Research Profile

Darren Dahly

Biography

Dr Dahly has degrees in Biology (BA, Hendrix College), International Health (MHS, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health), and Nutritional Epidemiology (PhD, University of North Carolina). He has previously worked as a Lecturer in Epidemiology in the Division of Biostatistics, University of Leeds, where he was funded by a MRC fellowship to study infant growth patterns; and as a Senior Postdoctoral Research Fellow at University College Cork, where he was funded by an HRB Interdisciplinary Capacity Enhancement award to investigate the impact of maternal factors on perinatal health. Dr Dahly is experienced with a variety of statistical models and study designs, and particularly interested in the application of latent variable and longitudinal models in health research.

Research Interests

I am interested in the early life determinants of human growth and nutrition, and how these early experiences can impact lifelong health. Methodologically, I am interested in spatial, longitudinal and latent variable statistical methods.  

Research Grants

 ProjectFunding
Body
Start DateEnd DateAward
Latent Variable Growth Curve and Mixture Models for Life Course EpidemiologyMedical Research Council01-JUN-1001-JUN-13€270,000.00

Publications

Book Chapters

 YearPublication
(2012)'Growth Mixture Modelling for Life Course Epidemiology'
Dahly, Darren L (2012) 'Growth Mixture Modelling for Life Course Epidemiology' In: Modern Methods for Epidemiology. [Details]

