Research Profile

Julie Arnott

Biography

Julie Arnott is a public health epidemiologist that joined UCC’s School of Public Health as a Lecturer, leaving the HSE-Health Protection Surveillance Centre where she worked as a respiratory epidemiologist, including COVID-19.

Experience:

Julie’s post-graduate experience includes various jurisdictions such as England, Wales and Ireland whilst employed by the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Public Health Wales, the Health Information and Quality Authority (HIQA) and the HSE.

Education:

Julie graduated from University College Cork with a BSc in Public Health and Health Promotion, a Postgraduate Certificate in Health Protection, and a Master’s in Public Health specialising in advanced epidemiology and biostatistics.

Professional awards:

  • HSE Excellence Awards 2021 for responding to the COVID-19 pandemic,
    Public Health England Antibiotic Guardian Awards 2019 for her minor thesis on antibiotic prescribing in the community, 
  • HSE Influenza Vaccination Hero 2019 for public health advocacy.
  • Chair of the Surveillance Scientists/Epidemiologists Association of Ireland (serving from 2019 - 2021).
Volunteer/ advocate:
  1. Diversity and Inclusivity advocate
  2. Global health advocate
  3. Girls in Sport advocate 

Research Interests

I have a proven track record in health protection, working effectively in different healthcare jurisdictions including England, Wales and Ireland; with the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM), Public Health Wales (PHW), the Health Information and Quality Authority (HIQA) and the Health Protection Surveillance Centre (HPSC).
I have over ten years post-qualification experience in surveillance, applying epidemiological methods and investigating infectious disease outbreaks in various healthcare environments including community acquired- healthcare associated- or hospital acquired- infections and vaccine-preventable diseases. 

Research areas include (please see publications for further information):
  • Coronaviruses – COVID-19 and MERS-CoV (HPSC)
  • Influenza vaccination (HPSC and PHW)
  • Outbreak investigations (HPSC & PHW)
  • E. coli bacteraemia Root Cause Analysis (PHW)
  • National Guidance publication (HIQA)
  • Antimicrobial Consumption Community Surveillance, Minor Thesis in Epidemiology (UCC)
  • Pharmacoepidemiology (LSHTM)

Publications

Peer Reviewed Journals

 YearPublication
(2022)'Genomic epidemiology reveals geographical clustering of multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli sequence type (ST)131 associated with bacteraemia in Wales, United Kingdom'
RT White, MJ Bull, C Barker, JM Arnott, M Wootton, L Jones, R Howe, M Morgan, M Ashcroft, B Forde, T Connor, S Beatson (2022) 'Genomic epidemiology reveals geographical clustering of multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli sequence type (ST)131 associated with bacteraemia in Wales, United Kingdom'. Nature Communications,   [Details]
(2021)'COVID-19 surveillance robot: rapid innovation for public health pandemic management'
JM Arnott, N Sneyd, C Cross, M Russell (2021) 'COVID-19 surveillance robot: rapid innovation for public health pandemic management'. Central European Journal for Public Health, 31 (Supplement_3) [DOI] [Details]
(2019)'To switch or not to switch: the benefit of quadrivalent influenza vaccine to the Irish paediatric population'
J Arnott, A Quattrocchi, L Domegan, M Hunt, P Flanagan, J O'Donnell (2019) 'To switch or not to switch: the benefit of quadrivalent influenza vaccine to the Irish paediatric population'. Archives of Disease In Childhood, Volume 104 (Issue Suppl 3) [DOI] [Details]
(2017)'A systematic root cause analysis into the increase in Escherichia coli bacteraemia in Wales over the last 10 years'
J Song, RA Lyons, A Walters, A Akbari, M Heaven, D Berridge, M Heginbothom, JM Arnott (2017) 'A systematic root cause analysis into the increase in Escherichia coli bacteraemia in Wales over the last 10 years'. Healthcare informatics research, 24 (1)   [Details]
(2017)'Risk factors for Escherichia coli bacteraemia: a population-based case-control study'
J Song, A Walters, D Berridge, A Akbari, M Evans, RA Lyons (2017) 'Risk factors for Escherichia coli bacteraemia: a population-based case-control study'. The Lancet. Public Health, 390 (S85)   [DOI] [Details]
(2012)'Utility of Pharmacovigilance Reports for LQT/ TdP Case Ascertainment'
JM Arnott, M Molokhia (2012) 'Utility of Pharmacovigilance Reports for LQT/ TdP Case Ascertainment'. Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety, 21 (SUPPL. 3)   [DOI] [Details]

