Research Profile

James Windle

Biography

Dr. James Windle is Lecturer in Criminology and Director of the BA Criminology Degree at University College Cork. He holds a LLM in International Law with International Relations from the University of Kent, and a PhD in Criminology from Loughborough University/Midlands Centre for Criminology and Criminal Justice.

Prior to joining UCC, James was Senior Lecturer of Criminology and Criminal Justice at the University of East London, where he was Programme Leader for the BA Criminology and Psychosocial Studies. He was also a Fellow of the UEL Terrorism and Extremism Research Centre. In 2008, James served as a research intern at the UN Office of Drugs and Crime and in 2015 contributed to the Brookings Institute project Improving Global Drug Policy: Comparative Perspectives and UNGASS 2016. He is also a qualified electrician, a trade he worked in for almost ten years before entering academia.

His primary research focus has been on illicit drug markets, illicit enterprise, street gangs, organized crime and the history of prohibition. He is currently conducting research on the Irish illicit drug market.

He is author of Suppressing Illicit Opium Production: Successful Intervention in Asia and the Middle East (IB Taurus, 2016) and lead editor of Historical Perspectives on Organized Crime and Terrorism (Routledge, 2018)
an edited volume based upon the simple premise that historical accounts of organized crime and terrorism offer critically important lessons for understanding and responding to contemporary threats and phenomena. He has published extensively in prominent peer-reviewed social science journals.

James is interested in supervising PhDs in any of his research interests, although he has broad criminological interests so is open to discuss supervision in other areas.



Research Interests

Criminology, illicit drug markets, illicit enterprise, street gangs, organized crime

Publications

Books

 YearPublication
(2018)Historical Perspectives on Organized Crime and Terrorism.
Windle, James; Morrison, John F.; Winter, Aaron; Silke, Andrew (2018) Historical Perspectives on Organized Crime and Terrorism. Abingdon: Routledge. [Details]
(2016)Suppressing Illicit Opium Production: Successful Intervention in Asia and the Middle East.
Windle, James (2016) Suppressing Illicit Opium Production: Successful Intervention in Asia and the Middle East. London: I.B. Taurus. [Details]

