Index to each Annal
1224 First of January on Monday and the seventh day of the moon; and this was the ninth year of the Cycle of Nineteen and the twelfth year of the Cycle of Indiction and of the Solar Cycle, and Leap-year. The twelve hundred and twenty-fourth year since the incarnation of our Lord Jesus Christ.
A heavy and terrible shower fell in part of Connacht this year, that is, in Tir Maine and in Sodain and in Ui Diarmata and in Clann Taidc, which brought about disease and very great sickness among the cows and beasts of those regions after they had eaten grass and leaves; and when men drank of the milk of these cattle and ate of their flesh, they suffered internal pains and various diseases. Nor was it strange that these portentous things should happen in Connacht at that time, for a great affliction befell the country then, the loss of Cathal Crobderg son of Toirrdelbach O Conchobair, king of Connacht; the king most feared and dreaded on every hand in Ireland; the king who carried out most plunderings and burnings against Galls and Gaels who opposed him; the king who was the fiercest and harshest towards his enemies that ever lived; the king who most blinded, killed and mutilated rebellious and disaffected subjects; the king who best established peace and tranquility of all the kings of Ireland; the king who built most monasteries and houses for religious communities; the king who most comforted clerks and poor men with food and fire on the floor of his own habitation; the king whom of all the kings in Ireland God made most perfect in every good quality; the king on whom God most bestowed fruit and increase and crops; the king who was most chaste of all the kings of Ireland; the king who kept himself to one consort and practised continence before God from her death till his own; the king whose wealth was partaken by laymen and clerics, infirm men, women and helpless folk, as had been prophesied in the writings and the visions of saints and righteous men of p.5 old; the king who suffered most mischances in his reign, but God raised him up from each in turn; the king who with manly valour and by the strength of his hand preserved his kingship and rule. And it is in the time of this king that tithes were first levied for God in Ireland. This righteous and upright king, this prudent, pious, just champion, died in the robe of a Grey Monk, after a victory over the world and the devil, in the monastery of Knockmoy, which with the land belonging to it he had himself offered to God and the monks, on the twenty-seventh day of May as regards the solar month and on a Monday as regards the week-day, and was nobly and honourably buried, having been for six and thirty years sole monarch of the province of Connacht. So says Donnchad Baccach O Maelchonaire in his poem on the Succession of the Kings: “The reign of Red-hand was a pleasant reign, after the fall of Cathal Carrach; he ruled for sixteen and twenty prosperous calm years.” And he was in the seventy-second year of his age, as the poet Nede O Maelchonaire says: “Three years and a half-year, I say, was the life of Red-hand in Cruachu till the time that his father died in wide-stretching Ireland.” He was born at Port Locha Mesca and fostered by Tadc O Con Chennainn in Ui Diarmata, and it was sixty-eight years from the death of Toirrdelbach to the death of Cathal Crobderg, as the chronicle shows.
Aed O Conchobair his son reigned after him; for he had been king in effect by the side of his father and already held all the hostages of Connacht. And God granted him this kingdom, for no crime was committed in Connacht at the moment of his accession save one robbery on the road to Cruach, and the hands and feet of the robber were cut off, and the violation of one woman by O Mannachan's son, who was blinded forthwith for the offence.
Donn Cathaig son of Airechtach O Raduib, chieftain of Clann Tomaltaig, died on pilgrimage at Tobar Patraic this year.
Maelsechlainn son of Tadc O Cellaig, king of Ui Maine, [died.]
Gilla na Naem Crom (the Stooped) O Sechnusaig, king of the western half of Cenel Aeda na hEchtge, died this year. p.7
The Canon Muirges O Conchobair, son of Ruaidri, the man of all the Gaels that ever were who was most skilled alike in literature and chanting and verse-making, died this year and was buried at Cong after a victory of Unction and Penance.
Domnall O Cellaig king of Ui Maine died.
Cu Chenann O Con Chenainn died this year.
Mathgamain O Cerin king of Ciarraige Locha na nAirne died this year.
Mael Isu son of the bishop O Mailfagmair, parson of Ui Fiachrach [Muaide] and Ui Amalgaid and bishop designate, was killed by the son of Donnchad O Dubda, after he had been sharing his food and fireside in his own house; and this, the slaying of a bishop of that race, is a deed which no other O Dubda had ever done before.
Aed son of Conchobar Maenmaige [O Conchobair] died on his journey from the River and Jerusalem this year.