Conference Publications

 YearPublication
(2022)European Congress of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
JM Arnott, P Corcoran, J O’Donnell, L O’Connor (2022) Risk factors for hospitalisation post-COVID-19 infection in females of childbearing age European Congress of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases   [Details]
(2022)Faculty of Public Health Medicine winter scientific meeting
JM Arnott, P Corcoran, J O’Donnell, L O’Connor (2022) Risk factors for hospitalisation post-COVID-19 infection in females of childbearing age Faculty of Public Health Medicine winter scientific meeting   [Details]
(2022)Faculty of Public Health Medicine winter scientific meeting 2022
JM Arnott, N Sneyd, C Cross, M Russell (2022) COVID-19 surveillance robot: rapid innovation for public health pandemic management Faculty of Public Health Medicine winter scientific meeting 2022   [Details]
(2021)Australian Society for Microbiology (ASM)
RT White, MJ Bull, C Barker, JM Arnott, M Wootton, L Jones, R Howe, M Morgan, M Ashcroft, B Forde, T Connor, S Beatson (2021) Genomic epidemiology reveals geographical clustering of multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli sequence type (ST)131 associated with bacteraemia in Wales, United Kingdom Australian Society for Microbiology (ASM) [DOI] [Details]
(2019)HSE 6th National Sepsis Summit
JM Arnott, M Morgan (2019) Root Cause Analysis into the rise of E. coli bacteraemia in Wales HSE 6th National Sepsis Summit   [Details]
(2019)Faculty of Public Health Medicine summer scientific meeting 2022
J Arnott, J Mulroe, J Moran, J Connell, J O'Donnell (2019) Epidemiology of Parvovirus B19 in Ireland: January 2009-December 2018 Faculty of Public Health Medicine summer scientific meeting 2022   [Details]
(2019)Faculty of Public Health Medicine summer scientific meeting 2022
A Quattrocchi, J Arnott, L Domegan, M Hunt, P Flanagan, J O'Donnell (2019) A review of the effectiveness of the quadrivalent influenza vaccine: implications for the introduction into influenza vaccination programme in Ireland Faculty of Public Health Medicine summer scientific meeting 2022   [Details]
(2019)Antibiotic Guardian Awards, Public Health England
JM Arnott, CP Bradley, T Fitzgerald (2019) Feasibility study on developing an antimicrobial consumption surveillance system in the community setting in Ireland, a mixed-method study Antibiotic Guardian Awards, Public Health England   [Details]
(2016)Public Health England Applied Epidemiology conference
JM Arnott, M Morgan (2016) Escherichia coli bacteraemia in Wales, a case-series analysis Public Health England Applied Epidemiology conference [Details]
(2016)Public Health England Applied Epidemiology conference
J Arnott, M Heginbothom, R Howe, M Evans, A Walters, R Lyons (2016) Survival analysis of E. coli bacteraemia, a population-based record linkage study Public Health England Applied Epidemiology conference [Details]
(2016)5 Nations Health Protection Conference
J Arnott, T Connor, M Morgan, R Howe, M Wooton (2016) The rise of Escherichia coli bacteraemia in Wales, a population-based genomic analysis 5 Nations Health Protection Conference   [Details]
(2016)Public Health England Applied Epidemiology conference
JM Arnott, T Connor (2016) Escherichia coli bacteraemia in Wales, a population-based genomic cohort study Public Health England Applied Epidemiology conference [Details]
(2016)5 Nations Health Protection Conference
JM Arnott, M Morgan (2016) 30 day all-cause mortality post Escherichia coli bacteraemia in Wales, a population based cohort 5 Nations Health Protection Conference   [Details]
(2016)5 Nations Health Protection Conference
J Arnott, M Heginbothom, R Howe, M Evans, A Walters, R Lyons (2016) The feasibility of anonymised linked health data analysis for public health investigation of E. coli bacteraemia (ECB), a population-based retrospective cohort study 5 Nations Health Protection Conference   [Details]
(2016)Public Health England Applied Epidemiology conference
J Arnott, M Heginbothom, R Howe, M Evans, A Walters, R Lyons (2016) Inadequate treatment of urinary tract infection and E. coli bacteraemia, a population-based record linkage study Public Health England Applied Epidemiology conference [Details]
(2013)10th Welsh Immunisation Conference, Public Health Wales
J Arnott, S Cottrell, D Thomas, R Roberts (2013) Surveillance of influenza immunization in Wales: variation in age-specific uptake rates in clinical risk groups 10th Welsh Immunisation Conference, Public Health Wales [Details]
(2013)Association of University Department of General Practice in Ireland (AUDGPI)'s Annual Scientific Meeting
JM Arnott, CP Bradley, T Fitzgerald (2013) Antimicrobial prescribing in the community, a repeated, cross-sectional study Association of University Department of General Practice in Ireland (AUDGPI)'s Annual Scientific Meeting   [Details]
(2013)5 Nations Health Protection Conference
JM Arnott, CP Bradley, T Fitzgerald (2013) Antimicrobial prescribing in the community, a repeated cross-sectional study 5 Nations Health Protection Conference   [Details]
(2013)5 Nations Health Protection Conference
J Arnott, S Cottrell, D Thomas, R Roberts (2013) Surveillance of Influenza immunisation in Wales: variation in age-specific uptake rates in clinical risk groups 5 Nations Health Protection Conference   [Details]
(2013)5 Nations Health Protection Conference
C Midgley, J Davidson, D Thomas, J Arnott (2013) Epidemiological characteristics of heterosexual cases in an ongoing Syphilis epidemic in Wales 5 Nations Health Protection Conference   [Details]

