning, and were early on the green of the town, when they determined to send first to the town Tuathal, son of Muirchertach, and their Foreigners, and whomsoever of 10  the Gaeidhel would desire to go with him—O'Flaithbhertaigh 11  and the other sons of Muirchertach remaining 12  outside the town.

     LC1225.30

    Bravely, indeed, was the town then entered.

     LC1225.31

    13 The Gaeidhel who offered to go with Tuathal was 14  Taichlech, son of Aedh O'Dubhda. And when they went 15  boldly into the town the Foreigners fled eastwards and 16  westwards out of the town; and the Foreigners were 17  driven in rout eastwards. The Foreigners who fled 18  westwards out of the town inflicted a defeat on those 19  of the Gaeidhel who were in the rear of the town. There 20  were no Gaeidhel more vigorous than the company on 21  whom this defeat westwards was inflicted; but God did 22  not grant that good fortune should attend them.

     LC1225.32

    Tuathal 23  and Taichlech O'Dubhda pursued the party that went 24  eastwards; and Tuathal first wounded the constable of 25  the Foreigners, who fell by Taichlech. It was very fortunate 26  for the sons of Ruaidhri that they were not in this 27  defeat.

     LC1225.33

    It was in this defeat westwards that Mathghamhain, 28  son of Aedh, son of Conchobhar Maenmhaighe, and the 29  son of Gillachrist Mac Diarmada, and the grandson of 30  Amhlaibh Mac Airechtaigh, and Niall, son of Ferghal 31  O'Taidhg, were slain; and the person who slew him was 32  killed, viz.:—the brother of Culen O'Dimusaigh.

     LC1225.34

    33 As regards the sons of Ruaidhri: they met on the  p.289 morrow with O'Flaithbhertaigh, and with the sons of Muirchertach, and with Tighernan, son of Conchobhar, and with Donn Og; and they proceeded on from the south to Druim-Cenannain.

     LC1225.35

    It was then Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg, with his Foreigners, went in pursuit of them.

     LC1225.36

    The resolution they adopted was—each of them to go towards his cows and his people, and to abandon the sons of Ruaidhri.

     LC1225.37

    The sons of Ruaidhri went out of the district, as they had no Foreigners or forces in readiness, and Donn 10  went again under the protection of Aedh O'Neill; and 11  there resulted nothing to them from this hosting but that 12  the best territory in Erinn was injured and destroyed 13  through them.

     LC1225.38

    Regarding Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg, 14  however; he went to O'Flaithbhertaigh, and brought 15  pledges and hostages from him on this occasion. He proceeded 16  downwards to Cill-medhoin, and to Magh-Eo, in 17  pursuit of the sons of Muirchertach, and of Tighernan; 18  and they made peace for the sake of their cows and people, 19  and went into the house of Aedh, son of Cathal 20  Crobhderg, under the guarantee of Donnchadh Cairbrech 21  and the chiefs of the Foreigners. This was a necessary 22  tranquility, for there was not a church or territory in 23  Connacht on that day without being destroyed.

     LC1225.39

    24 After plunderings; and after killing the cows 25  and people of the country, and exposing every one to 26  cold and famine, a great plague prevailed in the whole 27  district, viz.:—a species of fever, by which the towns 28  used to be emptied, without a living man being left 29  in them; and some would recover from this plague, 30  but they were few.

     LC1225.40

    Flann, son of Amhlaibh O'Fallamhain, 31  chieftain of Clann-Uatach, was slain by Felim, 32  son of Cathal Crobhderg, in that war.

     LC1225.41

    Amhlaibh, son 33  of Ferchar O'Fallamhain, the best chieftain of his nation 34  that had come for a long time, died; and his son was 35  slain in the same month, viz.:—the aforesaid Flann.

     LC1225.42

    36 Tadhg O'Finnachta, a man of trust to Aedh, son of  p.291 Ruaidhri, was killed by the people of Mac Aedhagain, while on a scouting party in the same war.

     LC1225.43

    Muiredhach O'Finnachta, chieftain of Clann-Finnachta (or Clann-Murchadha), died in a vessel on Loch-Oirbsen; and he was quite well when going into it.

     LC1225.44

    Maelbrighde O'Maicin, abbot of Tobur-Patraic, in Christo quievit. He was a virgin and sage; and it was by him the church of Tobur-Patraic was begun, and its sanctuary and crosses were diligently finished, in honour of Patrick, and Mary, and the Apostle John.

LC1226
     LC1226.0

    10 M.cc.xxvi. The kalends of January on Thursday, and 11  the 29th of the moon.

     LC1226.1

    Domhnall, son of Ruaidhri O'Flaithbhertaigh, 12  was slain by the sons of Muirchertach 13  O'Flaithbhertaigh, after capturing a house against him.

     LC1226.2

    14 Pity, alas! the deed that was there committed —the 15  killing of a future king of the West of Connacht, 16  without obtaining land or patrimony thereby.

     LC1226.3

    Tighernan, 17  son of Conchobhar, son of Cathal Migaran O'Conchobhair, 18  the royal heir of greatest honour and bravery that came 19  of the sons of Conchobhar, and who performed the most 20  renowned, successful exploits, was killed by Donnchadh 21  O'Dubhda and his sons.

     LC1226.4

    Ferghal O'Taidhg, dux of 22  the household of Cathal Crobhderg, and of that of his 23  son after him—a man of great prosperity, and by whom 24  his enemies fell in greatest numbers—was slain by Donnsleibhe 25  O'Gadhra.

     LC1226.5

    Aedh, son of Donnsleibhe O'Sochlachain, 26  airchinnech of Cunga, a professor of singing, and 27  of harp-making—who made, besides, an instrument for 28  himself, the like of which had never been made before, 29  and who was distinguished in every art, both in poetry 30  and engraving, and writing, and in every science that a 31  man could exercise—died in this year.

     LC1226.6

    Nualadh, daughter 32  of Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair, queen of Uladh, died at 33  Cunga-Feichin, and was interred in the Canons' church of  p.293 Cunga.

     LC1226.7

    Aedh O'Flaithbhertaigh was taken prisoner by Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg, and delivered into the hands of the Foreigners.

     LC1226.8

    Muirghes Mac Diarmada was slain.

     LC1226.9

    The castle of Cill-mor was broken down by Cathal O'Raighilligh.

LC1227
     LC1227.0

    M.cc.xxvii. The kalends of January on Friday, and the l0th of the moon.

     LC1227.1

    A court was established by the Foreigners of Ath-cliath and Erinn at Ath-cliath; and Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg, was summoned before it; and 10  he was betrayed in that court until William Mareschal, 11  his own friend, came with his forces into the midst of 12  the court; and they carried him out of it by force, and 13  conveyed him safely to his own country.

     LC1227.2

    As regards 14  Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg; he appointed a meeting 15  immediately after at Lathach-caech-tuaithbhil, with 16  Wiliam Mareis, son of Geoffroi; and he went across the 17  Lathach with only a very few, viz.:—Cormac, son of 18  Tomaltach Mac Diarmada of the Rock, and Diarmaid, 19  son of Maghnus, and Maghnus, son of Muirchertach 20  O'Conchobhair, and Tadhg, son of Mathghamhain O'Ceirin, 21  and Ruaidhri O'Maelbhrenainn. And William Mareis 22  came to the place with eight horsemen. And the son of 23  Cathal Crobhderg remembered the deception and treachery 24  practised against him in Ath-cliath, and he advanced 25  before the Foreigners dismounted, and laid a hand on 26  William Mareis. And he was seconded actively and bravely 27  by his people; for William Mareis, and Master Sleimhne, 28  and Hugo Arden were taken prisoners, and the Constable 29  of Ath-Luain was slain; and he Aedh sent the Foreigners 30  in captivity southwards across Lathach; and he 31  and all the Connachtmen who were with him went and 32  plundered the market, and burned the town. And this 33  was a felicitous act for all the Connachtmen, for they  p.295 obtained their sons and daughters, and the hostages of Connacht, and peace for the Connachtmen afterwards.

     LC1227.3

    Donnsleibhe O'Gadhra, king of Sliabh-Lugha, was slain by the Gillaruadh, his own brother's son; and he was killed therefore through the device of the son of Cathal Crobhderg.

     LC1227.4

    Loghais, king of the Franks, died.

     LC1227.5

    A great famine in this year; and people died of it, and of various diseases besides.

     LC1227.6

    A great hosting into Connacht by the son of William, and by Aedh, son of Ruaidhri, son of Toirdhelbhach 10  Mór; and they burned Inis-medhoin, and 11  plundered the entire country, and took hostages.

     LC1227.7

    A 12  hosting by Geoffroi Mareis, and by Toirdhelbhach, son of 13  Ruaidhri, into Magh-Nai, when they erected a castle at 14  Rinn-dúin, and took the hostages of Síl-Muiredhaigh.

     LC1227.8

    15 Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg, went into Tir-Conaill, to 16  O'Domhnaill.

     LC1227.9

    He returned from the north, and brought 17  his wife with him.

     LC1227.10

    The sons of Toirdhelbhach met 18  him, and took from him his horses and his wife, as he 19  was coming into the Seghais; and the wife was surrendered 20  to the Foreigners.

     LC1227.11

    A hosting was performed by 21  Toirdhelbhach, son of Ruaidhri, and by the Foreigners of 22  Midhe, into the West of Connacht, and they committed 23  a great depredation on Aedh, son of Ruaidhri O'Flaithbhertaigh.

     LC1227.12

    24 They went from thence into Cera, and took 25  the hostages of the sons of Muirchertach Muimhnech, 26  and brought a number of beeves from each cantred.

     LC1227.13

    A 27  depredation was committed in Sligech by the Justiciary, 28  and by Brian, son of Toirdhelbhach, when they took many 29  women prisoners.

LC1228
     LC1228.0

    30 M.cc.xxviii. The kalends of January on Saturday, and 31  the 21st of the moon.

     LC1228.1

    Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg 32  O'Conchobhair, was slain by the Foreigners in an ugly  p.297 treachery, after having been expelled by the Connachtmen.

     LC1228.2

    The Justiciaryship of Erinn was assumed by the son of William Burk.

     LC1228.3

    Aedh, son of Ruaidhri, assumed the sovereignty of Connacht, and his brothers along with him; and the territories and churches of Connacht were plundered by them, and the clerics and men of science of the land were banished to remote, foreign countries.

     LC1228.4

    Ferghal, son of Sitrec O'Ruairc, was killed by the sons of Niall, son of Conghalach O'Ruairc.

     LC1228.5

    Niall, son of Conghalach 10  O'Ruairc, was killed by Art, son of Art O'Ruairc.

LC1229
     LC1229.0

    11 The kalends of January on Sunday, and the 2nd of the 12  moon; M.cc.xxix.

     LC1229.1

    Gilla-in-Choimdhedh O'Duilendain, 13  comarb of Feichin, died this year.

     LC1229.2

    The plundering of 14  Rinn-dúin was effected by Felim O'Conchobhair; and 15  Conchobhar Buidhe, son of Toirdhelbhach, and Tadhg, son 16  of Cormac, were slain; and the Justiciary came to Termann-Caeluinn, 17  and the town was burned, and the church of 18  Imlech-Urchadha was burned.

     LC1229.3

    Felim gained the victory 19  of Cluain-acha over the sons of Ruaidhri, and over Conchobhar, 20  son of Cormac.

LC1230
     LC1230.0

    21 The kalends of January on Tuesday; a bissextile year, 22  and the l3th of the moon; M.cc.xxx.

     LC1230.1

    Aedh, son of 23  Ruaidhri, and the Connachtmen also, turned against the 24  son of William, i.e. Richard Burk, and against the Foreigners, 25  through the persuasion of Donn Og, son of 26  Donncathaigh Mac Airechtaigh, and of Cormac, son of 27  Tomaltach Mac Diarmada of the Rock, and his favourites; 28  for they had pledged their word that they would not 29  belong to any king who would bring them into the 30  house of the Foreigners.

     LC1230.2

    They committed, moreover, 31  great depredations on the Foreigners, viz.:—Aedh, son of 32  Ruaidhri, and the men of the west of Connacht plundered 33  the young son of William, and Adam Dubh; Donn Og,  p.299 also, and the sons of Maghnus, and the young soldiers of Síl-Muiredhaigh, plundered Mac Goisdelbh and Tir-Maine.

     LC1230.3

    The son of William, however, assembled the greater part of the Foreigners of Erinn, and many Gaeidhel, and came into Connacht, accompanied by Felim, son of Cathal Crobhderg, to give him the sovereignty of Connacht, and to expel Aedh, son of Ruaidhri, and every Connachtman who had turned against him. They proceeded at first to the castle of Bun-Gaillmhe, to Aedh O'Flaithbhertaigh. 10  Then Aedh, son of Ruaidhri, went to assist Aedh 11  O'Flaithbhertaigh; the Connachtmen accompanying him, 12  under the sons of Muirchertach O'Conchobhair; and the 13  Connachtmen were on the west side of Gaillimh, and the 14  Foreigners on the east side; and great conflicts occurred 15  between them every day.

     LC1230.4

    The Foreigners were in this 16  wise, and they obtained neither peace, nor pledge, nor 17  hostage from the Connachtmen.