The sons of Hugo [de Lacy] came to Ireland in spite of the King of England, and their coming produced assaults of war and dispersion among the Galls of Ireland, until these rose up against them and they were driven to seek the protection of Aed O Neill king of Ailech. Then the Galls and Gaels of Ireland raised an army to attack them: Aed mac Cathail Chrobdeirg king of Connacht, Donnchad Cairbrech O Briain king of Thomond, Diarmait Cluasach (Long-eared) Mac Carthaig king of Desmond and the leading men of Ireland generally, except the Cenel Eogain and Cenel Conaill. They advanced as far as Muirthemne and Dundalk and from that position demanded hostages and sureties from the sons of Hugo and Aed O Neill. But he moved out with his Galls and Gaels, and they posted themselves in parties on the passes of Sliab Fuaid and the doorways of Emain and Fid Conaille and challenged attack in these positions. But the Galls of Ireland, when they saw they were to have protection, determined to make peace and settlement with William [de Lacy] and the Earls and to accept the award of the King of England as to the conditions of peace: so they disbanded and left their positions without having extracted terms or tribute from Aed O Neill for the nonce.
Aed mac Cathail Chrobdeirg marched with a great force to the castle of Ard Abla in Tethba. They prevailed against it, burning and slaying every Gall and Gael they found therein. p.9
Maelmuire O Connmaig, bishop of Ui Fiachrach and Cenel Aeda, rested in Christ.
The bishop of Conmaicne, the Foreign Bishop, died.
Maelchoimgin O Scingin, erenach and chaplain of Ardcarne, rested in Christ.
1225 First of January on Wednesday and the eighteenth day of the moon, MCCXXV. Tenth year of the Cycle of Nineteen; thirteenth year of the Indictional and Solar Cycles.
Amlaib O Beollain, erenach of Drumcliff, a man eminent for generosity and for his guest-house, died this year.
O Mailbrenainn, abbot of the monastery of Boyle, died of blood-letting.
A great rebellion was raised by Toirrdelbach and Aed, sons of Ruaidri [O Conchobair], and Aed O Neill, to wrest the kingship of the province from Aed mac Cathail Chrobdeirg. This was done at the instance of Donn Oc MacAirechtaig, royal chieftain of Sil Murray, who wished to revenge himself for the confiscation of his land and patrimony; and when he revolted the whole of Connacht revolted—Sil Murray and West Connacht with Aed O Flaithbertaig its king—excepting only Mac Diarmata, Cormac son of Tomaltach.
However, O Neill came with them to the middle of Sil Murray and thence to the Faes of Athlone, and they spent two nights at Mullach Uainide and sacked Loch Nen, carrying off the treasures of O Conchobair. Thence they proceeded to Carnfree and there instated Toirrdelbach son of Ruaidri. After this O Neill departed homewards; for the sons of Ruaidri felt confidence in their own lieges, having been asked to come into the country by each one separately, except Cormac son of Tomaltach Mac Diarmata with Dauid O Flainn and the rest of his officers.
As for Aed mac Cathail Chrobdeirg, he sought the protection of the Galls, and it happened fortunately for him that the Galls of Ireland were holding a great Court at Athlone; and each one of them was a friend to him on his father's account as well as his own, since he, like his father before him, was liberal of wages and gifts to them. p.11
So he brought with him the Justiciar and as many of the Galls of Ireland as he thought enough; and Donnchad Cairbrech O Briain with his followers came out to support him, and O Mailsechlainn with his.
Thereupon the people of Mag Ai and the Tuatha fled before them into Leyney and Tirawley with their cattle, and left Ruaidri's sons without any army or territorial levy, accompanied by no eligible princes or chieftains of these districts, but only grooms and servants. Ruaidri's sons advanced to Kilkelly with a small force and a few eligible princes, so as to cover the rear of their cows and herds.
However, Cathal Crobderg's son and his Galls moved towards the position held by Toirrdelbach and his chieftains, who had only grooms and rabble with them; for Aed son of Ruaidri and the son of Muirchertach and Domnall O Flaithbertaig and Tigernan son of Cathal Micuran and the sons of Toirrdelbach son of Ruaidri had gone to guard the cattle and people of Fergal O Taidc, their sworn ally. Now his case was this, that he was the first Connachtman who broke his oath with the sons of Ruaidri, and he brought in [Aed] mac Cathail [Chrobdeirg] and his Galls to protect his cattle and people from them.
It was at this time that the Galls approached Toirrdelbach son of Ruaidri. He rose up with his chieftains, and putting their rabble in front they escaped beautifully, not one of themselves being killed; for Donn Oc Mac Airechtaig, Flaithbertach O Flannacan and a small number of the forces of Cenel Eogain covered their rear.
On that day a raiding-party came upon Echmarcach Mac Branain and a few of his followers, in the middle of an oak-wood, surrounded by his womenfolk and cattle. This man fought with uncommon valour until he was killed, but there were too many good men falling upon him. That night Aed mac Cathail Chrobdeirg with his Galls followed the sons of Ruaidri as far as Mellick, and stayed there for three nights plundering Leyney on every hand.