Published Reports

 YearPublication
(2018)Quadrivalent Influenza Vaccine Review.
JM Arnott, A Quattrocchi, L Domegan, M Hunt, P Flanagan, J O'Donnell (2018) Quadrivalent Influenza Vaccine Review. HSE, Dublin. [Details]
(2017)Guidance on Privacy Impact Assessment in health and social care.
Health Information and Quality Authority (2017) Guidance on Privacy Impact Assessment in health and social care. HIQA, Dublin.   [Details]
(2017)Catalogue of National Health and Social Care Data Collections.
Health Information and Quality Authority (2017) Catalogue of National Health and Social Care Data Collections. HIQA, Dublin.   [Details]

Film or Broadcasts

 YearPublication
(2020)A robotic process automation journey, COVID-19.
Julie Arnott (2020) A robotic process automation journey, COVID-19. Dublin: Film or Broadcasts   [Details]

Policy Contribution

 YearPublication
(2016)International desktop review of information sharing legislation.
Julie Arnott (2016) International desktop review of information sharing legislation. Policy Contribution [Details]
(2016)Crude cost-benefit analysis of national health and social care data collections.
Julie Arnott (2016) Crude cost-benefit analysis of national health and social care data collections. Policy Contribution [Details]

Published Letters

 YearPublication
(2019)HSE Health Matters article, Influenza vaccination launch/ Flu vaccination hero.
Julie Arnott (2019) HSE Health Matters article, Influenza vaccination launch/ Flu vaccination hero. Published Letters   [DOI] [Details]