     LC1230.5

    The resolution the 18  Foreigners adopted was to go after the cows and the 19  people that had fled to the hills and fastnesses of the 20  country, and into the islands of the sea; and they went 21  that night from the castle of Bun-Gaillmhe to Droiched-inghine-Goillin, 22  where it was morning with them.

     LC1230.6

    Then 23  the son of William asked “is there a passage between us 24  and the lake, by which some of the Connachtmen could 25  come down?” The guides answered him: “there is,” 26  said they. He disposed a party of horse to the west 27  towards Cunga, and towards Cill-or Inis-medhoin. It 28  happened then that a countless number of Connachtmen 29  were coming from Cunga early on the morrow, having 30  been unwisely, and unwarily, transported across the lake 31  the night before, in parties of two and three; and a 32  few good men were slain together with the men of 33  trust of Muirchertach, son of Maghnus O'Conchobhair,  p.301 viz.:—Diarmaid O'hEidhnechain, and Lochlainn Mac Clesain, and Tadhg, son of Gillachrist O'Maelbhrenainn.

     LC1230.7

    As regards the Foreigners: they went after this success to Magh-Eo of the Saxons. They proceeded on the morrow to Tobur-Patraic, where the canons and devout people of the place came to the son of William, and requested the son of William, for charity, not to remain with them that night. This request was granted to them; and the Foreigners proceeded down to Muine-Maicin. 10  The Foreigners were loth, indeed, to go from Magh-Eo 11  thither; but they had not obtained either hostages or 12  pledges from Maghnus, son of Muirchertach Muimhnech. 13  As they had not obtained hostages they went on the morrow 14  to Achadh-Fabhair, and encamped in the town, to the 15  west of the church, viz.:—at Margenana, on the brink 16  of Loch-Críchan. Maghnus, son of Muirchertach, went 17  into their house, and gave them pledges. As to the 18  Foreigners, moreover; they came again on the morrow to 19  Muine-Maicin, and remained a night there. They proceeded 20  the next day to Magh-Sine, and from thence, 21  by marches, through Luighne to Ceis-Corainn. They 22  went from thence into the Corr-sliabh, and the guides 23  abandoned the usual path; and they crossed the entire 24  mountain without being met.

     LC1230.8

    With reference to Aedh, 25  son of Ruaidhri, and to Tomaltach of the Rock, son of 26  Conchobhar Mac Diarmada, and Donn Og Mac Airechtaigh, 27  and the Síl-Muiredhaigh, who were in the wood— 28  the resolution they adopted was not to bestow attention 29  or regard on the Foreigners, since their cows, and 30  their people with them, had reached the fastnesses of 31  Muinter-Eolais and of Sliabh-an-iarainn.

     LC1230.9

    Donn Og said 29  that he would not observe this resolution. The course he 30  decided on was to go to the west side of the Foreigners 31  until he reached Finn-charn, accompanied by his own 32  brother, and the young men of Síl-Muiredhaigh, and by 33  his own Foreigners, and by the son of Domhnall Bregach  p.303 O'Maelsechlainn with his Foreigners, and by Brian, son of Toirdhelbhach; and Donn sent a flighting party to them, and a good conflict was being waged against the Foreigners, and he himself was stationed on the summit of the carn, and his hope in the conflict.

     LC1230.10

    Then the Foreigners sent a countless host of mercenaries and cavalry around the carn, and they Donn's party observed them not until they passed from the west around the carn; and Donn was left alone there, with the exception of a few 10  of his kinsmen, and of Brian, son of Toirdhelbhach; and 11  only for a short time were they allowed to remain 12  thus in one spot. Donn Og, being then alone, was 13  proclaimed and recognised; and many soldiers took aim, 14  and five arrows were lodged in him; and one horseman 15  came up with him afterwards; and though he 16  Donn had no weapon but an axe, he did not allow 17  the horseman to close with him; and the horseman 18  would drive his lance into him occasionally. The other 19  soldiers surrounded him from the east and west, and he 20  fell by the superior power that overtook him there.

     LC1230.11

    21 Regarding Aedh, son of Ruaidhri, moreover; he was on 22  the east side of the Foreigners, awaiting them; and he did 23  not give them battle, and it was not with his consent 24  that Donn had done so. And the rout extended eastwards 25  towards him; and he knew not then that Donn had been 26  slain; but Aedh escaped uninjured through the strength 27  of his hand; and he turned upon one man of them who 28  was taking aim at him, and cast the lance which 29  was in his hand at him, so that the shaft went 30  through him; and he was afterwards allowed to depart. 31  However, as success attended the Foreigners, and as Donn 32  Og was slain, the Foreigners sent out great predatory 33  bands as far as Sliabh-an-iarainn, and subjected multitudes 34  to cold and hunger on this occasion. And women 35  and children were killed; and all that were not killed 36  were stripped; and they carried off great, fruitful preys  p.305 to the camp of the Foreigners.

     LC1230.12

    The Foreigners departed after this, on the morrow, and left the sovereignty with Fedhlim, son of Cathal Crobhderg; and Aedh, son of Ruaidhri, was banished to Aedh O'Neill.

     LC1230.13

    Aedh O'Neill died in this year—the king of Cenel-Eoghain through fame aud goodness; a king who gave neither pledge nor hostage to Foreigner or Gaeidhel; a king who inflicted great defeats and killings on Foreigners; a king who was a protector to every one of the Gaeidhel who might be 10  an exile or wanderer; who was the most generous king, 11  and the very best man, that had come of the men of 12  Erinn for a long time.

     LC1230.14

    Gilla-Isa O'Clerigh, bishop of 13  Luighne, quievit in Christo.

     LC1230.15

    Joseph Mac Teichedhain, 14  bishop of Conmaicne, quievit in Christo.

     LC1230.16

    Gilla-Carthaigh 15  O'hEilghisan, a canon and anchorite, quievit.

     LC1230.17

    Donnsleibhe 16  O'hInmhainén, a holy monk, andchief master of 17  the carpenters of the monastery of Buill, mortuus est.

     LC1230.18

    18 Maelmuire O'Maeleoin, comarb of Ciaran of Cluain-mic-Nois, 19  quievit.

     LC1230.19

    O'Cerbhallain, bishop of Cenel-Eoghain, 20  quievit in Christo.

     LC1230.20

    Rool Petit, bishop of Midhe, vir 21  religiosus et caritativus, et Dei famulus, in Christo 22  quievit.

     LC1230.21

    Maelsechlainn Mac Firedinn, a noble priest and 23  master of reading, in Christo quievit in his monastic 24  noviciate in the monastery of Buill.

     LC1230.22

    Art, son of Art 25  O'Ruairc, was slain by Raghnall O'Finn, per dolum.

     LC1230.23

    26 Macraith Mac Seirigh, bishop of Conmaicne, quievit in 27  Christo.

     LC1230.24

    Maelsechlainn O'Mannachain was killed by his 28  own brethren.

     LC1230.25

    Duibhessa, daughter of Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair, 29  wife of Cathal Mac Diarmada, died a black nun.

     p.307
     LC1230.26

    Muiredhach O'Gormshuiligh, prior of the Regles of Inis-Mic-Neirin, the most learned and devout man that was in the province of Connacht, in Christo quievit.

     LC1230.27

    Diarmaid Mac Carthaigh, king of Des-Mumha, quievit in Christo.

LC1231
     LC1231.0

    M.cc.xxx. primo. The kalends of January on Wednesday, and the twenty-fourth of the moon; and it was the sixteenth year of the Decennovenalian cycle, and the nineteenth of the solar cycle, and the fourth year of the Indiction.

     LC1231.1

    Fethfailghe, daughter of Conchobhar 10  Mac Diarmada, wife of Muirchertach Muimhnech, son of 11  Toirdhelbhach Mor O'Conchobhair, died in this year, viz.: 12  the greatest, and most beautiful, and most generous, and 13  most virtuous, and most famous woman that came of 14  Leth-Chuinn; and she was the mother of Maghnus, son 15  of Muirchertach Muimhnech, and of Conchobhar Ruadh, 16  and of Tuathal, and of the priest Toirdhelbhach, i.e. the 17  prior of the Regles of Peter and Paul.

     LC1231.2

    Dubhchabhlaigh, 18  daughter of Conchobhar Mac Diarmada, died in the 19  monastery of Buill in hoc anno.

     LC1231.3

    Duinnin O'Maelconaire, 20  chief poet of the race of Muiredhach Muillethan son of 21  Fergus, died in hoc anno.

     LC1231.4

    Flann O'Connachtaigh, bishop 22  of Uí-Briuin, quievit.

     LC1231.5

    Fedhlim, son of Cathal Crobhderg, 23  was apprehended by the son of William Burk, at Milic, 24  in violation of the guarantee of the principal Foreigners 25  of Erinn.

     LC1231.6

    23 Flaithbhertach O'Flannagain, dux of the descendants 26  of Cathal son of Muiredhach Muillethan, died 27  in pilgrimage in the monastery of Buill, after having 28  been crossed.

     LC1231.7

    A great hosting-assemblage was led by 29  Domhnall O'Domhnaill, king of Tir-Conaill, and by 30  Aenghus Mac Gillafhinnéin, against Cathal O'Raighilligh; 31  and they brought vessels with them upon Loch-Uachtair, 32  and plundered Eo-inis, and killed the best white steed  p.309 that was in Erinn; and they carried away with them Cacht, daughter of Mac Fiachrach, wife of O'Raighilligh, and carried away with them the jewels, and treasures, and goods of the entire place.

     LC1231.8

    Dionysius O'Mordha, bishop of Oilfinn, after resigning the bishopric with a view to ending his life in Trinity Island on Loch-Cé, through love for God, and for Clarus Mac Mailin, archdeacon of Oilfinn, and for the order of Canons of the same place, xviii. kalendas Januarii in eadem insula quievit in Christo.

     LC1231.9

    Dubhthemhrach, 10  daughter of O'Cuinn, wife of Flaithbhertach 11  O'Flannagain, mortua est.

     LC1231.10

    Conchobar Got O'hEghra, 12  king of Luighne, mortuus est.

     LC1231.11

    The erection of a market 13  town at Port-na-Cairge was commenced by Cormac, son 14  of Tomaltach.

     LC1231.12

    The son of Niall O'Gairmleghaigh, dux of 15  Cenel-Moain, mortuus est.

     LC1231.13

    Donnchadh O'Conchobhair 16  assumed the bishopric of Oilfinn after Dionysius O'Mordha.

     LC1231.14

    17 Gilla-Isa Mac Shamhradhain, dux of Tellach-Echach, 18  quievit.

     LC1231.15

    Ualgharg O'Ruairc, king of Breifne, died in 19  pilgrimage on the way to the river.

LC1232
     LC1232.0

    20 The kalends of January on Thursday, and the fifth of 21  the moon; and it was the seventeenth of the Decennovenalian 22  cycle, and the twentieth year of the solar cycle, and 23  the fifth year of the Indiction. Anno Domini M.cc.xxxii.

     LC1232.1

    24 Aedh, son of Amhlaibh, son of Domhnall, son of Murchadh, 25  son of Gilla-na-naemh, son of Brian, son of Senlaech, son 26  of Eochaidh, son of Ferghal (from whom the O'Ferghails 27  are named), was burned on the island of Loch-Cuile by 28  the sons of Aedh Ciabhach, son of Murchadh, son of Gilla-na-naemh 29  O'Ferghail, after having spent nine years in 30  the chieftainship of the Anghaile, in succession to Murchadh 31  Carrach O'Ferghail.

     LC1232.2

    Gilla-na-naemh O'Dalaigh, a 32  distinguished professor of poetry, and keeper of a house  p.311 of hospitality and maintenance for all in general, both poor and rich, died in hoc anno.

     LC1232.3

    The sovereignty was again given to Aedh, son of Ruaidhri, who made peace with the son of William Burk, after he had apprehended Fedhlim, son of Cathal Crobhderg.

     LC1232.4

    The castle of Bun-Gaillmhe was erected by Richard de Burgh, and the castle of Dun-Imdhain was begun by Adam Staunton.

     LC1232.5

    Conchobhar, son of Aedh, son of Ruaidhri, escaped from the Foreigners, and assembled the sons of the king of 10  Connacht about him; and he went into the Tuatha on an 11  incursion, when he and Gillacellaigh O'hEidhin, and Gillachrist, 12  son of Donnchadh Mac Diarmada, and a great 13  multitude along with them, were slain by the Tuatha. 14  And it was on that day the men of the Tuatha 15  whitened all their axe-handles, when it was said that a man with a 16  white axe-handle had slain the son of Aedh.

     LC1232.6

    Donnchadh, 17  son of Tomaltach Mac Diarmada, mortuus est.

     LC1232.7

    Maghnus, 18  son of Amhlaibh, son of Tadhg Mac Maelruanaidh, torch 19  of honour, and bravery, and piety, in Christo quievit.

     LC1232.8

    20 Fachtna O'hAllghaith, comarb of Druim-mucadha, and 21  official of Uí-Fiachrach; keeper of a house of hospitality 22  for guests and invalids; and the promoter of learning 23  and improver of country and land, in hoc anno quievit.

     LC1232.9

    24 Maeleoin Bodhar O'Maelconaire took possession of Cluain-Bolcain 25  in hoc anno.

     LC1232.10

    The three sons of Donn O'Mannachain 26  were slain by Donnchadh, son of Muirchertach, 27  at Termon-Caelain, in hoc anno.