Unfortunate was the plight of O hEgra then, making peace with the plunderers for the sake of what little was left to the people of Leyney. At that time Ruaidri's sons lay with their backs turned to Loch Mac Eredaig in Glenn na Mochart, and Cathal Crobderg's son determined to lead his Galls to p.13 follow up the cattle of the Tuatha, of Sil Murray and Clann Tomaltaig by a way that none thought a Gall would ever take, namely through Fid Gatlaig; and they reached Attymas untouched by spear or dart. They plundered Coolcarney and wrought destruction on its cattle and folk on that day, for as many of them as reached the level plains without being drowned were plundered and slain. A pitiful thing: all who went to Ballycong were drowned, and the weirs (?) were found to have their wattles full of drowned children. Some of the refugees of Clann Tomaltaig who evaded the Galls and escaped drowning went into Tirawley, where O Dubda fell upon them and left them without a single cow.
Now as to the sons of Ruaidri, they decided while at Loch Mac Feradaig to disband until the Galls of [Aed] mac Cathail Chrobdeirg should disband; they themselves, Toirrdelbach and Aed, with the son of Magnus, and Donn Oc to seek the protection of O Flaithbertaig, their sworn ally, while the son of Muirchertach [Muimnech] O Conchobair and Tigernach son of Cathal [Micuran O Conchobair] should go to protect their cows and folk and to make peace for the sake of these, until the Galls of the son of Cathal Crobderg should be disbanded.
Now as for the southern part of Connacht, its people were no more peaceful or quiet. For the Galls of Leinster and Munster and Muirchertach O Briain came [against them] as did the Galls of Desmond and the Sheriff of Cork, plundering and killing everyone they came up with. And Cathal Crobderg's son took it ill of them that they invaded the country; for he had not sent for them, but when they heard of all the booty which the Justiciar and his Galls had got they were seized with jealousy and envy. It was in this attack that the four sons of Mac Murchada were killed on one spot. Pitiful indeed was the tempest which God permitted to descend upon the best province of Ireland, north, south, east or west. For the young warrior would not forbear, if only he were the stronger, to plunder his comrade, while women and children, feeble folk and lords' sons were brought to suffer cold and hunger through this war.
But to return to Aed mac Cathail Chrobdeirg. He proceeded to Mayo, where the sons of Muirchertach Muimnech made submission to him under protection and guarantees, in order to preserve their cattle and people. Next day he went to Kilmaine p.15 and here the three armies of Galls met, and between them and the Gaels the whole province was well-nigh filled with armies.
Here Aed O Flaithbertaig came in and submitted to Cathal Crobderg's son and the Justiciar, subject to conditions and upon the guarantees of the chief Galls and of Donnchad Cairbrech O Briain, his gossip, and made peace with them, he being allowed to retain his cattle and people and undertaking to send away Ruaidri's sons. Cathal Crobderg's son with his Galls went to Tuaim, where he dismissed the Leinster and Desmond Galls, reserving to himself the task of escorting the Justiciar past Athlone. Then he took another decision, to turn back towards O Flaithbertaig; for he mistrusted the situation in which he had left him, having Ruaidri's sons with him to the west of the Lake and his own son-in-law, Donn Oc as well. At this juncture the son of Magnus parted from the sons of Ruaidri and went into Tirawley to look for his cattle and people. He found them in good case, not having suffered plunder or robbery, and carried them away and left them in the safekeeping of O Ruairc, while he himself made a most successful raid on Pilip Mac Gosdelb. Now as for Donnchad Cairbrech O Briain, he sent the chief men of his people and his officers before him with great and rich booty of food and clothing and spoil of cows and horses.
At this moment Aed mac Ruaidri and Eogan O hEdin with a few good men crossed their path, and the Munstermen for fear of the High-king's son, did not stand their ground; but he prevailed against them and captured the officers of Donnchad Cairbrech [O Briain], and vast was the booty which fell into his hands. Donnchad Cairbrech then submitted to his term of peace and made oath, under pain of excommunication, undertaking not to march against Ruaidri's sons again. This undertaking he gave to obtain the liberty of his officers, and he did not fulfil it, for he joined the very next expedition against the sons of Ruaidri. By this time Cathal Crobderg's son and the Justiciar reached Iniscraff Strand, after the Galls of Leinster and Desmond and Munster had left them, and O Flaithbertaig was obliged to give Iniscraff and Castlekirk Island and all the vessels on the lake as further pledges in return for the recovery of his cows and people.
Cathal Crobderg's son returned once more to Tuaim and proceeded again to escort the Justiciar, who left with him a few of the principal Galls and a large force of soldiers, for p.17 he trusted but very few of the men of Connacht. He then delivered the chief men of the lordship—Flaithbertach O Flannacain, Fergal O Taidc and a number of others—into the hands of the Galls as security for the payment of their wages, and these prisoners had to provide their own ransom.