Peer Reviewed Journals

 YearPublication
(2019)'Is drawing from the state ‘state of the art’?: a review of organised crime research data collection and analysis, 2004–2018'
Windle, James and Silke, Andrew (2019) 'Is drawing from the state ‘state of the art’?: a review of organised crime research data collection and analysis, 2004–2018'. Trends in Organized Crime, 22 (4):394-413 [Details]
(2018)'Crime in Ireland north and south: Feuding gangs and profiteering paramilitaries'
Hourigan, Niamh; Morrison, John F.; Windle, James; Silke, Andrew (2018) 'Crime in Ireland north and south: Feuding gangs and profiteering paramilitaries'. Trends in Organized Crime, 21 (2):126-146 [Details]
(2018)'Cyber as an enabler of terrorism financing, now and in the future'
Carroll, Paul; Windle, James (2018) 'Cyber as an enabler of terrorism financing, now and in the future'. Journal of Policing, Intelligence and Counter Terrorism, 13 (3):285-300   [DOI] [Full Text] [Details]
(2018)'Why do South-east Asian states choose to suppress opium? A cross-case comparison'
Windle, James (2018) 'Why do South-east Asian states choose to suppress opium? A cross-case comparison'. Third World Quarterly, 39 (2):366-384 [Details]
(2017)'The impact of the Great Recession on the Irish drug market'
Windle, James (2017) 'The impact of the Great Recession on the Irish drug market'. Criminology & Criminal Justice, 18 (5):548-567   [DOI] [Full Text] [Details]
(2017)'A slow march from social evil to harm reduction: drugs and drug policy in Vietnam'
Windle, James (2017) 'A slow march from social evil to harm reduction: drugs and drug policy in Vietnam'. Journal Of Drug Policy Analysis, 10 (2) [Details]
(2016)'Security trumps drug control: How securitization explains drug policy paradoxes in Thailand and Vietnam'
Windle, James (2016) 'Security trumps drug control: How securitization explains drug policy paradoxes in Thailand and Vietnam'. Drugs-Education Prevention And Policy, 23 :344-354 [DOI] [Details]
(2016)'Preventing the diversion of Turkish opium'
Windle, James (2016) 'Preventing the diversion of Turkish opium'. Security Journal, 29 :213-227 [DOI] [Details]
(2015)'Going solo: the social organisation of drug dealing within a London street gang'
Windle, James;Briggs, Danile (2015) 'Going solo: the social organisation of drug dealing within a London street gang'. The Journal of Youth Studies, 18 :1170-1185 [DOI] [Details]
(2015)''It's like working away for two weeks': The harms associated with young drug dealers commuting from a saturated London drug market'
Windle, James;Briggs, Daniel (2015) ''It's like working away for two weeks': The harms associated with young drug dealers commuting from a saturated London drug market'. Crime Prevention & Community Safety, 17 :105-119 [DOI] [Details]
(2014)'A very gradual suppression: A history of Turkish opium controls, 1933-1974'
Windle, James (2014) 'A very gradual suppression: A history of Turkish opium controls, 1933-1974'. European Journal of Criminology, 11 :195-212 [DOI] [Details]
(2013)'Tuckers firm: a case study of British organised crime'
Windle, James (2013) 'Tuckers firm: a case study of British organised crime'. Trends in Organized Crime, 16 (4):382-396 [Details]
(2013)'Harms caused by China's 1906-17 opium suppression intervention'
Windle, James (2013) 'Harms caused by China's 1906-17 opium suppression intervention'. The International journal on drug policy, 24 :498-505 [DOI] [Details]
(2013)'How the East Influenced Drug Prohibition'
Windle, James (2013) 'How the East Influenced Drug Prohibition'. The International History Review, 35 :1185-1199 [DOI] [Details]
(2012)'Insights for contemporary drug policy: A historical account of opium control in India and Pakistan'
Windle, James (2012) 'Insights for contemporary drug policy: A historical account of opium control in India and Pakistan'. Asian Journal Of Criminology, 7 (1):55-74 [Details]
(2012)'Popping the Balloon Effect: Assessing Drug Law Enforcement in Terms of Displacement, Diffusion, and the Containment Hypothesis'
Windle, James; Farrell, Graham (2012) 'Popping the Balloon Effect: Assessing Drug Law Enforcement in Terms of Displacement, Diffusion, and the Containment Hypothesis'. Substance Use & Misuse, 47 :868-876 [DOI] [Details]
(2012)'The suppression of illicit opium production in Viet Nam: an introductory narrative'
Windle, James (2012) 'The suppression of illicit opium production in Viet Nam: an introductory narrative'. Crime Law And Social Change, 57 :425-439 [DOI] [Details]
(2011)'Ominous parallels and optimistic differences: Opium in China and Afghanistan'
windle, James (2011) 'Ominous parallels and optimistic differences: Opium in China and Afghanistan'. Law, Crime and History, 1 (2):141-164 [Details]
(2011)'Poppies for medicine in Afghanistan: Lessons from India and Turkey'
Windle, James (2011) 'Poppies for medicine in Afghanistan: Lessons from India and Turkey'. Journal of Asian & African Studies, 46 (6):663-677 [Details]
(2009)'Pakistan: Islamist Militants and the Resurgence in the Illicit Opiates Trade'
Windle, James (2009) 'Pakistan: Islamist Militants and the Resurgence in the Illicit Opiates Trade'. Internet Journal of Criminology,   [Details]