Research Report

 YearPublication
(2021)COVID-19 surveillance robot: vital public health resource following the HSE cyberattack.
JM Arnott, N Sneyd (2021) COVID-19 surveillance robot: vital public health resource following the HSE cyberattack. Dublin: Research Report   [Details]
(2021)COVID-19 surveillance robot: rapid innovation for public health pandemic management.
JM Arnott, N Sneyd (2021) COVID-19 surveillance robot: rapid innovation for public health pandemic management. Dublin: Research Report   [Details]
(2020)COVID-19 surveillance robot project.
JM Arnott, N Sneyd (2020) COVID-19 surveillance robot project. Dublin: Research Report   [Details]
(2020)Confirmed cases of COVID-19 in Ireland by Pregnancy status.
Julie Arnott (2020) Confirmed cases of COVID-19 in Ireland by Pregnancy status. Dublin: Research Report [Details]
(2019)Public health risks related to infectious diseases during Hajj.
JM Arnott, J O'Donnell, M O'Riordan (2019) Public health risks related to infectious diseases during Hajj. Dublin: Research Report   [Details]
(2019)Legionellosis in the spotlight.
J Arnott, J O'Donnell (2019) Legionellosis in the spotlight. Dublin: Research Report   [Details]
(2018)Compost, potting mix and mulches can be low risk source of infection.
J Arnott, J O'Donnell (2018) Compost, potting mix and mulches can be low risk source of infection. Dublin: Research Report   [Details]
(2018)Spotlight on Human Parvovirus B19.
J Mulroe, J Arnott, M O’Riordan, J O’Donnell, J Connell, J Moran (2018) Spotlight on Human Parvovirus B19. Dublin: Research Report   [Details]
(2018)Legionellosis in the spotlight.
J Arnott, J O'Donnell (2018) Legionellosis in the spotlight. Dublin: Research Report   [Details]

Practice Guideline

 YearPublication
(2020)COVID-19 Frequently Asked Questions v1.
JM Arnott, M Fitzgerald, J O'Donnell (2020) COVID-19 Frequently Asked Questions v1. Dublin: Practice Guideline   [Details]

Professional Activities

Honours and Awards

 YearTitleAwarding Body
2021HSE Excellence Awards Health Service Executive
2021HSE Excellence Awards Health Service Executive
2021HSE Excellence Awards Health Service Executive
2019Antibiotic Guardian Awards Public Health England

Professional Associations

 AssociationFunctionFrom / To
Surveillance Scientists/ Epidemiologists Association of Ireland (SSAI) Chair01-AUG-19 / 01-NOV-21