After his Galls had left Aed mac Chthail Chrobdeirg, O Flaithbertaig and the sons of Muirchertach [Muimnech] with other eligible princes rose up again to join Ruaidri's sons, and Cathal's son sent messengers and writings to the Galls, telling them of this second revolt and asking for more troops. They responded with alacrity, for these expeditions were profitable to the Galls, who got much booty thereby, though not incurring the dangers of the confiict.
Galls from Leinster were given to him this time, including William Cras and the Fitz Griffin, a great company; and when they had come he marched against Ruaidri's sons, going westwards over the Causeways and turning south into Ui Diarmata, where he heard Ruaidri's sons were, without followers and not yet rejoined by their allies. He now sent Fedlimid his brother and some of his principal men, with a large force of the soldiery of the Galls, to raid Eogan O hEdin in Ui Fiachrach Aidni. They encamped for a night at Ardrahan, so as to make the raid early in the morning.
O Flaithbertaig and the sons of Muirchertach were on their way to join Ruaidri's sons when they heard that Galls were going to raid Eogan, their sworn ally, and were at present in Ardrahan. They decided to make for Ardrahan and to attack the Galls early in the morning and burn the place about their ears. They marched all night and were early on the green at Ardrahan.
They then decided to send Tuathal son of Muirchertach Muimnech into the town at first with his Galls and whoever of the Gaels should volunteer to go with him, while O Flaithbertaig and the son of Muirchertach should encircle the town on the outside. p.19
Bravely then was the town entered, the Gael who answered the call to go with Tuathal being Taichlech son of Aed O Dubda. And when they entered the town, quickly and boldly, the Galls fled out of it both east and west, and those who went east were routed; but those who were defeated and fled westwards inflicted defeat on such Gaels as were without at the back of the town. Yet there were no more valiant Gaels than those who were defeated on the western side, only God did not grant them success.
The party which fled east was pursued by Tuathal and Taichlech O Dubda, and the Constable of the Galls was first wounded by Tuathal and then slain by Taichlech. It was great good-fortune for Ruairdri's sons not to be in this defeat. In this western battle were killed Mathgamain son of Aed son of Conchobar Maenmuige [O Conchobair] and the son of Gilla Crist Mac Diarmata and the son of Amlaib Mac Airechtaig's son and Niall son of Fergal O Taidc; and the man who slew Niall was himself slain, namely the brother of Cuilen O Dimusaig.
Next day Ruaidri's sons met with O Flaithbertaig and the sons of Muirchertach and Tigernan son of Cathal [Micuran O Conchobair] and Donn Oc, and they all proceeded northwards to Druim Cenannain. But then Aed mac Cathail Chrobdeirg with his Galls came after them, and they decided that each one should return to his cattle and people and leave the sons of Ruaidri. Ruaidri's sons departed out of the country, having no Galls or other following at hand, and together with Donn Oc they once more sought the protection of Aed O Neill, this expedition having resulted in nothing but the wasting and ruining of a countryside which before had been completely peaceful and prosperous.
As for Cathal's son [Aed], he advanced upon O Flaithbertaig and exacted hostages and sureties from him for the nonce, and then went on northwards to Kilmaine and Mayo, where the sons of Muirchertach and Tigernan son of Cathal Micuran concluded a peace for the sake of their cattle and people, making submission to Cathal Crodberg's son under the guarantees of Donnchad Cairbrech and the chief Galls of Ireland. And this was a much-needed rest, for there was not a church or layproperty in Connacht which had escaped destruction.
After the plunderings and the slaughter of men and beasts and the exposure of the inhabitants to cold and hunger, a severe attack of sickness came upon the countryside, a kind p.21 of fever, which emptied towns of every living soul; and though some who took this sickness did recover, they were but a few.
Flann son of Amlaib O Fallamain, chieftain of Clann Uatach, was killed in this war by Fedlim son of Cathal Crobderg.
Amlaib son of Ferchar O Fallamain, the best chieftain of his hereditary estate that ever was, died in the same month in which Flann his son was killed.
Tadc O Finnachta, an officer of Aed son of Ruaidri [O Conchobair] was killed by Mac Aedacan's men on a plundering raid in this same war.
Muiredach O Finnachta, chieftain of Clann Murthaile, died in a boat on Loch Corrib, though in good health when he entered it.
Conchobar the son of Tadc O Cellaig's son, king of Ui Maine, and Ardgal his brother were both burned in a house they were defending against the sons of Tadc O Cellaig. This Conchobar was the most generous man and the boldest, maintained the most retainers and won the most fame, of any of his stock.
Gilla Corpti O Mugroin died this year and was buried at Cong.
Moelbrigte O Maicin, abbot of Ballintober, a virgin and sage, rested in Christ. By him the church of Ballintober was begun, and its sanctuary and crosses(?) finished with great labour, in honour of Patrick, Mary our Lady, John and the Apostles.