Book Chapters

 YearPublication
(2019)'Opium Production in India, Pakistan and Afghanistan: Historical Milieu and Counter-Measures'
James, Windle (2019) 'Opium Production in India, Pakistan and Afghanistan: Historical Milieu and Counter-Measures' In: K. Jaishankar (eds). Handbook of South Asian Criminology. New York: Taylor Francis. [Details]
(2019)'The Causes and Consequences of Gangland Violence in the Republic of Ireland'
Windle, James (2019) 'The Causes and Consequences of Gangland Violence in the Republic of Ireland' In: Lombardo, R.M (eds). Organized Crime: Causes and Consequences. Hauppauge: Nova. [Full Text] [Details]
(2018)'Fundraising, Organised Crime and Terrorist Financing'
Windle, James (2018) 'Fundraising, Organised Crime and Terrorist Financing' In: Silke, Andrew (eds). The Routledge Handbook of Terrorism and Counter-terrorism. Abingdon: Routledge.   [Full Text] [Details]
(2018)'Why do South-East Asian States Choose to Suppress Opium? A Cross-case Comparison'
Windle, james (2018) 'Why do South-East Asian States Choose to Suppress Opium? A Cross-case Comparison' In: Ghiabi, M (eds). Power and Illicit Drugs in the Global South. Abingdon: Routledge. [Details]
(2018)''He just wasn’t the bloke I used to know': Social capital and the fragmentation of a British organised crime network'
Windle, James (2018) ''He just wasn’t the bloke I used to know': Social capital and the fragmentation of a British organised crime network' In: Windle, J., Morrison, J., Silke, A. and Winter, A (eds). Historical Perspectives on Organised Crime and Terrorism. Abingdon: Routledge.   [Full Text] [Details]
(2018)'Hawking the historical method in organised crime and terrorism studies'
Windle, James; Morrison, John F.; Winter, Aaron; Silke, Andrew (2018) 'Hawking the historical method in organised crime and terrorism studies' In: Windle, James; Morrison, John F.; Winter, Aaron; Silke, Andrew (eds). Historical Perspectives on Organised Crime and Terrorism. Abingdon: Routledge.   [Full Text] [Details]
(2015)'Drugs and Drug Policy in Thailand'
Windle, James (2015) 'Drugs and Drug Policy in Thailand' In: Vanda Felbab-Brown; Harold Trinkunas (eds). Improving global drug policy: Comparative perspectives and UNGASS 2016. Washington: Brookings Institute.   [Details]
(2015)'A Slow March from Social Evil to Harm Reduction: Drugs and Drug Policy in Vietnam'
Windle, James (2015) 'A Slow March from Social Evil to Harm Reduction: Drugs and Drug Policy in Vietnam' In: https://www.brookings.edu/research/improving-global-drug-policy-comparative-perspectives-and-ungass-2016/ (eds). Improving global drug policy: Comparative perspectives and UNGASS 2016. Washington: Brookings Institute. [Details]
(2012)'Afghanistan, Narcotics and the International Criminal Court: From Port of Spain to Kabul, via Rome'
Windle, James (2012) 'Afghanistan, Narcotics and the International Criminal Court: From Port of Spain to Kabul, via Rome' In: European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice. Netherlands: Brill. [Details]
(2011)'Pakistan'
Windle, James (2011) 'Pakistan' In: Kleiman, M.R.A.; Hawden, J.E (eds). Encyclopedia of Drug Policy. London: Sage. [Details]
(2011)'Laos'
Windle, James (2011) 'Laos' In: Kleiman, M.R.A.; Hawden, J.E (eds). Encyclopedia of Drug Policy. London: Sage. [Details]
(2011)'Iran'
Windle, James (2011) 'Iran' In: Kleiman, M.R.A.; Hawden, J.E (eds). Encyclopedia of Drug Policy. London: Sage. [Details]
(2010)'Criminal justice in Afghanistan'
Windle, James; Farrell, Graham (2010) 'Criminal justice in Afghanistan' In: Crime and Punishment Around the World. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO. [Details]

Blog

 YearPublication
(2018)Historical Research and the Limitations of Repressive Countermeasures (RUSI: The Informer).
Windle, James (2018) Historical Research and the Limitations of Repressive Countermeasures (RUSI: The Informer). Blog   [Details]
(2018)Here's what criminologists make of The Young Offenders (RTÉ Brainstorm).
Windle, J. and Swirak, K. (2018) Here's what criminologists make of The Young Offenders (RTÉ Brainstorm). Blog   [Details]