     LC1232.11

    Consecration of the 28  church of Cill-mor, in Tir-Briuin-na-Sinna, by Donnchadh 29  O'Conchobhair, bishop of Oilfinn; and Canons were 30  established in the same town by Conn O'Flannagain,  p.313 who was prior there at that time.

     LC1232.12

    Fedhlim, son of Cathal Crobhderg, was set at large by the Foreigners in hoc anno.

LC1233
     LC1233.0

    The kalends of January on Saturday, and the 16th of the moon; the eighteenth year of the Decennovenalian cycle; xx. primoanno cycli solaris; sexto anno Indictionis; anno Domini M.cc.xxx. tertio.

     LC1233.1

    A hosting into Connacht by Fedhlim, son of Cathal Crobhderg, when Cormac, sort of Tomaltach, king of Magh-Luirg, came 10  to meet him, and took him with him into Magh-Luirg; 11  and they established a camp at Druim-Gregraidhe, 12  viz.:—O'Conchobhair, and Cormac, and his son Conchobhar, and 13  the three Tuatha, and the two sons of Muirchertach 14  Mac Diarmada, i.e. Donnchadh and Muirchertach. 15  And the resolution they respectively adopted 16  was to go in pursuit of Aedh, son of Ruaidhri, king 17  of Connacht, and the other sons of Ruaidhri, whom 18  they totally defeated and dispersed; and the sons of 19  Ruaidhri, son of Toirdhelbhach, were deprived of the 20  sovereignty and supremacy of Connacht on that day, 21  for Aedh, son of Ruaidhri, king of Connacht, and Aedh 22  Muimhnech, son of Ruaidhri, and his son, and Donnchadh, 23  son of Diarmaid, son of Ruaidhri, were slain 24  there, and many other persons along with them who 25  are not enumerated here. After the profanation and 26  pillaging of Tech-Baeithin by Aedh Muimhnach, son of 27  Ruaidhri; and after many other churches and ecclesiastical 28  establishments had been plundered by them, they 29  fell themselves in revenge for having profaned the 30  churches and saints of Connacht.

     LC1233.2

    Raghallach O'Flannagain 31  was slain on the same day; and Thomas Biris, 32  constable of Erinn, and his brother John, and John 33  Squier, and many other Foreigners also, were slain 34  there, after they had been cursed, and after their 35  candles had been extinguished, by the clerics of Connacht 36  before that.

     LC1233.3

    Five years, moreover, was Aedh,  p.315 son of Ruaidhri, in the sovereignty of Connacht, as was said:—

    1. Aedh, son of Ruaidhri, of the quick onset
      Was five years over the province,
      Until fell, a loss to every feast,
      This man by Fedhlimidh.

     LC1233.4

    This was the termination of the sovereignty of the descendants of Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair, king of Erinn: for the Pope had offered right over Erinn to himself and his 10  seed after him for ever, and six married wives, provided that 11  he desisted from the sin of the women from thenceforth; 12  but Ruaidhri did not accept this. And as he did not accept, 13  God took kingship and sovereignity from his seed for ever, 14  in punishment of the sin of the women.

     LC1233.5

    Fedhlim, son of 15  Cathal Crobhderg, immediately assumed sovereignty 16  and government over the Connachtmen; and the castles 17  that had been erected through the power of the sons of 18  Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair and the son of William Burk 19  were demolished by Fedhlim, viz.:—the castle of Bun-Gaillmhe, 20  and Caislen-na-circe, and Caislen-na-caillighe, 21  and the castle of Dun-Imdhain.

     LC1233.6

    Peace, and correction 22  over kernes and sons of malediction, grew up immediately 23  in the tixne of this young king, in this year, so 24  that the districts were orderly during his reign.

     LC1233.7

    A 25  hosting by William de Laci, (i.e. the son of Hugo and 26  the daughter of Ruaidhri, son of Toirdhelbhach Mor 27  O'Conchobhair), and by the Foreigners of Midhe along 28  with him; when they went in great force into the Breifne, 29  to Cathal O'Raighilligh, and to his brother Cuconnacht,  p.317 and committed great depredations.

     LC1233.8

    A party of the people of O'Raighilligh, however, encountered William de Laci and the chieftains of the host, who were behind the preys; and they gave each other battle, and William Brit was slain there, and other good Foreigners along with him; and William de Laci was wounded there, and Charles, son of Cathal Gall, and many more along with them; and they the Foreigners afterwards returned from the district, without pledges or hostages; and 10  William de Laci; and Charles, son of Cathal Gall O'Conchobhair; 11  and Feorus Finn, son of the Foreign Queen; 12  and Diarmaid Bernach O'Maelsechlainn, died in their own 13  houses immediately after from the wounds inflicted on 14  them at Mona-crand-chain.

     LC1233.9

    Donncathaigh, i.e. airchinnech 15  of Achadh-Fabhair, xviii. kalendas Januarii in Christo 16  quievit: a man held in high repute for sense and figure, in 17  country and church; the best and most generous man of 18  his contemporaries regarding cattle and food; the protector 19  of the poor and mighty; the object of esteem of 20  the country and land; the guide and settler of every 21  affair between his own people and all in general.

     LC1233.10

    Maelisa 22  O'Maenaigh, i.e. a noble priest who was wont to recite his 23  psalter every day excepting Sunday alone, in Christo 24  quievit.

     LC1233.11

    Ferghal Mac Cormaic mortuus est.

LC1234
     LC1234.0

    25 The kalends of January on Sunday, and the 27th of 26  the moon. It was the last year of the Nineteen; xx.ii. 27  anno cycli solaris; septimo anno Indictionis; anno Domini 28  M.cc.xxx. quarto.

     LC1234.1

    Aedh O'hEghra, king of Luighne, 29  was killed by Donnchadh, son of Duarcan O'hEghra—(a 30  house was burned over him, and he was killed in the 31  door of the house, after coming out of it)—in revenge for 32  his having first killed his brother and the five sons of  p.319 his father's brother, and having blinded his other brother.

     LC1234.2

    Richard, son of William Maréchal, raised a war against the king of the Saxons, in Saxon-land, and came across from the east, and went into Laighen; and the Foreigners of Erinn assembled against him on behalf of the king of the Saxons, viz.:—Mac Maurice, Justiciary of Erinn at that time, and the Earl of Uladh, i.e. Hugo de Laci, and Walter de Laci, i.e. the Lord of Midhe. And all these proceeded to Cuirrech-Liffe in Laighen, and 10  fought a fierce, obstinate battle against the Maréchal; and 11  Richard, son of William Maréchal, was slain there, and 12  Geoffroi Maréchal taken prisoner. And there was no one 13  fighting this battle towards the end but himself alone, 14  after he had been abandoned by his own people. And 15  this deed was one of the greatest deeds committed in 16  that time.

     LC1234.3

    Aenghus O'Maelaghmhair, bishop of Uí-Amhalghaidh, 17  quievit in Christo.

     LC1234.4

    Great snow between 18  the two Christmasses, and frost afterwards, so that men, 19  and horses under burthens, would pass over the principal 20  lakes and rivers of Erinn.

     LC1234.5

    Aenghus Mac Gillafinnen, 21  king of Loch-Erne, went to commit a depredation on 22  Domhnall O'Domhnaill, king of Tir-Conaill; and O'Domhnaill 23  caught him, and he was slain on this journey.

     LC1234.6

    24 Gilla-na-naemh, son of Art O'Brain, airchinnech of Ros-Comain, 25  in Christo quievit.

     LC1234.7

    Maelpetair O'Cormacán, 26  master of Ros-Comain, in Christo quievit.

     LC1234.8

    Diarmaid 27  O'Cuinn, dux of Muinter-Gilgan, mortuus est.

     LC1234.9

    Maelisa, 28  son of Daniel O'Gormshuiligh, prior of Inis-Mic-Neirin  p.321 on Loch-Cé mortuus est.

     LC1234.10

    Gilla-Isa O'Gibillain, a monk, anacorita insulae Sanctae Trinitatis, in Christo quievit.

     LC1234.11

    Domhnall, son of Aedh O'Neill, king of Cenel-Eoghain, and the good material of a king of Erinn, was slain by Mac Lachlainn and the Cenel-Eoghain themselves.

LC1235
     LC1235.0

    The kalends of January on Monday, and the eighth of the moon; primus annus cycli Decennovenalis; xxiii. anno cycli solaris; viii. anno Indictionis; anno Domini M.cc.xxx. quinto.

     LC1235.1

    Madadhan O'Madadhain, king of Síl-Anmchadha, 10  mortuus est.

     LC1235.2

    Isaac O'Maelaghmhair, 11  airchinnech of Cill-Alaidh, died in hoc anno.

     LC1235.3

    Lochlainn, 12  grandson of Echtighern O'Cellaigh, was slain by the sons 13  of the Gilla-riabhach O'Baighill in hoc anno.

     LC1235.4

    Taichlech, 14  son of Aedh O'Dubhda, king of Uí-Amhalghaidh and Uí-Fiachrach, 15  was killed by the discharge of an arrow, whilst 16  interfering to quell a dispute in the camp of Fedhlim, son 17  of Cathal Crobhderg, king of Connacht.

     LC1235.5

    A great hosting by 18  the Foreigners of Erinn, who were assembled by Richard, 19  son of William Burk; and they went across Ath-Luain to 20  Ros-Comain, when Ros-Comain was burned by them; and 21  they went from thence to Oilfinn, and burned the great 22  church of Oilfinn; and they proceeded from thence to the 23  monastery of Ath-da-laarc on the Buill. And the persons 24  who were the principal chieftains and the boldest on this 25  hosting were Mac Maurice, i.e. the Justiciary of Erinn, and 26  Hugo de Laci, Earl of Uladh, and Richard, son of William 27  Burk, and Walter Ritabhard, high baron of Laighen, with 28  whom were the Foreigners of Laighen; and the routs 29  of all Erinn were along with them; and John Gocan, 30  having the Foreigners of Mumha along with him. And 31  they went on the night of Trinity Sunday to the monastery  p.323 of Buill; and their soldiers attacked the monastery, and broke open the sacristy; and all its valuable things, and its mass-chalices and altar-cloths, were taken out of it. And this was very hateful to the chieftains of the Foreigners, who returned every article of them that was to be found; and they paid for the things that were not found. And on the morrow they sent their scouts and soldiers, and their routs of kernes, to Creit, and to Cairthe-Muilche, and to Tor-Ghlinne-Ferna, when they 10  brought great preys with them to Ard-carna, to meet the 11  Justiciary.

     LC1235.6

    The Foreigners then adopted an extraordinary 12  resolution, (which no Conacian or Momonian contemplated 13  that they would adopt), at the request of Eoghan 14  O'hEighin, who wished to revenge his injuries on the 15  Momonians, and on Donnchadh Cairbrech O'Briain, viz.:— 16  to go back in the same path into Tir-Maine, and into 17  Maen-magh; and they went from thence to Tuadh-Mumha, 18  without being noticed or observed; and the 19  Momonians were found without having escaped or made 20  preparations; and they then committed great and countless 21  depredations on them.

     LC1235.7

    As regards the Conacians 22  and Fedhlim, son of Cathal Crobhderg, however, they 23  followed the Foreigners, after they had stolen away, to 24  keep their engagement with the Momonians, and to 25  afford them succour; and vehement, great contests 26  were fought between them each day.

     LC1235.8

    On the last 27  day, moreover, the Conacians and Momonians went to 28  the contest, and fought it actively, strenuously, manfully, 29  and fiercely. Nevertheless, too many mail-clad 30  Foreigners and a great multitude of cavalry pressed 31  upon them, and a large number of the men of Mumha 32  were slain there through indiscretion of counsel on 33  the part of Donnchadh Cairbrech O'Briain. But the 34  Conacians came out of it with the credit of bravery and 35  glory, without any notable man of them having been 36  slain.

     LC1235.9

    31 The resolution O'Briain adopted, on the morrow,  p.325 was to make peace with the Foreigners, and, to give them hostages and tribute; and it was too long for him until this resolution was adopted, for the greater part of his people had been plundered and burned up to that time.

     LC1235.10

    With regard to the Foreigners, moreover, they proceeded on towards Connacht, and advanced first against Aedh O'Flaithbhertaigh, who made peace with the Foreigners for the sake of his cows and people, for the sake of his country and land.

     LC1235.11

    As to Fedhlim, son of Cathal Crobhderg, 10  however, the resolution he adopted was to take 11  with him towards O'Domhnaill all the cows that he 12  found in Conmaicne-Mara, and in Conmaicne-na-Cúile, and 13  those belonging to all who had obeyed his counsel—and 14  the son of Maghnus, and Conchobhar Ruadh, son of 15  Muirchertach Muimhnech—and to leave the country 16  wasted for the Foreigners.

     LC1235.12

    After this, truly, the Foreigners 17  came to Dun-Modhord 1, and sent messengers to 18  Maghnus, son of Muirchertach Muimhnech, to demand 19  peace and hostages from him; and Maghnus gave them 20  neither peace nor hostages.

     LC1235.13

    The Foreigners then sent great 21  predatory bands from Dun-Mughdhord, under the sons 22  of Ruaidhri, with innumerable mercenaries; and these 23  plundered Eccuill, and brought great herds with them to 24  Druimne, to meet the Foreigners.