Duarcan O hEgra king of Leyney, Tadc O hEgra and Etain daughter of Diarmait son of Domnall O hEgra died.
Galls and Munstermen attacked Termon Keelin and the Galls were slaughtered afterwards by the miraculous power of Coelainn.
The corn was being reaped after St. Bridget's Day and plowing [was going on] at the same time.
1226 First of January on Thursday and the twenty-ninth day of the moon's age; and this was the eleventh year of the Cycle of Nineteen and the fourteenth of the Solar and Indictional Cycles. MCCXXVI. D. p.23
Tigernan son of Cathal Micuran son of Toirrdelbach Mor King of Ireland, was slain by Donnchad O Dubda and his sons. This was the most generous and valiant of the eligible princes of the O Connors and he that performed the most notable and successful exploits down to this time.
Domnall son of Ruaidri O Flaithbertaig was killed by the sons of Muirchertach O Flaithbertaig after the house in which he was had been taken by them and by Fedlimid son of Cathal Crobderg. A pitiful deed was that, to kill a possible king of West Connacht and gain no land and no patrimony thereby.
Fergal O Taidc of the Household, ruler of the household of Cathal Crobderg and his son after him, a man of great fortune and the slayer of many people, was killed by Donn Sleibe O Gadra king of Sliab Luga.
Aed son of Donn O Sochlachain, erenagh of Cong, a man eminent for chanting and for the right tuning of harps and for having made an instrument for himself which none had made before, distinguished also in every art such as poetry, engraving and writing and in every skilled occupation, died this year.
Nuala daughter of Ruaidri O Conchobair, queen of the Ulaid, died at Cong and was buried with great honour in the Canons' church there.
Aed son of Domnall O Ruairc was killed by Cathal O Raigillig and by Conchobar son of Cormac O Mailruanaid on Loch Allen.
Aed O Flaithbertaig was captured by Aed mac Cathail Chrobdeirg and handed over by him to the Galls.
Condmach O Tarpa bishop of Leyney rested in Christ.
Matha O Mailmocherge rested in Christ.
Muirgius Mac Diarmata was killed this year.
O Neill raised an army and marched to the borders of Connacht, but returned having accomplished nothing. He assembled another army and took the hostages of Cenel Conaill, including the son of O Domnaill.
The castle of Kilmore was burned by Cathal O Raigillig this year.
Toirrdelbach son of Maelsechlainn died.
1227 First of January on Friday and the tenth day of the moon. The twelfth year of the Cycle of Nineteen and the fifteenth year of the Indiction and of the Solar Cycle. A.D. MCCXXVII. Common year C.
A great court was held by the Galls of Ireland at Dublin and Aed mac Cathail Chrobdeirg King of Connacht was summoned to attend it. Here deceit and treachery were practised against him; but William Marshall, his personal friend, with his followers came to him in the midst of the court and forcibly brought him out and escorted him in safety to his own country.
After this Aed mac Cathail Chrobdeirg appointed to meet William de Mareys, the son of Geoffrey, at Lathach Caich Tuaithbil, and went himself past the Lathach accompanied only by a few good men: Cormac son of Tomaltach [Mac Diarmata], Diarmait son of Magnus, Magnus son of Muirchertach O Conchobair, Tadc son of Mathgamain O Cerin and Ruaidri O Mailbrenainn. William de Mareys came to that meeting place with a party of eight horsemen. Aed remembered the treachery and the deceit practised on him in Dublin. He advanced, before the Galls had dismounted, and lifted up his hand against William de Mareys, being supported boldly and bravely by his men, so that William de Mareys was taken there, as were Master Sleviny and Hugo Arden; and he killed the Constable of Athlone there and sent those Galls southwards across the Lathach. Then he, together with such Connactmen as were with him, advanced [to Athlone] where they plundered and burned down the market. Now these doings were of profit to the whole of Connacht, for he recovered his son and daughter and the hostages of Connacht and obtained peace for the whole province.
Donn Sleibhe O Gadra king of Sliab Luga was killed by Gilla Ruad, his own brother's son, who captured the house in which he was at night. And O Conchobair at once procured the killing of Gilla Ruad therefor.
[Cormac] son of Art [O Mailsechlainn] was captured, as well as his wife and foster-father and many of his people. p.27
Famine throughout Ireland this year, and much sickness and death among men from various causes: cold, famine and every kind of disease.
Lewis King of the French died this year.
Mac William [Burke] marched with a large force into Connacht, accompanied by Aed son of Ruaidri O Conchobair. They burned Inishmaine, plundered the whole country and took hostages.
Geoffrey de Mareys and Toirrdelbach son of Ruaidri [O Conchobair] marched to Mag nAi; they made a castle at Randoon and took hostages of the Sil Murray.