Peer Reviewed Journals

 YearPublication
(2018)'Tissue and Bronchoalveolar Lavage Biomarkers in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis Patients on Pirfenidone'
Ronan, N;Bennett, DM;Khan, KA;McCarthy, Y;Dahly, D;Bourke, L;Chelliah, A;Cavazza, A;O'Regan, K;Moloney, F;Plant, BJ;Henry, MT (2018) 'Tissue and Bronchoalveolar Lavage Biomarkers in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis Patients on Pirfenidone'. Lung, 196 :543-552 [DOI] [Details]
(2018)'Comparative Models of Biological and Social Pathways to Predict Child Growth through Age 2 Years from Birth Cohorts in Brazil, India, the Philippines, and South Africa'
Richter, LM;Orkin, FM;Roman, GD;Dahly, DL;Horta, BL;Bhargava, SK;Norris, SA;Stein, AD (2018) 'Comparative Models of Biological and Social Pathways to Predict Child Growth through Age 2 Years from Birth Cohorts in Brazil, India, the Philippines, and South Africa'. Journal of Nutrition, 148 :1364-1371 [DOI] [Details]
(2018)'Alcohol consumption among university students: A latent class analysis'
Davoren, MP;Dahly, D;Shiely, F;Perry, IJ (2018) 'Alcohol consumption among university students: A latent class analysis'. Drugs-Education Prevention And Policy, 25 :422-430 [DOI] [Details]
(2018)'Associations between maternal lifestyle factors and neonatal body composition in the Screening for Pregnancy Endpoints (Cork) cohort study'
Dahly, DL;Li, X;Smith, HA;Khashan, AS;Murray, DM;Kiely, ME;Hourihane, JO;McCarthy, FP;Kenny, LC;Kearney, PM (2018) 'Associations between maternal lifestyle factors and neonatal body composition in the Screening for Pregnancy Endpoints (Cork) cohort study'. International Journal of Epidemiology, 47 :131-145 [DOI] [Details]
(2018)'Incident adverse drug reactions in geriatric inpatients: a multicentred observational study'
Lavan, A;Eustace, J;Dahly, D;Flanagan, E;Gallagher, P;Cullinane, S;Petrovic, M;Perehudoff, K;Gudmondsson, A;Samuelsson, O;Sverrisdottir, A;Cherubin, A;Dimitri, F;Rimland, J;Cruz-Jentoft, A;Velez-Diaz-Pallares, M;Lozano Montoya, I;Soiza, RL;Subbarayan, S;O'Mahony, D (2018) 'Incident adverse drug reactions in geriatric inpatients: a multicentred observational study'. Therapeutic Advances In Drug Safety, 9 :13-23 [DOI] [Details]
(2017)'Parental knowledge, attitudes and beliefs on fever: a cross-sectional study in Ireland'
Kelly M;Sahm LJ;Shiely F;O'Sullivan R;de Bont EG;Mc Gillicuddy A;Herlihy R;Dahly D;McCarthy S; (2017) 'Parental knowledge, attitudes and beliefs on fever: a cross-sectional study in Ireland'. Bmj Open, 7 (7) [DOI] [Details]
(2017)'Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and later-life depression: perceived social support as a potential protective factor'
Von Cheong, E;Sinnott, C;Dahly, D;Kearney, PM (2017) 'Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and later-life depression: perceived social support as a potential protective factor'. Bmj Open, 7 [DOI] [Details]
(2017)'Is the number of siblings associated with dietary patterns in adolescents? The 1993 birth cohort of Pelotas (Brazil)'
Meller, F. O; Assunção, M. C. F.; Schäfer, A. A.; Loret de Mola, C.; Dahly, Darren. L.; Vaz, J. S.; Barros, F. C. (2017) 'Is the number of siblings associated with dietary patterns in adolescents? The 1993 birth cohort of Pelotas (Brazil)'. Plos One, 12 (3) [DOI] [CORA Link] [Details]
(2017)'Physiological adaptations in ultra-endurance athletes during a 5-day multisport Adventure Race: An assessment of serological and inflammatory cytokine profiles'
Curran, Tadhg-Iarla; Cronin, Owen; Coffey, F. T.; Keohane, David M.; McCarthy, Yvonne; Dahly, Darren L.; Molloy, Michael G.; Falvey E. C. (2017) 'Physiological adaptations in ultra-endurance athletes during a 5-day multisport Adventure Race: An assessment of serological and inflammatory cytokine profiles'. Translational Sports Medicine, 0 (0)   [DOI] [CORA Link] [Details]
(2016)'Correlates of self-reported weekday sleep duration in adolescents: the 18-year follow-up of the 1993 Pelotas (Brazil) Birth Cohort Study'
Schafer, AA,Domingues, MR,Dahly, DL,Meller, FO,Goncalves, H,Wehrmeister, FC,Assuncao, MCF (2016) 'Correlates of self-reported weekday sleep duration in adolescents: the 18-year follow-up of the 1993 Pelotas (Brazil) Birth Cohort Study'. Sleep medicine, 23 :81-88 [DOI] [Details]
(2016)'Sleep Duration Trajectories and Body Composition in Adolescents: Prospective Birth Cohort Study'
Schafer, AA;Domingues, MR;Dahly, DL;Meller, FO;Goncalves, H;Wehrmeister, FC;Assuncao, MCF (2016) 'Sleep Duration Trajectories and Body Composition in Adolescents: Prospective Birth Cohort Study'. Plos One, 11 [DOI] [Details]
(2016)'Positive lifestyle changes around the time of pregnancy: a cross-sectional study'
O'Keeffe LM, Dahly DL, Murphy M, Greene RA, Harrington JM, Corcoran P, Kearney PM. (2016) 'Positive lifestyle changes around the time of pregnancy: a cross-sectional study'. Bmj Open, 6 (5) [Details]
(2016)'Walking in hospital is associated with a shorter length of stay in older medical inpatients'
McCullagh, R,Dillon, C,Dahly, D,Horgan, NF,Timmons, S (2016) 'Walking in hospital is associated with a shorter length of stay in older medical inpatients'. Physiological Measurement, 37 :1872-1884 [DOI] [Details]
(2015)'The influence of birth order and number of siblings on adolescent body composition: evidence from a Brazilian birth cohort study'