     LC1235.13

    As regards Aedh 25  O'Flaithbhertaigh and Eoghan O'hEidhin, however, they 26  went round with a large army, and with boats which 27  had been brought to Linan-Chinn-mhara. The boats 28  came with their forces, the Justiciary having gone to meet 29  them to Druimne, to the callow of Inis-aenaigh. Maghnus 30  was at this time, with his vessels, on the sound of 31  the island; and great contests and conflicts were waged 32  by them in turn.

     LC1235.15

    The Foreigners were at this time 33  fatigued, and the resolution they adopted was to occupy 34  a camp, and to withdraw their boats to a corner of the  p.327 large strand which was there. When Maghnus perceived this thing he proceeded from the sound eastwards, and went upon Inis-rathain; and some of his people went upon Inis-aenaigh, and took sheep therefrom to eat. When the Foreigners observed, moreover, that Maghnus and his people had gone towards the island, and them to another island, and that they had neither watch nor ward over the Foreigners, and that the island was between them and the Foreigners-when the Foreigners perceived this 10  they arose readily, furiously, terribly, and quickly; and 11  they suddenly lifted their boats along the strand, and put 12  them on the sea, and filled them promptly with forces, 13  and with armed, mail-clad soldiers, who went upon the 14  two islands, and killed all the people they found in them. 15  Maghnus, and all of his people who were in Inis-rathain, 16  arose and went into their vessels; and if O'Maille's 17  people had been esteemed by Maghnus, he O'Maille 18  would have sent his vessels against the Foreigners and 19  their boats. However, though short the period of the 20  day remaining at this hour, there was not a cow on any 21  island of Innsi-Modh that was not transferred to the 22  shore before night; and the owners of the cows would 23  have themselves previously gone away, through thirst and 24  hunger, if they had not been captured; and many inferior 25  persons were slain between them this night.

     LC1235.16

    On Friday, 26  moreover, the day following, they went upon the islands 27  of the North of Umhall, and the masters of the mercenaries, 28  in honour of the Passion, imposed a restriction that no 29  man should be killed.

     LC1235.17

    When the Foreigners had succeeded 30  in robbing and plundering Umhall, by sea and 31  land, they proceeded with their cows and preys to  p.329 Lughbhurtan; and the Foreigners went from thence by regular marches to Es-dara, when they committed a depredation on O'Domhnaill, on account of the banishment to him of Fedhlim, son of Cathal Crobhderg.

     LC1235.18

    The Foreigners proceeded from thence to Corrsliabh-na-Seghsa, and went to the callow of Port-na-Cairge on Loch-Cé, to take it from the people of Cormac, son of Tomaltach, and from some of the people of Fedhlim O'Conchobhair, who were guarding it.

     LC1235.19

    The Foreigners of 10  Erinn, however, and the Justiciary afforded a general protection 11  and friendly shelter to Clarus Mac Mailin, archdeacon 12  of Oilfinn, and to the Canons of the Trinity on 13  the Island; and the Justiciary himself, and the chiefs of 14  the Foreigners, went to see that place, and to pray 15  there, and to show respect to it, in honour of the Holy 16  Trinity. A fleet came then, also, with implements and 17  engines to the lake, and an engine was raised by them on 18  a small earthen wall, and many stones were projected, 19  truly, from this engine into the Rock. And as they were 20  not able to accomplish anything against it in this way, 21  the Foreigners made several boats of the houses of Ard-carna, 22  and brought with them the ignitible materials of 23  the district that a flame might be enkindled by them; 24  and they tied empty tuns round this ram to keep it afloat 25  on the water; and they sailed a large vessel surmounted 26  by a house of boards, to tow this ram to the Rock, to 27  burn it by this means. The people who were in it were 28  seized with fear at these stratagems, and they came out 29  of it on parole and conditions; and the Justiciary put 30  therein a garrison of armed, mail-clad Foreigners, and  p.331 he also put its full of food and drink into it. The Foreigners afterwards left Connacht without food, clothes, or cattle; and they did not carry off with them either pledges or hostages on this journey; and they left neither peace, nor quietness, nor tranquillity, nor happiness in the country; but the Gaeidhel themselves were robbing and killing one another regarding the residue which the Foreigners left in it on this occasion.

     LC1235.20

    As regards Fedhlim, however, he made peace with the Justiciary, and obtained 10  the king's five cantreds, out of which he was to receive 11  rent and customs; and Cormac, son of Tomaltach Mac 12  Diarmada, came with him.

     LC1235.21

    As to the warders of the 13  Rock, moreover, they were twenty nights in it, from one 14  Thursday to another, when the constable of the Rock went 15  outside the door, and one of his own people, i.e. O'Hoist, 16  who remained inside the door after them, closed the door 17  on them; and the Foreigners fled to Trinity Island, to 18  place themselves under the protection of Clarus Mac 19  Mailin, who subsequently conveyed them away. After 20  the occupation of the Rock by Cormac, moreover, the resolution 21  that he adopted was to raze and demolish the 22  Rock, so that the Foreigners should not again occupy it.

     LC1235.22

    23 The two sons of Muiredhach O'Maille, viz. Domhnall 24  and Muirchertach, were slain by Domhnall, son of Maghnus, 25  son of Muirchertach O'Conchobhair, and by Niall 26  Ruadh, son of Cathal O'Conchobhair, in Cliara, where 27  they were interred also.

     LC1235.23

    Tuathal, son of Muirchertach 28  O'Conchobhair, was killed by Conchobhar Buidhe, son of 29  Toirdhelbhach O'Conchobhair, and by Conchobhar, son 30  of Aedh Muimhnech, in hoc anno.

     LC1235.24

    The mercenaries and 31  kernes who were on Finn-loch of Cera, acting oppressively 32  on the part of the son of Ruaidhri, were slain by Maghnus, 33  son of Muirchertach O'Conchobhair, in hoc anno.

     LC1235.25

    Mattheus, 34  prior Insulae Trinitatis, quievit in Christo.

     p.333
     LC1235.26

    Gilla-Coimdedh O'Cuilin, praepositus de Insula Mic-Nerin, pater Clari Elfinensis archidiaconi, feliciter in Christo quievit, et in Insula Sanctae Trinitatis est sepultus die Sancti Finniani; cujus anima requiescat in pace.

     LC1235.27

    Donnchadh, son of Muirchertach, gave battle to the Uí-Briuin-na-Sinna, when the principal men of the Uí-Briuin were slain.

     LC1235.28

    The great priest O'hAnain died in Cill-mor.

     LC1235.29

    The castle of Milic was broken down by Fedhlim O'Conchobhair.

     LC1235.32

    The church of Druimne-Atha-Liag was burned, and the inclosures 10  and offices.

LC1236
     LC1236.0

    11 The kalends of January on Tuesday, and the nineteenth 12  of the moon; xx. quarto cycli solaris; nono anno Indictionis; 13  anno Domini M.cc.xxx. sexto.

     LC1236.1

    Maelechlainn 14  O'Maille was killed on Oilen-Dacrunde by Domhnall, son 15  of Maghnus, son of Muirchertach Muimhnech O'Conchobhair, 16  in hoc anno.

     LC1236.2

    Fedhlim, son of Cathal Crobhderg, was 17  banished by the Justiciary, i.e. Mac Maurice, his gossip, 18  after the departure of Mac William to Saxon-land; and with 19  difficulty he escaped from them, with his cavalry, after having 20  received forewarning; and they committed great depredations 21  on his people after his Fedhlim's own departure.

     LC1236.3

    22 He went off afterwards to seek the protection of O'Domhnaill; 23  and the castle of Muille-Uanach was erected on 24  this occasion against Connacht. The way in which this 25  treachery was practised was thus, viz.:—O'Conchobhair 26  was summoned to a deceitful meeting at Bel-Atha-Feoruinne; 27  and the Foreigners of Erinn were assembled by 28  the Justiciary to this meeting; and they pursued Fedhlim  p.335 to Ros-Comain, and pursued him from thence to the bridge of Sligech; and as they did not overtake him they committed great depredations on Tadhg O'Conchobhair; and they then seized a great number of noble women, whom they carried away with them in captivity.

     LC1236.4

    The Foreigners came, moreover, with their spoils and captives, to Druim-Gregraidhe in Magh-Luirg; for it was there the Justiciary himself was awaiting them.

     LC1236.5

    The Justiciary and the Foreignersafterwards departed, and left 10  the guardianship and government of the country with 11  Brian, son of Toirdhelbhach.

     LC1236.6

    Great depredations were 12  committed by Brian, and by the soldiers of the Justiciary, 13  on the sons of Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg, and on 14  several others of Fedhlim's people.

     LC1236.7

    Great depredations, 15  and numerous outrages, were committed by the sons of 16  Aedh on the Foreigners, and on their Gaeidhelic enemies, 17  so that the country, and the land, were injured and destroyed 18  between them respectively.

     LC1236.8

    Conchobhar, son of 19  Aedh Muimhnech, was killed by Maghnus, son of Muirchertach 20  O'Conchobhair, in hoc anno.

     LC1236.9

    Maelmuire 21  O'Lachtnain, the elect of Tuaim, went to Saxon-land, 22  and was consecrated by virtue of the letters of the comarb 23  of Peter, and the consent of the king of the Saxons.

     LC1236.10

    24 Mac William returned from Saxon-land; and little of 25  Erinn's benefit did he effect by his journey.

     LC1236.11

    As regards 26  Fedhlim, son of Cathal Crobhderg, moreover; he came 27  again into Connacht, at the invitation of some of the Connachtmen 28  themselves, including O'Cellaigh and O'Floinn, 29  and including the sons of Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg, 30  and the son of Art O'Maelsechlainn –who numbered 31  altogether four large battalions. And they advanced to 32  Rinn-duin, and went boldly, bravely, hostilely, vigorously, 33  and furiously across the bádhun, and over the ditch of  p.337 the island in which all the cows of the country were; and every captain of a company, and every chief of a host went after the cows; and they took the cows away with them as they met them.

     LC1236.12

    Lamentable, alas! was the deed committed then, viz.:—they abandoned their lord, their honour, and their reputation, for the preys which they met there, as became them not; for they left their king and lord alone, so that there were along with him only four horsemen out of the four battalions that had accompanied him; and 10  the chief king's voice was strained stopping and detaining 11  them.

     LC1236.13

    With regard, however, to Eoghan O'hEidhin, and 12  to Brian, son of Toirdhelbhach, and Conchobhar Buidhe, 13  son of Toirdhelbhach, and Mac Goisdelbh –when they 14  observed the host unwisely, weakly, unwarily scattering 15  and dispersing from each other with preys, they arose 16  quickly, actively, courageously, having a small number 17  of cavalry and many foot soldiers along with them, 18  and went to where they saw O'Conchobhair attended 19  only by a very small band and company.

     LC1236.14

    Then 20  it happened that Conchobhar, son of Toirdhelbhach, 21  came behind the son of Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg, and 22  went towards him quickly, heedlessly, taking him for 23  one of a party of his own people; and he fell there 24  by Ruaidhri, son of Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg.

     LC1236.15

    A multitude of the host —of cursed, candle-extinguished 25  people —were slain in the island, and outside 26  the island, in this defeat, excepting only Tadhg, 27  son of Cormac, son of Tomaltach Mac Diarmada.

     LC1236.16

    When 28  Mac William heard, moreover, that this defeat had 29  been inflicted on all of his people who had turned 30  against him, he joined with O'Conchobhair, and came  p.339 to attack him, or to pacify him.

     LC1236.17

    Diarmaid, son of Maghnus O'Conchobhair, went under the protection of the son of Muirchertach O'Conchobhair.

     LC1236.18

    Then it was that Mac William proceeded, without notice, without being observed, to Tuaim-dá-ghualann, and from thence to Magh-Eó of the Saxons; and not a stack of seed or corn of all that was in the great relig of Magh-Eó, or in the relig of the church of Michael the Archangel, was left without being taken away together; and three score, or four score 10  baskets were brought out of these churches, besides every 11  other injury and disorder committed after them; but this 12  was of little consequence.

     LC1236.19

    And they went from thence 13  to Turloch, on which the same punishment was inflicted. 14  And they sent out great predatory bands against the 15  people of the son of Maghnus, who met the people of 16  Conchobhar Ruadh and of Turlagh, and plundered them 17  all indiscriminately.

     LC1236.20

    Maghnus, indeed, was obliged to 18  send away from him such of the people of the son of 19  Maghnus O'Conchobhair as had come to him, or else the 20  same treatment would have been inflicted on him as had 21  been inflicted on his brother.

     LC1236.21

    As to Conchobhar Ruadh, 22  moreover, he went on the morrow into the house of Mac 23  William, and made peace there; and his preys of the cows 24  of which he had been plundered were restored to him; and 25  what the people of the church found alive of their stock 26  was given to them.

     LC1236.22

    Regarding the son of Maghnus, also, 27  he went into the house of the Foreigners for the sake of 28  his cows and people, i.e. of all that had been left to him of  p.341 his cows.

     LC1236.23

    Then Mac William went to Balla, where he remained two nights, and proceeded from thence to Tuaim-da-ghualann; and he left Connacht afterwards without food or clothing in church or territory, without peace, or quiet, or prosperity, but each man attacking his fellow, excepting the supremacy which the sons of Muirchertach conceded to him.