Book Reviews

 YearPublication
(2019)Review: Drug Control and Human Rights in International Law.
Windle, James (2019) Review: Drug Control and Human Rights in International Law. Book Reviews   [Details]
(2016)Heroin, Organized Crime, and the Making of Modern Turkey by Ryan Gingeras.
Windle, James (2016) Heroin, Organized Crime, and the Making of Modern Turkey by Ryan Gingeras. Book Reviews [Details]

Newspaper Articles

 YearPublication
(2018)Getting ahead of the cyber game (City Security Magazine).
Carroll, P. and Windle, J. (2018) Getting ahead of the cyber game (City Security Magazine). Newspaper Articles   [Details]
(2017)Four Steps Donald Trump Can Take to Help End the U.S. Heroin Epidemic (Newsweek).
Windle, James (2017) Four Steps Donald Trump Can Take to Help End the U.S. Heroin Epidemic (Newsweek). Newspaper Articles [Details]

Published Letters

 YearPublication
(2016)Re: Morality and Non-Medical Drug Use (British Medical Journal).
Windle, James (2016) Re: Morality and Non-Medical Drug Use (British Medical Journal). Published Letters   [Details]

Professional Activities

Honours and Awards

 YearTitleAwarding Body
2007Doctorial studentship to the value of £41,000 over three years Loughborough University

Professional Associations

 AssociationFunctionFrom / To
International Association for the Study of Organised Crime Member02-SEP-12 / 16-FEB-18
British Society of Criminology; Member02-AUG-09 / 16-FEB-18