Meller, FD;Assuncao, MCF;Schafer, AA;de Mola, CL;Barros, AJD;Dahly, DL;Barros, FC (2015) 'The influence of birth order and number of siblings on adolescent body composition: evidence from a Brazilian birth cohort study'. British Journal of Nutrition, 114 :118-125 [DOI] [Details]
(2014)'Capturing changes in dietary patterns among older adults: a latent class analysis of an ageing Irish cohort'
Harrington, JM;Dahly, DL;Fitzgerald, AP;Gilthorpe, MS;Perry, IJ (2014) 'Capturing changes in dietary patterns among older adults: a latent class analysis of an ageing Irish cohort'. Public health nutrition, 17 :2674-2686 [DOI] [Details]
(2015)'A person-centred analysis of the time-use, daily activities and health-related quality of life of Irish school-going late adolescents'
Hunt, E., McKay, E. A., Dahly, D.L., Fitzgerald, A. P., & Perry, I. J. (2015) 'A person-centred analysis of the time-use, daily activities and health-related quality of life of Irish school-going late adolescents'. Quality of Life Research, 24 :1303-1315 [DOI] [Details]
(2014)'Challenges in modelling the random structure correctly in growth mixture models and the impact this has on model mixtures'
Gilthorpe, MS,Dahly, DL,Tu, YK,Kubzansky, LD,Goodman, E (2014) 'Challenges in modelling the random structure correctly in growth mixture models and the impact this has on model mixtures'. Journal Of Developmental Origins Of Health And Disease, 5 :197-205 [DOI] [Details]
(2013)'The spatial distribution of overweight and obesity among a birth cohort of young adult Filipinos (Cebu Philippines, 2005): an application of the Kulldorff spatial scan statistic'
Dahly DL, Gordon-Larsen P, Emch M, Borja J, Adair LS (2013) 'The spatial distribution of overweight and obesity among a birth cohort of young adult Filipinos (Cebu Philippines, 2005): an application of the Kulldorff spatial scan statistic'. Nutrition & diabetes, 3 [DOI] [Details]
(2013)'Associations of linear growth and relative weight gain during early life with adult health and human capital in countries of low and middle income: findings from five birth cohort studies'
Adair LS, Fall CH, Osmond C, Stein AD, Martorell R, Ramirez-Zea M, Sachdev HS, Dahly DL, Bas I, Norris SA, Micklesfield L, Hallal P, Victora CG (2013) 'Associations of linear growth and relative weight gain during early life with adult health and human capital in countries of low and middle income: findings from five birth cohort studies'. Lancet, 382 (9891):525-534 [DOI] [Details]
(2012)'Identifying infants at risk of becoming obese: Can we and should we?'
Levine, RS and Dahly, DL and Rudolf, MCJ (2012) 'Identifying infants at risk of becoming obese: Can we and should we?'. Public Health, 126 (2):123-128 [Details]
(2010)'Associations between multiple indicators of socioeconomic status and obesity in young adult Filipinos vary by gender, urbanicity, and indicator used'
Dahly, Darren L and Gordon-Larsen, Penny and Popkin, Barry M and Kaufman, Jay S and Adair, Linda S (2010) 'Associations between multiple indicators of socioeconomic status and obesity in young adult Filipinos vary by gender, urbanicity, and indicator used'. Journal of Nutrition, 140 (2):366-370 [Details]
(2010)'Does lower birth order amplify the association between high socioeconomic status and central adiposity in young adult Filipino males\&quest'
Dahly, Darren L and Adair, Linda S (2010) 'Does lower birth order amplify the association between high socioeconomic status and central adiposity in young adult Filipino males\&quest'. International Journal of Obesity, 34 (4):751-759 [Details]
(2009)'A structural equation model of the developmental origins of blood pressure'
Dahly, DL and Adair, LS and Bollen, KA (2009) 'A structural equation model of the developmental origins of blood pressure'. International Journal of Epidemiology, 38 (2):538-548 [Details]
(2009)'Practical application of the vanishing tetrad test for causal indicator measurement models: an example from health-related quality of life'
Bollen KA, Lennox RD, Dahly DL (2009) 'Practical application of the vanishing tetrad test for causal indicator measurement models: an example from health-related quality of life'. Statistics In Medicine, 28 (10):1524-1536 [DOI] [Details]
(2009)'Size at birth, weight gain in infancy and childhood, and adult blood pressure in 5 low-and middle-income-country cohorts: when does weight gain matter?'
Adair, Linda S and Martorell, Reynaldo and Stein, Aryeh D and Hallal, Pedro C and Sachdev, Harshpal S and Prabhakaran, Dorairaj and Wills, Andrew K and Norris, Shane A and Dahly, Darren L and Lee, Nanette R and others (2009) 'Size at birth, weight gain in infancy and childhood, and adult blood pressure in 5 low-and middle-income-country cohorts: when does weight gain matter?'. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 89 (5):1383-1392 [Details]
(2007)'Quantifying the urban environment: a scale measure of urbanicity outperforms the urban-rural dichotomy'
Dahly, Darren L and Adair, Linda S (2007) 'Quantifying the urban environment: a scale measure of urbanicity outperforms the urban-rural dichotomy'. Social Science and Medicine, 64 (7) [Details]
(2005)'Developmental determinants of blood pressure in adults'
Adair, Linda and Dahly, Darren (2005) 'Developmental determinants of blood pressure in adults'. Annual Review of Nutrition, 25 :407-434 [Details]