     LC1236.24

    It was on this occasion the people of Brian, son of Toirdhelbhach, burned the church of Imlech-Brochadha against the people of 10  O'Floinn, and its full of women, children, and black 11  nuns, and three priests, in it. And Termann-Caeluinn 12  was also burned by the Justiciary.

     LC1236.25

    Aedh O'Flaithbhertaigh, 13  king of the West of Connacht, died in hoc 14  anno; the greatest and most excellent man that had 15  ever come of the West of Connacht; a man to whom 16  everybody had recourse the most frequently, whilst 17  he had recourse to no man.

     LC1236.26

    Great rain, and bad 18  weather, and war in this year; famine, and scarcity 19  of food and clothing; and kernes and sons of malediction, 20  who had been candle-extinguished by the hands 21  of bishops, without respect for church or sanctuary; 22  and superior dignitaries of the Catholic church were 23  neither day nor night without suffering from fear 24  or terror.

     LC1236.27

    Numerous retreats and frequent headlong 25  routs to the churches took place, before Foreigners 26  and Gaeidhel, and lodging-houses were made of churches 27  and the residences of saints, in this year; and during 28  the period of twelve years down from the war of 29  O'Neill were the Foreigners and Gaeidhel plundering in 30  turn, without sovereignty or supremacy being possessed 31  by one beyond another, but the Foreigners able to 32  destroy it Connacht every time they came into it; the 33  king and royal heirs of Connacht pillaging and profaning 34  territories and churches after them.

     LC1236.28

    Diarmaid, son of 35  Niall O'Ruairc, was blinded by Cuconnacht O'Raighilligh.

     LC1236.29

    36 Cathal Riabhach, son of Gillabroide O'Ruairc, king of  p.343 Uí-Briuin, mortuus est.

     LC1236.30

    Macraith Mac Mailin, sacerdos of Cill-mic-Trena, mortuus est.

     LC1236.31

    Aedh O'Gibellan, sacerdos of Cill-Rodan, and subsequently a canon in Trinity Island, mortuus est on Christmas Friday; and he was waked in the choir that night, and until mass on the morrow, and was honourably interred afterwards.

     LC1236.32

    The defeat of Cluain-catha was inflicted by Fedhlim O'Conchobhair on the sons of Ruaidhri, and on Conchobhar, son of Cormac Mac Diarmada.

LC1237
     LC1237.0

    10 The kalends of January on Thursday, and the 30th 11  of the moon; xx. quinto anno cycli solaris; tertius annus 12  cycli Decennovenalis; x. anno Indictionis. M.cc. tricesimo 13  septimo.

     LC1237.1

    A hosting into Connacht by Fedhlim, 14  son of Cathal Crobhderg, accompanied by Cuconnacht 15  O'Raighilligh and all the Uí-Briuin, and by Cathal 16  Mac Raghnaill and the Conmaicne, and by the three 17  sons of Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg, to attack the 18  descendants of Ruaidhri where they were, viz.:— 19  Brian, son of Toirdhelbhach, and Muirchertach and 20  Domhnall, sons of Diarmaid, son of Ruaidhri, and Conchobhar, 21  son of Cormac, son of Diarmaid; and they went 22  northwards across Corrsliabh-na-Seghsa in pursuit of 23  them, until they arrived at Druim-raithe. And the 24  descendants of Ruaidhri sent the mercenaries of the 25  Justiciary, who were along with them, to give battle to 26  Fedhlim. Fedhlim ordered his men not to shoot at 27  them, but to stoop the heads and rush fiercely, furiously 28  at them. The mercenaries did not sustain this, but were 29  driven in rout towards their people; and many mercenaries 30  of them were slain in this onset, including Mac 31  Mibhric. When the descendants of Ruaidhri perceived  p.345 that they had not good fortune, and that the mercenaries were scattered and dispersed, they left the place in which they were without a man of them being slain; and they separated after this defeat, so that they had no residence in Síl-Muiredhaigh; and all their people were plundered; and great depredations were committed on Conchobhar, son of Cormac, in Tir-Oilella. And they afterwards brought a fleet upon Loch-Cé, from which they expelled Conchobhar, son of Cormac, 10  king of Magh-Luirg; and they left the sovereignty of 11  the district and the lake with Donnchadh, son of Muirchertach 12  Luath-shuilech.

     LC1237.2

    Donat O'Fidhubhra, comarb 13  of Patrick, quievit.

     LC1237.3

    Peace was made by the Justiciary 14  with Fedhlim, son of Cathal Crobhderg; and the five 15  cantreds of the king were given to him, free from cattle-tribute 16  or rent.

     LC1237.4

    The barons of Erinn came into Connacht, 17  and commenced to build castles in it.

     LC1237.5

    First 18  synod of Maelmuire O'Lachtnain, i.e. archbishop of 19  Tuaim, at Ath-Luain, after the coming of his pallium 20  to him from Rome.

     LC1237.6

    Maghnus, son of Diarmaid, son of 21  Maghnus, was killed by Domnhnall, son of Diarmaid, son 22  of Ruadhri O'Conchobhair, in hoc anno.

     LC1237.7

    Muirchertach, 23  son of Diarmaid, son of Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair, was killed 24  by the sons of Maghnus, son of Muirchertach Muimhnech 25  O'Conchobhair, in this year.

     LC1237.8

    The erection of a monastery 26  for canons was commenced by Clarus Mac Mailin, 27  in Trinity Island on Loch-Uachtair, through the gift of 28  Cathal O'Raighilligh, in hoc anno.

     LC1237.9

    Thomas O'Ruadhain, 29  bishop of Luighne, in Christo quievit.

     LC1237.10

    Gilla-Isa,  p.347 son of the Scelaighe O'Tormaigh, bishop of Conmaicne, in Christo quievit.

     LC1237.11

    Gilla-na-nech O'Mannachain died in the monastery of the Buill in hoc anno.

     LC1237.12

    A depredation was committed by Conchobhar, son of Cormac, on Ruaidhri O'Gadhra, whose brother he killed.

     LC1237.13

    The hostages of Conchobhar, son of Cormac were slain by Fedhlim, son of Cathal Crobhderg, in this year.

     LC1237.14

    Drumann-iarthar, and from Lathach-Cille-Braein to the lake, both wood and bog, and plain, was given by Donnchadh, son of 10  Muirchertach, to the community of the Trinity on 11  Loch-Cé, and to Clarus Mac Mailin, in the time of his 12  reign and sovereignty; but nevertheless, the duration of 13  his reign was not long, for he was only a month in the 14  lordship, and Conchobhar himself assumed the sovereignty 15  again.

LC1238

     LC1238.0

    16 The kalends of January on Friday, and the eleventh 17  of the moon; xx. sexto anno cycli solaris; quartus annus 18  Decennovenalis cycli; xi. anno Indictionis; anno ab 19  Incarnatione Domini, M.cc. xxx. octavo.

     1238.1

    Donnchadh 20  Uaithnech, son of Aedh, son of Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair, 21  was killed by Tadhg, son of Aedh, son of Cathal 22  Crobhderg, in hoc anno.

     LC1238.2

    Donnchadh, son of Duarcan 23  O h'Eghra, king of Luighne, was taken prisoner by 24  Tadhg, son of Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg; and when 25  he was taken away to be confined his own kinsmen, i.e. 26  the sons of Aedh O'hEghra, slew him on the way in Tir-Briuin-na-Sinna.

     LC1238.3

    27 Donnchadh, son of Muirchertach, went 28  into the Breifne to O'Raighilligh, when they sent a great 29  predatory band into Connacht, who plundered the community 30  of Cluain-Coirpthe; and the principal men of Muinter-Eolais, 31  and several of the Tuatha, were slain in pursuit of  p.349 this predatory band.

     LC1238.4

    Maelruanaidh, son of Donnchadh O'Dubhda, was slain by Maelsechlainn, son of Conchobar Ruadh, son of Muirchertach Muimhnech O'Conchobhair, and by the son of Tighernan, son of Cathal Migaran O'Conchobhair.

     LC1238.5

    Castles were erected in Muinter-Murchada, and in Conmaicne-Cúile, and in Cera, by the aforesaid barons.

     LC1238.6

    Ruaidhri, son of Aedh O'Flaithbhertaigh, was taken prisoner by the Foreigners.

     LC1238.7

    The cloicthech of Enach-dúin was erected.

     LC1238.8

    A hosting by 10  Mac Maurice, i.e. the Justiciary of Erinn, and by Hugo de 11  Laci, earl of Uladh, into Cenel-Eoghain and Cenel-Conaill, 12  when they dethroned Mac Lachlainn and expelled him 13  from his own land, and gave the sovereignty to the son 14  of O'Neill; and they themselves obtained the hostages of 15  the Cenel-Conaill and Cenel-Eoghain.

     LC1238.9

    Felix O'Ruanadha, 16  archbishop of Tuaim, after resigning the archiepiscopate 17  through love of God, and after assuming a monastic 18  habit, died in Cill-Muire in Ath-cliath.

     LC1238.10

    Cathal 19  Mac Riabhaigh, chieftain of Feara-Scene, mortuus est.

     LC1238.11

    20 Flaithbhertach Mac Cathmhail, high chieftain of Cenel Feradhaigh, 21  and high chieftain also of Clann-Conghaile, 22  and of Uí-Cendfhoda in Tir-Manach, head of the valour 23  and honour of Tir-Eoghain, was slain by Donnchadh Mac 24  Cathmhail, his own brother, in treachery.

LC1239
     LC1239.0

    25 The kalends of January on Saturday, and the twenty-second 26  of the moon; xx.vii. anno cycli solaris; quinto 27  anno cycli Decennovenalis; xii. anno Indictionis; M.cc. 28  tricesimo nono.

     LC1239.1

    Muirchertach, son of Domhnall O'Briain, 29  died in hoc anno.

     LC1239.2

    Toirdhelbhach, son of Ruaidhri 30  O'Conchobhair, king of Connacht, died.

     LC1239.3

    The battle of 31  Carn-tShiadhail was given by Domhnall Mac Lachlainn, 32  in which were slain Domhnall Tamhnaighe O'Neill,  p.351 and Mac Mathghamhna, and Somhairle O'Gairmleghaigh, and Caech-Bernais O'Gairmleghaigh, and the chieftains of Cenel-Moain, and great numbers besides; and he assumed again the sovereignty which had been taken from him the year before, after this great defeat which he inflicted on the Cenel-Moain and the Airghialla.

     LC1239.4

    Ferghal, son of Cuconnacht O'Raighilligh, king of Dartraighe and Clann-Fernmhaighe, (and king of the Breifne from the mountain eastwards, according 10  to another book), was slain by Maelruanaidh, son of 11  Ferghal, and by Conchobhar, son of Cormac, after he 12  had gone on a predatory expedition against the sons of 13  Niall, son of Conghalach, when he plundered them, and 14  captured a house about them; and Muirchertach son of 15  Niall, came out of the house on parole, and was made 16  prisoner and killed by them, after the son of O'Raighilligh 17  had been slain.

     LC1239.5

    18 A great depredation was committed 19  on O'Domhnaill by the Foreigners of Erinn, 20  who plundered Cairbre; and the Justiciary himself was at 21  Es-dara, awaiting them, his scouts having gone as far as 22  Druim-cliabh.

     LC1239.6

    Lassairfhina, daughter of Cathal Crobhderg, 23  uxor of O'Domhnaill, gave a half-bally of her marriage 24  portion, i.e. the half-bally of Ros-Birn, to Clarus 25  Mac Mailin and the community of Canons of Trinity 26  Island on Loch-Cé, in honour of the Trinity and Lady 27  Mary, in hoc anno.

     LC1239.7

    Cormac, son of Art O'Maelsechlain, 28  mortuus est.

LC1240
     LC1240.0

    24 The kalends of January on Sunday, the third of the  p.353 moon; the last year of the solar cycle; sexto anno cycli Decennovenalis; xiii. anno Indictionis: M.cc.xl.

     LC1240.1

    A great depredation was committed by Cuconnacht O'Raighilligh on Cormac Mac Diarmada, when he plundered the entire country to Ard-carna, and killed several people, in revenge for his son.

     LC1240.2

    Fedhlim O'Conchobhair went to the house of the king of the Saxons, to complain to him of the Foreigners and Gaeidhel of Erinn; and he received great honour from the king on this occasion, and came home 10  safely, joyfully, contentedly.

     LC1240.3

    Aedh, son of Gilla-na-naemh 11  Crom O'Sechnusaigh, was killed by Conchobar, son of 12  Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg, and by Fiachra O'Floinn.

     LC1240.4

    13 Sadhbh, daughter of O'Cennedigh, i.e. the wife of Donnchadh 14  Cairbrech O'Briain, mortua est.

     LC1240.5

    Gilla-na-naemh 15  O'Dreain, airchinnech of Ard-carna, died in hoc anno.

LC1241
     LC1241.0

    16 The kalends of January on Tuesday, and the l4th of 17  the moon; primus annus cycli solaris; septimo anno 18  Decennovenalis cycli; xiiii. cycli Indictionis; m.cc.xl. 19  primo.