Aed mac Cathail Chrobdeirg went to O Domnaill in Tir Conaill. He returned south and brought away his wife. The sons of Toirrdelbach [O Conchobair] came upon him in the Curlew Hills and he left his wife and horses behind. The wife was afterwards delivered up to the Galls.
Toirrdelbach son of Ruaidri led another expedition, with the Galls of Meath, into West Connacht, where they made a great raid on Aed son of Ruaidri O Flaithbertaig. From there they passed into Carra and took thence the hostages of the sons of Muirchertach [Muimnech] and Toirrdelbach took a number of beasts from each of the surrounding cantrads.
Cu Mara O Domnallain was killed in captivity by Ruaidri Mac Duinn Sleibe to avenge his father, when he had taken the Cross.
Brian son of Conchobar O Diarmata was killed this year.
Dionysius O Morda took the cross from the Bishop of Elphin.
The castle at Athleague was built by Geoffrey de Mareys.
1228 First of January on Saturday and the twenty-first day of the moon; the thirteenth year of the Cycle of Nineteen and the sixteenth year of the Solar Cycle; first year of, the Indiction; MCCXXVIII. Common year. BA.
Aed son of Cathal Crobderg O Conchobair, King of Connacht p.29 for the space of four years, as the poet, Donnchad Baccach son of Tanaide O Mailchonaire, says: “Rathcroghan of the battles, dwelling of Eochu's daughter, was for four years—here is no deceit—the dwelling of Aed son of Cathal Crobderg”, was killed with one blow of a carpenter's axe in the court of Geoffrey de Mareys while the carpenter's wife was bathing him; and the man who struck him down was hanged by Geoffrey the next day. This deed of treachery was done on this righteous, excellent prince at the instigation of Hugo de Lacy's sons and of William son of the Justiciar. And it was said that the carpenter struck him in jealousy, for there was not in Ireland a man of fairer mould or livelier courage than he.
Vast war arose between Aed and Toirrdelbach, the two sons of Ruaidri O Conchobair, after the death of Aed mac Cathail Chrodbeirg, for the younger did not yield respect to the elder; so that all Connacht was ruined between them and turned into a continuous desert from Ballysadare southward to the River of the Ui Fiachrach, excepting only a small tract in Sliab Luga and Lucht Artig.
Richard son of William Burke arrived from England, bringing with him his appointment as Justiciar by the King; and a great assembly was convened by the Galls of Ireland and the Gaels, including the kings and chieftains of Ireland, in Connacht about the two sons of Ruaidri, Toirrdelbach and Aed. Most unfortunate was the decision they came to there, to give the kingship to the younger and to expel the elder, Toirrdelbach son of Ruaidri, though he was irreproachable as regards valour, nobility and generosity. However, all the Connachtmen elected Aed son of Ruaidri in the presence of Galls and Gaels; and when they had reached the assembly he and the men of Connacht made for Carnfree, where he was installed, as was customary with every king who had ruled over Connacht before him.
Now while this assembly was in session Toirrdelbach's two sons, Maelsechlainn and Brian, gathered much cattle and folk and carried them into the waste land of Kinel Dofa and over p.31 its moors till they came to Snam Rathine, where they crossed over into Fid Conmaicne.
But Aed son of Ruaidri, as he was situated, sent musters in pursuit of them and took the cattle from them and routed them, and Maelsechlainn son of Toirrdelbach was killed in that encounter.
Dauid O Flainn chieftain of Sil Mailruain died after taking the Cross this year.
Muirchertach son of Flaithbertach O Flannacain was killed by the sons of Tadc O Gadra.
Gilla na Naem son of Ruaidri died.
Henry of London, Archbishop of Dublin, rested in Christ.
Ruaidri O Mailbrenainn died this year.
Niall son of Congalach O Ruairc, king of Dartry and Clann Fermaige, was killed by the two sons of Art son of Domnall O Ruairc, Art and Amlaib; and Amlaib Gerr (the Short), son of Niall son of Congalach, was killed in his bath by the same Amlaib son of Art.
Fergal son of Sitrec O Ruairc was killed by the sons of [Niall son of] Congalach O Ruairc.
Mac Raith O Mallachta rested.
Aed son of Donnchad O Fergail was killed by the son of Amlaib O Fergail.
Famine in Connacht this year, and its churches and lay properties were plundered and its clerics and men of skill driven to far foreign regions, having been exposed to cold and hunger through the war of Ruaidri's sons at this time.
1229 First of January on Monday and the second day of the moon; fourteenth year of the Cycle of Nineteen: seventeenth year of the Solar Cycle and second of the Indiction.
Gilla Isu O Clerig, bishop of Leyney, rested in Christ.
Gilla an Choimded O Duillennain, coarb of St. Fechin, and Muiredach O Gormgaile, prior of Inis Mac nErin, died.