Other Journals

 YearPublication
(2018)'Promoting men?s awareness, self-examination, and help-seeking for testicular disorders: a systematic review of interventions [version 1; referees: 1 approved]'
Saab, MM and Davoren, M and Murphy, A and Murphy, D and Cooke, E and Landers, M and Fitzgerald, S and Richardson, N and Rovito, M and Von Wagner, C and Murphy, M and Dahly, D and Hegarty, J (2018) 'Promoting men?s awareness, self-examination, and help-seeking for testicular disorders: a systematic review of interventions [version 1; referees: 1 approved]' HRB Open Research, 1 (16) . [DOI] [Details]

Published Reports

 YearPublication
(2010)Identifying obesity risk in the early years? Report on completion of a project funded by the Cross Government Obesity Unit (UK).
Dahly DL, Rudolf M. (2010) Identifying obesity risk in the early years? Report on completion of a project funded by the Cross Government Obesity Unit (UK). National Obesity Observatory, UK. [Details]

Published Letters

 YearPublication
(2018)Novel diabetes subgroups.
van Smeden, M;Harrell, FE;Dahly, DL (2018) Novel diabetes subgroups. NEW YORK: Published Letters [Details]

Professional Activities

Honours and Awards

 YearTitleAwarding Body
2006Gerber Foundation Pre-doctoral Fellowship American Society for Nutrition
2011Young Investigator Award in Cutting Edge Methodology International Epidemiological Association

Professional Associations

 AssociationFunctionFrom / To
International Society for the Developmental Origins of Health and Disease Member/
International Epidemiological Association Member/

Committees

 CommitteeFunctionFrom / To
Postgraduate Programme Subcommittee Member2008 / 2010
Postgraduate Examinations Board Member2008 / 2010

Employment

 EmployerPositionFrom / To
University of Leeds Lecturer in Nutritional Epidemiology01-SEP-08 / 01-JUN-13
Population Services International Field Epidemiologist01-SEP-02 / 31-AUG-03

Education

 YearInstitutionQualificationSubject
2003The Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health. MScInternational Health
2001Hendrix College Bachelor of ArtsBiology
2009University of North Carolina PhDNutritional Epidemiology

Journal Activities

 JournalRoleTo / From
Journal Of Developmental Origins Of Health And Disease Member of Editorial Board-
Journal Of Epidemiology And Community Health Referee-
International Journal Of Epidemiology Referee-
Journal Of Urban Health Referee-
Journal Of The Royal Statistical Society Referee-
Epidemiology (Cambridge, Mass.) Referee-
Paediatric And Perinatal Epidemiology Referee-
International Journal Of Obesity Referee-
Occupational And Environmental Medicine Referee-
Obesity Facts Referee-
British Journal Of Nutrition Referee-
Journal Of Nutrition Referee-
Archives Of Disease In Childhood Referee-
American Journal Of Public Health Referee-

Other Activities

 Description

Grant Referee: National Institute for Health Research (UK); Medical Research Council (UK); Action Medical Research

Teaching Activities

Teaching Interests

I was Lecturer in Epidemiology at the University of Leeds School of Medicine from November of 2008 to June 2013. I was initially responsible for leading and teaching on the MSc in Nutrition, Obesity, and Health, and supervising MSc research dissertations. I was also a member of the MSc in Statistical Epidemiology management team (later the MSc in Epidemiology and Biostatistics), and the School of Medicine’s Postgraduate Programme and Exams Committees. I have helped develop and deliver an international workshop on statistical methods for life course epidemiology. Lastly, I completed the in-class component of ULTA-2 at Leeds, a 40 credit, masters-level course on learning and teaching in higher education.

Drawing from these experiences, I have developed an approach to learning and teaching that is research-led, and blends theoretical topics in epidemiology and biostatistics with useful skills for statistical programming, data visualization, and communication (written and oral) of scientific research.

Recent Postgraduates

 Graduation YearStudent NameInstitutionDegree TypeThesis Title
2014Aman Mohan Mishra University College CorkMPHSupplement use among participants in the Food Choice at Work Study.
2014Jean O'Connor University College CorkMPHChildhood obesity and hypertension in Cork, Ireland
2009Gregory Stuart University of LeedsMSc Health SciencesPhysical activity and obesity in a birth cohort of young adult Filipinos.
2011Teumzghi Mebrahtu University of LeedsMSc Health SciencesAdult weight trajectories and breast cancer risk in a cohort of UK women.
2012Dorian Lunney University of LeedsMSc Health SciencesSocioeconomic status and IQ in Filipino children: A latent class approach
2011Alicia Parr University of LeedsMSc Health SciencesBody image and obesity in Filipino females
2014Cristina Cleghorn University of LeedsPHDDietary diversity and infant nutritional status in selected Tanzanian villages
2012Martha Richardson University of LeedsMSc Health SciencesAre firstborns more susceptible to obesogenic nvironments? A spatial clustering analysis.
2013Marisa Alvarez Wharton University of LeedsMSc Health SciencesThe coexistence of under- and overweight in poor urban and rural communities in Cebu, Philippines

Research Information

External Collaborators

 NameOrganisation / InstituteCountry
COHORTS Multicentre

Contact details

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School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences

An Scoil Eolaíochtaí Bitheolaíocha, Domhaneolaíocha agus Comhshaoil

University College Cork, Distillery Fields, North Mall, Cork, Ireland T23 N73K

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