     LC1241.1

    Gregorius nonus, papa, quievit in Christo.

     LC1241.2

    A 20  great depredation was committed in Magh-Noi by the 21  Justiciary, i.e. Maurice Fitz-Gerald, when he plundered 22  Fiachra O'Floinn and Donnchadh Mac Diarmada; but a 23  few of the people of O'Conchobhair overtook them, and 24  Nár Mac Gillacellaigh was slain by them, et alii multi.

     LC1241.3

    25 The comarb of Patrick, i.e. the Almanach, came to 26  Erinn, having privileges from the Pope over the churches 27  of Patrick in Erinn.

     LC1241.4

    Domhnall Mór O'Domhnaill, i.e. 28  the son of Egnechan O'Domhnaill, king of Tir-Conaill, 29  and of the Feara-Manach, and of the lower part of 30  Connacht as far as Corr-sliabh, and of Oirghiall from the 31  plain downwards—a man like Conn Ced-chathach for  p.355 winning every battle; the equal of Cormac, grandson of Conn, for just judgments; the rival of Art Aenfher for banishing his enemies; the fellow of Brian Borumha in warfare and piety—died on his pillow, after triumphing over the world and the demon, in the habit of the Grey Order, in the monastery of Es-Ruaidh, and he was also honourably interred in it, after he had been fourteen years in the sovereignty. In the autumn he died.

     LC1241.5

    Maelsechlainn, i.e. his own son, assumed the sovereignty 10  in the place of his father.

     LC1241.6

    O'Neill came to him, after he 11  had been expelled from his sovereignty by Mac Lachlainn.

     LC1241.7

    12 Maelsechlainn O'Domhnaill joined Brian O'Neill, and they 13  both went again into Cenel-Eoghain, and then gave 14  battle to Domhnall Mac Lachlainn, viz.:—the battle of 15  Camerghe, where Domhnall Mac Lachlainn, king of 16  Cenel-Eoghain, was slain, and ten of his kinsmen along 17  with him. And all the chieftains of the Cenel-Eoghain 18  were slain there; and the sovereignty of Cenel-Eoghain 19  was afterwards assumed by Brian O'Neill. And Siadhail 20  was killed, in the battle, and many more good men.

     LC1241.8

    Sitric Mac 21  Oirechtaigh, chief of Clann-Tomaltaigh, died 22  in this year.

     LC1241.9

    Walter de Laci, lord of Midhe, and head of 23  counsel of the Foreigners of Erinn, died in Saxon-land in 24  hoc anno.

     LC1241.10

    Consecration of the church of the Friars 25  Minor in Ath-Luain, by the comarb of Patrick.

     LC1241.11

    Mac 26  Maurice Fitz-Gerald, Justiciary of Erinn, went with a 27  great army to Ath-lethan in Luighne, and made peace 28  there with Tadhg O'Conchobhair, and afterwards returned.

     LC1241.12

    29 Tadhg O'Conchobhair plundered Dartraighe and Clann Fernmhaighe.

     LC1241.13

    30 Peace was made by the comarb of 31  Patrick with the archbishop of Connacht, and with the  p.357 other bishops likewise, on account of Patrick's land in Connacht.

     LC1241.14

    Diarmaid, son of Maghnus, son of Toirdhelbhach Mor O'Conchobhair, a man distinguished for hospitality and valour,mortuus est.

     LC1241.15

    Aenghus Magraith, Cormac Mac Diarmada's priest, ante Natale Domini mortuus est.

     LC1241.16

    Maghnus, son of Ferghal, post Natale Domini mortuus est.

     LC1241.17

    The Bishop O'Flaithbhertaigh, i.e. bishop of Enach-dúin, quievit in Christo.

     LC1241.18

    Tadhg, son of Ruaidhri O'Gadhra, died in hoc anno.

     LC1241.19

    Stephen, papa, quievit in Christo.

LC1242
     LC1242.0

    10 The kalends of January on Wednesday, the twenty-fifth 11  of the moon; secundus annus cycli solaris; octavo 12  anno Decennovenalis cycli; xv. anno Indictionis cycli; 13  M.cc.xl. secundo.

     LC1242.1

    Donnchadh Cairbrech O'Briain, king of 14  Tuadh-Mumha, and his son, i.e. Toirdhelbhach, son of 15  Donnchadh Cairbrech, mortui sunt; and this Donnchadh 16  O'Briain was the maintainer of the faith and renown 17  of Leth-Modha, and the pillar of the dignity and 18  nobility of the south of Erinn.

     LC1242.2

    Mór, daughter of Donnchadh 19  O'Ferghail, quievit in Christo.

     LC1242.3

    Aedh O'Conchobhair, 20  i.e. the ex-cleric, son of Aedh, son of Ruaidhri 21  O'Conchobhair, was killed by Toirdhelbhach, son of 22  Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg.

     LC1242.4

    Conchobhar O'Briain 23  assumed the sovereignty of Tuadh-Mumha.

     LC1242.5

    Brian, son 24  of Donnchadh O'Dubhda, king of Uí-Fiachrach, Uí-Amhalghaidh, 25  and Irrus, was killed on the way, as he 26  was going on a pilgrimage to the abbey of the Buill.

     LC1242.6

    A 27  great chapter was held at Lughmhagh by the Primate of 28  Ard-Macha and the abbots of the Canons of all Erinn, to 29  advance their Order; on which occasion many of the 30  relics which Mochta had collected from Rome were taken 31  up.

     LC1242.7

    A great hosting to Cenel-Conaill by the Justiciary, 32  and by the Foreigners of Erinn likewise, and by Fedhlim, 33  son of Cathal Crobhderg O'Conchobhair, in revenge of  p.359 Tadhg O'Conchobhair; and they encamped at Druim-Thuama, when the chieftains of Cenel-Conaill came into their house, and gave them hostages.

     LC1242.8

    The hospital of Sligech was presented by the Justiciary to Clarus Mac Mailin, in honour of the Trinity.

     LC1242.9

    Tadhg O'Conchobhair was apprehended by Cuconnacht O'Raighilligh at the instigation of Fedhlim, son of Cathal Crobhderg, in this year.

     LC1242.10

    Maghnus O'Muiredhaigh was slain by Thomas Mac Murchadha.

     LC1242.11

    Niall, son of Domhnall Mūr, son of Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair, 10  was burned, together with three O'Sechnasaighs, in a 11  house in Magh-Eó of the Saxons, by Loghbhais of the 12  people of Mac Maurice.

     LC1242.12

    Aedh O'Mannachain died in 13  the habit of a canon, in Cill-mór.

     LC1242.13

    Domhnall Mac Airten 14  died in hoc anno.

     LC1242.14

    The sons of Aedh O'Conchobhair went 15  upon the castle of Mac Goisdelbh in the Breifne.

LC1243
     LC1243.0

    16 The kalends of January on Thursday, and the sixth 17  of the moon; tertius annus cycli solaris; nonus annus 18  Decennovenalis cycli; primus annus Indictionis; 19  M.cc.xl.tertio.

     LC1243.1

    Tadhg, son of Aedh, son of Cathal 20  Crobhderg, after having been released by O'Raighilligh, 21  came to the monastery of the Buill, and brought a force 22  with him to the house of Mac Diarmada, i.e. Cormac, son 23  of Tomaltach; and he took Mac Diarmada prisoner there, 24  and afterwards carried off his own mother, (i.e. Etain, 25  daughter of Mac Carthaigh, i.e. daughter of Finghin Mór 26  Mac Carthaigh, wife of Mac Diarmada), whom he gave to 27  Cuconnacht O'Raighilligh as his wife, for his own 28  release.

     LC1243.2

    Tadhg went again about the festival of Martin, 29  with a few men, to meet O'Raighilligh, who apprehended 30  Tadhg, in treachery and deceit, a second time, and 31  killed his people; and he himself was kept in confinement 30  until the festival of Berach in the following Spring.

     LC1243.3

    A  p.361 great expedition by the king of the Saxons to the king of France, and messengers came from the king, summoning the Foreigners of Erinn.

     LC1243.4

    Richard, son of William Burk, went to him on this expedition, and died in the east.

     LC1243.5

    Hugo de Laci, earl of Uladh, mortuus est. (He was not the first Hugo, whom Gilla-gan-inathair killed at Durmhagh-Choluim-Chille, but the last Hugo).

     LC1243.6

    Petrus Mac Craith, after spending his life with the canons of Trinity Island on Loch-Cé, mortuus est, et sepultus est in die Sancti 10  Martini.

     LC1243.7

    Maeleoin O'Crechain, archdeacon of Tuaim, 11  after coming across as a master, died in Ath-cliath.

     LC1243.8

    12 Finnachta O'Lughadha, comarb of Benen, and great 13  dean of Tuaim, died about the festival of Martin.

     LC1243.9

    14 Cathasach O'Snedhiusa, dean of Muinter-Maelruanaidh, 15  died at Ard-carna about the festival of Laurence.

     LC1243.10

    16 Cathal, son of Aedh O'Conchobhair, the foster-son of 17  Muinter-Raighilligh, turned against them, and committed 18  a depredation on Muirchertach Mac Gillashuiligh, in 19  Magh-Nisse, and apprehended Muirchertach himself, 20  whom he killed while in bonds at Cill-tSeisin. He committed 21  another great depredation, inmediately after, on 22  Clann-Fernmaighe and the Dartraighe. Magh-Rein 23  was also plundered by Cathal, son of Aedh, when a war 24  broke out between the race of Conchobhar and O'Raighilligh.

     LC1243.11

    25 The church of Ard-carna was enlarged by Clarus 26  Mac Mailin in hoc anno.

LC1244
     LC1244.0

    27 The kalends of January on Friday, and the 17th of 28  the moon; iiii. anno cycli solaris; x. anno Decennovenalis  p.363 cycli; ii. anno Indictionis; M.cc.xl.quarto.

     LC1244.1

    Tadhg, son of Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg, was blinded and emasculated by Cuconnacht O'Raighilligh, about the festival of Berach, in Inis-na-conaire on Loch-Aillinne, after having been in confinement from the festival of Martin until then.

     LC1244.2

    Ruaidhri, son of Aedh O'Conchobhair, his brother, was drowned on the Cuirrin-Connachtach at Ath-Liag-na-Sinna, in vii. idus Martii, and most honorably interred in the monastery of Cluain-tuaiscert.

     LC1244.3

    Conchobhar, son 10  of Aedh, son of Cathal Crobhderg, died before the end of 11  a month of the same Spring.

     LC1244.4

    A very great hosting by 12  Fedhlim, son of Cathal Crobhderg, eastwards into the 13  Breifne, to O'Raighilligh, to inflict punishment on him 14  for his foster-son and kinsman, i.e. Tadhg O'Conchobhair, 15  when they encamped for a night in Fidhnacha of Magh-Rein. 16  And there was no roof on the church of Fidhnacha 17  at that time; and the comarb was not in the place that 18  night; and as he was not, the routs of the army burned 19  the booths and huts that were inside in the church, 20  without the permission of the chieftains; and the 21  comarb's spiritual foster-son was suffocated there. And 22  the comarb himself came to them on the morrow, in great 23  fury and rage on account of his foster-son, and demanded 24  the eric of his foster-son from O'Conchobhair. And 25  O'Conchobhair said that he would give him his own 26  award. “My award,” said the comarb, “is that the best 27  man amongst you shall be burned by you, as the eric of 28  the son of God. “Maghnus, son of Muirchertach  p.365 Muimhnech, is he”, answered O'Conchobhair. “No, truly,” said Maghnus, but the person who is chief over the army.” “I shall not leave you,” said the comarb, “until the eric of my foster-son will have been obtained from you.” The host went afterwards out of the town, and the comarb followed them to Ath-na-cuirre on the Geirctech; and the flood was over its banks, and they did not pass over it until they pulled down the hospital-house of John the Baptist, which was on the margin of 10  the ford, to place it across the river, that the host 11  might pass over it. The son of Muirchertach Muimhnech, i.e. 12  Maghnus, and Conchobhar, son of Cormac Mac Diarmada, 13  went into the house, when Maghnus, pointing up his 14  sword, said to the man who was overhead throwing 15  down the house, “there is the nail which prevents the 16  beam from falling.” At these words the rafter of the 17  house fell on the head of Maghnus, son of Muirchertach 18  Muimhnech, and fractured his skull, so that he died on 19  the spot; and he was interred outside the door of the 20  church of Fidhnacha; and thrice the full of Clog-na-righ 21  of silver was given as an offering for him, and thirty horses; 22  and thus it was that the comarb of Caillin ultimately 23  obtained the eric of his spiritual foster-son from them. 24  And a splendid monument of hewn stones, surmounted 25  by a beautiful stone cross, was afterwards erected over him; 26  but the O'Ruaircs broke down the monument after 27  a while through hostility.

     LC1244.5

    Donnchadh, son of Finghin, 28  son of Maelsechlainn, son of Aedh, son of Toirdhelbhach 29  O'Conchobhair, i.e. the bishop of Oilfinn, died in Inis-Clothrann 30  on Loch-Ribh, una septimana ante Kalendas Maii, 31  and was interred in the monastery of the Buill.

     LC1244.6

    Donnchadh 32  Mór O'Dalaigh, an eminent man who was never surpassed, 33  and never will be surpassed, in poetry, died,  p.367 and was interred in the monastery of the Buill.