Conference Contributions

 YearPublication
(2019)Infection Prevention and Control conference,
Julie Arnott (2019) Root Cause Analysis into the rise of E. coli bacteraemia in Wales. [Keynote Speaker], Infection Prevention and Control conference, University of Salford Manchester . [Details]
(2017)Healthcare Informatics Society of Ireland (HISI) annual conference,
Julie Arnott (2017) Catalogue of National Health and Social Care Data Collections. [Invited Lectures (Conference)], Healthcare Informatics Society of Ireland (HISI) annual conference, Dublin . [Details]
(2017)2nd National Health Information - Better data, better decisions seminar,
Julie Arnott (2017) National health information seminar hosted by the Health Information and Quality Authority (HIQA), the Department of Health and the HSE. [Conference Organising Committee Chairperson], 2nd National Health Information - Better data, better decisions seminar, Dublin Castle . [Details]
(2017)Healthcare Informatics Society of Ireland (HISI) annual conference,
Julie Arnott (2017) Guidance on Privacy Impact Assessment in health and social care. [Oral Presentation], Healthcare Informatics Society of Ireland (HISI) annual conference, Dublin . [Details]
(2017)1st National Health Information - Better data, better decisions seminar,
Julie Arnott (2017) National health information seminar hosted by the Health Information and Quality Authority (HIQA), the Department of Health and the HSE. [Conference Organising Committee Chairperson], 1st National Health Information - Better data, better decisions seminar, Dublin . [Details]
(2015)National Infection Control Forum Wales,
Julie Arnott (2015) National meeting of infection control and health protection staff in Wales. [Invited Oral Presentation], National Infection Control Forum Wales, Cardiff , 25-NOV-15. [Details]
(2014)National Infection Control Forum Wales,
Julie Arnott (2014) National meeting with infection control and health protection colleagues. [Invited Oral Presentation], National Infection Control Forum Wales, Cardiff , 24-JUN-14. [Details]
(2014)National Infection Control Forum Wales,
Julie Arnott (2014) National meeting with infection control and health protection colleagues. [Invited Oral Presentation], National Infection Control Forum Wales, Cardiff , 07-OCT-14. [Details]
(2014)National Infection Control Forum Wales,
Julie Arnott (2014) National meeting with infection control and health protection colleagues. [Invited Oral Presentation], National Infection Control Forum Wales, Cardiff , 04-MAR-14. [Details]
(2013)National Infection Control Forum Wales,
Julie Arnott (2013) National meeting with infection control and health protection colleagues. [Invited Oral Presentation], National Infection Control Forum Wales, Cardiff , 17-OCT-13. [Details]

Committees

 CommitteeFunctionFrom / To
Athena Swan Committee Member2021 /

Employment

 EmployerPositionFrom / To
Bon Secours Hospital, Cork Intern01-JUN-10 / 01-JUL-10
Public Health Wales NHS Trust Information Analyst01-NOV-12 / 01-AUG-13
The London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine Project Manager / Researcher01-SEP-11 / 01-OCT-12
HIQA - Health Information and Quality Authority Research Officer01-NOV-16 / 01-NOV-17
University College Cork Lecturer15-NOV-21 /
University College Cork Research Assistant & Tutor01-FEB-11 / 01-SEP-11
Public Health Wales NHS Trust Project Manager/ Epidemiologist01-AUG-13 / 01-NOV-16
HSE - Health Protection Surveillance Centre Epidemiologist / Surveillance Scientist / Project Manager01-NOV-17 / 12-NOV-21
The Malaria Consortium, Uganda Intern31-MAR-08 / 01-JUL-08

Education

 YearInstitutionQualificationSubject
2009University College Cork Bachelor of Science (Hons)Public Health and Health Promotion
2010University College Cork Postgraduate CertificateHealth Protection
2014Swansea University/ University of Western Australia CertificateAdvanced Analysis of Linked Health Data
2011Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland CertificateSafe Patient Care – Healthcare-associated Infection Prevention & Control for All
2011University College Cork MastersMasters in Public Health, Epidemiology specialisation
2017Epiconcept consultants CertificateMultivariable regression analysis
2014Swansea University/ University of Western Australia CertificateIntroductory Analysis of Linked Health Data

Outreach Activities

 Description

Diversity and Inclusivity advocate: Participated in the Black and Irish Inclusive Curriculum focus group and survey, aimed at gathering data to form a report for the Department of Education to help diversity the Irish education curriculum (2021).

Sports enthusiast, senior rugby coach, and is an active advocate of Girls in Sport with Sport Ireland's 3-day brainstorm conference, titled Girls Get Active Hackathon, submitting a group project proposal.

with ESTHER Alliance, Tropical Health & Education Trust (THET), Irish Global Health Network, Development Studies Association of Ireland (dsaIreland)'s Nutrition and Health Study Group.