Duibessa daughter of Ruaidri O Conchobair, wife of Cathal Mac Diarmata, died a nun. p.33
Dionysius O Morda, bishop of Sil Murray, resigned his bishopric this year.
Diarmait Mac Carthaig, king of Desmond, died.
Gerald O Cathain, the most learned man in the Order of Canons, rested in Christ.
Diarmait O Fiaich, abbot of Recles Gilla Molaise Ui Gillaurain, from Tuaim, rested in Christ and was buried at Ardcarne.
Diarmait Mac Gilla Carthaig, erenach of Tibohine, archipresbiter, and the person most conspicuous for charity and humanity in this part of Connacht, rested in Christ. And it was about the burial of this man's body that there arose the strife and contention between the monks of Boyle and the canons of the Trinity, so that it lay for two days and nights in the church of Drum, the monks preventing its burial, till at the end of the third day it was equitably taken from them.
Lochlainn O Manachan was treacherously killed by his own father's brother.
1230 First of January on Tuesday and the thirteenth day of the moon. Fifteenth year of the Cycle of Nineteen; eighteenth year of the Solar Cycle; third year of the Indiction. MCCXXX. Common year. F.
Aed son of Ruaidri [O Conchobair] and the men of Connacht turned against Mac William Burke and the Galls of Ireland, being persuaded thereto by Donn Oc son of Donnchatha Mac Airechtaig and Cormac Mac Diarmata and his officers, who all vowed they would never own a lord who should bring them to make submission to the Galls. They made then great raids on the Galls, Aed son of Ruaidri and the men of West Connacht plundering the young son of William and Adam Duff, while Donn Oc and the sons of Magnus with the new levies of Sil Murray plundered Mac Gosdelb and Tir Maine as far as Athlone.
However, Mac William assembled the Galls of Ireland and p.35 his Gaels and came into Connacht, bringing with him Fedlim son of Cathal Crodberg, to whom he intended to give the kingship and power and banish Aed son of Ruaidri and every other Connachtman who had rebelled against him. They first advanced to the castle of Bun Gaillme (Mouth of the Galway) against Aed O Flaithbertaig, when Aed mac Ruaidri came to his help with the Connachtmen, including the sons of Muirchertach O Conchobair. They were on the western bank of the Galway River and the Galls on the eastern, and much fighting was between them every day, and in this condition the Galls remained, obtaining neither pledge nor hostage nor submissions from the Connachtmen. So after this [failure] they determined to pursue the cattle and folk which had fled into the mountains and recesses of the countryside and the sea-islands. They came that night to Droichet Ingine Goilin (G's. Daughter's Bridge) and there daylight found them. Then Mac William asked: “Is there any path to the west, between us and the lake, by which any Connachtman might pass on their way northwards?” The guides answered: “Surely there is.” He put his horseman in order about Cong and Inishmaine, and at that moment there arrived a party of Connachtmen who had left Cong early, having been brought across the night before, three and five at a time, in imprudent and careless fashion. A few of [their] good men were [now] killed, including some officers of Magnus son of Muirchertach O Conchobair: Diarmait O hEidnechain, Lochlainn Mac Clesan and Tadc son of Gilla Crist O Mailbrenainn.
After this success the Galls came to Mayo of the Saxons and the next day to Ballintober. Here the canons and religious rose up and approached Mac William, beseeching him of his charity not to stay the night near them. He complied, and the Galls went on northwards that night to Muine Maicin. They were loth to go thither from Mayo; but they had not received hostages or sureties from Magnus son of Muirchertach [Muimnech O Conchobair] and therefore proceeded on the following day to Aghagower and encamped there, west of the church, in Margenan on the shore of Loch Crichan. Here Magnus mac Muirchertaig came and made submission, giving p.37 them pledges and hostages. They went on the morrow of the following day to Muine Macin and passed the night there. The next day they went to Mag Sine, and from there continued their journey through Leyney to Keschorran and so to the Curlew Hills, where their guides avoided the common highway, and they passed through the hills without mishap or casualty.
Now Aed mac Ruaidri and Cormac mac Tomaltaig [Mac Diarmata] and Donn Oc [Mac Airechtaig] and the rest of the Sil Murray were in the wood, and since their cattle and folk had gone with them to Slieve Anierin and into inaccessible fastnesses, they determined to take no heed of the Galls and make no plans concerning them.