     LC1244.7

    Tuaim-da-ghualann was burned, including four churches, and the houses of the whole town along with them.

     LC1244.8

    The archdeacon of Tuaim was drowned in Glaislinn-Chluana.

     LC1244.9

    Ferghal Mac Tadhgadhain was killed by Conchobhar Mac Tighernain, in treachery, in Inis-Fraich on Loch-Gile.

     LC1244.10

    A great contention and dispute grew up in the choir of Oilfinn after the death of Donnchadh O'Conchobhair, bishop of Síl-Muiredhaigh, on the subject of making an 10  election; for a number of them elected Thomas 11  O'Cuinn, i.e. a Friar Minor, who was from his conduct a 12  choice bright vessel; but this election was objected to 13  by Clarus Mac Mailin and John, the two archdeacons of 14  Oilfinn, et Malachias decanus, et sacrista Oilfinensis, 15  volentes unum de choro eligere sicut jus fuit; quod 16  audientes juniores canonici elegerunt sibi Comarb 17  Comman O'Conchobhair; majores vero praedicti elegerunt 18  sibi Johannem archidiaconum in plena synodo 19  apud Ath-Luain, per Clarum archidiaconum 20  Elfinensem, quia nunquam voluit errori aliorum consentire.

     LC1244.11

    21 Cormac, son of Tomaltach of the Rock, son of Conchobhar 22  Mac Diarmada, i.e. the king of all Clann-Maelruanaidh, 23  after spending twenty-six years and a part of 24  another year in maintaining valour and hospitality, and 25  defending the province of Connacht against the Foreigners 26  and Gaeidhel who were opposed to him, died in the habit 27  of a grey monk in the monastery of the Buill, in the harvest 28  time, after triumphing over the devil and the world.

LC1245
     LC1245.0

    29 The kalends of January on Sunday, and the 28th of 30  the moon; quinto anno cycli solaris; xi. anno Decennovenalis  p.369 cycli; tertio Indictionis. M.cc.xl.quinto.

     LC1245.1

    Conchobhar Ruadh, son of Muirchertach Muimhnech, son of Toirdhelbhach Mor O'Conchobhair, was killed by O'Timaith, his own steward, with a stab of a knife, in a dispute which occurred between them at Port-na-leice; and Gilla-Christ, son of Imhar O'Birn, killed the steward afterwards; and Conchobhar Ruadh was conveyed to the monastery of the Buill, and died in it of this wound, and was buried in it also, after the 10  victory of unction and penitence towards God.

     LC1245.2

    The 11  castle of Sligech was built by Mac Maurice Fitz-Gerald, 12  Justiciary of Erinn, and by the Síl-Muiredhaigh; for 13  Fedhlim was told to erect it at his own expense, and 14  to convey thereto the stones and lime of the hospital-house 15  of the Trinity, after this place had been previously 16  given by the Justiciary, i.e. Maurice Fitzgerald, to Clarus 17  Mac Mailin, in honour of the holy Trinity.

     LC1245.3

    Domhnall 18  O'Flannagain, abbot of Cunga, mortuus est.

     LC1245.4

    A great army 19  was led by the king of the Saxons into Britain, when 20  they established a great camp at the castle of Engannoc; 21  and letters and ambassadors were sent by them to 22  Erinn, to the Foreigners of Erinn, and to Fedhlim, son 23  of Cathal Crobhderg, desiring them to go to meet the 24  king in Britain, to subdue Britain.

     LC1245.5

    The Justiciary, therefore, 25  accompanied by the Foreigners of Erinn, went to 26  the king; and Fedhlim, son of Cathal Crobhderg O'Conchobhair, 27  accompanied by a great army of Gaeidhel, went 28  to the assistance of the king in Britain; and they completely 29  destroyed the country, but obtained neither 30  pledges nor hostages from the Britons on this occasion. 31  And Fedhlim was treated with honour by the king on 32  this journey; and Fedhlim was thankful coming westwards 33  from the king.

     LC1245.6

    The castle of Ath-an-chip, on the 34  border of Magh-Nisse, was built by Milidh Mac Goisdelbh.

     LC1245.7

    35 Fiachra, son of David O'Floinn, lord of Síl-Maelruain, 36  mortuus est in die Natalis Domini.

     LC1245.8

    Cerbhall Buidhe, son  p.371 of Tadhg, son of Aenghus Finnabhrach O'Dalaigh, mortuus est.

     LC1245.9

    The castle of Suicín was built in this year.

     LC1245.10

    Poisonous snow fell on the night of the festival of Saint Nicholas, which took off the heels and toes of those who walked in it; and this snow did not disappear until Christmas arrived.

     LC1245.11

    Muirchertach, son of Muirghius, son of Cathal Mac Diarmada, was slain by the men of Breifne.

     LC1245.12

    Magister vero Johannes, electus in Elfinensem episcopum per Clarum archidiaconum ejusdem sedis, et 10  per Malachiam decanum cathedralem, et per Gelasium 11  sacristam, perrexit ad dominum papam usque ad Liuns-sur-Rhona 12  ubi fuit in exilio a sede Romana, dejectus per 13  Romanorum imperatorem; et tantam gratiam habuit 14  in oculis domini papae et curiae Romanae quod cassata 15  electione facta de Comarb Coman per juniores Elfinensis 16  chori canonicos, electio de ipso facta per majores licet 17  pauciores reverenter obtinuit, et quod dominus Papa misit 18  literas suas cum ipso ad Tuamensem 19  archiepiscopum, ut in episcopum consecretur; in nomine Domini Jesu 20  Christi consecratus est respondentibus Christi fidelibus, 21  et veritatem servare cupientibus die consecrationis ejus, 22  Deo gratias.

     LC1245.13

    Raghnall O'Maelmhiadhaigh was slain by 23  the Connachtmen in hoc anno.

     LC1245.14

    Muirchertach, son of 24  Cathal, son of Diarmaid, son of Tadhg O'Maelruanaidh, 25  assumed the sovereignty of the Rock after Cormac, son 26  of Tomaltach, and was fully twenty-one years in the 27  sovereignty afterwards.

LC1246
     LC1246.0

    28 The kalends of January on Monday, the 9th of the  p.373 moon; vi. anno cycli solaris; xii. anno cycli Decennovenalis; iiii. anno Indictionis; M.cc.xlvi.

     LC1246.1

    A whale came ashore at Cuil-irra in Cairpre of Druim-cliabh, which brought great prosperity and joy to the entire country.

     LC1246.2

    The bishop of Oilfinn, i.e. John O'hUghroin, i.e. the son of the comarb of Mochua, died at Rath-Aedha-mic-Bric in this year.

     LC1246.3

    Druim-lethan was burned in hoc anno.

     LC1246.4

    Maelsechlainn, son of Conchobhar Ruadh, son of Muirchertach Muimhnech O'Conchobhair, was killed by Muirchertach 10  O'Dubhda in this year. Muirchertach O'Dubhda 11  was banished over sea after this killing.

     LC1246.5

    Jean Fitz-Geoffroi, 12  came as Justiciary to Erinn, and Maurice Fitz-Gerald 13  was deposed.

     LC1246.6

    Toirdhelbhach, son of Aedh O'Conchobhair, 14  escaped from the crannog of Loch-Leisi in the 15  autumn, and drowned his keepers—viz.Cormac Mac 16  Muiredhaigh and two O'Ainmirechs; and he himself went 17  away afterwards.

     LC1246.7

    A great depredation was committed 18  by Maurice Fitz-Gerald in Tir-Conaill; and he gave the 19  half of Tir-Conaill to Cormac, son of Diarmaid, son of 20  Ruaidhri, and received the hostages of O'Domhnaill for 21  the other half; and he left the hostages in the castle of 22  Sligech. O'Domhnaill, and the nobles of the Cenel-Conaill 23  along with him, went on Samhain-day to Sligech; and 24  the bawn of the town was burned by them, although 25  they did not enter the castle; and the warders hanged 26  O'Domhnaill's hostages, in his presence, on the top of the 27  castle, viz.:—O'Mianain, the tutor of O'Domhnaill, and his 28  foster-brother.

     LC1246.8

    Aedh, son of Aedh O'Conchobhair, was 29  taken prisoner, and plundered.

     LC1246.9

    Toirdhelbhach, son of Aedh  p.375 O'Conchobhair, was again taken prisoner whilst under the guarantee of the bishop of Cluain, and was delivered into the hands of the Foreigners, and placed in the castle of Ath-Luain.

     LC1246.10

    Tomaltach O'Conchobhair was elected to the bishopric of Oilfinn.

     LC1246.11

    Murchadh O'hAnluain, king of Oirthera, was slain at the instigation of Brian O'Neill.

LC1247
     LC1247.0

    The kalends of January on Tuesday, and the twentieth of the moon; septimo anno cycli solaris; xiii, anno cycli Decennovenalis; quinto anno Indictionis; M.cc.xlvii.

     LC1247.1

    10 The grade of bishop of Oilfinn was assumed by Tomaltach, 11  son of Toirdhelbhach, son of Maelsechlainn O'Conchobhair, 12  on the Sunday before Septuagesima, in Tuaim-dá-ghualann.

     LC1247.2

    13 Benedictus Mac Oirechtaigh, airchinnech of 14  Achadh-Fabhair of Umhall, was killed on the festival of the 15  Cross, the third day of summer, by the son of Conchobhar 16  Ruadh, son of Muirchertach Muimhnech, and by the son of 17  Maghnus, son of Muirchertach Muimhnech O'Conchobhair, 18  in treachery and deceit.

     LC1247.3

    Toirdhelbhach escaped from the 19  castle of Ath-Luain.

     LC1247.4

    Milidh Mac Goisdelbh took possession 20  of Fedha-Conmaicne, out of which he expelled Cathal 21  Mac Raghnaill; and he took possession of the crannog of 22  Claen-loch, and left a garrison of his own people in it. 23  Cathal and Toirdhelbhach, the two sons of Aedh O'Conchobhair, 24  joined with Mac Raghnaill to expel Mac Goisdelbh 25  from Fidh-Conmaicne; and they took possession of 26  the crannog and lake, and demolished the castle of Lec-derg, 27  on the Saturday before Whitsunday. And Toirdhelbhach 28  went upon Trinity Island to meet Clarus Mac Mailin, 29  the archdeacon; for the Foreigners had refused to come out 30  of the castle until they could go with the archdeacon across 31  the Sinainn westwards to Tuaim-mna; and they went  p.377 with him; and Clann-Goisdelbh were expelled out of the district.

     LC1247.5

    A great hosting by Maurice Fitz-Gerald, and the Foreigners along with him, until they reached Sligech in the first instance, and from thence to Es-Ruaidh-mic-Badhuirn, on the Wednesday after the festival of Paul and Peter; and Cormac, son of Diarmaid, son of Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair, went there in his host and muster.

     LC1247.6

    O'Domhnaill assembled the Cenel-Conaill and Cenel-Eoghain to meet him at Bel-atha-Senaigh, so that they allowed 10  neither Foreigners nor Gaeidhel to cross the ford during 11  the space of a whole week; when they determined 12  that Cormac O'Conchobhair should go, with a large force 13  of cavalry, eastwards along the plain, and then turn upwards 14  through the plain by the margin of the bog; and 15  he then proceeded eastwards along the river until he 16  reached Ath-Chuil-uaine on the Erne. And the Cenel-Conaill 17  observed nothing until they saw them approaching 18  on their own side of the river. And when the Foreigners 19  perceived the Cenel-Conaill watching the cavalry in their 20  rear, they themselves rushed across the ford, so that 21  the Cenel-Conaill were placed between both divisions.

     LC1247.7

    22 O'Domhnall was defeated, with his army; and Maelsechlainn 23  O'Domhnaill, king of Cenel-Conaill, was slain there; 24  and the Gilla-muinélach O'Baoidhill, and Mac Somhairle, 25  king of Airer-Gaeidhel, and the nobles of the Cenel-Conaill 26  besides, were slain. And many of Fitz-Gerald's 27  army were drowned going northwards across the Finn; 28  and many of the same army were slain at Termann-Dabheog, 29  in pursuit of the preys, including William Brit, 30  i.e. the sheriff of Connacht, and a young armed knight 31  who was his brother. However, the entire country was  p.379 afterwards devastated and plundered by them; and they left the sovereignty of Cenel-Conaill with Ruaidhri O'Canannain on this occasion.

     LC1247.8

    A great war was waged by Toirdhelbhach, son of Aedh O'Conchobhair, and by Donnchadh, son of Anmchadh, son of Donnchadh Mac Gillapatraic of Osraighe, against the Foreigners of Connacht; and Toirdhelbhach assembled the sons of the kings of Connacht, until they reached Fidh-Uí-Diarmada and Muinter-Fathaidh, where they killed many persons. 10  And they proceeded thence to the castle of Bun-Gaillimhe, 11  and burned the town and castle; and many persons were 12  killed and plundered there. And Mac Elget, i.e. the 13  seneschal of Connacht, was killed by the son of Anmchadh 14  O'Gillapatraic of Osraighe. And the Foreigners followed 15  them and gave them battle, when a number of the 16  Foreigners were slain; and they went away from them, 17  in spite of them, and went afterwards into Cera. Jordan 18  de Exeter, and Clann-Adam, and the Foreigners of Cera 19  assembled and proceeded against Toirdhelbhach; and 20  Toirdhelbhach left the country to them, as he had not 21  forces enough to meet them.