Other Activities

 Description

1. UCC Psychologically safe workplaces 2. ‘Tapping into your Emotional Quotient’ workshop by Psychologist Hadas Levy, Health and Wellbeing Lead, Royal College of Physicians of Ireland, 2019.
3. School for Change Agents 2019, NHS Horizons, certified 6-week e-learning course.
4. EpiConcept, “Multivariable regression analysis” intensive 3-day course, 2017. 5. Facilitation skills, a 3-day course, HIQA, 2017.
6. Plain English language report writing training, a 2-day course, HIQA and the National Adult Literacy Agency (NALA), 2017.
7. Dignity at work training, a 1-day course, HIQA 2017.
8. Principles of Project Management, Programme Management Unit, Public Health Wales, 2014.
9. Introduction to STATA A, University of Bristol 2013, Certificate.
10. Safe Patient Care – Healthcare-associated Infection Prevention & Control for All, RCSI & HPSC, 2011, Certificate.  

1. European Public Health Conference 2021- Public Health Futures in a changing world
2. G7 Vaccine summit 2021
3. Faculty of Public Health Medicine Summer Scientific Meeting 2021.
4. Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health, Center for Communicable Disease Dynamics, Marc Lipsitch 2021
5. The University of Hong Kong/ London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine 2020 Nowcasting: COVID-19 for public health control: learning from the Chinese experience for global preparedness by Gabriel Leung, field epidemiologist on nCoV in Wuhan China.
6. Global Health Exchange Conference 2019, Irish Global Health Network in partnership with the HSE, Irish Aid, DCU, Oxfam. Live streamed web event.
7. Global Vaccination Summit 2019, European Commission & World Health Organisation, Brussels, live streamed web event.
8. ECDC Annual meeting of the European Legionnaires’ Disease Surveillance Network (ELDSNet) 2019, Athens, Greece. 9. HSE National Immunisation Conference 2019, live streamed web event.
10. 24 hours of Reality 2018: Protect Our Planet, Protect Ourselves. The Climate Reality Project/ Former Vice President Al Gore, live streamed web event.
11. Infections in the Returning Traveller 2018, UCD/ Mater Misericordiae University Hospital, (HPSC MERS work presented by Dr Eavan Muldoon)
12. Epidemics Going Viral: Innovation vs Nature, Massachusetts Medical Society/ New England Journal of Medicine, live streamed web event, 2018.
13. HIQA’s 2nd National Health Information - Better data, better decisions seminar, Dublin, October 2017.
14. HIQA’s 1st National Health Information - Better data, better decisions seminar, Dublin, March 2017.
15. Infection Control Forum, Public Health Wales, Cardiff; presentations 2015, 2014 (x3), 2013.
16. Frontiers in Infectious Disease Epidemiology, The Royal Society of Medicine, Public Health Wales, 2014.
17. The Urinary Catheter Management Debate- Applying Principles in Primary and Secondary Care, Cardiff, 2013.
18. Antimicrobial Stewardship Forum, Antimicrobial Resistance Programme, Cardiff 2013.

Teaching Activities

Teaching Interests

Through my education I have gained a multi-disciplinary understanding of disease causation and public health through the microbiological, environmental, social, behavioural and nutritional sciences. 
I bring the following interests into my teaching of Health Protection and Infection Prevention and Control:   
BSc – public health: My undergraduate specialisation in health protection and environmental health facilitates my ‘one health’ approach to public health.
 
Internships: My undergraduate and postgraduate internships provided contrasting understandings of infection prevention and control (IPC) and clinical microbiology in both the community and hospital environments; in a resource-constrained country with the Malaria consortium in Uganda; and in an amply resourced country with the Bon Secours Hospital in Cork. 
MPH: By undertaking both MPH pathways in advanced epidemiology and health protection, I have built a solid foundation in public health, health protection and epidemiology. 
Postgraduate courses: I have expanded my specialist skillset in applying epidemiological methods with intensive courses; STATA (Bristol University), Introductory & Advanced Linked Health Data Analysis courses (University of Western Australia/ Swansea University), Multivariate regression analysis (EpiConcept).

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