Conference Contributions

 YearPublication
(2019)North South Criminology Conference,
Windle, James (2019) The seduction of rioting: revisiting the 1991 Blackbird Leys riot. [Oral Presentation], North South Criminology Conference, Cork, Ireland . [Details]
(2019)Cities in Conflict; urban Spaces and Violence,
Windle, James (2019) Revisiting ‘Goliath’: Were the 1991 Blackbird Leys rioters an ‘underclass’ and where are they now?. [Oral Presentation], Cities in Conflict; urban Spaces and Violence, University College Cork, Cork . [Details]
(2018)11th North/South Criminology Conference,
Windle, James (2018) A Review of Organized Crime Research Data Collection, Analysis and Authorship, 2004-2018. [Oral Presentation], 11th North/South Criminology Conference, University College Dublin, Dublin . [Details]
(2018)11th North/South Criminology Conference,
Windle, James (2018) A Review of Organized Crime Research Data Collection, Analysis and Authorship, 2004-2018. [Oral Presentation], 11th North/South Criminology Conference, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland . [Details]
(2018)Sustainability Summer School,
Windle, James (2018) Sustainable Development and the Illicit Drugs Trade. [Invited Lectures (Workshops)], Sustainability Summer School, UCC, Cork . [Details]
(2017)2nd Greentown Project meeting,
Windle, J. (2017) Greentown – elements of the situation that can change for children caught up in criminal networks. [Invited Oral Presentation], 2nd Greentown Project meeting, University of Limerick (recorded interview) . [Details]
(2017)Research Symposium on Global Crises,
Windle, J. (2017) Recession and illicit drug markets: A research agenda. [Invited Lectures (Conference)], Research Symposium on Global Crises, University College Cork . [Details]
(2017)Final Greentown Project meeting,
Windle, J. (2017) What are the essential aspects to focus on when designing the programme and why?. [Invited Lectures (Workshops)], Final Greentown Project meeting, University of Limerick . [Details]
(2017)1st Greentown Project meeting,
Windle, J. (2017) Greentown - problem definition. [Invited Oral Presentation], 1st Greentown Project meeting, University of Limerick (recorded interview) . [Details]
(2016)10th North-South Criminology Conference,
Windle, J. (2016) The Irish Drug Market: Recession, Globalisation and Cannabis Import Substitution. [Oral Presentation], 10th North-South Criminology Conference, Maynooth University, Maynooth, Ireland . [Details]
(2016)Drug Trafficking in the Community,
Windle, J. (2016) From Farm to Fam: Global Illicit Drug Distribution Chains. [Invited Lectures (Workshops)], Drug Trafficking in the Community, RUSI (Royal United Services Institute). London . [Details]
(2016)Symposium: Drugs, Politics and Society in the Global South,
Windle, J. (2016) Why Stop Farmers from Farming? Motivations for National Opium Suppression Interventions. [Invited Lectures (Conference)], Symposium: Drugs, Politics and Society in the Global South, University of Oxford . [Details]
(2015)15th Workshop of the Eurogang Program,
Windle, J. (2015) Different Actors, Different Perspectives: A Case Study of A London Street Gang. [Oral Presentation], 15th Workshop of the Eurogang Program, Blaubeuren, Germany . [Details]
(2015)Monitoring Markets: Medical Substances in Asia,
Windle, J. (2015) The Diversion and Illicit Production of Opium in India. [Invited Lectures (Workshops)], Monitoring Markets: Medical Substances in Asia, University of Dundee . [Details]
(2015)Reforming the Counter-Narcotics Policy Regime,
Windle, J. (2015) Drug Policy in South East Asia. [Invited Lectures (Workshops)], Reforming the Counter-Narcotics Policy Regime, Institute of Strategic Studies. London . [Details]
(2014)British Society of Criminology,
Windle, J. (2014) The Independent Entrepreneur and the 'Asbo kid': The Structure and Activity of a Coalition of London Youth Gang. [Oral Presentation], British Society of Criminology, Newcastle, UK . [Details]
(2014)9th North-South Irish Criminology,
Windle, J. (2014) The Structure and Activities of a Coalition of Gangs. [Oral Presentation], 9th North-South Irish Criminology, University College Cork . [Details]
(2014)Reforming the Counter-Narcotics Policy Regime,
Windle, J. (2014) Drug Policy in Thailand and Vietnam. [Invited Lectures (Workshops)], Reforming the Counter-Narcotics Policy Regime, Brooking Institute, Washington, USA . [Details]
(2013)European Society of Criminology Conference,
Windle, J. (2013) Organized Crime in the UK. [Oral Presentation], European Society of Criminology Conference, Budapest . [Details]
(2011)International Society for Drug Policy Analysis,
Windle, J. (2011) The Necessary Conditions for Successful Opium Suppression. [Poster Presentation], International Society for Drug Policy Analysis, Ultrecht, The Netherlands . [Details]
(2011)7th North-South Irish Criminology,
Windle, J. (2011) Displacement, Diffusion, Deflection and/or Competition in Source Country Drug Control. [Oral Presentation], 7th North-South Irish Criminology, Sligo, Ireland . [Details]
(2010)British Society of Criminology,
Windle, J. (2010) International Human Rights Law, the Prescription to the Failings of International Narcotics Control Laws?. [Oral Presentation], British Society of Criminology, Leicester, UK . [Details]

Education

 YearInstitutionQualificationSubject
2010Loughborough University / Midlands Centre for Criminology and Criminal Justice PhDCriminology
2012University of East London LDPLecturer Development Programme
2006University of Kent LLMInternational Law with International Relations
2005Oxford Brookes University BAPolitics and International Relations

Outreach Activities

 Description

Served on the Brookings Institute project Improving Global Drug Policy: Comparative Perspectives and UNGASS 2016

Served on ‘International Experts’ advisory panel for University of Limerick Greentown Research Project.

Teaching Activities

Modules Taught

 Term (ID))TitleLinkSubject
2020Organised Crime and Illicit Enterprise CR6019Organised Crime and Illicit Enterprise
2020The Global Trade in Illicit Drugs and Its Regulation CR2019The Global Trade in Illicit Drugs and Its Regulation
2020Inside-Out Criminal Justice and Social Justice CR2022Inside-Out Criminal Justice and Social Justice
2020Dissertation on Criminology CR3002Dissertation on Criminology
2020Crime, Urbanization and Cities CR2003Crime, Urbanization and Cities

Contact details


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Department of Sociology & Criminology

Socheolaíocht & Coireolaíocht

Askive, Donovan's Road, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland, T12 DT02

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