But Donn Oc said he would not do so; and having determined to take up a position on the western flank of the Galls, he went to Fincharn, having with him his own kinsmen, the youth of Sil Murray, his own Galls, the son of Domnall Bregach O Mailsechlainn with his Galls, and Brian son of Toirrdelbach [O Conchobair], and there they watched the Galls passing by. Donn Oc sent a party to harass them, which maintained a good fight against them while he kept to his position on the Cairn, eagerly watching the fight. Then the Galls sent a large party of soldiery and horsemen to pass round the Cairn, and they noticed nothing until they had surrounded it on the western side and Donn was left alone with a few of his kinsmen and Brian mac Toirrdelbaig; and it was but a short time that they were left together in this wise. For Donn was proclaimed and recognised and set upon, single-handed as he was, by many of the soldiers, and he had five arrows in his body when a horseman attacked him, and he had nothing but an axe; yet he kept the horseman at a distance, parrying his spear with the axe. At last the soldiery all rushed at him and this brave warrior, surrounded on every side, fell before the overpowering number of champions who were smiting him.
Now as for Aed mac Ruaidri, he was watching the Galls from the east. He neither harassed nor engaged them, nor was it with his consent that any other did so. He knew nothing of the slaying of Donn Oc when the rout came upon him from the west, but made his escape by the power of his hands, without dishonour or harm. He turned upon one that was pressing after him and cast a javelin at him so that the shaft passed right through his body, and [after this] he and his party were allowed to depart without being attacked. Echtigern p.39 son of the brehon O Minachain and others not recorded here were slain by them that day.
The Galls, after obtaining this success and after the slaying of Donn Oc, sent their Gaels and their soldiery to Slieve Anierin and brought away great preys. A multitude was there reduced to cold and hunger; women and children were killed, and those who escaped death were stripped bare; rich and great was the spoil which the raiders took to the camp of the Galls. The Galls then came to the shore opposite the Rock of Loch Key and stayed nine nights there. They gave the kingship to Fedlim mac Cathail Chrobdeirg and banished Aed mac Ruaidri, who sought asylum with Aed O Neill. Then they disbanded, full of gaiety and high spirits, and went each to his own house.
Aed O Neill, king of Conchobar's Province, defender of Leth Cuind Chetchathaig against the Galls and against Leth Moga Nuadat, a prince eligible de jure for the kingship of Ireland, died this year; a king who never gave pledge or hostage or tribute to Gall or Gael; a king who wrought slaughterings and great routs on the Galls; a king who was the support of any Gaels who were in banishment or homeless; a king who was the most generous and excellent(?) of all the men of Ireland who ever lived.
Gilla Isa O Clerig, Bishop of Leyney, rested in Christ.
Joseph Mac Teithedan, Bishop of Conmaicne, rested in Christ.
Gilla Carthaig O hEilgiusain, canon and hermit, rested.
Donnsleibhe O hInmainein, a holy monk and chief master-carpenter of the monastery of Boyle, died.
Maelmuire O Maileoin, coarb of St. Kieran of Clonmacnoise, rested.
O Cerballain, Bishop of Clann Eogain, rested in Christ.
Rolf Petit, Bishop of Meath, a pious, charitable man and a servant of God, rested in Christ.
Maelsechlainn Mac Firedinn, archpresbiter and Master of Learning, rested in Christ during his novitiate in the monastery of Boyle.
Art son of Art O Ruairc was treacherously killed by Ragnall O Finn.
Mac Raith Mac Gerraig, Bishop of Conmaicne, rested in Christ. p.41
Maelsechlainn O Mannachain was killed by his own kinsmen.
1231 First of January on Wednesday, MCCXXXI and the twenty-fourth day of the moon. Sixteenth year [of the cycle of Nineteen; nineteenth year] of the Solar Cycle; fourth year of the Indiction. Common year. E.
Feth fo lige, daughter of Conchobar Mac Diarmata and wife of Muirchertach Muimnech son of Toirrdelbach Mor O Conchobair, died this year. She was the greatest, most beautiful, most generous, purest woman and of the best repute that ever was in Leth Cuinn, and the mother of Magnus mac Muirchertaig Muimnig and Conchobar Ruad and Tuathal and Toirrdelbach the priest, prior of the church of Peter and Paul.
Dub Chablaig daughter of Conchobar Mac Diarmata died in the monastery of Boyle this year.
Duinnin O Mailchonaire, ollave of Sil Murray, died this year.
Flann O Connachtaig, Bishop of Ui Briuin, rested.
Fedlim mac Cathail Chrobdeirg was taken prisoner at Meelick by Mac William Burke, in violation of the guarantees of the leading Galls of Ireland.
Flaithbertach O Flannacain, chieftain of Clann Chathail, died on pilgrimage in the monastery of Boyle, having taken the Cross.
Domnall O Domnaill king of Tir Conaill and Aengus Mac Gilla Finnein raised an army against Cathal O Raigillig. They brought ships to Loch Oughter and plundered Eanish, where they slaughtered the best white steed in Ireland and carried off the precious objects and the wealth and treasure and good things there.
Dionysius O Morda, Bishop of Elphin, having resigned his bishopric for the love of God and having ended his life on Trinity Island in Loch Key in devotion to God and to Clarus Mac Mailin Archdeacon of Elphin and to the Order of Ca