     LC1247.9

    Burgheis-chinn-trachta 22  was burned by Tadhg, son of Conchobhar Ruadh, and by 23  Tadhg, son of Tuathal, son of Muirchertach Muimhnech.

     LC1247.10

    24 Nor this alone; but the Foreigners of Connacht had not 25  experienced for a long time previously a war equal to 26  that waged against them by these sons of kings in this 27  year; for they left neither district nor cantred of the 28  territory of Connacht belonging to the Foreigners without 29  pillaging.

     LC1247.11

    Finnghuala, daughter of Ruaidhri O'Conchobhair, 30  died in Cunga-Feichin in hoc anno.

     LC1247.12

    Ros-Comain 31  and Ard-carna were burned by the Foreigners in 32  hoc anno.

     LC1247.13

    O'Dubhda and O'Baighill came with a great  p.381 fleet to plunder Cairpre; and the crew of one of the ships were drowned at Inis-Tuathfrais, together with Maghnus O'Baighill.

     LC1247.14

    Conchobhar O'Muiredhaigh, bishop of Uí-Fiachrach-Aighne, died in Bristol.

     LC1247.15

    Tadhg, son of Conchobhar Ruadh, burned Inis-mór of Claen-locha, in which eight and twenty Foreigners were consumed.

LC1248
     LC1248.0

    The kalends of January on Wednesday, and the first of the moon; octavo anno cycli solaris; xiiii. cycli Decennovenalis; vi. anno Indictionis; M.cc.xlviii.

     LC1248.1

    Diarmaid 10  O'Cuanna, great priest of Oilfinn, died, and was interred 11  in Cill-mór.

     LC1248.2

    The son of O'Sechnasaigh was slain by the 12  Foreigners.

     LC1248.3

    Opecin Guér was slain by Gillamochoinne 13  O'Cathail in hoc anno.

     LC1248.4

    The sons of Maghnus, and the 14  sons of Conchobhar Ruadh, joined together, and turned 15  against the Foreigners, and the castle of Mac Henry was 16  burned by them, and its constable taken prisoner; and 17  the preys of the north of Umhall were taken by them to 18  Innsi-Modh.

     LC1248.5

    Jordan de Exeter, however, and John 19  Butler, and Robin Lawless, and several persons along 20  with them, assembled and went to Baile-tobair-Patraic, 21  and from thence to Achadh-Fabhair; and they plundered 22  all Umhall, north and south, on the morrow.

     LC1248.6

    Mac 23  Henry came also, with a large army, into Umhall, (for 24  it belonged to himself, and he was residing in it). Mac 25  Henry then made peace with Domhnall, son of Maghnus, 26  for the sake of his territory; and Domhnall promised that 27  he would furnish forces and boats to attack his brother.

     LC1248.7

    As regards 28  the sons of Conchobhar, moreover; they were 29  on Innsi-Modh, and it was reported to them that a party 30  had gone from Mac Henry to Domhnall, for boats. They 31  advanced against this party, and killed O'hUain, the son  p.383 of the foreign woman, and John the son of the foreign priest; and Sinnott Guêr, and four of his people along with him, were slain by Diarmaid, son of Maghnus, in this encounter. However, this was the joy with sorrow, for the powerful champion and prop of battle, i.e. Diarmaid, son of Maghnus, was slain on the spot.

     LC1248.8

    Tadhg, son of Conchobhar Ruadh, was killed by the Foreigners in this year. Great, truly, was the fear and terror of this youth entertained by the Foreigners and Gaeidhel who 10  were opposed to him, until he received his death ultimately.

     LC1248.9

    11 A hosting by Maurice Fitz-Gerald into Tir-Conaill. 12  Great depredations and plunders were committed 13  by him therein; and O'Canannan was expelled 14  from the country to O'Neill and the Cenel-Eoghain, and 15  the sovereignty of Cenel-Conaill was left to Goffraigh, 16  son of Domhnall Mór O'Domhnaill.

     LC1248.10

    A hosting by the 17  Cenel-Eoghain, and by O'Canannain, again into Tir-Conaill, 18  when they gave battle to each other, and 19  O'Canannain, and a great many nobles along with him, 20  were slain by the Cenel-Conaill, and by Goffraigh, son 21  of Domhnall O'Domhnaill, who afterwards assumed the 22  sovereignty of Tir-Conaill.

     LC1248.11

    Another hosting by the 23  Justiciary of Erinn to Cenel-Eoghain, to O'Neill; and the 24  resolution adopted by the Cenel-Eoghain was, since the 25  power of the Foreigners was over the Gaeidhel of Erinn, 26  to give hostages to the Foreigners, and to make peace 27  with them, for the sake of their country. Conmaicne-Mara 28  was all plundered by the Foreigners. The Foreigners 29  went on a hosting to O'Flaithbhertaigh, who 30  defeated them, and killed a great number of them.

     LC1248.12

    31 Muirchertach O'Dubhda, i.e. the ex-cleric, was killed 32  by the son of Fedlhlim O'Conchobhair. William Burk 33  died in Saxon-land, and his body was brought to Erinn,  p.385 and interred at Ath-issel.

     LC1248.13

    The King of France went to Jerusalem, to defend Christendom, in this year.

     LC1248.14

    The comarb of Patrick, i.e. the poenitentiarius of the Pope, came to Erinn.

     LC1248.15

    John Tirrel was killed by Gilla-na-naemh O'Ferghail.

     LC1248.16

    Fedhlim, son of Cathal Crobhderg, gave Rath-na-Romanach to the canons of Cill-mór, and a cantarcapath of silk on the same day, at the persuasion and request of Tadhg O'Mannachain, in honour of Mary and Augustin, in presence of several of the nobles of 10  Connacht.

     LC1248.17

    Amhlaibh, son of Cathal Riabhach O'Ruairc, 11  was killed by Conchobhar Carrach Mac Donnchadha, per 12  dolum.

     LC1248.18

    Foghartach O'Dobhailen, king of the Corann, 13  quievit.

     LC1248.19

    Master Gilbert O'Cerbhaill quievit in Christo.

LC1249
     LC1249.0

    14 The kalends of January on Friday, and the twelfth of 15  the moon; nono anno cycli solaris; xv. anno Decennovenalis 16  cycli; vii. anno Indictionis. M.cc.xl.nono.

     LC1249.1

    A great 17  hosting by the Justiciary of Erinn into Laighen, to attack 18  the sons of kings who were injuring and totally destroying 19  the Foreigners; and the Lagenian sons of kings 20  sided not with the Justiciary on this occasion; and as 21  they did not, he invaded the country, which was entirely 22  wasted by him.

     LC1249.2

    A great war was waged, and numerous 23  injuries were committed, by Finghin Mac Carthaigh 24  against the Foreigners of Des-Mumha, in hoc anno.

     LC1249.3

    Adam Minatur 25  was slain by the son of Gillamochoinne 26  O'Cathail, and many more along with him.

     LC1249.4

    Piers Poer, 27  i.e. the son of Henry, and David Treu, accompanied by a 28  mounted party of young men, proceeded before Mac 29  Feorais into Connacht, to the castle of Sligech. And this 30  was reported to the son of Fedhlim O'Conchobhair; and 31  when he heard it he laid an ambuscade for them, 32  and Piers Poer, and David Treu, and five young men along  p.387 with them, were slain there; and the bodies of these men were conveyed to Es-dara for interment.

     LC1249.5

    As regards the son of Fedhlim, he proceeded afterwards to Tir-Fiachrach, and through the country of Mac Feorais, which he entirely plundered from the Muaidh eastwards to Traigh-Eothuile. And Geroitin Mac Feorais followed them and overtook Donnchadh, son of Maghnus, who was wounded by him, and taken prisoner after having been wounded; and he subsequently took him with him to 10  Dun-Contreat.

     LC1249.6

    The son of Fedhlim pursued them afterwards, 11  and rescued the son of Maghnus from them; and 12  Geroitin was killed per dolum; and Donnchadh, son 13  of Maghnus, died of this wound; and great was the 14  loss to both Foreigners and Gaeidhel.

     LC1249.7

    Mac Maurice 15  thereupon mustered, and proceeded into Connacht, and 16  deprived the son of Fedhlim of as much of these preys as 17  he found with him.

     LC1249.8

    When Fedhlim, son of Cathal 18  Crobhderg; heard that the Foreigners were assembled in 19  his neighbourhood, after his son had inflicted such great 20  injuries on them, he adopted the resolution of sending his 21  moveables across the Sinainn eastwards, into the Breifne, 22  and to the North of Erinn.

     LC1249.9

    The Justiciary assembled 23  the Foreigners of Midhe and Laighen, and advanced with 24  a great army across Ath-Luain, and from thence into 25  Sil-Muiredhaigh; and Mac Maurice advanced on the other 26  side, accompanied by the Foreigners of Mumha and 27  Connacht. And these two armies went to Oilfinn, after 28  destroying Síl-Muiredhaigh before them so far; and 29  they invited to them Toirdhelbhach, son of Aedh, son of 30  Cathal Crobhderg, and made him king in the place of 31  Fedhlim, son of Cathal Crobhderg. And they afterwards 32  plundered the territory of Breifne, and committed numerous 33  injuries in it in every direction, and subsequently 34  brought their preys with them. And they were fully 35  twenty nights in Síl-Muiredhaigh, devastating it; and 36  they plundered Loch-Cé, together with its islands, and  p.389 the Rock, with its precincts.

     LC1249.10

    The Justiciary moreover, went afterwards into Midhe, and Mac Maurice went to Sligech; and they left Toirdhelbhach, son of Aedh, guarding Síl-Muiredhaigh.

     LC1249.11

    Another hosting by the sons of the kings of Connacht, on the festival of Mary in mid-autumn, to Ath-na-righ, to burn and plunder it.

     LC1249.12

    Another great army under Toirdhelbhach, son of Aedh, and Aedh Og, son of Aedh. And the sheriff of Connacht was in the town before them, accompanied by many Foreigners; 10  and the Foreigners requested a truce for that day in 11  honour of Mary, whose festival it was. And the kings' 12  sons did not grant this truce in honour of Mary or the 13  Holy Cross; but they attacked the town furiously, against 14  the will of Toirdhelbhach.

     LC1249.13

    When Jordan and the Foreigners 15  observed this, they came out of the town against 16  these kings' sons; and Mary performed manifest miracles 17  there; for when the kings' sons, with their people, 18  saw the terrible mail-clad cavalry coming towards 19  them out of the town, prodigious fear and terror seized 20  them at the sight, and they were routed; and Aedh, 21  son of Aedh O'Conchobhair, was slain there, and Diarmaid 22  Ruadh, son of Cormac O'Maelsechlainn; and two sons of 23  O'Cellaigh; and Brian-in-doire, son of Maghnus; and 24  Carrach-ind-shibhail, son of Niall O'Conchobhair; and 25  Baethghalach Mac Aedhagain; and the son of Diarmaid 26  Bachlach O'Conchobhair, i.e. Mathghamhain, grandson 27  of Tadhg; and the two sons of Lochlainn O'Conchobhair; 28  and Domhnall, son of Cormac Mac Diarmada; and the 29  Finnanach Mac Branain; and Cumumhan Mac Casarlaigh; 30  and many other persons along with them.

     LC1249.14

    Donnchadh 31  son of Anmchadh, son of Donnchadh O'Gillapatraic, i.e. 32  the captain of greatest honour and prowess that had  p.391 come of the men of Osraighe down from Colman, son of Bicne Caech, and from Scanlan, son of Cennfaeladh, was slain by the Foreigners in this year. And this was a satisfaction for the Foreigners, as he had killed, and plundered, and burned many of them previously up to that time; for Donnchadh was the third Gaeidhel who had risen against the Foreigners after they had occupied Erinn, viz.:—Conchobhar O'Maelsechlainn, and Conchobhar-na-gcaislen Mac Cochlain, and the son of Anmchadh; 10  for the son of Anmchadh was wont himself to reconnoitre 11  the market towns in the guise of a pauper, or a carpenter, 12  or a turner, or a person of some other trade, ut dicitur:—

    1. 13 He is wont to be a carpenter; is wont to be a turner;14 
      My nursling is wont to be a bookman;15 
      He is wont to be selling wine and hides,16 
      Where he sees the gathering, &c.

     LC1249.15

    17 Tadhg O'Mannachain, king of Uí-Briuin-na-Sinna, died 18  in octavo idus Junii, and was subsequently interred in 19  Cill-mor-na-Sinna.

     LC1249.16

    Conn O'Flannagain, prior of Cill-mor-na-Sinna, 20  died in septimo kalendas Maii.

     LC1249.17

    Maelmuire 21  O'Lachtnain, a master in canon law, and a palmer of the 22  river Jordan, and archbishop of Tuaim-dá-ghualann 23  and of all Connacht, died in the winter, and a short time 24  before Christmas.

     LC1249.18

    Andrias Mac Gillegheir, comarb of 25  Feichin mortuus est.

     LC1249.19

    Maelciarain O'Lenachain, noble 26  chief priest of Tuaim-mná; a man who maintained clerics 27  and